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Topic: Codification

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  Codification - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming the legal code.
The codification movement developed out of the philosophy of the Enlightenment and began in several European countries during the late 18th century (see civil code).
The official codification of Federal statutes is called the United States Code.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Codification   (565 words)

 LINDSAY FARMER | Reconstructing the English Codification Debate: The Criminal Law Commissioners, 1833-45 | Law and ...
Advocates of codification in England bemoan the partial or incomplete modernization of the common law and the institutions of law and government, just as the conventional accounts of European codification posit an indissoluble link between the reform and codification of the penal law and the formation of the modern nation-state.
The apparent failure of the codification project in England would suggest that the English law is, in some sense, premodern and anachronistic, lacking certain ideas and institutions and possessed of a lingering and inexplicable attachment to the arcane rituals of common law adjudication.
Codification for Bentham required that the very foundations of the science of legislation be laid bare to allow the construction of a complete body of laws grounded on natural and universal principles.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/18.2/farmer.html   (12215 words)

 Codification (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Codification is the process of standardizing a language that was not previously written.
In some countries such codification is done by a body constituted by the state, such as the French Academy.
Codification often happens due to new inventions, changes in values or other cultural influences.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Codification_(linguistics)   (82 words)

We note finally that the process of codification is likely to be a path dependent one and this implies that efficiency is not an intrinsic attribute of the codification of a certain type of knowledge, but is rather the result of the dynamics and emergent properties of the system under consideration.
Codification typically entails fundamental transformations in the way knowledge is organized, so the codified knowledge-base cannot exactly cover the tacit knowledge-base for which it tries to substitute.
This tripartite analysis of codification further implies that the major costs of codification are born in the process of stabilizing the knowledge environment.
www.cgl.uwaterloo.ca /~racowan/Codification.html   (10433 words)

 Section 71-943 Codification of municipal ordinances, c   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Codification of municipal ordinances, contents--supplements authorized--code to be evidence in all courts.
The ordinance adopting the codification shall recite that the codification was authorized by ordinance, and that it was made in conformity with this section and amendments to this section.
When the ordinance and the codification, along with a certificate of the municipal clerk that the same are true and correct copies, are published in book form, the codification shall take effect and shall import absolute verity and be received in evidence in all courts and places without further proof.
www.moga.state.mo.us /statutes/C000-099/0710000943.HTM   (194 words)

 John W. Head, Codes, Cultures, Chaos, and Champions: Common Features of Legal Codification Experiences in China, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
A "codification" is also to be distinguished from an unofficial "compilation" that constitutes a collection of legal rules (perhaps with added commentary or structure) but that does not itself have the force of law.
The conditions of codification can be present in degrees, and the degree to which they are present bears on the character of the codification, and especially on the exclusivity and "reach" of a code.
A singular theory and program of codification would in any event have been difficult for most of the early proponents of codification to muster because of their own intellectual nature and professional bent: "Being, by and large, practical men of the common law, they were not comfortable with legal philosophy or theory.
www.law.duke.edu /journals/djcil/articles/DJCIL13P1.HTM   (17152 words)

 European Commission - Legal Service - Codification Group   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The main task of the Codification Group is to assist the Commission in its aim of simplifying Community law and making it more transparent and user-friendly, by overseeing and coordinating the official codification of Community legislation.
Official codification means the bringing together of a basic piece of legislation and all its amendments in a single new act which repeals the acts to be codified without however changing the substance of this legislation.
It is the subject of a special accelerated legislative procedure agreed with the European Parliament and the Council in December 1994 (Official Journal of the European Communities, C 102, 4.4.1996, p.
europa.eu.int /comm/dgs/legal_service/codif_en.htm   (136 words)

 Roger Uchtmann: Open Codification and Cultural Systems
More exactly: the apparent preceding forms of heroic codification like the trickster-, (hare- and redhorn-) cycles (in the mythologies of the northamerican indians) and the later evolving theisms were reconstuctions and reinterpretations of the development of humans as cultural beings.
They were constructed by the use of dreamlike forms, mediated by weak and often collapsing forms of codification, similar to the forms that could be found in the oral tradition of fairytales.
All those attempts negate the horizontalized, oscillating and bridging codification that emerged within the evolution of placental mammals and came to first merits within the twinlike shamanic accesses to the inner and outer worlds.
homepages.compuserve.de /roguman/engl1.html   (2642 words)

