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Topic: Coherentism


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  Coherentism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coherentism is sometimes characterised as accepting that the series forms a loop, but although this would produce a form of Coherentism, this is not what is generally meant by the term.
Coherentism contends that foundationalism provides an arbitrary spot to stop asking for justification and so that it does not provide reasons to think that certain beliefs do not need justification.
The main criticism facing coherentism is probably simplest to state from the point of view of someone who holds to the correspondence theory of truth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Coherentism   (1522 words)

  
 Regress argument - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In this case, the justification of any statement is used, after a long chain of reasoning, in justifying itself, and the argument is circular.
Coherentism is the belief that an idea is justified iff it is part of a coherent system of mutually supporting beliefs (i.e., beliefs that support each other).
The most common objection to naïve Coherentism is that it implies that circular justification is acceptable.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Regress_argument   (1690 words)

  
 Coherentism: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coherentism is belief in the coherence theory of justification — an epistemological (epistemological: epistemology, from the greek words episteme (knowledge) and logos (word/speech)...
Coherentism contends that foundationalism gives an arbitrary spot to stop asking for justification and does not provide reasons to think that certain beliefs do not need justification.
The main criticism facing coherentism is probably simplest to state from the point of view of someone who holds to the correspondence theory of truth (correspondence theory of truth: the correspondence theory of truth is the theory that something is rendered true by the...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/coherentism   (1167 words)

  
 Coherentist Theories of Epistemic Justification
Coherentism thus claims, minimally, that not all knowledge and justified belief rest ultimately on a foundation of noninferential knowledge or justified belief.
Sometimes coherentism is described as the view that allows that justification can proceed in a circle (as long as the circle is large enough), and that is one logically possible version of the view (though it is very hard to find a defender of this version of coherentism).
In sum, then, coherentism can be negatively characterized as the view that, first, agrees with foundationalism that there is no regress of justification that is infinite (thereby rejecting both skepticism and infinitism) and, second, disagrees with foundationalism that justification depends on having an inferential chain of reasons with a suitable stopping point.
www.science.uva.nl /~seop/archives/fall2004/entries/justep-coherence   (6999 words)

  
 About Coherentism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coherentism stands in contrast to these in that justification can emerge in an appropriate finite network of beliefs, without any of those beliefs being foundational or self-justifying; without justification being inherent in any of those beliefs.
If Foundationalism is analogous to a house, built upwards from its foundations in a structured manner, then Coherentism may be thought of as analogous to a ship, the hull of which is constructed of many metal panels, none of which float on their own, but which form a floating whole when appropriately connected.
Coherentism qualitatively changes this such that justification arises from the relationship between nodes, as opposed to within the nodes themselves, but remains a "directed graph" in form.
www.nutters.org /log/coherentism   (1061 words)

  
 coherentism
Coherentism is an epistemological position opposing foundationalism, and is one solution to the regress argument or the problem of the criterion.
It is incumbent on Coherentism to explain in some detail what it is for a proposal to be coherent.
Foremost amongst the problems facing Coherentism is that there is no obvious way in which a Coherent theory relates to anything external to it.
www.fact-library.com /coherentism.html   (838 words)

  
 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coherentism is a view about the structure of justification or knowledge.
According to coherentism, beliefs are justified by their coherence with other members of a belief-set.
Coherentism Coherentism is a rival theory of justification to foundationalism
coherentism.iqexpand.com   (1272 words)

  
 Virtue Epistemology
Coherentism counters this account of knowledge with its metaphor of the raft: knowledge is a structure that floats free of any secure anchor or tie.
The problem with coherentism is that it cannot account for knowledge at the periphery of a system of beliefs.
This is because coherentism makes justification entirely a function of the logical relations among beliefs in the system, but perceptual beliefs have very few logical ties to the remainder.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/epistemology-virtue   (8077 words)

  
 Australian Naturalism and Its Critics
Though these critics raised many valuable questions relating to the concept and criteria of coherentism, the naturalistic fallacy, the questions of foundations and reductionism (for more details, see Park, 1997), there seems to be more criticisms able to be raised against Australian naturalism based on the recent developments in epistemology and philosophy of mind.
Coherentism stresses the primacy of systematicity in all doxastic decision-making.
However, given that their naturalistic coherentism is also partly to deal with the limits of traditional epistemology, there is little option for Australian naturalists to do other than adopt a weak version of naturalism.
www.aare.edu.au /97pap/parks060.htm   (5347 words)

