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Topic: Coca


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In the News (Sat 15 Jun 19)

  
  Urban Legends Reference Pages: Cocaine in Coca-Cola
The first stirrings of a national debate had begun over the negative aspects of cocaine, and manufacturers were growing defensive over charges that use of their products might lead to "cocainism" or the "cocaine habit".
The full-throated fury against cocaine was still a few years off, and Candler and Robinson were anxious to continue promoting the supposed benefits of the coca leaf, but there was no reason to risk putting more than a tiny bit of coca extract in their syrup.
Coca leaves had to stay in the syrup.
www.snopes.com /cokelore/cocaine.asp   (512 words)

  
  Coca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Coca is traditionally cultivated in the lower altitudes of the eastern slopes of the Andes, or the highlands depending on the species grown.
The coca plant was so central to the worldview of the Yunga and Aymara tribes of South America that distance was often measured in units called "cocada", which signified the number of mouthfuls of coca that one would chew while walking from one point to another.
Coca was historically employed as an offering to the Sun, or to produce smoke at the great sacrifices; and the priests, it was believed, must chew it during the performance of religious ceremonies, otherwise the gods would not be propitiated.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Coca   (2107 words)

  
 the Lycaeum - Coca
The fundamental role of the shrub, with its mythological connotations, is as a nexus integrating and assuring the social cohesion of indigenous families and communities (ayllus); throughout their lives it is present as a symbol of fraternity, solidarity, community spirit, mutual comprehension and reciprocal tolerance among the members of the vast empire of Tahuantinsuyo.
Coca has also played and continues to play a role in mediating conflicts, as a factor of reconciliation towards peace and peaceful communal work and finally as a medium for transactions and deferred payment.
According to research, the butterfly, which inhabits coca producing areas and apparently exclusively feeds on coca leaves, is allegedly capable of consuming over 50 leaves in its one month of existence, and of destroying even the shrubs' buds; as a result even the hardiest plants die under the onslaught of eloria.
www.lycaeum.org /drugs/Cocaine/cocpltdg.html   (2134 words)

  
 Coca and cocaine   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Erythroxylon coca is a densely-leafed plant native to the eastern slopes of the Andes.
Coca is widely cultivated in Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador, but the lead producer is Colombia, currently the source of some 80 percent of the world's cocaine.
This is because cocaine serves the coca plant as a pesticide.
www.cocaine.org /cokleaf.html   (496 words)

  
 Coca-Cola - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He named it Coca-Cola, because it included the stimulant coca leaves from South America and was flavored using kola nuts, a source of caffeine.
It has been stated that Coca Cola had employees mix the drink by numbers assigned to specific ingredients rather than by name, to avoid the possibility of employees reverse-engineering the recipe.
Coca Cola advertisement in a rural area of Nepal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Coca-Cola   (4794 words)

  
 Coca Summary
Coca is traditionally cultivated in the lower altitudes of the eastern slopes of the Andes, or the highlands depending on the species grown.
The coca plant was so central to the worldview of the Yunga and Aymara tribes of South America that distance was often measured in units called "cocada", which signified the number of mouthfuls of coca that one would chew while walking from one point to another.
Coca was historically employed as an offering to the Sun, or to produce smoke at the great sacrifices; and the priests, it was believed, must chew it during the performance of religious ceremonies, otherwise the gods would not be propitiated.
www.bookrags.com /Coca   (4195 words)

  
 Notes on Coca, Erythroxylon coca and E
Coca fields may be found in jungle clearings along with yuca (cassava root), pineapple, and chilies.
One, in the mornings, if any coca remained from the night before, men would consume it before going off to work (fishing, felling trees, mining) and, two, as a social ritual in afternoons and evenings, when work is done and people of the village come together to prepare coca and talk.
A hectare of coca in 1987 yielded $6400 to a peasant in
www.unlv.edu /faculty/landau/cocaine.htm   (1992 words)

  
 Lycaeum > Leda > Coca: An Andean Tradition
The fundamental role of the shrub, with its mythological connotations, is as a nexus integrating and assuring the social cohesion of indigenous families and communities (ayllus); throughout their lives it is present as a symbol of fraternity, solidarity, community spirit, mutual comprehension and reciprocal tolerance among the members of the vast empire of Tahuantinsuyo.
Coca has also played and continues to play a role in mediating conflicts, as a factor of reconciliation towards peace and peaceful communal work and finally as a medium for transactions and deferred payment.
According to research, the butterfly, which inhabits coca producing areas and apparently exclusively feeds on coca leaves, is allegedly capable of consuming over 50 leaves in its one month of existence, and of destroying even the shrubs' buds; as a result even the hardiest plants die under the onslaught of eloria.
leda.lycaeum.org /index.pl?ID=12967   (2152 words)

