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Topic: Common practice period


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  tonal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In classical tonal practice, the sounding of the dominant chord followed by the tonic triad is the basis for establishing a tonality.
The overwhelmingly common practice in tonal harmony is to have a dissonant chord built on V lead to the chord built on I. This is the basis of the "dominant-tonic" or "tonic-dominant" relationship.
Common practice placed a great deal of emphasis on the correct use of cadences to structure music, and cadences were placed precisely to define the sections of a work.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Tonal.html   (1516 words)

  
 Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary - Consonance and dissonance
For instance, in the common practice period, harmony is generally governed by chords, which are collections of notes generally considered to be consonant (though even within this harmonic system there is a hierarchy of chords, with some considered relatively more consonant and some relatively more dissonant).
In the common practice period all dissonances were required to be prepared and then resolved, occurring on weak beats and quickly giving way or returning to a consonance.
Period length or neural-firing coincidence: with the length of periodic neural-firing created by two or more wave-forms, higher simple numbers creating longer periods or lesser coincidence of neural-firing and thus dissonance (Patternson, 1986; Boomsliter and Creel, 1961; Meyer, 1898; Roederer, 1973, p.145-149).
fact-archive.com /encyclopedia/Consonance_and_dissonance   (1905 words)

  
 COMMON PRACTICE PERIOD FACTS AND INFORMATION
In music the common practice period is a long period in western musical history spanning from before the classical era proper to today, dated, on the outside, as 1600-1900.
Common practice music shares many traits and is tonal as opposed to modal or atonal and includes most of classical and popular_music.
Patterns of pitch and duration are of primary importance in common practice melody while quality is of secondary importance.
www.witwib.com /common_practice_period   (457 words)

  
 European classical music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Improvisation in classical music performance was far more common during the Baroque era, and recently the performance of such music by modern classical musicians has been enriched by a revival of the old improvisational practices.
During the Classical period, Mozart and Beethoven sometimes improvised the cadenzas to their piano concertos--but tended to write out the cadenzas when other soloists were to perform them.
For the most part, the instruments used in common practice classical music are nonelectrical and were invented prior to the mid-1800's (often, much earlier), and codified in the 1700 and 1800's.
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/European_classical_music   (2549 words)

  
 Music - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Music as organized sound: One common definition of music is to label it as 'organized sound', which is determines music according to the poetic and the neutral levels (it must be composed sonorities), or more aesthetically, 'the artful or pleasing organization of sound and silence', which determines music according to the esthesic.
There is the study of sound and vibration or acoustics, the cognitive study of music, the study of music theory and performance practice or music theory and ethnomusicology and the study of the reception and history of music, generally called musicology.
It is also common for people to take music lessons, short private study sessions with an individual teacher, when they want to learn to play or compose music, usually for a fee.
open-encyclopedia.com /Music   (3251 words)

  
 Minor sixth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the common practice period sixths, along with their inverse, thirds, are considered the most interesting and dynamic consonances.
In an equal tempered tuning, an Augmented fifth is equal to eight semitones, a ratio of 1:28/12 (approximately 1.587), or 800 cents.
Although they are enharmonicaly equal to minor sixths and have a consonant frequency ratio of 5:8, in the common practice period augmented fifths were considered dissonant or unstable and disallowed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Augmented_fifth   (334 words)

  
 Blogger: Email Post to a Friend
He is asking whether the idea of a common practice is a worthwhile notion for the contemporary age.
The historical common practice period was determined, generally speaking, by drawing a circle around European composers, and composers educated in that harmonic tradition.
In short, the new common practice, if it is to exist as an emergence, has to be worldcentric at the very least.
www.blogger.com /email-post.g?blogID=6421108&postID=107601517002657653   (1008 words)

  
 Music
Music as sound: One common definition of music is to label it as "organized sound" or more ornately, "the artful organization of sound and silence".
Duration is the only aspect common to both "sound" and "silence", being the temporal aspect of music.
The incorporation of music performance and theory into a general liberal arts curriculum, from pre-school to postsecondary education, is relatively common.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/m/mu/music_1.html   (2033 words)

  
 Coffeyville Community College - Music Department Course Descriptions
The course is grounded in the basic tonal functions of the common practice period.
The second semester theory course resumes the study of the common practice period, including root position triads, their doubling, spacing and connection of first and second inversion triads; phrase structure and cadences; progressions; non-harmonic tones; dominant and non-dominant seventh chords and secondary dominants.
This course continues the study of the common practice period including modulation to closely related keys, borrowed chords, augmented sixth chords, Neapolitan sixths, chromatic mediants, modulation to foreign keys, ninth, eleventh and thirteenth chords.
www.ccc.cc.ks.us /academics/programs/music_courses.htm   (818 words)

