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Topic: Close elections


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
  Election - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The universal acceptance of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in sharp contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens, where elections were considered an oligarchic institution and where most political offices were filled using sortition.
When elections are called, politicians and their supporters attempt to influence policy by competing directly for the votes of constituents in what are called campaigns.
In order for democratic elections to be fair and competitive, opposition parties and candidates must enjoy the rights to freedom of speech, assembly, and movement as necessary to voice their criticisms of the government openly and to bring alternative policies and candidates to the voters.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Elections   (2689 words)

  
 Elections Too Close to Call in the Northern Cape?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The June 2 election in the Northern Cape is expected to be one of the most closely contested of all South Africa's nine provinces with some political analysts predicting a hung provincial legislature and others a victory for the African National Congress.
In the first democratic election in April 1994, the ANC failed to win an outright majority and was able to govern only because of a Democratic Party decision to accept the Speaker's chair.
In that election, the ANC won 15 of the provincial seats, the New National Party 12, the Freedom Front two and the DP one.
www.anc.org.za /elections/news/en050707.html   (712 words)

  
 History of Close and Disputed Elections
Contact US The election of 2000 was decided on December 12th by the Supreme Court when it ruled in favor of Bush in Bush vs Gore.
In that election the Federalists nominated John Adams to be President and the Charles Pinckney to be Vice President.
However the constitution called for the election of President by the House to be on a state by state basis, and the Federalist could not carry enough states.
www.multied.com /elections/Disputedelections.html   (945 words)

  
 150, "Elections, Elections, Elections"
By most definitions, a free election is presumably one in which alternate candidates, representing different views, may present themselves to the electorate, may communicate with them freely, and be elected by the free vote of the electorate.
The result of such a free election is supposed to be considered a legitimate decision about who shall govern a political unit (or in the case of a referendum what decision shall have force of law).
If an election is free, the losing side is expected to recognize that it has lost the election honestly and therefore is expected to accept the results as the will of the majority.
fbc.binghamton.edu /150en.htm   (1444 words)

  
 Boston.com / News / Politics / Presidential candidates / Close elections often lead the nation onto a new path
A close election is likely to render the country more difficult than ever to govern.
Not only is the election for the White House too close to call, but the final shape of the Senate and the House also defy prediction the weekend before the election.
Many of the close elections like this one have been resolved by a factor difficult to describe and equally difficult to avoid: a sentiment more than a conviction, an intuitive feeling about which candidate was more nearly imaginable in the White House.
www.boston.com /news/politics/president/articles/2000/11/05/close_elections_often_lead_the_nation_onto_a_new_path?pg=full   (1378 words)

  
 Elections: The Election Game
Candidates for election or issue proponents who submit the required number of signatures of registered voters by the deadline are candidates whose name will be printed on the ballot.
The Truman vs. Dewey election is interesting for students to research because it was such a close election that many newspapers reported that Dewey was the new president, but in actuality, Truman had won.
The election process is similar to a job interview (campaign) and their vote helps decide who is going to work for them at the state house or town or city hall.
www.sec.state.ma.us /ele/elegme/gmeidx.htm   (3610 words)

  
 ipedia.com: U.S. presidential election, 2000 Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The election for President of the United States in 2000 was one of the closest elections in the history of the United States, contested primarily by then Governor of Texas George W. Bush (Republican), and then Vice President Al Gore (Democrat).
The 2000 Presidential election was among the closest elections in the history of the United States.
The results of the November 7 election were not known for more than a month after the election, because the counting and recounting of Florida presidential ballots, which swung the election, extended for more than a month.
www.ipedia.com /u_s__presidential_election__2000.html   (3114 words)

  
 americas.org - Elections Too Close to Call   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
After an evening of counting, both contests looked too close to call and were generating disputes over alleged irregularities that could take days to resolve.
Official returns from one of Sunday's other elections showed PAN candidate Luis Armando Reynoso Femat trouncing the PRI in the gubernatorial race in Aguascalientes, a small, industrial state in north-central Mexico that has been run by the PAN since 1998.
PRI candidates in Oaxaca and Tijuana were handpicked by Madrazo, making Sunday's elections a test of his ability to dominate the party and gain its presidential nomination.
www.americas.org /item_15823   (875 words)

