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Topic: Collectivist anarchism

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  Collectivism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Collectivists focus on community and society, and seek to give priority to group goals over individual goals.
Collectivists oppose individualism and its focus on individual autonomy and will, arguing that it is impossible to free oneself from the influence of society without becoming a hermit.
Collectivists believe that society shapes many aspects of an individual's personality, and that individualistic attempts to separate individuals from society and from each other can be psychologically or even physically harmful.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Collectivism   (844 words)

 anarchism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoic philosophy, is regarded as the father of anarchism.
The philosophy of modern political anarchism was outlined in the 18th and 19th cent.
As an organized movement, anarchism is largely dead, but it retains importance as a philosophical attitude and a political tendency, and to lesser degree as a source of social protest.
www.bartleby.com /65/an/anarchis.html   (436 words)

 Anarchism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anarchism is the name for both a political philosophy and political movement, derived from the Greek αναρχία ("without archons" or "without rulers").
Thus "anarchism," in its most general meaning, is the belief that all forms of rulership are undesirable and should be abolished.
Anarcho-capitalism, inspired by the self-ownership principle of individualist anarchism, diverges by rejecting labor theory of value and the label of socialism in favor of the subjective theory of value and a broader notion of private property.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anarchism   (4461 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Anarchism aims at the utmost possible freedom compatible with social life, in the belief that voluntary cooperation by responsible individuals is not merely more just and equitable but is also, in the long run, more harmonious and ordered in its effects than authoritarian government.
It was collectivist anarchism that formed the principal opposition to Marxism in the International Workingmen's Association and thus began the historic rivalry between libertarian and authoritarian views of socialism.
Bakunin and the other collectivists agreed with the mutualists in their rejection of the state and of political methods, in their stress on federalism, and in their view that the worker should be rewarded according to his labor.
www.anarchy-movement.org /printable.php?ID=20&field=topic   (2699 words)

 Anarchism: From theory to Practice - In Search of a New Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
With regard to large-scale modern industry requiring a large labor force, he was resolutely collectivist: "In future, large-scale industry and wide culture must be the fruit of association." "We have no choice in the matter," he concluded, and waxed indignant that anyone had dared to suggest that he was opposed to technical progress.
Anarchism was about to face the test of experience, on the eve of the Spanish Revolution of 1936, when Diego Abad de Santillan demonstrated the immediate impracticability of libertarian communism in very similar terms.
The collectivist watchword, "to each the product of his labor," would be more appropriate than communism to the requirements of the real situation in the first phase of a revolution' when the economy would be disorganized, production at a low ebb, and food supplies a priority.
www.zabalaza.net /texts/anarchism_guerin/search.html   (7164 words)

 Anarchism and bioregionalism
Anarchism rejects these theories of human nature and government, and with minor (but notorious) exceptions, anarchism is different from the popular conceptions of the term.
Collectivist anarchism, which we could call mainstream anarchism, calls for a cooperative, non-hierarchical society, based on democratic participation and voluntary collaboration.
The communalistic, egalitarian views of anarchism are combined with knowledge of the patterns and limits of the bioregion and a deep sense of identification with it.
www.uwosh.edu /faculty_staff/barnhill/ES_282/anarchism.html   (2078 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Anarchism is a body of ideas, but they are flexible, in a constant state of evolution and flux, and open to modification in light of new data.
Anarchism unites critical analysis with hope, for, as Bakunin pointed out, "the urge to destroy is a creative urge." One cannot build a better society without understanding what is wrong with the present one.
Anarchism, therefore, is a *materialist* theory, recognising that ideas develop and grow from social interaction and individuals' mental activity (see Mikhail Bakunin's _God and the State_ for the classic discussion of materialism verses idealism).
www.spunk.org /library/intro/faq/sp001622.txt   (19975 words)

In France, on the contrary, Anarchism appeared as but the natural extension of Jacobinism, as the Commune had appeared to the National Convention in 1794, and thus, both as Jacobinism and in its own right, Anarchism had played a role in the French Revolution and in the traditions and life of the French nation.
Anarchism was the reflection of its hopeless plight.
To the Bakuninists, it illustrated the necessity for the coup d'etat and insurrection.
www.weisbord.org /conquest11.htm   (5071 words)

 SF Bay Anarchists - News and Information for Bay Area Anarchists - Anarchism and the Politics of Ressentiment
Anarchism, because it proceeds from a radically different conception of society and human nature, claims to be able to transcend this quandary.
In the case of anarchism, human subjectivity is essentially moral and rational while the State is essentially immoral and irrational.38 The State is essential to the existence of the revolutionary subject, just as the revolutionary subject is essential to the existence of the State.
Anarchism subscribes to a dialectical logic, according to which the human species emerges from an 'animal-like' state, and begins to develop innate moral and rational faculties in a natural system.40 However, the subject finds this development impeded by the 'irrational,' 'immoral' power of the State.
sfbay-anarchists.org /index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=345&Itemid=26   (7363 words)