  
 Common practice period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Common practice music shares many traits and is tonal as opposed to modal or atonal and includes classical and possibly popular music.
Durations reoccur and are often periodic; pitches are generally diatonic.
Many people have proposed that a "new" common practice period is now disernable in 20th century classical music.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/common_practice_period   (534 words)

  
 Early European Music -Part One
The Ancient period, for the purposes of this material, refers to that period of time prior to the Middle Ages and encompasses the time of the Greeks and Romans.
The most common musical instruments of the Middle Ages and Renaissance were the stringed instruments and the wind instruments.
One reason for this practice, of course, was the interest on the part of 16th-century musicians to explore the complete tonal spectrum of music, creating new and different tone colors.
trumpet.sdsu.edu /M345/Early_European_Music1.html   (2079 words)

  
 A S U,Augusta State University, Registrar's Office Homepage, ASU, catolog Contents pg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The study of the diatonic harmony of the Common Practice Period through aural analysis and recognition and the development of sight-singing skills.
A continued study of the diatonic harmony of the Common Practice Period through aural analysis and recognition and the development of sight-singing skills.
A study of the diatonic harmony of the Common Practice Period through the development of composition, analysis and keyboard skills.
www.aug.edu /registrar_va/catalog/2000/325.htm   (343 words)

  
 Articles - Chord progression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The most common chords in Western classical and pop music are based on the first, fourth, and fifth scale degrees (tonic, subdominant and dominant); see three chord song, eight bar blues, and twelve bar blues.
The chord based on the second scale degree is used in the most common chord progression in Jazz, ii-V-I. Chord progressions are usually associated with a scale and the notes of each chord are usually taken from that scale.
In music of the common practice period generally only certain chord progressions are used and many of the progressions not used are not traditionally tonal.
www.lastring.com /articles/Chord_progression?mySession=7ed997bcd9a046e17bca17afe0c3bb23   (556 words)

  
 MICROCOSMS: Impressionism
Counterpoint, the great defining feature of the Common Practice Period, is virtually non-existent; this is one of the greatest revolutions of the 20th century, and truly creates a break from the past.
The common thread to all of these is a lack of leading tones, which tends to weaken the expectation of tonic.
Harmonic motions avoid the traditional relationships of the Common Practice Period.
www.udayton.edu /~music/faculty/magnuson/microcosms/impressionism.html   (487 words)

  
 Indian Webdesigner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Common practice music shares many traits and is tonal as opposed to modal or atonal and includes most of classical and popular music.
Produce composite rhythms which confirm the meter, often in metric or even note patterns identical to the pulse on specific metric level.
George Perle (1990) has labeled this "Tradition in 20th Century Music", the most significant of which he considers the, "shared premise of the harmonic equivalence of inversionally symmetrical pitch-class relations," among composers such as Edgard Varese, Alban Berg, Bela Bartok, Arnold Schoenberg, Alexander Scriabin, Igor Stravinsky, Anton Webern, and himself.
www.indianwebdesigner.com /index.php?title=Common_practice_period   (490 words)

  
 evaluation: theory and practice @ the encyclopedia of informal education
We explore the theory and practice of evaluation and some of the key issues for informal educators.
Action research is simply a form of self-reflective enquiry undertaken by participants in social situations in order to improve the rationality and justice of their own practices, their understanding of these practices, and the situations in which the practices are carried out (Carr and Kemmis 1986: 162).
It could be explained, as research has shown, by differences in the ethos of local schools, policing practices, housing, unemployment rates, and the willingness of people to report offences.
www.infed.org /biblio/b-eval.htm   (4468 words)

  
 NewMusicBox
A shared language of harmonic procedures characterized the original so-called "common-practice period," which is generally understood to have lasted from the 17th through the early 20th centuries in Europe.
During this period, the story goes, composers spoke in the same tongue, and could thus successfully communicate with each other and "the audience." The ascendance of instrumental music and growing ease of long-distance travel—mainly within Europe, of course—supposedly contributed to an increasing sense of internationalism, which in turn led to a pretense of universalism.
Think of it like this: At the beginning of the common practice period, the European music world could be described as a relatively smooth space, where the division between "elite" and "popular" was less clearly defined, more fluid than in later history.
www.newmusicbox.org /page.nmbx?id=58tp01   (813 words)

