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Topic: COBOL

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  COBOL - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
COBOL is a third-generation programming language, and one of the oldest programming languages still in active use.
COBOL was initially created in 1959 by The Short Range Committee, one of three committees proposed at a meeting held at the Whitehouse on May 28 and 29, 1959, organized by Charles Phillips of the United States Department of Defense (exactly one year after the Zurich ALGOL meeting).
COBOL programs are in use globally in governmental and military agencies, in commercial enterprises, and on operating systems such as IBM's z/OS, Microsoft's Windows, and the Unix/Linux families.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/COBOL   (1301 words)

 COBOL: Tutte le informazioni su COBOL su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
COBOL: Tutte le informazioni su COBOL su Encyclopedia.it
Il COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language, ossia "linguaggio comune per applicazioni commerciali") è uno dei primi linguaggi di programmazione ad essere stato sviluppato ed ancora oggi è molto utilizzato.
Il Cobol è un linguaggio ad alto livello di tipo procedurale, orientato allo sviluppo di applicazioni commerciali e per l’elaborazione di grossi volumi di dati; le istruzioni sono molto simili a frasi della lingua inglese ed organizzate in uno schema rigido di struttura composto di sezioni e paragrafi.
www.encyclopedia.it /c/co/cobol.html   (216 words)

Object state in OO COBOL consists of data items (which may be structured) defined in class object or object data divisions, and data defined within methods of class objects or objects.
In OO COBOL, the ability for a data item to contain various objects of different classes means that a method invocation on that data item can be bound to one of many possible methods.
In OO COBOL, an object reference is a value that uniquely identifies an object for the lifetime of the object.
www.objs.com /x3h7/oocobol.htm   (2185 words)

 The COBOL Programming Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) was one of the earliest high-level programming languages.
Object-oriented COBOL is a subset of COBOL 97, which is the fourth edition in the continuing evolution of ANSI/ISO standard COBOL.
COBOL, long associated with green screens, core dumps, and traditional mainframe connections, may at first glance seem at odds with object technology, push-button graphical interfaces, and interactive development environments.
www.engin.umd.umich.edu /CIS/course.des/cis400/cobol/cobol.html   (435 words)

 Encyclopédie :: encyclopedia : Cobol   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Ce sous-comité a complété les spécifications de cobol alors que l'année 1959 prenait fin.
Le cobol définit beaucoup de mots réservés, et il est difficile d'éviter d'en utiliser un par erreur sans avoir recours à une convention comme l'ajout d'un préfixe à tous les noms de variable.
COBOL est toujours en utilisation dans des entreprises majeures, notamment dans les institutions financières.
www.encyclopedie.cc /Cobol   (622 words)

 COBOL For GCC - a GNU project - Free Software Foundation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
COBOL For GCC is a project to produce a free COBOL compiler compliant with the COBOL 85 Standard, integrated into the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC).
The purpose of this project is to allow the many millions of COBOL programmers to bring their experience and talent to the world of free software development.
The plan is to get a subset of COBOL going which will enable COBOL programmers to then help with the rest of the project, as well as C programmers.
cobolforgcc.sourceforge.net   (362 words)

 NetCOBOL: Information: COBOL for Microsoft.NET Framework   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Not only will COBOL programmers have access to a wide variety of new technologies, including.NET class libraries and ASP+, they will be able to work seamlessly with developers of code in other languages, such as C++ and Visual Basic.
Businesses with lots of COBOL are even more concerned, since most of their applications were built long before the Web became the business phenomenon that it is today.
The COBOL method "FRUITLIST-CLICK" was embedded in a class that inherited from classes in the.NET frameworks.
www.adtools.com /info/whitepaper/net.html   (2059 words)

 COBOL History
COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) was developed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Defense in cooperation with computer manufactures, users and universities.
The initial specifications for COBOL were presented in a report of the executive committee of CODASYL committee in April of 1960.
This was an attempt to overcome the incompatibilities of the different versions of COBOL.
www.legacyj.com /cobol/cobol_history.html   (346 words)