  
 Coherentism
There are few issues in philosophy that run deeper or have broader ramifications than that of foundationalism versus coherentism.
I object to foundationalism that it is incoherent; by parity, the foundationalist objects that coherentism is unfounded.
Coherentism, at least, does not begin by setting apart a special class of beliefs and refusing to entertain (except perhaps in great extremity) the possibility that they are in error.
personal.bgsu.edu /~roberth/coherence.html   (4175 words)

  
 Epistemologyexam   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coherentism can be seen as a reaction to foundationalism.
Coherentism's critics frequently charge that coherentism fails because it is dependent on circular reasoning.
Coherentism is not represented by a pyramid, but by an arch, where there are no foundational pieces and yet a stable structure emerges from mutual support.
www.yellowpigs.net /philosophy/epistemologyexam/structure   (491 words)

  
 Epistemology : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
The second tradition in epistemology, the naturalistic tradition, does not focus on the quality of the reasons for beliefs but, rather, requires that the conditions in which beliefs are acquired typically produce true beliefs (see Internalism and externalism in epistemology; Naturalized epistemology).
For example, the relative simplicity of one hypothesis might be thought to provide a basis for preferring it to its rivals (see Simplicity (in scientific theories); Theoretical (epistemic) virtues).
In contrast to foundationalism, coherentism claims that every belief derives its justification from inferential relationships to other beliefs (see Knowledge and justification, coherence theory of; Probability theory and epistemology; Bosanquet, B.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/P059#P059P1.1   (1992 words)

  
 The Coherence Theory of Truth
Realism about truth involves acceptance of the principle of bivalence (according to which every proposition is either true or false) and the principle of transcendence (which says that a proposition may be true even though it cannot be known to be true).
Walker (1989) attributes coherentism to Spinoza, Kant, Fichte and Hegel.
Another epistemological argument for coherentism is based on the view that we cannot "get outside" our set of beliefs and compare propositions to objective facts.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/truth-coherence   (2893 words)

  
 Philosophy Department - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society
But popularity is a poor index of truth, and the necessity and tenability of coherentism cannot simply be assumed when competing interpretations are available.
In addition to arguing against MF, SF must also argue against coherentism by demonstrating that incorrigible foundations are sufficient to support the whole stock of moral beliefs.
SF provides a justificatory structure that is available and sufficient for moral discourse in real-time, recognizes the plurality of moral principles, the complexity of the practical problems in ethical discourse, the fact of conflicting moral principles, and the capacity for error in human judgment.
www.wmich.edu /philosophy/heraclitean/vol21/cobb   (3060 words)

  
 Certain Doubts » Holistic vs. Linear Coherentism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Holistic coherentism is supposed to be an alternative form of coherentism, which avoids foundations, circularity, infinite regress, and skepticism.
The result of this ploy on behalf of coherentism, I’m tempted to think, is that the foundationalism/coherentism controversy ceases to be as interesting as one would have thought (given the amount of inquiry devoted to it).
There seems to be a minor (probably superfluous) qualification of the claim that holistic coherentism is a version of foundationalism at fn.
bengal-ng.missouri.edu /~kvanvigj/certain_doubts?p=430   (4111 words)

  
 Peter Klein Paper
Traditional coherentism is unacceptable because it advocates a not too thinly disguised form of begging the question; and seemingly more plausible forms of coherentism are just foundationalism in disguise.
To generalize: Foundationalism and non-traditional coherentism cannot avoid the regress by appealing to a meta-claim that a belief having some property, P, is likely to be true.
I have endorsed the Pyrrhonian objections to foundationalism and coherentism.
chss2.montclair.edu /prdept/HK.htm   (13538 words)

  
 Coherentism
Coherentism is a rival theory of justification to foundationalism.
Unlike foundationalists, coherentists reject the idea that individual beliefs are justified by being inferred from other beliefs.
Instead, according to coherentism, whole systems of beliefs are justified by their coherence.
www.theoryofknowledge.info /coherentism.html   (212 words)