 Speech by Minister at Launch of the Report of the Expert Group on Codification of the Substantive Criminal Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Codification serves to confirm the paramountcy of legislation as the source of criminal law in the State other than the Constitution.
Codification will also compliment the modernisation work under the Government's Programme of Better Regulation, by addressing those pre 1922 criminal law statutes which continue on our statute book despite the difficulties in accessing these texts in our modern technological era.
The Report itself mirrors many of the objectives of codification, in that it is comprehensive, yet is structured so as to be easily accessible forming a useful reference on the many issues arising under the rubric of codification.
www.justice.ie /80256E01003A02CF/vWeb/pcJUSQ678EMC-ga   (1557 words)

 Tax Analysts: Free Bulletins: Insurance: Insurance Tax Update -- Vol. 6, No. 2: NAIC Codification Delayed
When the National Association of Insurance Commissioners’ Working Group on codification of Statutory Accounting Principles (the Working Group) completed the public hearing phase of the codification project this summer, it had hoped that the project would gain final approval at the NAIC's December 1997 or March 1998 meetings, with implementation in 1999.
The NAIC’s Executive Committee was asked to approve the codification at the Seattle meeting, and NAIC by-laws preclude plenary session voting -- required for final approval of the codification -- from taking place at the same meeting as the Executive Committee's approval vote.
This issue -- which is separate from the codification itself, arose when of some commissioners challenged the AICPA's position that the codification, when adopted, should become the basis on which they will opine on statutory financial statements.
www.taxanalysts.com /www/tadiscus.nsf/Archives/CB5B59D5A7A144C28525657500634458?OpenDocument   (658 words)

 Tax Analysts: Free Bulletins: Insurance: Insurance Tax Update -- Vol. 8, No. 1: Statutory Codification
These agreements led to a near unanimous decision (Michigan was the lone dissenter) as the NAIC crowned codification as its champion of statutory accounting principles.
Although the failure to grant OCBOA status would preserve states' authority to adopt their own accounting practices, it would also raise the specter of a competitive disconnect to the extent that similar companies in different states may have different financial results due to divergent state accounting rules.
Although the ultimate degree of uniformity among the individual states may be something less than hoped for, the mere fact that several legislatures will be reviewing their statutory accounting rules in toto itself warrants heightened attention from insurance company tax professionals.
www.taxanalysts.com /www/tadiscus.nsf/Archives/14EAC38B6DAC9C9C852565DE0075708F?OpenDocument   (1451 words)

This enactment of the Truk District Code is intended to effect a codification of the general and permanent laws of Truk District and is not intended to effect any substantive changes therein.
The law contained in any current pocket parts or supplements to this Code, printed and published under contract or otherwise as may be authorized by law, constitutes prima facie, a part of this Code if the laws, as so contained, propose to represent reproductions of statutory amendments or additions to this Code.
Codification of District Laws, and Reorganization of Legislature Rules and Procedures and Legislature Charter.
www.fsmlaw.org /chuuk/code/title01/T01_Ch08.htm   (946 words)

 NARA - Federal Register - Codification of Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders
The Codification of Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders is an editorial codification prepared by the Office of the Federal Register and is not intended to be used as a definitive legal authority.
This codification covers the period April 13, 1945, through January 20, 1989--a timespan encompassing the administrations of Harry S. Truman through Ronald Reagan--and replaces the previous volume, which covered the period January 20, 1961, through January 20, 1985.
The Codification is divided into 50 chapters representing broad subject areas similar to the title designations of the Code of Federal Regulations and the United States Code.
www.archives.gov /federal-register/codification/forward.html   (400 words)

 Codification Legislation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Positive law codification is the process of preparing and enacting, one title at a time, a revision and restatement of the general and permanent laws of the United States.
When this project is completed, all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent laws and recourse to the numerous volumes of the United States Statutes at Large for this purpose will no longer be necessary.
Positive law codification bills prepared by the Office do not change the meaning or legal effect of a statute being revised and restated.
uscode.house.gov /codification/legislation.shtml   (141 words)

 Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 103, "Update of Codification of Staff Accounting Bulletins"; Rel. No. SAB 103 / ...
Summary: This staff accounting bulletin revises or rescinds portions of the interpretive guidance included in the codification of staff accounting bulletins in order to make this interpretive guidance consistent with current authoritative accounting and auditing guidance and SEC rules and regulations.
Furthermore, certain guidance contained in many of the staff accounting bulletins either is no longer useful or relevant due to the passage of time, or has been made obsolete by subsequent Commission rulemaking activities.
Therefore, the purpose of this staff accounting bulletin is to comprehensively update the existing codification to enhance the integrity and usefulness of this guidance.
www.sec.gov /interps/account/sab103.htm   (4937 words)

