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Topic: Commons

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  Wimbledon and Putney Commons - Home Page
The Commons are an area of calm and tranquility in the midst of the urban sprawls of Wimbledon, Putney and Kingston-upon-Thames in South West London.
one prays earnestly that the Common be not vulgarised...
Fireworks are not permitted on Wimbledon and Putney Commons
www.wpcc.org.uk   (123 words)

  Commons - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In England and Wales, a common (or common land) is a piece of land over which other people—often neighbouring landowners—could exercise one of a number of traditional rights, such as allowing their cattle to graze upon it.
While commons are generally seen as a system opposed to private property, they have been combined in the idea of common property, which are resources owned equally by every member of the community, even though the community recognises that only a limited number of members may use the resource at any given time.
Commons are a subset of public goods; specifically meaning a public good which is not infinite.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Commons   (790 words)

 Wikimedia Commons - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Wikimedia Commons (also called "Commons" or "Wikicommons") is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files.
The project was proposed by Erik Möller in March 2004 and launched on September 7, 2004.
As of 2006, the Wikimedia Commons itself does not allow fair use or uploads under non-free licenses, including licenses which restrict commercial use of materials or disallow derivative works.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wikimedia_Commons   (601 words)

 Jakarta Commons - Home
The Commons is a Jakarta subproject focused on all aspects of reusable Java components.
The Commons Proper is a place for collaboration and sharing, where developers from throughout the Jakarta community can work together on projects to be shared by the Jakarta projects and Jakarta users.
Commons developers will make an effort to ensure that their components have minimal dependencies on other libraries, so that these components can be deployed easily.
jakarta.apache.org /commons   (1541 words)

 Apache Commons - Home
The Commons Proper is a place for collaboration and sharing, where developers from throughout the Apache community can work together on projects to be shared by the Apache projects and Apache users.
Commons developers will make an effort to ensure that their components have minimal dependencies on other libraries, so that these components can be deployed easily.
In addition, Commons components will keep their interfaces as stable as possible, so that Apache users (including other Apache projects) can implement these components without having to worry about changes in the future.
commons.apache.org   (1133 words)

 The Commons
The "logic of the commons" is as follows: Each household has the right to take resources from and put wastes into the commons.
The fallacy in the logic of the commons lies in the failure to recognize that all households are attempting to do the same thing.
Common lands were parceled up into small tracts, each owned by a household.
members.aol.com /trajcom/private/commons.htm   (1050 words)

 Commons:Licensing - Wikimedia Commons
The Wikimedia Commons only accepts free content, that is, images and other media files that can be used by anyone, for any purpose (often under the condition that the freedom of the content is preserved).
The commons accept material that is in the public domain, that is, documents that are not eligible to copyright or for which the copyright has expired.
The Wikimedia Commons does not accept fair use content, because fair use laws vary from country to country - thus, content deemed acceptable under, for instance, US fair use concepts (which are very broad) is not usable in the majority of other countries.
commons.wikimedia.org /wiki/Commons:Licensing   (7708 words)

 The Tragedy of the Commons, by Garrett Hardin (1968)
But the air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by different means, by coercive laws or taxing devices that make it cheaper for the polluter to treat his pollutants than to discharge them untreated.
[10] Using the commons as a cesspool does not harm the general public under frontier conditions, because there is no public; the same behavior in a metropolis is unbearable.
Coercive force which is centered in the modern state cannot be sustained in the face of the active resistance of some 10 percent of the population unless the state is willing to embark on a deliberate policy of genocide directed against the value dissident groups.
dieoff.org /page95.htm   (7136 words)

 The Tragedy of the Commons, by Garrett Hardin: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
At the point when the carrying capacity of the commons was fully reached, a herdsman might ask himself, "Should I add another animal to my herd?" Because the herdsman owned his animals, the gain of so doing would come solely to him.
Some of the common pastures of old England were protected from ruin by the tradition of stinting, the limitation of each herdsman to a fixed number of animals (not necessarily the same for all).
The scale of the commons (the number of people using it) also is important, as an examination of Hutterite communities reveals.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/TragedyoftheCommons.html   (1561 words)

 Protecting the Commons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In seeking to advance an ethic of the commons, we first need to recognize that competing uses that exclude other uses of the commons or damaging uses that detract from other uses are not wise uses of a public good.
Noise, like many other pollutants, precludes many enjoyable uses of the commons and is not a wise use of the commons: loud late night parties, early morning garbage pick-up, or aircraft take-offs trump sleeping, reading, working, or listening to music.
We are seeking to improve human well-being by establishing an ethic for the commons that allows for as many non-consumptive and non-rival uses of the commons as possible.
www.nonoise.org /commons.htm   (373 words)

 Supercommons draft
The commons argument recognizes that spectrum can now be shared effectively, without requiring exclusive frequency licensing.  Recall that Marconi’s use of frequency division to allow signals to coexist was a particular technical choice; it wasn’t a basic property of radio communication.
[46] Second, commons advocates accept the economists’ diagnosis of the problem, just not their solution.  The commons critique acknowledges that scarcity doe not justify government control of spectrum, and is in fact exacerbated by it.  It concurs that spectrum should be managed through market forces rather than government dictates.
Both the property and commons approaches propose that users of wireless transmitters and receivers be subject to special legal conditions not applicable to other forms of private property.
werbach.com /research/supercommons.html   (6072 words)

