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Topic: Close vowel


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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  
  Lesson 1
Vowels are categorized as either "close" or "open".
A diphthong is a combination of two vowels, but not every pair of vowels is a diphthong.
The first vowel of a Greek diphthong will be an open vowel, and the second vowel will always be a close vowel.
www.ntgreek.net /lesson11.htm   (1730 words)

  
  Vowel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A vowel sound that glides from one quality to another is called a diphthong, and a vowel sound that glides between three qualities is a triphthong.
Furthermore, in English some vowel sounds are represented by combinations of vowel letters, such as the ea in beat or by a vowel letter and an approximant letter, as the ow in how, or the er in her.
Vowels are especially important to the structures of words in languages that have very few consonants (like Polynesian languages such as Maori and Hawaiian), and in languages whose inventory of vowels is larger than its inventory of consonants (like Sedang, a relative of Vietnamese, which contrasts 55 different vowel qualities).
www.abcworld.net /Vowel.html   (2870 words)

  
 [No title]
The sound of a vowel is determined by three factors: whether or not the lips are rounded, the shape of the tongue, and the position of the tongue.
A 'close' vowel is one where the hump of the tongue is held high in the mouth, and an 'open' vowel is one where the hump of the tongue is held low in the mouth.
The ninth vowel, the one in the middle of the chart, is made by tensing the middle of the tongue and positioning it exactly half-way between the roof and the floor of the mouth.
www.poptel.org.uk /derek/vowels.htm   (2042 words)

  
  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Mid vowel
The defining characteristic of a mid vowel is that the tongue is positioned mid-way between an open vowel and a close vowel.
The only mid vowel with a dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is the mid central vowel [ə], a symbol which is also used for the vowel schwa.
The IPA divides the vowel space into thirds, with the close-mid vowels such as [e] or [o] and the open-mid vowels such as [ɛ] or [ɔ] equidistant in formant space between open [a] and close [i] or [u].
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Mid_vowel   (282 words)

  
  Close vowel information - Search.com
A close vowel is a type of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
The defining characteristic of a close vowel is that the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
Close vowels are often referred to as high vowels, as in the Americanist phonetic tradition, because the tongue is positioned high in the mouth during the articulation of a close vowel.
www.search.com /reference/Close_vowel   (194 words)

  
  Vowel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The different vowel qualities are realized in acoustic analyses of vowels by the relative values of the formants, acoustic resonances of the vocal tract which show up as dark bands on a spectrogram.
Vowels are especially important to the structures of words in languages that have very few consonants (like Polynesian languages such as Maori and Hawaiian), and in languages whose inventory of vowels is larger than its inventory of consonants.
Furthermore, in English some vowel sounds are represented by combinations of vowel letters, such as the ea in beat or by a vowel letter and an approximant letter, as the ow in how, or the er in her.
encyclopedia.vestigatio.com /Vowel   (3258 words)

  
  Vowel -   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The different vowel qualities are realized in acoustic analyses of vowels by the relative values of the formants, acoustic resonances of the vocal tract which show up as dark bands on a spectrogram.
Vowels are especially important to the structures of words in languages that have very few consonants (like Polynesian languages such as Maori and Hawaiian), and in languages whose inventory of vowels is larger than its inventory of consonants.
Furthermore, in English some vowel sounds are represented by combinations of vowel letters, such as the ea in beat or by a vowel letter and an approximant letter, as the ow in how, or the er in her.
en.wikipedia.2es.com.pl /wiki/Vowel   (3712 words)

  
 Definition of Close from dictionary.net
Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or catching certain fish is prohibited by law.
Close vowel (Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of the cavity of the mouth.
Close to the wind (Naut.), directed as nearly to the point from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail; closehauled; -- said of a vessel.
www.dictionary.net /close   (787 words)

  
 close - definition by dict.die.net
Close harmony (Mus.), compact harmony, in which the tones composing each chord are not widely distributed over several octaves.
Close vowel (Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of the cavity of the mouth.
Close to the wind (Naut.), directed as nearly to the point from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail; closehauled; -- said of a vessel.
dict.die.net /close   (841 words)

  
 Near-close vowel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A near-close vowel is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The defining characteristic of a close vowel is that the tongue is positioned similarly to a close vowel, but slightly less constricted.
The near-close vowels identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are:
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/n/ne/near_close_vowel.html   (80 words)

