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Topic: Collapse of the Soviet Union


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In the News (Sat 12 Apr 14)

  
  The collapse of the Soviet Union: causes and lessons
Nina Andreeva (All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks): Anti-stalinism is a Trojan horse in the communist movement
Communist Ludo Martens (Workers' Party of Belgium): An assessement of the collapse of the Soviet Union
Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI): The development of revisionism in the CPSU and restoration of capitalism in the former Soviet Union
www.wpb.be /books/e01_su.htm   (301 words)

  
 Closing the 'Collapse Gap': the USSR was better prepared for collapse than the US | EnergyBulletin.net | Peak ...
Slide [15] The Soviet agricultural sector was notoriously inefficient.
In terms of religion, the Soviet Union was relatively free of apocalyptic doomsday cults.
Orlov's cynicism about the possibility of intelligent government action was probably justified in the case of the Soviet Union, but I think it would be a tragic mistake to abandon efforts to change the direction of the U.S. The Soviets had little chance to make democratic institutions work.
energybulletin.net /23259.html   (4186 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/1991
Soviet troops assault the Vilnius TV tower in Lithuania and kill 14 unarmed civilians; many more are injured.
August 19 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in the Crimea during a coup.
December 1 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Ukrainians vote overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union in a referendum.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/1991   (4094 words)

  
  Cold War (1972–1989): the Collapse of the Soviet Union - █ further reading:
While the oil-rich Soviet economy continued to grow, the economy of the United States strained under the pressure of the OPEC imposed oil embargo of 1972 and 1973.
Even while the Soviet Union was soaring to new heights, cracks were beginning to form in the monolithic empire.
This proved disastrous for the Soviet economy, because by 1980, the Soviet Union was spending nearly one-third of its GNP on capital investment, with most of the sum dedicated to the military.
www.espionageinfo.com /Co-Cop/Cold-War-1972-1989-the-Collapse-of-the-Soviet-Union.html   (2256 words)

  
  Soviet Union information - Search.com
The Soviet Union was created and expanded as a union of Soviet republics formed within the territory of the Russian Empire abolished by the Russian Revolution of 1917 followed by the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920.
The Soviet Union was established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties.
The Soviet Union occupied the eastern portion of the European continent and the northern portion of the Asian continent.
webshots.search.com /reference/Soviet_Union   (6579 words)

  
  Soviet Union   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Abstract With the break-up of the Soviet Union, emigration from its successor...
The Soviet Union was established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties.
The Soviet Union occupied the eastern portion of European continent and northern portion of Asian continent.
hallencyclopedia.com /Soviet_Union   (4755 words)

  
 History of the Soviet Union (1985-1991) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
2 Yeltsin and the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Yeltsin and the dissolution of the Soviet Union
As the Soviet Union was unraveling, Gorbachev and U.S. President George H.W. Bush declared a U.S.-Soviet strategic partnership at the summit of July 1991, decisively marking the end of the Cold War.
www.peekskill.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Collapse_of_the_Soviet_Union   (2021 words)

  
 Collapse_of_the_Soviet_Union   (Site not responding. Last check: )
2 Yeltsin and the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Yeltsin and the dissolution of the Soviet Union
As the Soviet Union was unraveling, Gorbachev and U.S. President George H.W. Bush declared a U.S.-Soviet strategic partnership at the summit of July 1991, decisively marking the end of the Cold War.
www.fenceunlimited.com /search.php?title=Collapse_of_the_Soviet_Union   (1947 words)

  
 Soviet Union Details, Meaning Soviet Union Article and Explanation Guide
Russia was by far the largest Republic in the Soviet Union, dominating in nearly all respects: land area, population, economic output, and political influence.
The collapse of Tsarist rule was followed by the eviction of the landlord class and the subdivision of land among peasant families.
Soviet foreign policy played a major role determining the tenor of international relations for nearly four decades, and the Soviet Union had official relations with the majority of the nations of the world by the late 1980s.
www.e-paranoids.com /s/so/soviet_union.html   (1790 words)

  
 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik), the original Communist dictatorship, the West’s...
Cold War, term used to describe the post-World War II struggle between the United States and its allies and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics...
Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich, born in 1931, leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1985 to 1991, the last leader of that...
encarta.msn.com /Union_of_Soviet_Socialist_Republics.html   (129 words)

  
 Collapse of the Soviet Union - FreeEncyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The collapse of the Soviet Union was finalized on December 26, 1991 when the Supreme Soviet officially dissolved the USSR.
Gorbachev tried to transform the communist-controlled, empire-like state into a multi-party, federal union, but was opposed by nationalistic views in all the 15 republics.
On December 25, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president, and on December 26 the Supreme Soviet officially dissolved the USSR.
openproxy.ath.cx /co/Collapse_of_the_Soviet_Union.html   (450 words)