 HP OpenVMS Systems - COBOL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
HP COBOL (formerly known as Compaq or DIGITAL (DEC and VAX) COBOL) is a high-level language for business data processing that operates on the OpenVMS (VAX, Alpha, and I64) and Tru64 UNIX (Alpha) platforms.
It is a high-performance, optimizing compiler environment that is based upon the 1985 ANSI COBOL Standard X3.23-1985 as modified by the X.23a-1989 amendment.
COBOL is designed to maximize source-code level compatibility between supported platforms.
h71000.www7.hp.com /commercial/cobol   (175 words)

 COBOL Programs, Software, Tutorials, Examples, References, Learning and Jobs - The COBOL Center
Concerns that COBOL lacks flexibility and is an outdated technology have been offset by the lower risk of proven technology.
COBOL is clearly continues to be a major language.
The use of COBOL is more of a management issue than the need to develop in the prettiest language.
www.infogoal.com /cbd/cbdhome.htm   (700 words)

COBOL is far from a dead language, as evidenced by the massive amount of work that was required to correct the "Year 2000" date problem in billions of lines of active COBOL code around the world.
Used as a text to learn COBOL, the language syntax is designed to be generic enough to work under any COBOL compiler.
There are several "teach yourself" type COBOL books available, but I am familiar with Thane Hubbell's writing and programming style from segments he contributed to COBOL Unleashed as well as his contributions to several newsgroups I regularly read.
www.jaymoseley.com /programming/cobol.htm   (2053 words)

While COBOL may be ugly, it is often still the "least worst" language that satisfies these characteristics.
OpenCOBOL is an open-source COBOL compiler which implements substantial part of the COBOL 85 and COBOL 2002 standards, as well as many extensions of the existent COBOL compilers.
Object files produced by the compiler are 100 percent portable to nearly all open Unix plattforms as well as to Windows 3.1, Windows NT and Windows 95.
cbbrowne.com /info/cobol.html   (434 words)

 Micro Focus - Micro Focus and The legacy of COBOL
COBOL was launched in 1960 with three guiding principles behind the new language: that it should be most suitable for business data processing applications; it should be easy to understand and that it should be an 'open' standard.
COBOL is changing with the times and Micro Focus is at the forefront of change.
COBOL is being re-energized as an important component of moving businesses to the Web seamlessly and efficiently.
www.microfocus.com /cobol.asp   (550 words)

Replacement costs for COBOL systems, estimated at $25 per line, are in the hundreds of billions of dollars.
COBOL programmers could be the key to new IT.
COBOL User Groups : COBUG - Our COBOL programming portal is a one-stop resource for the COBOL community where you will find references to COBOL compilers, jobs, code samples, forums, and many other COBOL programming resources.
www.techiwarehouse.com /cms/articles.php?cat=20   (2811 words)

 COBOL training COBOL courses, COBOL debugging, COBOL optimization SYS-ED SYSED
That it is extremely difficult, if not impossible to find open enrollment COBOL training with the specialized skills requirements needed for specific development and maintenance tasks.
That there is a scarcity of fast-track COBOL courses, week long in duration, geared to corporations and their employees.
The COBOL course workbooks and training aids that we provide as part of our instructor-led courses are unique in the IT field.
www.sysed.com /tech_assessments/CobolAd.htm   (896 words)

 Encyklopedie :: encyclopedia : Cobol   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) je programovací jazyk vyvinutý v 60.
Jazyk Cobol byl vyvinut společným úsilím výrobců a uživatelů počítačů ve spolupráci s ministerstvem obrany USA.
Programovací jazyk Cobol je nejrozšířenějším jazykem velkých (mainframe) aplikací.
www.encyklopedie.cc /Cobol   (332 words)

COBOL for GCC is a project to create a COBOL 85 compliant compiler for Linux and other operating systems.
A formal grammar for VS COBOL II derived from the IBM manual VS COBOL II Reference Summary (SX26-3721).
It is the most authoritative source known at this moment for the VS COBOL II language.
www.jamesshuggins.com /h/tek1/cobol.htm   (556 words)