  
 Close_vowel LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER
A close vowel is a type of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
The defining characteristic of a close vowel is that the tongue is positioned as close as possible to the roof of the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
Close vowels are often referred to as high vowels, as in the Americanist phonetic tradition, because the tongue is positioned high in the mouth during the articulation of a close vowel.
www.school-explorer.com /info/Close_vowel   (142 words)

  
 vowel@Everything2.com
A vowel is any vocal sound that can be made continuously with no blockage of the oral cavity.
A vowel made in the middle of the quadrilateral is called a neutral vowel (or schwa).
Acoustically, vowels are transmitted through the air in two bands of energy called formants.
www.everything2.com /index.pl?node=vowel   (1121 words)

  
 Pronunciation of close vowel | Antimoon Forum
>> I pronounce "vowel" as ["va:o_^M:] or ["vA:Q_^M:].
In isolation all of those words rhyme with "vowel" for me as well and are disyllabic.
However, these words do not all behave the same here when an postfix or postclitic is attached to them which starts with a vowel - "foul", "cowl", and "howl" are monosyllabic in such cases, whereas "towel", "dowel", and "vowel" are disyllabic in such cases in the dialect here.
www.antimoon.com /forum/t8803-0.htm   (399 words)

  
 Vowel   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Vowel recommends Firefox for browsing the Internet in general and vowel.se in particular.
Vowel is a trio that performes experimental music based on the sound of human’s native instrument processed by the tools of modern technology.
We seek to put a new dimension to the term A cappella, perhaps questioning what it really implies.
www.vowel.se /?page=about   (54 words)

  
 Mambila Fricative Vowels
Vowels involving friction and syllabic fricatives are relatively rare among the languages of the world, but despite this are geographically fairly widespread.
She goes on to say that in closed syllables, "the transition between the labiodentalized consonant and the final consonant is so close that one hardly hears the vowel and one is inclined to assume syllabic consonants" (p.
This vowel is also found to co-occur with post alveolar fricatives/affricates as opposed to alveolar fricatives/affricates, however unlike the ostensible palatalized labial, the postalveolar fricatives/affricates are not restricted to co-occurring with the fricative vowel.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /dz/ACAL28/ACAL28paper.html   (3724 words)

  
 Cardinal Vowels
Vowels can be classified according to, (and so points on the quadrilateral represent,) the position of the highest point of the tongue in forming the vowel.
(the height of the vowel.) Is it close to the roof of the mouth, as for [i], i.e.
The idea is that in identifying the quality of each vowel in a particular language, one will compare it to the cardinal vowels, note its relationship to them, and then use the symbol of the nearest cardinal vowel as a basis from which to transcribe it.
www.phon.ox.ac.uk /~jcoleman/CardinalVowels.htm   (897 words)

  
 German Vowels
Vowels followed by a single consonant or at the end of the word are mostly long if and only if they are stressed, also with quite some exceptions.
As usual, the notions “open”; and “close” are understood as relative to the graphically matching sound: an open [I] is opener (lower, more central) than a close [i] but not necessarily than each close vowel.
For the vowel length in a prefix or first component of a compound word not carrying the primary stress, it makes a difference whether it is regarded as an unstressed prefix or as a first component with secondary stress.
www.lrz-muenchen.de /~hr/lang/dt-vowels.html   (4444 words)

  
 Department of Phonetics - Vowel Charts   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Data from Deterding 1997, where the vowels were obtained from a digital speech database consisting of the speech of five male speakers; approximately 10 occurrences per vowel type.
Vowel length is not shown in the figure.
The long close vowel series /i:, y:, u:/ and the short one /i, y, u/ do not qualitatively differ from each other except for the slight centralization of the short vowels.
www.helsinki.fi /hum/hyfl/projektit/vokaalikartat_eng.html   (452 words)

  
 Vowel at AllExperts
English has all three types: the vowel sound in hit is a monophthong, the vowel sound in boy is in most dialects a diphthong, and the vowel sounds of way, flower (BrE AmE) form a triphthong (disyllabic in the latter cases), although the particular qualities vary by dialect.
Vowels are especially important to the structures of words in languages that have very few consonants (like Polynesian languages such as Maori and Hawaiian), and in languages whose inventories of vowels are larger than their inventories of consonants.
Furthermore, in English some vowel sounds are represented by combinations of vowel letters, such as the ea in beat by a vowel letter and an approximant letter, as the ow in how, or even by a combination of vowels and consonants, as in the case of the words neigh and though
en.allexperts.com /e/v/vo/vowel.htm   (3593 words)

