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Topic: Codified law

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In the News (Mon 15 Apr 19)

 United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America and is the oldest codified written national constitution still in force.
The U.S. Constitution styles itself the "supreme law of the land." Courts have interpreted this phrase to mean that when laws (including state constitutions) that have been passed by state legislatures, or by the (national) U.S. Congress, are found to conflict with the federal constitution, these laws are null and have no effect.
The Constitution of The United States has also served as a model for the constitutions of numerous other nations, including the second oldest codified constitution, the May Constitution of Poland, which was written in 1791. /wiki/United_States_Constitution

 Iowa General Assembly - Iowa Constitution
This constitution shall be the supreme law of the state, and any law inconsistent therewith, shall be void.
The general assembly may provide by law for factors in addition to population, not in conflict with the Constitution of the United States, which may be considered in the apportioning of senatorial districts.
In all cases of elections to fill vacancies in office occurring before the expiration of a full term, the person so elected shall hold for the residue of the unexpired term; and all persons appointed to fill vacancies in office, shall hold until the next general election, and until their successors are elected and qualified. /Constitution.html

 European Computer Law
Prior to this directive many civil law countries had already codified their agency laws and many of these laws provided for agents to be compensated when the contract was terminated.
However, the contract law of civil law countries is, to a large extent, codified, whereas in common law countries legislation is limited to specific areas (e.g.
The fact that contracts drafted by civil law lawyers are much shorter than those of their common law counterparts is a consequence of this different attitude towards law and contracts. /eclawbook/ecl_03.htm   (2355 words)

 Definition of Statute
: adj : enacted by a legislative body; "statute law"; "codified written laws" [syn: codified, statute(p) ] (noun)
A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published.
It is sometimes informally referred to as "black letter law." /dictionary/Statute+law.html   (2355 words)

 Glossary of Maritime Law Terms
Civil law eventually divided into two streams: the codified Roman law (as seen in the French Civil Code of 1804 and its progeny and imitators - Continental Europe, Québec, and Louisiana being examples) - and uncodified Roman law (as seen in the Scots law of Scotland and the Roman-Dutch law of South Africa).
Civil law - Civil law may be defined as that legal tradition which has its origin in Roman law, as codified in the Corpus Juris Civilis of Justinian (528 to 534 A.D.), and as subsequently developed in Continental Europe and around the world.
Arrest - The procedure whereby, in common law jurisdictions, a ship (and sometimes cargo and/or freight) may be seized by an admiralty court at the institution of or during an action in rem (infra) to provide pre-judgment security for the plaintiff's maritime claim. /maritimelaw/glossaries/maritime   (9739 words)

 Re: Without Prejudice, INTERNATIONAL LAW
Since the term "without prejudice" is codified the Uniform Commercial Code it to can be consider a "replacement" of common law.
Yet the term has its roots in common law So which is it, Vicegerent, common law or codified law?
You have been given case law citing instances when this very tact was laughed out of court, yet you tell us the method works. /group/can.taxes/messages/79701.html   (9739 words)

 Sample Declatory Judgement 1
The district court has venue jurisdiction pursuant to law as the acts complained of occurred, in substantial part, in the western district of Washington and the primary place of business of the primary defendant(s) is located in the western district of Washington codified at 28 USC 128(b), 28 USC 132; 28 USC 1391;
Plaintiffs request the court provide such other relief as it may find appropriate and equitable as an operation of law as may be requested by Plaintiffs as provided in law as codified at 28 USC 2202.
Resulting in the unconstitutional prosecution, confinement, conviction, publication of derogatory records of conviction (infamy) and deprivation of property and liberty under color of State law for which Plaintiff Kenneth Wayne is entitled to a remedy as an operation of law. /declaratory1.html   (9739 words)

 Poor Law --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Elizabethan Poor Laws, as codified in 1597–98, were administered through parish overseers, who provided relief for the aged, sick, and infant poor, as well as work for the able-bodied in workhouses.
The Elizabethan Poor Laws, as codified in 1597–98, were administered through parish overseers, who provided relief for the aged, sick, and infant poor, as well as work for the able-bodied in...
Parliament passed laws of a political character, such as those enforcing the king's supremacy over the new established church. /eb/article-9060826?tocId=9060826   (9739 words)

 Conservative Responsa in Israel - Masorti Responsa - Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies - SIJS
According to the Mishnah (Bava Kama 8:6), a person is not permitted to injure himself and his principle was codified by the standard codes of Jewish law (Maimonides, Hovel Umazik 5:1; Shulhan Arukh Hoshen Mishpat 420:31).
In other words, in case of a doubtful transgression of ritual law we rule in the direction of leniency, but if there is a possibility of one of the physical dangers listed above we rule in the direction of stringency.
Whoever is in the vicinity of a smoker can certainly protest and the smoker is required by Jewish law to move away (Bava Batra 23a). /engsums/4_5.htm   (846 words)