  
 NewsForge | Could open source elections close out hanging chads?
Elections software expert David Wagner, an assistant professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley, said the Australia model -- where the government sought proposals from more than a dozen vendors and eventually chose the single open source pitch -- holds promise for electronic voting's future.
Of a total of 191,829 votes in the Australian territorial election, 16,559 were cast electronically, representing 8.6 percent of the total vote, which was all counted electronically with data entry on the paper ballots.
Election Assistance Commission formed in 2002 to assist states in avoiding fiascos, said the role of open source software will be chief among issues being assessed by the commission and federal legislative committees with the help of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and other scientists.
software.newsforge.com /software/04/04/01/1530219.shtml?tid=132&tid=82&tid=91   (2088 words)

  
 The Way We Elect Our Presidents -- December 2000 Phyllis Schlafly Report
If the election of George W. Bush or Al Gore were dependent on the country's total popular vote, we would suffer demands for recounts and legal challenges in practically every state, including those states that carried big for one or the other candidate, as the parties endeavor to scrape up an additional few hundred votes.
Registration at least 30 days prior to an election should be mandatory for all voters in order to check proof of residence and citizenship, and to give election clerks time to delete obsolete registrations from other jurisdictions.
On Election Day, every voter should be required to show a picture I.D. and a voter registration card with a bar code that is scanned into a computer for verification, and should sign with a signature that matches the one given at the time of registration.
www.eagleforum.org /psr/2000/dec00/psrdec00.shtml   (2996 words)

  
 Close elections
At the end of the second world war, everyone who looked back at the ghastly record, of the communists and the Nazis, shook their heads and decided that the only way that made sense was a liberal democracy.
Now elections were limited to less contentious problems, such as the extent to which the State should get involved in the economy.
In this environment, the questions left to be sorted out in elections are fairly mundane questions, such as the live issues of economic policy of the day.
www.mayin.org /ajayshah/MEDIA/2000/close-elections.html   (1171 words)

  
 Headlines - Betting Odds May Predict Close Elections Better than Pollsters - Stanford GSB
When the election was held on Nov. 10, 2001 the Liberal-National Party gained 50.5 percent of the vote and John Howard was re-elected Prime Minister.
This is somewhat surprising, he notes, because Australian election forecasting models have had mixed success, confounding political science researchers studying the impact of such economic indicators as unemployment and inflation on 18 post-war elections in Australia.
More money had been bet on the election than on the football grand final, and Howard was the favorite with odds of $1.55, suggesting a 64 percent probability of his winning the election," says Wolfers.
www.gsb.stanford.edu /news/headlines/wolfers.shtml   (1146 words)

  
 When was the electorate split? - The Washington Times: Commentary - June 02, 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Historically, close elections have been the rule, and landslides -- such as 1964 and 1972 -- the exception for the last 60 years.
House elections are affected by redistricting so the areas of contest, and therefore their outcomes, are highly mutable.
The discovery of close elections as a sudden contemporary phenomenon does not have a historical basis, but it may have an interpretive bias.
www.washtimes.com /commentary/20050601-100144-8216r.htm   (844 words)

