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Topic: Cominform


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  Cominform. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Cominform attempted to reestablish information exchanges among the European Communist parties that had lapsed since the dissolution (1943) of the Comintern.
In 1948 the Cominform expelled the Yugoslav Communist party because of the defiance by Marshal Tito of Soviet supremacy.
In 1956, as a gesture of reconciliation with Tito, the Cominform was dissolved.
www.bartleby.com /65/co/Cominfor.html   (185 words)

  
 Informbiro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term refers to the Cominform Resolution of June 28, 1948 that accused the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY), among other things, of "depart[ing] from Marxism-Leninism," exhibiting an "anti-Soviet attitude," "meeting criticism with hostility" and "reject[ing] to discuss the situation at an Informbureau meeting." Following these allegations, the resolution expelled the CPY from Cominform.
Significant evidence supports the opinion that the actual reason for the Cominform Resolution was the unwillingness of Josip Broz Tito to obey the instructions of Joseph Stalin.
The Cominform Resolution is seen as a failed attempt by Stalin to command obedience not only from Tito, but from other national Communist parties as well.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Informbiro   (727 words)

  
 Cominform - Britannica Concise
Cominform - agency of international communism founded under Soviet auspices in 1947 and dissolved by Soviet initiative in 1956.
Unlike the old Third International (Comintern), the Cominform was limited in membership to the Communist parties of the Soviet-dominated countries of east-central Europe and to the French and Italian Communist parties.
The aim of the Cominform was to consolidate and expand...
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9361224   (438 words)

  
 Phillip Deery and Neil Redfern | No Lasting Peace? Labor, Communism and the Cominform: Australia and Great Britain, ...
Cominform perspectives significantly altered the position of the Communist Party, which shifted from conciliation to intransigence, from a desire to cooperate with the Labor Party to an intention to 'liquidate' reformism.
For the West, the Cominform symbolised Soviet leadership of the international communist movement, an attempt to resurrect the disbanded Comintern, and the imposition of Soviet hegemony in Eastern Europe.
Cominform minutes and uncensored delegates' reports suggest that the promoters of the Cominform, especially Andrei Zhdanov, did conceive the Cominform as a sort of European Comintern which implied 'the subordination of all members to the security interests of the USSR'.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lab/88/deery.html   (12845 words)

  
 1946-47. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The COMINFORM EXPELLED YUGOSLAVIA from membership for doctrinal errors and hostility to the Soviet Union.
Tito denied the Cominform charges before a congress of the Yugoslav Communist Party and received a vote of confidence.
The party was later purged of Cominform supporters.
www.bartleby.com /67/3166.html   (164 words)

  
 COMINFORM - TheBestLinks.com - Communist, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, June, Soviet Union, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Cominform was a Soviet dominated organisation of Communist parties founded in September, 1947.
The expulsion of Yugoslavia from the Cominform initiated the informbiro period in that nation's history.
The intended purpose of the Cominform was to coordinate actions between Communist parties under Soviet direction, as a result the Cominform acted as a tool of Soviet foreign policy.
www.thebestlinks.com /COMINFORM.html   (232 words)

  
 Essay or Coursework - Joseph Stalin: A Catalyst to the Cold War
Cominform represented a union of all of the communist states within Europe, including representatives from the French and Italian communist parties.
Furthermore, the states within Cominform were expected to keep trade within the Cominform member states, and were discouraged from making any contact with the Western world.
Russia strengthened the ties with the Cominform countries through the Molotov plan, which offered Russian aid to the satellite states, and the establishment of Comecon, which served to coordinate the economic policies of the communist states.
www.coursework.info /i/977.html   (502 words)

  
 Behind the Stalin-Tito Clash - Yugoslavs too Independent   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In the statement of the Cominform, as quoted in the Daily Worker of June 30th, they say: "The leadership of the Yugoslav Communist Party is carrying out a policy unfriendly toward the Soviet Union and to the All-Union Communist Party.
That the Stalinist secret police have been defeated is indicated by the complaints in the Cominform statement both as regards the supervision of Russian "specialists" and by the demands for democracy in the Yugoslav CP.
The Cominform declaration that the "Yugoslav leaders began to identify the foreign policy of the USSR with the foreign policy of the imperialist powers…" is clear evidence that the Yugoslavs were objecting to the demands of the Russians, which they considered to be in violation of the interests and national aspirations of the Yugoslavs.
www.tedgrant.org /works/4/8/yugoslavia.html   (2568 words)