  
 The Coming Collapse of the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union is the only industrialized country in the world where the life expectancy rate is dropping, the infant mortality rate is rising, and the average height is shrinking due to poor nutrition.
Remember that the structure of the Soviet colonial empire is in three layers: the peripheral colonies in theThird World, such as Cuba, Nicaragua, South Yemen, and Soviet Indo-China; the border colonies of Eastern Europe, Afghanistan, and Mongolia; and the inner colonies inside the USSR.
This is the fate of the Soviet Union.
www.heritage.org /Research/RussiaandEurasia/HL188.cfm   (3410 words)

  
 Great Soviet Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Solzhenitsyn was a courageous Soviet dissident and that's why...
In 1947, the book says, the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ‘‘dismissed’’ Mahatma Gandhi as ‘‘a reactionary, who betrayed the people and helped the...
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Russian: Большая Советская Энциклопедия, Bolshaya Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya) is the largest and most comprehensive encyclopedia in Russian.
www.wikiverse.org /great-soviet-encyclopedia   (194 words)

  
 WHY DID THE SOVIET UNION COLLAPSE
The collapse of the Soviet Union is of tremendous theoretical importance in that it does pose the question of whether socialism is possible in concrete reality or it is simply a nice idea but totally impracticable as a social system.
Whilst the principal contradiction in the former Soviet Union was the encirclement by imperialism.
In contrast to the conventional wisdom, the Soviet revolution of 1991 was made, not against the small elite that ran the Soviet Union, but rather by that elite.
freespace.virgin.net /pep.talk/COLLAPSE..htm   (7922 words)

  
 Reports from the Regional Workshops | Former Soviet Union
It was stressed that poverty is a new phenomenon in the former Soviet Union.
The dilemma in the former Soviet Union seems to be a lack of tradition of civil society activism and insufficient trust in the freedom of speech and association.
A multi-dimensional transition in the former Soviet Union is complex, ongoing and poses a challenge to the consolidation of democracy in the region.
archive.idea.int /df/2000df/regional_reports_chapter_1.html   (3230 words)

  
 The Cold War and the Collapse of the Soviet Union
It was this invasion which would precipitate the fall of the Soviet Union: the inability of the Soviet Army to rely on any but its White Russian troops in the conflict exposed the searing racial and ethnic divisions which would later give rise to the breakup of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union then also refused to intervene in a wave of reforms which swept through Eastern Europe: the Communist governments in Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia were ousted; Communist East Germany dissolved and became part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Gorbachev resigned on 25 December 1991 and the Soviet parliament acknowledged the dissolution of the USSR on 26 December 1991.
www.white-history.com /hwr66ii.htm   (1908 words)

  
 10/29/02 - My Time with Soviet Economics
Western scholars (and intelligence agencies) consequently were unprepared for the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union wasted its resources because the success indicator for Soviet managers allowed them to be successful even though their output was poorly related to the needs of users.
Soviet planners served primarily as supply agents for enterprises, endeavoring to supply the enterprises with sufficient inputs to fulfill their gross output targets.
www.vdare.com /roberts/soviet_economy.htm   (1708 words)

  
 The Aftermath of the Collapse of the Soviet Union - The Saudi Arabia Information Resource
Outside the old Soviet Union, but still within the old Communist sphere of influence, the now former state of Yugoslavia tore itself apart, and introduced a new and profoundly sinister euphemism into common journalistic parlance - ethnic cleansing.
But far more important than any rivalry of Muslim states for influence in the region is the fact that a vast swathe of land, with a fast growing population and considerable mineral wealth waiting to be efficiently exploited, will once again form part of the Muslim community of nations.
The combination of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resurgence of Islam, not only in the Central Asian Republics but elsewhere in the world, has led some analysts to predict that the next great ideological confrontation will be between the West and Islam.
www.saudinf.com /main/x002.htm   (1554 words)

  
 Free Essay Collapse of the Soviet Union
The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 was undoubtedly one of the great transforming events of the twentieth century.
The Soviet Union was a global superpower, possessing the largest armed forces on the planet with military bases from Angola in Africa, to Vietnam in South-East Asia, to Cuba in the Americas.
In reality, a democratised Soviet Union was incompatible with denial of the Baltic states' independence for, to the extent that those Soviet republics became democratic, their opposition to remaining in a political entity whose centre was Moscow would become increasingly evident.
www.echeat.com /essay.php?t=26229   (1133 words)