 HVM Legal Ethics and Reform Page 35 - Is a Minimally Acceptable "Rule of Law" Found in the United States?
Obviously if society's codified law attempts to counter the values of the dominate religion, the seeds for disrespect of the codified law are laid and in time the secular government will be overthrown at the ballot box or by force.
Obviously laws that have special provisions that favor the rich or well connected are not fair, but just as unfair is a convoluted legal process which favors those who can afford high-priced counselors to guide them through the process while citizens of limited means struggle to obtain justice.
If law changes frequently the citizen will find himself spending precious time reading and rereading the law in order to determine the current state of the law rather than pursuing his occupation and living his life. /hm_pg35.html   (2467 words)

 Copyright Law
Copyright law for the United Kingdom is codified in the Copyright Act 1956 and the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act of 1988.
In the US, copyright law is codified in Title 17 of the US Code.
You may download a summary of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 HERE. /copyright.htm   (127 words) >
In broad terms, lawyers apply their interpretation of the law (the codified rules of their society) to advise their employer or client on completing transactions in compliance with the law or resolving disputes based on current understanding of the law.
Law firms host on-campus interviews at law schools and offer summer associate programs for interested 1Ls and 2Ls (first- and second-year law students, for the uninitiated).
Even if you never practice law, you'll earn the right to the title of Esquire, be known as a natural negotiator, and have credentials that invariably position you—in the landscape of job opportunities—as a capable and talented candidate. /asp/careerprofiles_overview.asp?careerpk=21   (2219 words)

 Law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Civilian system of law is a codified law that sets out a comprehensive system of rules that are applied and interpreted by judges.
Law is typically administered through a system of courts, in which judges hear disputes between parties and apply a set of rules in order to provide an outcome that is just and fair.
Customary law are systems of law that have evolved largely on their own within a given country and have been adapted to meet the needs of the particular culture. /wiki/Law   (1740 words)

Codified constitutions, unlike uncodified constitutions are the not the product of an "evolution" of laws and conventions over centuries, they are usually the product of dramatic political change, such as a revolution.
A codified constitution is one that is contained in a single document, which is the single source of constitutional law in a state.
For example, in the Constitution of Australia, most of its fundamental political principles and regulations concerning the relationship between branches of government, and concerning the government and the individual are codified in a single document, the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia. /wiki/Constitution   (1740 words)

 Duhaime's Canadian Law Dictionary : C
Law inspired by old Roman Law, the primary feature of which was that laws were written into a collection; codified, and not determined, as is common law, by judges.
The action of conversion is a common law legal proceeding for damages by an owner of property against a defendant who came across the property and who, rather than return the property, converted that property to his own use or retained possession of the property or otherwise interfered with the property.
A rule of tort law which holds that the tortfeasor is not allowed to deduct from the amount he or she would be held to pay to the victim of the tort, any goods, services or money received by that victim from other "collateral" sources as a result of the tort (eg. /dictionary/dict-c.aspx   (4229 words)

 Tax law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tax law is the codified system of laws that describes government levies on economic transactions, commonly called taxes.
In law schools, "tax law" is a subdiscipline and area of specialist study.
Its specialists are most commonly employed in consultative roles, but they can be involved in litigation. /wiki/Tax_law   (73 words)

 Kashrut - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The basic laws of kashrut are in the Torah's Book of Leviticus, with their details set down in the oral law (the Mishnah and the Talmud) and codified by the Shulkhan Arukh and later rabbinical authorities.
Many varied reasons have been offered for these laws, ranging from philosophical and ritualistic, to practical and hygenic; see below for examples and explanations.
There is also the suggestion of a practical aspect to some of the laws of Kashrut; for instance, the pig would not be a wise choice of domestic animal for a nation which was, at the time, a nomadic desert tribe. /wiki/Kashrut   (4443 words)

 Celtic law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The most common body of Brehon Laws was codified in 438, by the order of Laighaire, a High King of Ireland.
The established body of Law was known as 'Fenechas', the law of the Feine (Freemen), or more commonly, the Brehon Laws.
The body of Law known as Brehon Law, as contained in the Senchus Mor is a body of national law. /wiki/Celtic_law   (415 words)

 Federal law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
U.S. Federal laws are codified in the United States Code.
Federal law is the body of law created by the federal government of a nation.
Issues that arise under any legislation passed by Congress, an Executive Order of the President or a decision of federal courts persuant to the United States Constitution are governed by federal law. /wiki/Federal_law   (178 words)