  
 Las Vegas SUN: Will they still love us on Wednesday?
Because of the closeness of the contest and the fact that Nevada's five electoral votes could make the difference this year, campaign strategists focused their attention here.
But she noted that while much of the campaign rhetoric is forgotten after the election, promises are not.
"Given that most elections are not this close, the likelihood is that it (the attention) won't happen again," he said.
www.lasvegassun.com /sunbin/stories/sun/2004/oct/29/517746434.html   (1492 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
There may be an insidious media bias at work this election year, but it isn't the publishers tilting Republican or the networks showing an Eastern Establishment slant for the Democrats.
Close elections make it seem as if the American Democracy is in some kind of wonderful balance.
But the presidential campaign is another matter altogether, and the bias for a close race has been a subtle dynamic in the titanic struggle of George Bush and Michael Dukakis, overshadowed rightfully by the exertions of the candidates themselves and the volatility of an electorate apparently enamored so far with neither candidate.
ils.unc.edu /~viles/172i/users/big/docs/AP881031-0059   (670 words)

  
 Vista elections very close in 2004 North County Times - North San Diego and Southwest Riverside County News - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
VISTA ---- Through the hustle of an election year, the city of Vista saw its share of activity in 2004, and will ring in the New Year with a few new businesses in town and some new faces in city government.
Federal officials analyzed whether at-large elections in Vista, rather than voting for candidates by neighborhood districts, unfairly stacked the deck against Latino voters, a violation of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
The rift between the city and district was a key campaign issue in this year's fire board elections, as incumbents Lance Vollmer and Ron Wootton sought to retain their seats on the board.
www.nctimes.com /articles/2004/12/26/news/coastal/21_49_1912_25_04.txt   (1217 words)

  
 Opinion: Close French elections shocked many
Jacques Chirac has got to be a lucky man. On Sunday, two weeks before the crucial election, he was, in fact, already re-elected president of France for another five years.
He was 2 percent ahead of his 15 percent in the last elections.
With the general "war" against terrorism, with the events in the Middle East, with their own politics, Americans have other things on their mind than the first round of a two-round election in France.
www.sptimes.com /2002/04/24/Opinion/Close_French_election.shtml   (795 words)

  
 barrio flores: Elections at Close Range
On my part, there was a bit of excitement to be around the hoopla and intensity of one of the most historic elections in Bolivian history.
However, I must admit that seeing campaigning at such a close range is an experience that few get to have.
Posted by: miguel (ciao!) at Diciembre 8, 2005 01:23 PM Sitting all the way overhere in the UK and only being able to follow the ever-increasing momentum and excitement of the up-coming elections via the Internet is frustrating to say the least.
www.barrioflores.net /weblog/archives/2005/12/elections_at_cl.html   (1029 words)

  
 World Watch - November 7, 2004 - Fixing Elections - The Ornery American
Certainly after the 2000 elections there was a lot of talk about abolishing the electoral college, since it brought into office a President who had not received even a plurality of the popular vote.
In every election, it's a well-known fact that a certain number of votes are spoiled or lost by accident, without any malice or negligence by the people running the system.
It is also a well-known fact that in all but the very closest elections, it can safely be assumed that such glitches apply to all voters evenly, so that the outcome will be the same whether the lost votes are counted or not.
www.ornery.org /essays/warwatch/2004-11-07-1.html   (2822 words)

  
 Gays hope to sway close elections - The Washington Times: Nation/Politics - October 27, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Homosexual voters are expected to flock to the polls on Tuesday in a bid to tip as many close elections as they can to the Democrats, with presidential nominee Sen. John Kerry likely to get 90 percent of their vote.
According to a decade of exit polls by the defunct Voter News Service, between 4 percent and 5 percent of voters identify themselves as homosexuals — more than enough to sway a close election, especially when homosexuals are likely to register and vote as Democrats.
Bush "is likely to be in the single digits," unlike the 2000 election, when he got 25 percent, or more than 1 million homosexual votes, said Chris Barron, political director of Log Cabin Republicans, a group that represents homosexual Republicans.
www.washtimes.com /national/20041026-115151-4532r.htm   (605 words)

