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Topic: Color system

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  Munsell color system -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In (Quantitative chemical analysis by color using a colorimeter) colorimetry, the Munsell color system is a (Click link for more info and facts about color system) color system that specifies (A visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect) colors based on three color dimensions.
Dark colors are at the bottom of the tree and light at the top, measured from 1 (dark) to 10 (light).
For instance a fairly saturated blue of medium lightness would be 5B 5/10 with 5B meaning the color in the middle of the blue hue band, 5/ meaning medium lightness, and a chroma (saturation) of 10.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/m/mu/munsell_color_system.htm   (413 words)

 CIE Color System
This system offers more precision in color measurement than do the Munsell and Ostwald systems because the parameters are based on the spectral power distribution (SPD) of the light emitted from a colored object and are factored by sensitivity curves which have been measured for the human eye.
The colors which can be matched by combining a given set of three primary colors (such as the blue, green,a nd red of a color television screen) are represented on the chromaticity diagram by a triangle joining the coordinates for the three colors.
The spectral colors are distributed around the edge of the "color space" as shown, and that outline includes all of the perceived hues and provides a framework for investigating color.
hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/vision/cie.html   (651 words)

 Color management article - Color management color scanners digital cameras printers operating system color - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Color management is a technology to calibrate the color of input devices (e.g., scanners or digital cameras), display devices and output devices (e.g., printers or offset presses).
The International Color Consortium (ICC) is an industry consortium, which has defined an open standard for a CMM (Color Matching Module) at OS level, and color profiles (ICC profiles) for the devices and the working space.
A clear implemantation of color management in the user interface of the OS would be the configuration of the monitor profile and the profile for the working space in the system-configuration and the configuration of the device profiles in the scanner or printer driver.
www.what-means.com /encyclopedia/Color_management   (599 words)

In some color cameras, three entirely separate pick-up tubes are used in conjunction with an image-dividing optical system, but it is also possible to combine the three sets of transducing elements in a single tube envelope or to use a single tube in three different modes of operation (by means of rotating optical filters).
All systems of color television are based on the same calorimetric principles, regardless of the physical construction of the cameras and receivers or the methods used to combine the primary color images.
Many color kinescopes require convergence signals to enable the scanning beams to coincide at the screen in all parts of the picture area; the waveforms required for this purpose are readily derived from the deflection circuits.
www.nrcdxas.org /articles/rcacolor   (9694 words)

 Natural Color System Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It is based on the presumed six elementary color percepts of human vision: white, fl, red, yellow, green, and blue, which are those that allegedly perceptually cannot be defined in terms of others; all the other colors are considered composite perceptions that can be defined in terms of those six.
This means the appearance of a color is presumed to be readily predictable from its NCS notation; it is claimed the RGB notation could not do this because it often would look very "unintuitive".
The Natural Color System is unscientific, in that it is neither based on presently known scientific data nor tries to falsify theories by its own research programme: it is in fact largely an uncritical adoption of the discarded traditional system using red, yellow and blue as primary colors.
www.thelocalcolorartgallery.com /encyclopedia/Natural_Color_System   (635 words)

 Color Television System Development - CBS System
The CBS field sequential color system in its simplest form consisted of a rotating color wheel of red, blue, and green filter segments in front of a monochrome camera, feeding a fl and white CRT receiver viewed through a second rotating color wheel.
Their 1949 Color System was the third field sequential approach to be proposed to the FCC for adoption.
The color wheel assembly was driven by a 1748-rpm motor that was kept in synchronization by being in series with an AC saturable reactor transformer.
www.novia.net /~ereitan/Color_Sys_CBS.html   (1269 words)

 TCS Color Matches - Online
In most cases, they have the identical colors in various brands with different names and duplicate paint names in an assortment of brands which are actually different colors.
The TCS System will make known substitute colors or mixes from any standard color name in different brands and each time it will tell you if you own that substitute color so you know before you begin to paint, which colors you can use.
Color Representation of all colors in the TCS System.
www.tru-color.com   (488 words)

 colorspace-faq -- FAQ about Color and Gamma
Color is the perceptual result of light in the visible region of the spectrum, having wavelengths in the region of 400 nm to 700 nm, incident upon the retina.
The colors that can be mixed from a particular set of CMY primaries cannot be determined from the colors of the primaries themselves, but are also a function of the colors of the sets of combinations of the primaries.
A direct color image can be converted to indexed color with an image-dependent colormap by a process of color quantization that searches through all of the triples used in the image, and chooses the palette for the image based on the colors that are in some sense most "important".
www.faqs.org /faqs/graphics/colorspace-faq   (12951 words)