 [No title]
Anarchism's failure to resolve this tension, to articulate the relationship of the individual to the collective, and to enunciate the historical circumstances that would make possible a stateless anarchic society produced problems in anarchist thought that remain unresolved to this day.
Where social anarchism called upon people to rise in revolution and seek the reconstruction of society, the irate petty bourgeois who populate the subcultural world of lifestyle anarchism call for episodic rebellion and the satisfaction of their 'desiring machines,' to use the phraseology of Deleuze and Guattari.
Minimally, social anarchism is radically at odds with anarchism focused on lifestyle, neo-Situationist paeans to ecstasy, and the sovereignty of the ever-shriveling petty-bourgeois ego.
www.anarchy.be /anarchie/teksten/bookchin.html   (15580 words)

 Anarchism - Varieties of Anarchism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Individualist anarchism is a line of libertarian thought in which the ego is the motivator for the anarchist actions.
Collectivist anarchism is a strain popular with many of the most famous anarchists in history including Kropotkin, Bakunin and Proudhon.
Pacifist anarchism or anarcho-pacifism is centered on the belief that human life is too important for anyone to be violent to anyone else, even in self defense.
www.wooster.edu /History/gshaya/courses/hterror/varieties.html   (493 words)

 Anarcho-punk - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
A surge of popular interest in anarchism occurred during the 1970s in the UK following the birth of punk rock, in particular the situationist-influenced graphics of Sex Pistols artist Jamie Reid, and that band's first single, Anarchy in the UK.
However, while the early punk scene appropriated anarchist imagery mainly for its shock value, the band Crass expounded serious anarchist and pacifist ideas, and went on to become a notable influence within various late-twentieth century protest movements.
Anarcho-punk has been highlighted as one of the social phenomena which took anarchism in the direction of 'identity politics' (or 'lifestylism').
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Anarcho-punk   (724 words)

 Anarchism - QuickSeek Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Anarchism, as a political philosophy, is the belief that rulers, laws, and authority are unnecessary and should be abolished.
While big 'A' Anarchism referred to ideological Anarchists, small 'a' anarchism was applied to their methodological counterparts; those who viewed anarchism as "a way of acting, or a historical tendency against illegitimate authority." As an anti-ideological position, small 'a' anarchism shares some similarities with post-left anarchy.
Anarchism is often criticised as unfeasible, or plain utopian, even by many who agree that it's a nice idea in principle.
anarchism.quickseek.com   (7408 words)

 Reconstruction 6.2 (Spring 2006)
This broad formulation is the one closest to our contemporary understanding of anarchism as a theory that seeks a communistic utopian arrangement of society without a passage through the socialist’s dictatorship of the proletariat or any comparably coercive governmental structure [1].
Take, for instance, the individualist anarchism that doctrinally surfaced in the United States during the nineteenth century and, due to its aversion to collectivism and reliance on market economies, is now virtually indistinguishable from what we call libertarianism [2].
As Saltman remarks, “the practical purpose for which the theoretical structure of collectivist anarchism was erected [was] to comprehend the contemporary condition of the working classes and to facilitate a liberatory socialist revolution” (97).
reconstruction.eserver.org /062/vastola.shtml   (7135 words)

 ANARCHISM.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Anarchism is a widely disputed label, there are probably as many different kinds of anarchisms as there are different ideologies or traditions in statism.
Therefore anarchism is used in a number of ways--by people who want to abolish the government, abolish capitalism, abolish violence, abolish technology, abolish large-scale production, or abolish society.
It is true that there are many different kinds of anarchism which cannot go well together--collectivist and individualist, socialist and capitalist, pacifist and revolutionist etc. But they all provide the anarchist movement with important and powerful insights and arguments for abolishing the state!
www.anarchism.net   (293 words)

Egoistic, self-serving and self-responsible or individualistic anarchism vs. altruistic, fraternal, egalitarian, all for one, one for all or communistic, collectivistic, socialistic anarchism or libertarian socialism.
Free-Market anarchism vs. self-sufficiency or autarchist anarchism and retreatist or decentralist or socialist anarchism.
Individualist anarchism vs. left-wing and right-wing anarchism, egalitarian anarchism, communist, socialist, collectivist anarchism, syndicalism, bureaucratic or federalistic and representative and structured anarchism and libertarian socialism.
www.butterbach.net /hyphen1.htm   (3574 words)