  
 Cornell College - Catalogue (1994-1996)
Fundamentals of music: harmony, melody, rhythm, scales, and forms; with a concentration on the common-practice period, 1600-1900 (with some 20th century music).
Study of contemporary practices for writing and arranging in the jazz idiom.
Introduction to, and practical experience in, the theory and practice of recording, mixing, and basic synthesis.
www.cornellcollege.edu /catalogue/archive/1994-1996/subsectionstar2_5_20_4.html   (1626 words)

  
 Scales
The music of the "common practice" period is based on scales primarily derived from the various white-key scales, which also form scales on the staff without using accidentals.
The Ionian mode is better known today as the major scale and the Aeolian as the minor scale.
When using the common practice modes and scales, we can refer to the various pitch classes of the scale by their scale degree.
www.smu.edu /totw/scales.htm   (484 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Consonance and dissonance
Period length or neural-firing coincidence: with the length of periodic neural-firing created by two or more wave-forms, lower simple numbers creating shorter or common periods or higher coincidence of neural-firing and thus consonance (Patternson, 1986; Boomsliter & Creel, 1961; Meyer, 1898; Roederer, 1973, p.145-149).
Critical band: Consonances are pitches farther apart than their critical bands.
Period length or neural-firing coincidence: with the length of periodic neural-firing created by two or more wave-forms, higher simple numbers creating longer periods or lesser coincidence of neural-firing and thus dissonance (Patternson, 1986; Boomsliter & Creel, 1961; Meyer, 1898; Roederer, 1973, p.145-149).
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Consonance_and_dissonance   (1965 words)

  
 Harmony: A Practical Approach
These combined text/workbooks are designed to provide an understanding of the principles that govern the music of the Common-Practice Period.
Instead of focusing on the learning of rules upon rules, these books present a few basic principles to promote an understanding of sound voice-leading techniques and the cycle of chord progressions.
These books are excellent for preparation of Harmony examinations through the Royal Conservatory of Music, the British Columbia Conservatory of Music, and Conservatory Canada as well as for other graded and non-graded programs of study.
concertinopublications.com /harmonyseries1.html   (175 words)

  
 TOCCA - Making Common Sense Common Practice
In this way, our clients have a clear understanding of the investment they will be making and the time period involved, before anything begins, so there are no surprises.
The solution to the second problem is that since TOC focuses improvement primarily on areas that impact our throughput, the results of the improvement translate immediately to the organization's bottom line.
Sizable, measurable, and fast results are common, and these results are a direct result of the improvements fostered by the combination of TOC, Lean and Six Sigma.
www.tocca.com.au /FAQs/faqs.asp   (1135 words)

  
 Rise of the intervals of the third and the sixth (from harmony) --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Harmony before the common practice period > Rise of the intervals of the third and the sixth
Although nationalists were in the minority in the emergent two-party political system, vocal and diverse groups called for austerity at home and increased military aggression abroad.
During this period, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union remained tenuous, and both prepared for the possibility of armed conflict by building large stockpiles of nuclear weapons.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-64524?tocId=64524   (966 words)

  
 Common Practice Partwriting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The primary goal of Music 3000 is to facilitate proficiency in the part writing and analysis of the "common practice" period, which stretches from the Baroque through late nineteenth century chromaticism.
giving you practical experience in their application to the music you most often perform and hear.
The approach to harmony used in Harmonic Practice in Tonal Music (based on the work of Heinrich Schenker) stresses the way melodic aspects of music shape harmony.
www.millsaps.edu /pfrmarts/raley/mus3000/mus3000.shtml   (174 words)

  
 welcome message   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although we are not in a "common practice period", I think we have multiple common practices.
That is, these constraints might be seen as a "common practice" - i.e.
And to bring in another topic of discussion, when the improvisor is aware of the "common practice" it is fun to go outside of those boundaries, especially when they have been defined by commercial interests.
homestudio.thing.net /forum/arch/msg00033.html   (286 words)

  
 MICROCOSMS: Introduction
This common language, or common practice, formed a MACROCOSM, or "large universe", to which composers subscribed for three centuries.
At the end of the 19th century, however, the tremendous growth of science and technology (especially as seen in communications) made Western civilization a much smaller place, and the need for a common musical language was not as crucial.
Expressionism followed the path of the Common Practice Period, but mutated each of the five basic truths stated above; it led to Serialism and Total Serialism.
www.udayton.edu /~music/faculty/magnuson/microcosms   (807 words)

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