  
 Yugoslavia's Independent Communist Program   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Cominform accused Yugoslavia of ignoring class differences in the countryside, ignoring the growth of capitalist elements, forming an alliance with Western imperialists, and, most importantly, that the Yugoslav Communists were pursuing nationalist interests contrary to the course of global communist revolution (Daniels 114-116).
The general tone of the YCP’s response to their expulsion form the Cominform is diplomatic throughout its denouncement of the charges and the reaffirmation of the YCP’s commitment to achieving success in its own domestic socialist policies.
While the immediate Yugoslav response to expulsion from the Cominform was subdued, by 1950 the YCP began rightfully attacking Stalinism as a distorted form of Marxism.
students.washington.edu /dustind/essay/yugoslavia.htm   (1490 words)

  
 Documents on Canadian External Relations (DCER)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The alignment of delegations was, except for the occasional defection, the same as in the past and again India, in spite of the absence of Sir Ramaswami Mudaliar, played a useful role by exercising a moderat­ing influence on the more extreme delegations in the camp of the under-developed countries.
At the Thirteenth Session the attempts of the Cominform Delegations to play up the differences and drive a wedge between the developed and under-developed countries failed, largely because of the effective handling given them by the delegations of the underdevel­oped countries themselves.
Like economic development, with which it is closely related, the issue of land reform has obvious social and political implications and the successful handling of this item required a nice balance of vigour and tact on the part of the leading western members of the Council.
www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca /department/history/dcer/details-en.asp?intRefid=5660   (2897 words)

  
 Kanada-Votchina Amerikanskogo Imperializma: Canada and Canadian Communists in the Soviet "Coming War" Paradigm, ...
The Cominform position was presented to the public in the fall of 1947.An early communiqué, dated 4 October, divided the world into an "imperialist, anti-democratic camp" and an "anti-imperialist, democratic camp." A few days later, an editorial in Pravda confirmed the Cominform's purpose as an organizational bastion against an aggressively hostile, American-led, anti-socialist bloc.
The Cominform began to develop its view of Canada in April 1948 with a short description of a congress held in Toronto by the Labor Progressive Party (LPP),the name used by the Communist Party of Canada from 1943 to 1960.
The Cominform was formed in 1947 as the first in a series of defensive measures designed to deflect an apparent American attempt to roll back the Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca /department/history/coldwar_section06-en.asp   (5531 words)

  
 Sum 2
And this practically was the first official step I should say, that's not official......, but publicly known step which was the beginning of the operation of Czechoslovakia ending with a coup in February '48.
Afterwards one step followed another, and it is known that the, cominform in October of '47 decided that Czechoslovakia...
Well, yeah, I suppose that the materials of the cominform are much more accessible to you, because they are.....
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/coldwar/interviews/episode-3/sum3.html   (1015 words)

  
 Soviet Union - Communist Parties Abroad   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Cominform expelled Yugoslavia as a member in June 1948 for ideological deviation.
With the thaw in relations between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia in 1955 and 1956, the Soviet Union formally dissolved the then-moribund Cominform as a gesture to the Yugoslavs.
The Cominform conflict with Yugoslavia in 1948 signaled the breakup of what in the West was perceived as "monolithic communism" and the emergence of "polycentrism." Polycentrism (literally, many centers), a Western term, describes the relative independence from Soviet control of some nonruling and ruling communist parties.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-12672.html   (678 words)

  
 Cominform --  Encyclopædia Britannica
March 28, 2000, Cambridge, Mass.), as Gurney Professor of History and Political Science at Harvard University and director of its Russian Research Center was a keen observer of the Soviet Union, especially the periods of Lenin and Stalin, and produced several classic studies of Soviet...
After liberation, the leaders of the new Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia moved to create one of the most dogmatic of the eastern European communist regimes, abolishing organized opposition, nationalizing the means of production, distribution, and exchange, and setting up a central planning apparatus.
The Yugoslav version of communism—which, following the 1948 break with the Soviet Union and the Cominform, evolved into a more flexible national path to socialism—allowed far greater autonomy and self-expression in cultural and other spheres of life than did most of its socialist neighbours.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9024937   (445 words)