 X11 color names - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In computing, on the X Window System, X11 color names are represented in a simple text file, which maps certain strings to RGB color values.
The list shows neither a continuity in selected color values nor in color names, and many color triplets have multiple names.
The first versions of Mosaic and Netscape Navigator used the X11 colors as the basis for the Web colors list, as both were originally X11 applications.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/X11_Color_Names   (168 words)

 handprint : do "primary" colors exist?
Nearly a century of research was necessary to confirm the existence of these color receptors in the retina by microscopic dissection of retinas in 1828, the isolation of the rod's photopigment (visual purple) in 1877, and detailed color mixing experiments in the 20th century.
The Dudeen color triangle, introduced around 1910 by the American artist Charles Winter (1869-1942), is an early example that exports Rood's plot of isolated pigment colors into subtractive color mixing by replacing the green "primary" with a yellow paint, and shifting the hue of the red and blue "primaries".
Color matching data, repeated and varied across hundreds of different color samples and viewing situations for both normal and color deficient viewers, and archived in the color vision literature along side light sensitivity and hue cancellation data, represent the ultimate sacred text of color research.
www.handprint.com /HP/WCL/color6.html   (9221 words)

 Color Matters-Science
Next, there's the color you can't touch, such as a beam of red light and the colors produced by your computer monitor.
Colors generated by light are part of one color system.
The tangible colors which are on the surface of objects or on the printed page are another color system.
www.colormatters.com /rgb.html   (416 words)

 THE SET Color Wars!
After halting color TV production in October 1951 to conserve valuable resources for the war effort (as though there were a difference between what went into the booming b&w television manufacturing process and the stillborn noncompatible FCC-approved system), CBS president Frank Stanton pulled the CBS color plug in March 1953.
The early '50s CBS approach was to use a b&w kinescope and put spinning color filters between it and the viewer, with identical primary-color filters spinning in front of a fl and white camera.
To be fair, that color system, had it been given the opportunity to develop into an all-electronic system, would probably still have resulted in the ubiquitous presence of color TV we experience today, and it would have happened much, much sooner.
home.att.net /~pldexnis/potpourri/rca-cbs_color-wars.html   (832 words)

 Munsell Color System Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
In colorimetry, the Munsell color system is a color system that specifies colors based on three color dimensions.
Chroma, known as saturation in the HSB system, was measured out from the center of the wheel, with lower values being less saturated (washed out, such as pastels).
The original system was very deficient by modern standards: it didn't have the correct hues for cyan and magenta and it didn't recognise these hues as local value peaks so it rendered the color circle of saturated colors as a linear gradient from light to dark.
www.ourlocalcolor.com /encyclopedia/Munsell_color_system   (656 words)

 Color Center - Munsell Color System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Munsell Color System, developed in 1898 by American artist A. Munsell, is another commonly used color measurement system.
The colors were identified as R for red, YR for red-yellow, Y for yellow etc. Each primary and intermediate color was allotted ten degrees around the compass and then further identified by its place in the segment.
In the Munsell System, reds, blues, and purples tend to be stronger hues that average higher chroma values at full saturation, while yellows and greens are weaker hues that average fullest chroma saturation relatively close to the neutral axis.
www.specialchem4coatings.com /tc/color/index.aspx?id=munsell   (487 words)

 The NBS/ISCC Color System
The color space is sliced into fifteen hues such as "yellow", "greenish yellow", "yellowish green", and so forth.
Armed with the standardized language of color, the researchers at the National Bureau of Standards reviewed a number of color atlases and mapped their names onto the centroids.
Each such term is followed by the numbers of the centroid colors that have been assigned to it by one color atlas or another.
www.anthus.com /Colors/NBS.html   (386 words)

 Munsell Color System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Munsell Color System has been thoroughly investigated with respect to small perceptual differences parallel to each of its three axes as shown in Figure 9.
Recent studies of the Munsell Color Solid have used multidimensional scaling techniques to analyze small difference comparative color judgements and have found that the Renotation Munsell is neither as uniform or as smooth as was originally claimed.
Although the Munsell system captures some of the nature of the perceptual color space, it is not a uniform color scaling.
kiptron.psyc.virginia.edu /steve_boker/ColorVision2/node16.html   (496 words)

 The color scheme encyclopedia which is useful to WEB production fashion interior design
The Munsell color system which is used worldwide as method of color expression even in Japan is adopted "method of presentation JIS of the color due to three attributes" (JISZ8721) as.
Please solve also the problem of color scheme and the color which it is essential to sight design, with this sight.
On the basis of the menu photograph of the pizza house, we would like to decide the use color, but is there is no ?A?L ?A?N thing where balance of color scheme is not recognized is? Such a time please designate the color color scheme encyclopedia as hint.
fkm.sakura.ne.jp /en   (555 words)