 Sources of Canadian Law
Other than in Quebec, where the civil law was codified on the model of the French Code Napoléon, Canada's criminal and private law has its basis in English common and statutory law.
Laws enacted by provincial legislatures are assented to by the Lieutenant Governor.
Canadians are protected against unreasonable searches and seizures; even where a search or seizure is authorized by law, the police cannot use excessive force in carrying it out. /en/dept/pub/just/CSJ_page7.html   (178 words)

 Deno Geanakoplos - Prologue: the two worlds of Christendom - Administration, Political Theory, Law and Diplomacy
And it is the Roman law, codified by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and transmitted via Italy to the West(52), which is perhaps Byzantium's chief practical legacy to the modern world.
In the Byzantine East where it became the official or semi-official sailor's code and 'admiralty law', it offered practical, time-tested regulations for the handling of collision cases between ships and for such 'proto-capitalist' problems as the relation of the owner of a ship to the cargo owner in the event the cargo was lost.
For while the West was steeped in Germanic, barbaric law with its primitive ordeals and trials by battle, the Greek East was enjoying the benefits of Roman law, which had been leavened by the ideals of Stoicism and other philosophies on the basis of the long experience of the East. /texts/english/geanakoplos_twoworlds_7.html   (1577 words)

 Law firm: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic
Tax law is the codified system of laws that describes government levies on economic transactions, commonly called taxes....
Labor law or labour law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the relationship between and among employers, employees,...
Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of law that regulates governmental sanctions (such as imprisonment and/or fines) as retaliation... /encyclopedia/l/la/law_firm.htm   (2860 words)

 Public Law 80-557 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Public Law 80-557 (later codified at Title 10, Chapter 909 of the United States Code) was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 26, 1948.
It permanently established Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the United States Air Force. /wiki/Public_Law_557   (84 words)

 Customary international law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For example, laws of war were long a matter of customary law before they were codified in the Geneva Conventions and other tractates.
Customary international law can therefore not be declared by a majority of States for their own purposes; it can be discerned only through actual widespread practice.
In other words, customary international law must be derived from a clear consensus among states, as exhibited both by widespread conduct and a discernible sense of obligation. /wiki/Customary_international_law   (84 words)

 Law of Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The functioning of the Courts is regulated by the laws of civil procedure which are codified in each province's civil procedures rules.
The enactment of criminal law is under the jurisdiction of the federal government (a situation which contrasts to that in the United States, and which is a notable reversal of the usual pattern of strong Canadian provices and weak American states), which means Canada has one Criminal Code that is applicable throughout Canada.
The laws of evidence regulate the admissibility of evidence in courts and tribunals. /wiki/Law_of_Canada   (738 words)

 HLS Library: French Legal Research
In accordance with the civil law tradition, much greater emphasis in the French legal system is placed on codified law, the many codes, rather than on case law and precedent, as in common law jurisdictions.
As with research in common law countries, looking at the legislative process and the resulting legislation is also important, particularly for pending legislation or for constructing a legislative history.
A basic understanding of the French Constitution, the supreme law, and its provisions is a sound first step when starting research on French law. /library/services/research/guides/international/france/index.php   (344 words)

 French Employment Law: Collective Bargaining Agreements
In addition to the relative constraints, at least from the perspective of the employer, of the Code du Travail (the French Codified collection of Employment Law provisions) there are often also additional, and perhaps equally constraining, provisions set out in Collective Bargaining Agreements, known in French as "Conventions Collectives de Travail".
Collective Bargaining Agreements may be applicable nationally, throughout the whole of French territory, or sometimes only at a very localised level, (thus constituting a potential pitfall for employers and their external advisors who may come from outside the particular area).
However, the Conventions Collectives de Travail are in many cases binding upon employers who took no part in any collective bargaining nor were members of any employers' representative grouping which was party to the negotiations. /50-10_employment/50-50_collective.asp   (344 words)

 'The Dark Side of Egalitarianism' MetaFilter
October 27, 2004 3:59 AM The Law of Jante (Janteloven) was codified by the Danish-born novelist Aksel Sandemose while he was living in Norway.
Although I've been in Scandinavia a while, and have felt and suspected the influence of such a Law, I only just heard about the Law of Jante's formulation itself by way of the materialist, who is currently posting fascinating accounts of his anthropology fieldwork in the Arctic north of Norway.
The Law comprises ten 'commandments', and describes an unspoken code of conformity that Sandemose felt as a stifling inhibitive influence in the town where he grew up. /mefi/36539   (3663 words)

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