  
 Theory of Knowledge - Coherentism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
If coherentism were true, then all these systems (or all the beliefs in these systems) would be justified.
But the reason to think this might not be a good reply is pretty close to what seems right about the next objection to coherentism.
The key idea of coherentism seems to be that justification depends only on other beliefs.
www.ling.rochester.edu /~feldman/philosophy243/08-coherentism.html   (1375 words)

  
 Coherentism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In some ways, the metaphors are the easiest way to see the difference between Foundationalism and Coherentism.) The first thing to examine is how Coherentists attempt to solve the Regress Problem.
The key to understanding the plausibility of Coherentism is to go back to the original question motivating the Foundationalism/Coherentism debate.
However, we still haven’t addressed the initial objection to Coherentism, namely that Coherentists seem to be recommending circular reasoning.
www.unc.edu /courses/2002fall/phil/032/001/coherentism.html   (2405 words)

  
 Majid Amini: Has Foundationalism Failed? A critical review of Coherence in Thought and Action by Paul Thagard
Foundationalism and coherentism in epistemology, like so many other polar philosophical positions, have been going through periodic bouts of trials and tribulations to the delight of each other’s opponent.
In the recent cycle of this ongoing saga, coherentism has suffered a severe blow from the defection of Laurence BonJour, as one of its most prominent and persistent defenders, to the opposition camp.
However, this is only achieved by extensively curtailing the traditional claims of coherentism and by conceding, for example, that ‘the formation of elements such as propositions and concepts and the construction of constraint relations between elements depend on processes to which coherence is only indirectly relevant.’ (p.
human-nature.com /nibbs/03/thagard.html   (2193 words)

  
 Please note: This is a work in progress   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Foundationalism and coherentism, as these terms are currently construed, have a good deal going for them; yet, at the same time, each confronts a distinct, yet fundamental, objection which neither can defeat.
But this connection cannot be provided by coherentism without changing its essential account of justification, by requiring further constraints that alter the basic thrust of the pure coherentist position.
At the same time, it does yield a set of beliefs that might be construed as "foundational," in some sense, while paying due heed to the need and desire to evaluate individual epistemic claims holistically.
homepages.udayton.edu /~mosser/eva.html   (7595 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
              While coherentism has traditionally been something of a dialectical foil for foundationalists, it has come to be a serious competitor; to my mind, it is clearly the superior position.
            There is a tendency among advocates of coherentism and foundationalism to conceive of contextualist practice as something of a poor-kin approximation to the more mainline positions, particularly coherentism.
For example, BonJour classifies Williams’ avowedly contextualist account in “Coherence, Justification and Truth,” as a kind of unambitious coherentism (an understanding that is fostered by Williams’ initial discussion of his view using the label 'coherentism' which is later dropped).
cas.memphis.edu /philosophy/dkhndrsn/CONTEXTualismCompetence.htm   (8776 words)

  
 Virtue Epistemology [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Sosa's initial appeal to intellectual virtue in "The Raft and the Pyramid" is aimed specifically at resolving the foundationalist/coherentist dispute over the structure of epistemic justification.
The main problem with coherentism, he argues, is that it fails to give adequate epistemic weight to experience.
The coherentist claims roughly that a belief is justified just in case it coheres with the rest of what one believes.
www.iep.utm.edu /v/VirtueEp.htm   (6365 words)

  
 Certain Doubts » foundationalism and coherentism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The restrictive view that collapses the distinction between epistemic permission and epistemic obligation is at odds with most versions of coherentism, and there’s an interesting reason why, I think.
Suppose we begin with the assumption that knowledge and justification ultimately depend on experience (at least causally), and then consider what the relationship between experience and belief must be in order for the restrictive view to be correct.
It is this feature that leads to the “alternative systems” objection to coherentism, though it is hard to see why it is an objection unless you’ve already got a decisive argument for the restrictive view.
bengal-ng.missouri.edu /~kvanvigj/certain_doubts/index.php?cat=5   (1506 words)

  
 coherentism --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
coherentism --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
In epistemology, coherentism contrasts with foundationalism, which asserts that ordinary beliefs are justified if they are inferrable from a set of basic beliefs that are justified immediately or directly.
Coherentism often has been combined with the idealist doctrine that reality consists of, or is knowable only through, ideas or judgments (see idealism).
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9361097   (139 words)

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