 Color Investment, Originator of Feng Shui Cosmetics
Color Investment Cosmetics's Color Zone Cosmetic System brings color-matching vibrancy back into color cosmetics as the Personal Color Tones of each individual are uniquely highlighted and defined.
When I opened Color Investment Cosmetics studio in 1980 on Newbury Street in Boston, women came to me as the locally heralded "Colo Guru" to coordinate and harmonize their make-up with their fashion for a complete, beautiful, professional, confident look.
Color Investment Cosmetics 's original color concept for the first time unites Feng Shui's "mystique of self-empowering colors" with the beauty of cosmetics.
www.colorinvestment.com   (337 words)

 DHS | Department of Homeland Security | Homeland Security Advisory System
Individual transit systems should vary these security measures at any given time in order to make it more difficult to predict the security regime at any given location.
All Americans, including those traveling in the transportation systems, should continue to be vigilant, take notice of their surroundings, and report suspicions items or activities to local authorities immediately.
Color-coded Threat Level System is used to communicate with public safety officials and the public at-large through a threat-based, color-coded system so that protective measures can be implemented to reduce the likelihood or impact of an attack.
www.dhs.gov /dhspublic/display?theme=29   (550 words)

 Munsell Color System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
This color system was based on steps of equal visual perception with any color being defined as a point within the three dimensional Munsell color space.
The attributes of this system are Munsell Hue(H), Munsell Chroma(C) and Munsell Value(V) and are written in a form H V/C, which is called the Munsell Notation.
Because of its perceptually uniform property, it is recognized as a standard system of color specification and has been widely used in many fields of color science.
www.cim.mcgill.ca /~image529/TA529/Image529_99/projects97/59_Lau/munsell.html   (392 words)

 HTML: Hexadecimal Color Codes
There are 16.7 million different colors in the hexadecimal color system.
The hexadecimal color system counts by 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F, with 0 being null value, and F being highest value.
Here is an example of the different shades of colors between fl and white.
www.davesite.com /webstation/html/hexchart.shtml   (249 words)

 Color Analysis System for personal image by ColorTools - Color Decisions Made Easy
That is why knowledge of colors and the effect of color allows one the ability to match or coordinate clothing, glamour cosmetics, and surroundings to best enhance their own good looks.
The basic premise of color in both fashion and decorating transcends all ethnic, racial and economic bounds.
Industry experts who dismissed color consulting as a passing trend now acknowledge that it has grown into a business grossing more than $70 million a year.
www.colortools.com   (514 words)

 Color Theory Overview
Choices regarding color often seem rather mystical, as many seem to base decisions on nothing other than "it looks right." Although often told I had an eye for color, the reason why some colors worked together while others did not always intrigued me and I found the study of color theory fascinating.
With respect to the arts, color was part of the realistic, visual representation of form, but one group of painters abandoned the traditional practices regarding color in painting.
After reviewing the information, I hope you will see that the successful use of color is not at all mystical, and that by understanding a few things about color, it is possible to incorporate into your designs with a confidence based on tested concepts and methods.
www.worqx.com /color   (500 words)

 User interface
The set of values defined for system colors is intended to be exhaustive.
For systems that do not have a corresponding value, the specified value should be mapped to the nearest system attribute, or to a default color.
This color is set to #000 if the current display driver does not support a solid gray color.
www.w3.org /TR/REC-CSS2/ui.html   (957 words)

 Pantone   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
When your world of color encompasses a wide range of media, look to Pantone for digital support to provide color data, palettes and consistency - from packaged software solutions and online color tools, to support for the advanced PANTONE Hexachrome technology, all the way to our innovative E-tailer solution.
Color is the essential ingredient in creating today's products.
Product designers have the challenge of specifying color for a wide variety of materials, from paper to fabric to plastics.
www.pantone.com   (252 words)

 TCS Color Matching Systems, Acrylic and Oil Paints.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Color conversions in 21 of the most popular oil and acrylic brands.
You can print complementary indexes with page numbers for the TCS Color Match Sourcebook, 3rd Edition which includes 560 color swatches of these colors.
The TCS System is designed to assist all artists to match colors between the most popular brands of acrylic and oil mediums.
www.gotcs.com   (543 words)

 Direct Color Systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
At its core, a direct color system is a revolutionary technology - capable of printing full color directly onto many rigid substrates.
The value of our systems is magnified when combined with our value-adding software, quality supplies, sales generating marketing aids, on-site installation and training along with ongoing technical support.
We invite you to review this collection of products and services and see for yourself why a direct color system is finding it's way into more production shops and businesses than ever before.
www.directcolorsystems.com   (466 words)

 International Color Consortium
The International Color Consortium was established in 1993 by eight industry vendors for the purpose of creating, promoting and encouraging the standardization and evolution of an open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform color management system architecture and components.
For example, it allows users to be sure that their image will retain its color fidelity when moved between systems and applications.
Articles/Publications about ICC provides a variety of papers that cover color management and the use of the ICC specification that have been published in conference proceedings, journals and magazines.
www.color.org   (494 words)

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