  
 Coca: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Cocaine is a crystalline alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant....
Coca was also a vital part of the religious cosmology of the Andean tribes in the pre-Inca period[Follow this hyperlink for a summary of this subject] as well as throughout the Inca Empire Inca Empire quick summary:
Coca eradication is a strategy strongly promoted by the united statesu.s....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/co/coca.htm   (3571 words)

  
 Witas Ancient Herbal
Coca leaves deteriorate very quickly in a damp atmosphere, and for this reason the alkaloid is extracted from the leaves in South America before exportation.
Coca leaves are used as a cerebral and muscle stimulant, especially during convalescence, to relieve nausea, vomiting and pains of the stomach without upsetting the digestion.
Tincture of Coca, B.P.C., 1/2 to 1 fluid drachm.
groups.msn.com /WitasAncientHerbal/coca.msnw   (607 words)

  
 Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Pests that affect the coca plants range from weedy species that rob seedlings of soil nutrients and light to insect species such as the cuqi, an ant, which cuts roots and chews leaves, and ulo, a butterfly and its larva, which eat the plant.
Not only was coca grown in prehistory, but evidence indicates coca was distributed to areas where it was not grown during this period.
The closest coca producing area was 50 km away from Wanka populations, and was situated on the eastern slope of the Andes.
www.siu.edu /~ebl/leaflets/coca.htm   (1298 words)

  
 Coca Cola goes to war, on BOTH sides.
Coca Cola (GmbH) were the German bottlers for Coke under the leadership of the CEO Max Keith (pronounced Kite).
Coca Cola GmbH sought to be associated with the Nazis, it became a bit of a joke that if Hitler or a high ranking Nazi was on the front cover of a magazine Coke would advertise on the back.
Coca Cola in the US have paid into a fund for the compensation of people who were forced to work for the Nazis.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-food/coca_cola.htm   (1254 words)

  
 Coca
The castle of Coca was built in the late fifteenth century by Don Alonso de Fonseca, one of the most magnificent and luxury-loving magnates of Castile.
Coca looks a bit too ornate to be taken seriously as a military castle, but it features extensive crenellations and some very interesting cross-and-orb holes, ostensibly for shooting.
Coca castle is currently used as a school, but is almost entirely accessible to visitors.
www.castles.org /castles/Europe/Western_Europe/Spain/Coca-Segovia/index.htm   (439 words)

  
 Report to Congress - Cocaine and Federal Sentencing Policy - Feb 1995
Coca plants grown at higher altitudes contain a higher percentage of the cocaine alkaloid than those grown at lower altitudes and are consequently more potent.
Coca paste is a chunky, off-white to light-brown, putty-like substance that exists primarily as an intermediate product in the processing of coca leaves into powder cocaine.
Coca leaves typically are mixed with an alkaline substance (such as lime) and chewed into a wad that is retained in the mouth between gum and cheek and sucked of its juices.
www.ussc.gov /crack/chap2.htm   (5892 words)

  
 Colombia Coca Trade
Due to the illegality of coca and poppy growth the farmers place their fields on hillsides, which are more difficult for the government agents to reach than fields located on the valley floors.
The coca fields are planted along the contours of the land with little terracing and the fields are kept bare of plants except for the coca or poppy plants.
A key problem of illuminating the coca cultivation is the fact that most growers regard the crop as traditional and necessary to their lives, therefore they resist government efforts to restrict growth.
www.american.edu /TED/colcoca.htm   (4158 words)

  
 CNN.com - Actress Imogene Coca dead at 92 - June 2, 2001   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Coca was born November 18, 1908, in Philadelphia, an only child to Sadie Brady -- a magician's assistant and chorus girl -- and Joseph Fernandez de Coca, a violinist and orchestra conductor.
Coca, who lived most of her life in New York City, had a career that spanned eight decades.
Coca, who had no children, was married in 1934 to Bob Burton, who arranged music for her sketches.
www.cnn.com /2001/SHOWBIZ/News/06/02/obit.coca.02/index.html   (620 words)

  
 Illicit Drugs - Introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Between 1980 and 2001 the area with coca cultivation went from 3,500 to 144,807 hectares, a figure that amounts to a yearly growth rate of 25,6 %.
The largest portion of coca crops is located in the regions of Putumayo (37 %), Guaviare (15 %), Caqueta (14%), Meta (7 %) and Norte de Santander (7 %).
In economic terms, production of coca leaves equals 327,000 tons a year which are transformed in 634 tons of coca paste, which in turn can generate as much as 604.2 tons of cocaine, with a net value of about US $ 1,758 million.
www.colombiaemb.org /opencms/opencms/id   (1014 words)