  
 Armenian presidential elections 1998 - Close Vote Likely in Armenia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
"The elections went off normally and a big step forward was made," said Prime Minister Robert Kocharian, who received 39 percent of the votes cast Monday, according to the Central Election Commission.
The observers warned, however, that if the violations were repeated in a close runoff vote, they could raise doubts about the validity of the ballot.
After the last presidential election in 1996, protesters attacked government buildings, accusing the authorities of rigging the ballot to re-elect President Levon Ter-Petrosian.
www.asbarez.com /aol/election98/98031915.htm   (304 words)

  
 Gelman: Small-State Voters Wield Most Power in Close Elections. Columbia University Record, April 17, 1998
n close presidential elections, voters in small, politically moderate states such as Vermont and New Mexico are more likely to determine the outcome than voters in large states such as California, Texas or New York, according to a study by a Columbia statistics professor and his colleagues.
In the election example, for a single vote to decide the presidency, the vote in one state must be tied or within one vote, since the result could be changed either by a voter switching parties or by a nonvoter deciding to vote.
By multiplying these probabilities, the authors determined that the chance that one vote will determine the presidency in a close election is in the range of about one in 10 million to one in 20 million, depending on the closeness of the election and the size of the state in which the voter resides.
ccnmtl.columbia.edu /cu/record/23/21/31.html   (650 words)

  
 The Hindu : Front Page : Tamil Nadu elections too close to call
If elections had been held between April 1 and April 7, the AIADMK-led alliance would have won 46 per cent of the popular vote as against 44 per cent for the DMK-led front.
In that election, the DMK had put together a grand coalition, comprising the Congress, the Left parties, the PMK, and the MDMK.
That is why in the judgment of the CSDS team conducting this poll, the 2006 Tamil Nadu Assembly election is too close to call at this stage.
www.thehindu.com /2006/04/14/stories/2006041415970100.htm   (1181 words)

  
 CNN.com - Close vote in Spain elections - May. 26, 2003
Spanish voters appear to have used local elections to punish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar for his support of the U.S.-led war in Iraq.
The elections had been seen as a referendum on Aznar and his conservative government, which angered Spaniards by supporting the U.S.-led war in Iraq.
The other election focal point was the unprecedented ban on the leftist, pro-independence Batasuna party, linked to the outlawed Basque separatist group ETA that is blamed for more than 800 killings since 1968.
www.cnn.com /2003/WORLD/europe/05/26/spain.elections   (592 words)

  
 Closest Presidential Races
Although the 2000 presidential race has emerged as the closest in a generation and possibly of all time, several others have been too close to call until the final ballots were tallied.
The Democrats in Congress were outraged and threatened to block the decision until Republicans privately agreed to a number of concessions, including the removal of federal troops from the South, which effectively ended Reconstruction.
For the original method of electing the President and the Vice President (elections of 1789, 1792, 1796, and 1800), see Article II, Section 1, of the U.S. Constitution.
www.infoplease.com /spot/closerace1.html   (493 words)

  
 Exhibit shows Nevada’s key role in close presidential elections (printable version)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The importance of these elections is being highlighted in the Ohio home of the first sitting president to visit Nevada, Republican Rutherford B. Hayes in 1880.
Controversial Presidential Elections,” opened in time for the 2004 presidential stretch-drive at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in Fremont, Ohio.
Culbertson studied 25,000 documents in assembling the exhibit, prompted by the 2000 presidential election in which Republican George W. Bush lost the national popular vote but won the Electoral College vote and the presidency.
www.rgj.com /news/printstory.php?id=83565   (1094 words)

  
 The Phony Science of Predicting Elections - Who'll win in November? The experts' guess is as good as yours.  By Karl ...
Since most election models are recent inventions, most of the elections against which their accuracy is measured predate them.
Fair (who, unlike most, tries to explain elections all the way back to 1916) adds a special variable for the three elections he believes were strongly influenced by war: 1920, 1944, and 1948.
This assumes that subsequent elections would clarify rather than complicate the range of data to be explained and the array of factors that might explain them.
www.slate.com /id/83375   (3350 words)

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