 Creative Commons UK : CCUK
Although the number of UK artists using open licensing has been growing for the last decade there had been no investigation into how or why such licences were being used.
Kim Keilhofner is one of the three finalists of the Creative Commons UK film Remix Competition, MixandMash, with her entry 'Hail the Faliure of Urban Planning'.
I contrasted the smoothness with "the shock of the moment" including sounds that are often harsh and the strong text...
www.creativecommons.org.uk   (449 words)

 BBC NEWS | Politics | Pro-hunt protesters storm Commons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Commons Speaker Michael Martin told MPs: "Eight protesters were let into the House of Commons using a forged letter inviting them to a meeting in the Committee corridor.
It has also emerged that one of those who burst into the Commons had contacted a BBC reporter before the protest to say they had staged a "dry run" on Tuesday.
Derek Conway, Tory chairman of the Commons Administration and Works Committee, said the intruders would have needed a clear idea of the layout of the Commons to reach the Chamber.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/uk_politics/3656524.stm   (1180 words)

 Seeking an educational commons
Providing some common resources and seeking a reasonable balance between that which is privately owned and that which is held in common benefits society.
Schools appear to be a commons when we consider that, in most parts of the world, all students can freely attend school and expect to be educated there.
Returning to the notion of schools as a commons, open source development has the potential to place resources in the hands of educators and students that can be used in ways that best support educational processes.
www.firstmonday.org /issues/issue9_8/hepburn   (4164 words)

 David Bollier: Reclaiming the Commons
The commons also consists of intangible assets that are not as readily identified as belonging to the public.
No less important and vulnerable are what might be termed the "frontier commons": features of the natural world that have historically been too large, too small, or too elusive for any market regime to capture and that have often been regarded as parts of a common human heritage.
In contrast, a real commons has a "social infrastructure" of cultural institutions, rules, and traditions, and the resources are restricted to personal (non-market) uses by members of the community.
www.bostonreview.net /BR27.3/bollier.html   (9289 words)

The Commons system is organized around three fundamental principles: decentralized dining, proximate faculty housing, and continuing membership for student residents.
The physical infrastructure of two Commons had been completed by the fall of 2004, although the leadership for all five Commons has been in place for several years.
Moving expeditiously forward to complete all five Commons will be one of the College’s major priorities in the years ahead.
www.middlebury.edu /commons   (158 words)

 tragedy of the commons re-stated
People themselves even become commons when they are exploited (are made the best use of) by other people and corporations.
There is no technological solution to the problem of the commons, but governments can act to limit access to the commons, at which time they are no longer commons.
Time has no stop, the world is finite, biological reproduction is necessarily exponential: for these combined reasons the sanctity strategy as pursued by animal lovers in the long run saves fewer lives, and these at a more miserable level of existence, than does the capacity strategy pursued by ecologically knowledgeable biologists.
dieoff.org /page109.htm   (3283 words)

 Welcome to xml-commons
The first focus will be to organize and have common packaging for the various externally-defined standards code relating to XML - things like the DOM, SAX, and JAXP interfaces.
As the xml-commons community forms, we also hope to serve as a holding area for other common xml-related utilities and code, and to help promulgate common packaging, testing, documentation, and other guidelines across all xml.apache.org subprojects.
See the separate document History of XML Commons for the proposal to establish the xml-commons project and for the record of the vote on 2001-04-26.
xml.apache.org /commons   (1267 words)

 Technorati Tag: commons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Commons: Free Details from Rent.com Rent.com is a free, easy service.
Find Your Commons Ancestors Now Find Commons family history records.
I went along to the first Toronto Creative Commons Salon tonight and met some amazing folks.
www.technorati.com /tag/commons   (542 words)

 MAYA | Information Commons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
After fusing disparate data from a variety of public sources into a single information space, the Information Commons, MAYA developed a research tool that people could use to query Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data on toxic release events, layer those events on a map of local incidents of health problems and other community health indicators.
MAYA provides services for participating in the Commons, and builds tools for managing and using the information in the Commons.
The Information Commons is a product of MAYA's $30 million of research and development to make information-centric products and technologies more intuitive to use.
www.maya.com /web/infocommons/infocommons.mtml   (1001 words)

 UK Parliament - House of Commons
David Winnick's adjournment debate on the duration and timing of the Commons summer recess
MPs consider local government and environment issues on the third day of debate on the Queen's Speech
Speaker makes statement on the use of electronic devices by MPs in the House of Commons Chamber and Westminster Hall
www.parliament.uk /about_commons/about_commons.cfm   (248 words)

 House of Commons Debates - Hansard
You are here: Publications and Records > Commons Publications > Commons Hansard > Daily Hansard
Below is the list of the five most recent editions of Hansard that are available for browsing on the Internet.
The daily part text has now been replaced by record copy ('bound volume') text.
www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk /pa/cm/cmhansrd.htm   (135 words)

 Main Page - Wikimedia Commons
To explore more ways you can contribute to this project, check out the Community Portal.
If you are browsing Commons for the first time, you may want to start with our featured pictures or quality images, which have been selected by the Commons community as being particularly valuable.
You can also see some of our highly skilled photographers in Meet our photographers.
commons.wikimedia.org   (214 words)

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