 Report of the Codification Committee
The Ad Hoc Codification Committee (the "Committee") of the Business Law Section of the State Bar of Texas was formed in 1995 for the purpose of studying, drafting and making recommendations with respect to a new code.
On the other hand, many codes in the past have been projects that contain substantive revisions and were drafted to a significant extent by outside parties.
As a codification project, the new Code groups together in the same titles and chapters similar or shared concepts.
www.texasbusinesslaw.org /608127_6_date_12262000.html   (5827 words)

"Codification" and "compilation" are defined, and the powers of the codifier are specified.
This bill authorizes municipalities to provide for the codification or compilation of their general ordinances.
HB 749 -- Codification of Ordinances Sponsor: Stroker This bill authorizes municipalities to provide for the codification or compilation of their general ordinances.
www.house.state.mo.us /bills97/bills97/HB749.HTM   (387 words)

 Press Release 12/29/2000 - Department Adopts Codification of Statutory Accounting Principles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The purpose of the codification is to enhance the consistency of the accounting treatment of assets, liabilities, reserves, income and expenses of insurers, by setting forth the accounting practices and procedures to be followed in completing annual and quarterly financial statements required by law.
"The codification of statutory accounting principles will allow for enhanced consistency and comparability, as well as produce a comprehensive guide for regulators, insurers and auditors--clearly setting forth the procedures that are to be followed."
Codification will allow insurers to present information in a manner more useful to the Department, and insurers and auditors will now have a comprehensive guide to assist in preparing statutory statements.
www.ins.state.ny.us /p0012291.htm   (310 words)

 American Legal Publishing: Ordinance Codification   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The codification - or organization - of your ordinances is an essential part of the governmental function.
The first step is to review your ordinance materials to determine what provisions are of a general and permanent nature.
Then, after you've completed your review of the initial manuscript and provided us with your changes, we update the manuscript and prepare the code for publication of the first edition.
www.amlegal.com /services/codification.shtml   (343 words)

 Kubatana - Archive - Clarification about the Criminal Law (Codification And Reform) Bill [H.B. 10, 2003] - Veritas - ...
The Criminal Law [Codification and Reform] Bill seeks to "codify" that part of the common law of Zimbabwe, which concerns non-statutory crimes [for instance treason, murder, culpable homicide, theft, fraud, assault, arson, malicious injury to property, criminal defamation, etc].
The Criminal Law [Codification and Reform] Bill had an adverse report from the Parliamentary Legal Committee [PLC].
The codification of Criminal Law is an extremely important and major piece of legislation.
www.kubatana.net /html/archive/legisl/041205veritas.asp?sector=LEGISL&range_start=31   (1344 words)

 Tax Executive: Codification of the economic substance doctrine in A.B. 1601 and S.B. 614@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Codification of the economic substance doctrine in A.B. 1601 and S.B. Read the rest of this Article with a Subscription or Article Pass
Codification of the economic substance doctrine in A.B. 1601 and S.B. Byline: Barton, Barbara
The letter highlights TEI's concerns in respect of codification of the economic substance doctrine and extreme penalties.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1P1:87726166&refid=holomed_1   (185 words)

 Codification Support
NAMSA is assisting in the organization of the 10th International Symposium on Codification to be held in Edinburgh (Scotland), on 10-13 October 2005.
In NATO, responsibility for the NCS is exercised by the Group of National Directors on Codification (AC/135 - website).
The AC/135 has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with NAMSA specifying the codification support services to be provided by NAMSA to the users of the NCS, as decided by AC/135.
www.namsa.nato.int /Services/codif_e.htm   (156 words)

 UK National Codification Bureau Codification tools
UK NCB electronic codification tools will be released bi-annually in February and July with the exception of Item Identification Guide (IIG) Codification Tools which will be released bi-annually as above only if subject to an amendment.
Changes to electronic codification tools from the previous release will be displayed with a coloured font and side marker bar for easy recognition of the change.
Please check that you hold the latest edition/amendment/electronic release as use of out-of-date codification tools would be viewed as a non-conformance of quality systems.
www.ncb.mod.uk /pubs.htm   (351 words)

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