  
 Linguistique UNIL - The notion of semi-vowel
There is a large degree of freedom in the articulation of open vowels and it is certainly possible to imagine vowels even more open than [a], for example (although such vowels would probably not be phonologically distinct from the "standard" open vowels of the fourth degree of aperture.
On the other hand, the a vowel could not be much more close than the "standard" close vowels (first degree of aperture) and still be vocalic, rather than some kind of spirant or fricative consonant, depending on the degree of muscular tension.
Additionally, the close vowels must have a certain minimum duration in order to be perceived as vocalic rather than consonantal (fricative or spirant).
www.unil.ch /ling/page24569.html   (314 words)

  
 sidcn
Closed phase The portion of the cycle of vibration of the vocal folds when the folds are in contact.
Closing diphthong A diphthong where the final target quality is closer than the quality at the start of the glide.
Closing phase The portion of the cycle of vocal fold vibration during which vocal fold contact is increasing.
www.phon.ucl.ac.uk /home/johnm/sid/sidc.htm   (2466 words)

  
 Lojban Reference Grammar: Chapter 3
A diphthong is a vowel sound that consists of two elements, a short vowel sound and a glide, either a labial (IPA [w]) or palatal (IPA [j]) glide, that either precedes (an on-glide) or follows (an off-glide) the main vowel.
The buffer vowel should be as laxly pronounced as possible, as central as possible, and as short as possible.
Since every syllable has a vowel sound (or diphthong or syllabic consonant) as its nucleus, and the stress is on the vowel sound itself, the terms “stressed syllable” and “stressed vowel” are largely interchangeable concepts.
xahlee.org /lojban/hrefgram/chapter3.html   (6141 words)

  
 The Ultimate California English - American History Information Guide and Reference
Front vowels are raised before velar nasal, so that the near-open front unrounded vowel /æ/ and the near-close near-front unrounded vowel /ɪ/ are raised to a close-mid front unrounded vowel [e] and a close front unrounded vowel [i] before[ŋ].
As with other vowel shifts, several vowels may be seen moving in a chain shift around the mouth.
As with many vowel shifts, these significant changes occurring in the spoken language are rarely noticed by average speakers; imitation of peers and other sociolinguistic phenomena play a large part in determining the extent of the vowel shift in a particular speaker.
www.historymania.com /american_history/California_English   (1336 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The terms 'open' and 'close' refer to how close the tongue is to the roof of the mouth in the articulation of a given vowel sound.
The close vowels 'i' and 'u' can be sounded not only with the long and short durations typical of the other vowels, but can also be sounded with an even shorter duration more typical of consonants.
It is to be regarded as a semivowel whenever it stands before another vowel at the beginning of a word, when it occurs between two other vowels, when it occurs after 'g','q', or 's' and before another vowel, and when it occurs as the final element in the diphthongs 'au' and 'eu'.
hometown.aol.com /bhthom/phonemes.htm   (7286 words)

  
 Lycos Retriever: Search results for vowel
Australian English vowels are divided into two categories: long, which includes long monophthongs and diphthongs, and short, all of which are monophthongs.
The short vowels mostly correspond to the lax vowels used in analyses of Received Pronunciation and the long vowels to its tense vowels as well as its centralising diphthongs.
The islands of the antarctic and sub-antarctic support the largest number of species, there are several species that live in temperate climates and one at the equator (the Galapagos penguin).
www.lycos.com /info/vowel--vowel-sounds.html   (555 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
In high vowels, such as and, the tongue is positioned high in the mouth, whereas in low vowels, such as, the tongue is positioned low in the mouth.
English has all three types: the vowel sound in hit is a monophthong, the vowel sound in boy is in most dialects a diphthong, and the vowel sounds of, flower (BrE AmE) form a triphthong (disyllabic in the latter cases), although the particular qualities vary by dialect.
All known languages have at least two vowels: Abxaz, Ubykh, Margi, Eastern Arrernte, and perhaps some of the Ndu languages contrast only two vowels: and in the case of Margi, and and for the others, with significant allophony.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=vowel   (3602 words)

  
 vowel - definition by dict.die.net
vowel n 1: a speech sound made with the vocal tract open [syn: vowel sound] [ant: consonant] 2: a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken vowel
Also, a letter or character which represents such a sound.
Note: In the English language, the written vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w and y.
dict.die.net /vowel   (67 words)

  
 The pronunciation of the Portuguese of Portugal - Notes
Nasal consonants n, m and nh tend to have a closing effect the vowel before it: a stressed open /a/ can turn into a less open /3/, for example in the word cama (bed).
This closing effect of nasals may also explain why there is only a single nasalised /e~/ and a single /o~/, whereas the non-nasalised counterparts do have a separate half-open and half-close phoneme.
It's only a small change, because both [i] and [1] are high (close) vowels, which differ only in that the highest point of the tongue is in front versus central position.
rudhar.com /foneport/en/noteport.htm   (4022 words)

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