  
 The Collapse of the Soviet Union and Ronald Reagan
The Collapse of the Soviet Union and Ronald Reagan
By the early 1980s the Soviet Union was becoming a hollow shell, with an unreformed and increasingly backward industrial base producing outmoded pre-computer armaments.
His supporters’ claims that he brought about the fall of the Soviet Union are somewhat weakened by the fact that he ended Carter’s grain embargo, which had produced alarming food shortages in the Soviet Union.
www.stanford.edu /group/wais/History/history_ussrandreagan.htm   (1016 words)

  
 CAP - Publikationen - Regional Security in the Wake of the Collapse of the Soviet Union
The collapse of the Soviet Union, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, German unification and the tragic events of "11 September" are a watershed in European history.
In this context, the reassessment of relations between the European Union and the countries of the former Soviet Union on the one hand and Russia's new role in the Middle East on the other hand is indispensable.
The main thrust of the papers dealing with the Middle East is the dramatic impact of the end of the cold war on the perspectives of a peaceful settlement of the conflict between Israel and the Arab countries.
www.cap.uni-muenchen.de /publikationen/mb/mb08.htm   (769 words)

  
 Impact of Soviet collapse on Eastern Europe
Describe the impact of the breakup of the Soviet Union on the emerging Eastern European countries.
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the citizens of the newly-formed countries of Eastern Europe found themselves suddenly thrust into a new era.
By the time the USSR collapsed in 1991, Eastern Europe was prepared for something different, and the new freedoms in its formerly suppressed countries opened the doors for new ideas to circulate openly.
www.hyperhistory.net /apwh/essays/cot/t2w34ussrbreakup.htm   (1048 words)

  
 A question on the economic reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union   (Site not responding. Last check: )
However, if the Soviet Union remained isolated and if the bureaucracy, in defence of its material interests and privileges, continued to stifle the progressive tendencies inherent in nationalised industry and central planning, then the Soviet Union would undergo a continuous degeneration, leading eventually to the restoration of capitalism.
Until that was undertaken, he was later to explain, the Soviet Union, always faced a greater danger of being overthrown by the cheaper goods from the West than by the imperialist armies.
Unable to meet the demands of the masses because of the increasing relative backwardness of the Soviet economy and fearing the political developments this would produce, it moved to stabilise its rule by ensuring that its privileges and material interests were grounded in definite property forms.
www.wsws.org /articles/2000/sep2000/corr-s12.shtml   (2182 words)

  
 Putin calls collapse of the Soviet Union a 'national tragedy' | The San Diego Union-Tribune
MOSCOW – President Vladimir Putin used a campaign speech yesterday to declare the demise of the Soviet Union a "national tragedy on an enormous scale," in what appeared to be his strongest-ever lament of the collapse of the Soviet empire.
Putin, a former agent of the Soviet KGB spy agency, has praised aspects of the Soviet Union in the past but never so robustly or in such an important political setting.
"The breakup of the Soviet Union is a national tragedy on an enormous scale," from which "only the elites and nationalists of the republics gained," Putin said in a nationally televised speech to about 300 campaign workers gathered at Moscow State University.
www.signonsandiego.com /uniontrib/20040213/news_1n13putin.html   (334 words)

  
 The Fall Of The Soviet Union: Whys And Wherefores
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 some 70 years after its grimly riveting and highly expectant Marxist-Leninist beginning ranks alongside World War I as the two most singularly pivotal events of the Twentieth Century.
So the Soviet Union, a failed utopia, never became a developed or modern nation; instead, it was a hybrid form of despotism all its own that never obtained adequate and fair scrutiny in the West.
But, according to Laqueur, with the exception of the Baltic republics, which had long-standing and well-grounded complaints pertaining to their deracinated inclusion into the Soviet Union, and the egregious economic exploitation of the Central Asian lands, most of the republics were no worse off than they had been under the czar.
www.raleightavern.org /lovell.htm   (2152 words)

  
 BBC - History - Reform, Coup and Collapse: The End of the Soviet State
The dramatic events that followed the change of leadership in 1985, culminating in the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of December 1991, had longer-term sources, but these did not determine the form or the timing of the system's transformation.
Russia, which occupied three-quarters of the territory of the former Soviet Union, was a different society on the eve of Chernenko's death from what it had been at the time of Joseph Stalin's death just 32 years earlier.
The rate of economic growth in the Soviet Union had been in long-term decline from the 1950s to the early 1980s.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/worldwars/coldwar/soviet_end_01.shtml   (355 words)

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