 [a rhythm of heavens and hells]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Some versions of anarchism are very individualistic, supporting the market and private property, but these are not the forms that are prominent in the anti-globalisation movement, which protests against privatisation and free-market capitalism.
Bakunin, a collectivist anarchist who is considered to be the historical founder of the anarchist movement, argued that political power and wealth are inseparable, an idea which definitely holds sway in the anti-globalisation movement.
However, anarchism is not necessarily the dominant viewpoint, as the movement itself is not concerned with the dismantling of the state or abolition of capitalism.
www26.brinkster.com /noire/personal/pols112_2.htm   (1336 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
In A Structured Anarchism, John Griffin argues that an anarchist communist society, while a desirable goal in the distant future, is not practical in the short-term.
Besides mistakenly lumping them all as "collectivists," Griffin makes an even bigger error by equating collectivism with "market anarchism." Collectivism, however, was not based on a market economy, but on a federally coordinated system of "honest exchange" of products at their labor cost.
Esenwein chronicles the debate between collectivist and communist currents, and the eventual triumph of 'anarquismo sin adjectivos,' an attempt to sidestep the entire debate in favor of an all-inclusive movement.
www.spunk.org /texts/pubs/llr/sp000379.txt   (4784 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Rather, anarchism defended the freedom of the small property owner -- the shopkeeper, artisan and tradesman -- against the encroachments of large-scale capitalist enterprise." Such a position is, to say the least, a total distortion of the facts of the situation.
On the one hand, it claims that anarchism is backward looking and the politics of the petit-bourgeois being destroyed by the rise and development of capitalism.
Rather than a backward looking theory, anarchism is a theory of the present and future -- it has a concrete and radical critique of current society and a vision of the future and a theory how to get there which appeals to working people in struggle.
flag.blackened.net /intanark/faq/text/append31.txt   (19339 words)

 Individualist/Collectivist/Communist Anarchism? ~ at Runboard.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Individualists stress the freedom aspect of anarchism, and downplay the equality and especially fraternity aspects.
Collectivist Anarchism, in the terms of the essay I read, is intended to be a position between the other two.
Collectivists try to balance the freedom of individuals with their equality, and with the principle of community and fraternity between them.
com1.runboard.com /banarchy.fanarchy.t15   (1215 words)

, founder of Stoic philosophy, is regarded as the father of anarchism.
Bakunin gave modern anarchism a collectivist and violent tone that has persisted despite the revisionary efforts of Piotr
Anarchism's only real mass following was in Latin countries, where its doctrines were often combined with those of
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0803880.html   (423 words)

Drop-out anarchism or lifestyle anarchism (expressed in trivia like hairstyles, music, dance, fashion), an incomplete or fractional anarchism, vs. social, economic and political reform anarchism for the whole society, but not necessary with the same reforms for all societies that constitute the all-over free society.
Nihilistic and sceptical anarchism (do they have to be separated?) vs. anarchisms guided by basic and agreed upon values for their members.
Planet-wide anarchism of one particular form vs. competitive or multi-cultural forms of anarchism that compete not only with other forms of anarchism on one planet but also with various forms of voluntary statism, as panarchism does.
www.butterbach.net /hyphen2.htm   (4999 words)

[1] the father of both individualist and collectivist anarchism sought to provide a comprehensive case for anarchism, building on what he called "the right of independent judgment." The work was
The main point, however, is not that Godwin was either correct or incorrect; it is that he thought he could derive anarchism from the right and necessity of independent judgment.
It shall be my purpose only to derive a fundamental ethical virtue, thinking (or: rationality, or independent judgment), and to prove the validity of that fundamental social principle which makes it possible to extend and practice this virtue, this whole ethical code, in relation to other people, that is, in society.
www.thornwalker.com /ditch/eboa_1.htm   (1394 words)

 HighBeam Encyclopedia – Free Online Encyclopedia for Reference, Research, Facts
ANARCHISM [anarchism] [Gr.,=having no government], theory that equality and justice are to be sought through the abolition of the state and the substitution of free agreements between individuals.
Bibliography: See R. Kedward, The Anarchists (1971); G. Runkle, Anarchism, Old and New (1972); M. Nettlau, History of Anarchism (3 vol., 1978).
Encyclopedia.com is a service of HighBeam Research, Inc.
www.encyclopedia.com /printable.aspx?id=1E1:anarchis   (402 words)

 Anarchism and Socialism Chapter 7
The Bulletin de la Fédération Jurasienne was an organ of Collectivist Anarchism.
At bottom there is no difference between "Collectivist" and "Communist" Anarchism.
And yet, since it might be that we are making the Communists responsible for the Collectivists, let us glance at the "Communist" publications, not only according to the spirit but the letter.
dwardmac.pitzer.edu /anarchist_archives/critics/plechanoff/ch7.html   (4347 words)

See the questions on anarchism from last class notes
In the text the dichotomy is between collectivist and individualist anarchism
Stirner’s Ego and His Own (1845): egoistic anarchism that is essentially nihilistic in rejection of all rules, moral or legal, and principles of social action
astro.temple.edu /~alistair/276FALL05NOV08   (517 words)

 Anarchy, Anarchist, Anarchism - Links; The official link-site of AI-IAF-IFA
Anarchy and anarchism mean "system and management without ruler(s), i.e.
One of the main tasks of the Anarchist International is the fight against ochlarchy (mob rule broadly defined).
The Commune Anarchist International, Communist Anarchism, Anarcho-communist section of AI The Individual Anarchist International, Individualist Anarchism, Anarcho-individualist section of AI The Social-individualist Anarchist International, Mutualist Anarchism, Third Alternative Anarchist section of AI The Collective Anarchist International, Collectivist Anarchism, Anarcho-collectivist section of AI The Anarchafeminist International - L'Internationale Anarchoféministe - i
www.anarchy.no /links.html   (629 words)

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