  
 Coca, Trade and Environment
Coca has been used to relieve fatigue and hunger and also for medicinal and health purposes.
The shift in coca production from traditional use to a cash-crop is beginning to have detrimental effects on the Andean culture, the region's economy, and the environment.
Some of the herbicides found to be effective in eradicating coca species are also highly toxic chemicals that harm other plant species and find their way into surface and ground water.
www.american.edu /TED/coca.htm   (1739 words)

  
 The COCA, MA TE COCA It is a medicinal herb not addictive, no side effects. But Chloridrate of Cocain it is a complete ...
By virtue of its properties in medicine, health and work, the traditional form of coca leaf consumption is neither harmful nor injurious to the organism, unlike caffeine, tannin and nicotine which have spread and achieved universal recognition.
Coca leaves is a densely-leafed plant native to the eastern slopes of the Andes.Erythroxylon coca is widely cultivated in Peru.
Coca enables a shaman to cross 'the bridge of smoke', enter the world of spirits, and activate his magical powers.
www.peruherbals.com /3030/coca.html   (1077 words)

  
 FREUD'S MAGICAL DRUG
Coca (Erythroxylum coca), the source of the alkaloid cocaine, is a small tree native to moist tropical montane regions of Peru, Bolivia, and, possibly, Ecuador.
Coca was held in such high esteem because the alkaloid of this plant was able to combat fatigue and to mask hunger, the later by inhibiting nerve impulses that convey hunger pangs.
Thus, in 1551 the Bishop of Cuzco banned coca use because it was an evil agent of the Devil, and decreed punishment by death (burning) for users of those in possession of the leaves.
www.botgard.ucla.edu /html/botanytextbooks/economicbotany/Erythroxylum/index.html   (1599 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Coca contained less than 1% cocaine, a drug that alleviated hunger and fatigue for human chewers and the same time repelled most insects and herbivores.
Coca became a useful medicine, and as far as we know no Indian ever died or even had a serious medical problem from eating the leaves.
Coca and Khat (to natives in northeast Africa and the Arabian peninsula Khat is the "flower of Paradise") stimulate the mind and ward off hunger and fatigue with almost no toxicity or abuse; the bitterness limits use to just so many leaves.
www.maui.net /~jms/divine.html   (538 words)

  
 CHAPTER IV: THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF COCA IN THE UNITED STATES, THE LEGAL COCAINE CLUB
The legislative correlation between opium and coca is not a matter of ignorance or error, quite the contrary, it is a premeditated maneuver to seize the most lucrative business of the century, and possibly not only with reference to the pharmaceutical industry.
It was the same in the case of the pisa cocas (coca leaf pressers), low social class ex-conscripts who were used to produce pasta when they were in the army barracks.
The destruction of coca crops by means of a chemical weapon, called AGENT ORANGE, left over from the Vietnam war and notorious for its terrible cancerous and teratogenic effects, was one other geniality of the war against coca.
www.drugtext.org /library/books/hurtado/chapter4.htm   (3765 words)

  
 Coca Cola : Past to Present   (Site not responding. Last check: )
But Coca Cola wanted to impress upon its drinkers that their beverage was new and therefore better, and to keep up with the times, included women dressed as such in their advertisements.
Coca Cola also again plastered their name on everything they could: clocks, novelties, paper napkins, matches, thermometers, door plates, pocketknives, watches, blotters, pencils, mirrors, and wagon umbrellas.
Coca Cola also began advertising on the radio during this time, imprinting the theme song into the hearts and minds of consumers in twenty-eight different countries.
www.louisville.edu /~eablan02/essay.html   (1568 words)

  
 LAW ON THE REGIME APPLICABLE TO COCA AND
The legal small producer of coca is defined as a farmer in zones (a) and (b) defined in article 8 who works his own plot of land and personally produces from it for his own subsistence and one of whose principal characteristics is that he obtains his income chiefly from coca-growing.
Coca cultivation is prohibited on land subject to a rental contract or to any other contract of lease or use.
The Executive shall periodically determine the quantity of coca that is necessary to cover the demand for traditional consumption and for the uses defined in article 5, which may not exceed the production equivalent to an area of 12,000 hectares of coca cultivation, on the basis of yield in the traditional zone.
www.oas.org /juridico/mla/en/bol/en_bol_1008.html   (9084 words)

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