 Product Page - NetCOBOL for .NET
This language-neutral, platform independent environment enables COBOL code to be mixed with any other.NET-supporting language (such as C# and VB.NET) on any.NET-supporting platform.
COBOL programs can be integrated seamlessly with other languages: inheriting from classes created in other languages, invoking and being invoked by methods written in other languages.
Consequently not all standard OO COBOL features are supported, some features have different behaviors than standard OO COBOL, and some additional features have been added.
www.netcobol.com /products/windows/netcobol.html   (3216 words)

A first cause is that after 1985 the COBOL standardization committee did not succeed in establishing a new standard which met the latest technological demands.
What also did not help was that COBOL development environments very quickly costed a couple of thousand euros or dollars, while for a couple of hundred euros / dollars tools for the popular languages were available.
In the meantime the COBOL 2002 standard arrived and initiatives are taken to provide low cost, or even free, development systems (see COBOL language).
www.oevelen.com /eng/cobol/index.html   (312 words)

 Hanoi: COBOL
I am not particularly fond of the syntactical atrocities of COBOL, and abstained from writing a Hanoi in COBOL for the longest time, but succumbed eventually.
I found the Open COBOL Compiler particularly useful for developing this program.
There certainly are many more readily available COBOL compilers than there were in 1995, when I first programmed in COBOL as part of an arcane course.
www.kernelthread.com /hanoi/html/cob.html   (159 words)

 Enciclopedia :: encyclopedia : Cobol   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A linguaxe COBOL (acrónimo de "COmmon Business Oriented Language") naceu co propósito de crear unha linguaxe de programación que puidera ser empregada en calquera ordenador (na década dos 60 ´convivían moitos sistemas incompatibles) e que estivera orientada á informática de xestión.
COBOL foi unha linguaxe moi importante durante varias décadas, pero agora non se emprega máis que en sistemas vellos.
COBOL Standards - Páxina sobre os estándares de COBOL.
gallego.enciclopedia.cc /Cobol   (193 words)

 ITworld.com - I have seen the future, and it is COBOL?
The use of COBOL cripples the mind; its teaching should, therefore, be regarded as a criminal offense.
Although COBOL is enjoying a brief resurgence as a result of Y2K conversions (did you expect to see COBOL for Dummies published in your lifetime?) -- it seems obvious that people will go back to their former attitudes about COBOL and COBOL programmers after Y2K work is done.
COBOL experts probably know what that means, but since this was my first experience with COBOL, I just read the manual and used what was documented there.
www.itworld.com /AppDev/713/LWD991108cobol   (2930 words)

 COBOL Platforms Commonly in Use Today - COBOL Forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
However, as a former COBOL veteran, I was considering adding "COBOL programming" to the list of services offered.
I do not currently have any COBOL tools, although I could time-share at a local fulfillment house that is running some flavor of legacy IBM mainframe COBOL.
In the past I have used both IBM mainframe COBOL as well as some PC-based COBOLs, including MicroFocus, RM, Realia, and MBP COBOL (a German-based firm that was later purchased by MicroFocus).
www.cobol.com /forum/showthread.php?t=7   (222 words)

 COBOL For GCC, a GNU Project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
COBOL for GCC is a project to create a COBOL 85 compliant compiler for GNU/Linux and other operating systems, using the GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) code generation framework.
Implementation of a miniscule subset of COBOL, consisting of working storage with non-numeric literals, and all of the COBOL 2002 integral data types (binary-char binary-short binary-long and also binary-long-long) and structures (incomplete), redefines, occurs, pointers and parts of the set verb and the display and stop run verbs in the procedure division.
At the moment we only generate code for a very small subset of COBOL but now we have overcome all the hurdles this subset should grow rapidly.
www.gnu.org /software/cobol/cobolforgcc.html   (814 words)

 What is COBOL? - a definition from Whatis.com - see also: Common Business Oriented Language
COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) was the first widely-used high-level programming language for business applications.
While the language has been updated over the years, it is generally perceived as out-of-date and COBOL programs are generally viewed as legacy applications.
COBOL was an effort to make a programming language that was like natural English, easy to write and easier to read the code after you'd written it.
whatis.techtarget.com /definition/0,289893,sid9_gci213863,00.html   (288 words)

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