  
 (The Resolution of Cominform)
The resolution of Cominform and the reply of Central Committee of Yugoslav Communist Party (CC CPY)
The poor composition could only be the result of an impossible task: the document had to repeat the allegations from the Soviet letters but at the same time it had to look like an independent and original discovery of the Cominform.
The Soviet letters, which had served as a basis for the document, though signed by Stalin, were not written in his concise style.
www.geocities.com /titos_hawaii/the.htm   (1192 words)

  
 Behind the Stalin-Tito Clash
Only political children accept the statement issued by the Cominform as to the basis of the dispute.
The bureaucrats in Moscow and in the Cominform must have necks of brass to make the criticism that there is no nationalisation of the land in Yugoslavia.
The Cominform was founded in Warsaw in September 1947 primarily to consolidate the domination of the Russian bureaucracy over their "fraternal" allies in Eastern Europe.
www.newyouth.com /archives/balkans/behind_the_stalintito_clash.html   (2556 words)

  
 An Open Letter to Congress, Central Committee and Members of the Yugoslav Communist Party--1948
Once again today, in order to maintain their absolute sway over the Cominform, the leaders of the Russian Communist Party do not hesitate to employ against your party, policies which play into the hands of American imperialism and which can be utilized by all the enemies of the working class against the Soviet Union itself.
The Austrian and Italian bourgeoisie are today hoping that the Communist parties of their countries, under the directives from the Cominform, will line up in the capitalist camp to “solve” the problem of Carinthia and Trieste in the interests of imperialism.
In view of the slanderous accusations of the leaders of the Cominform, it is imperative to be sharply conscious of the lurking danger of imperialist pressure, so that you will take no step without carefully considering the consequences on that score.
www.marxists.org /history/etol/document/fi/yugoslavia/yugo01.htm   (5304 words)

  
 Yugoslavia The Yugoslav-Soviet Rift - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, ...
In September the Soviet, East European, Italian, and French communist parties founded the Cominform (Communist Information Bureau--see Glossary), a successor to the prewar Comintern (Communist International) that Stalin had hoped to manipulate for the benefit of the Soviet Union.
Establishment of Cominform headquarters in Belgrade strengthened the image that Yugoslavia was the staunchest Soviet ally in Eastern Europe.
Finally, at a special session in Bucharest that the Yugoslavs refused to attend, the Cominform shocked the world by expelling Yugoslavia and calling upon Yugoslav communists to overthrow Tito.
workmall.com /wfb2001/yugoslavia/yugoslavia_history_the_yugoslav_soviet_rift.html   (762 words)

  
 Pablo: The Yugoslav Affair (1948)
In its struggle against the Cominform, the Tito leadership has placed the emphasis on a number of points which clearly bring about the special conditions of the Yugoslav situation and which have in a large part been the determining factors in the struggle.
The Yugoslav leaders were, even before their struggle with the Cominform, most resolutely opposed to all interpretations of their “New Democracy” as being a “stage” on the road to socialism, and had on many occasions defended the thesis that Yugoslavia was already building socialism.
In its resolution on the struggle with the Cominform presented at the Fifth Congress, the Yugoslav leadership, by the moderation of its language and its circumspect attitude toward the Russian Communist Party and toward Stalin in particular, made a final effort to reach a direct compromise with the master in the Kremlin.
www.marxists.org /archive/pablo/1948/08/yugoslavia.htm   (4925 words)

  
 This Day in History
The Soviet Union had established COMINFORM in 1947 to serve as a coordinating body for communist parties in Russia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Italy, France, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia.
With the hardening of Cold War animosities after World War II, however, the establishment of COMINFORM signaled that the Soviet Union was once again setting itself up as the official leader of the communist bloc nations.
COMINFORM slowly declined after 1948, as other communist parties, such as Italy's, also chafed under the Soviet desire for control.
www.historychannel.com /tdih/tdih.jsp?category=coldwar&month=10272958&day=10272993   (354 words)

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