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Topic: Commonwealth (United States)


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In the News (Mon 20 Aug 18)

  
 Peacekeeping Operations : a bibliography
United Nations Association of the United States of America.
The United Nations General Assembly and the authority to establish UN forces: an interpretative analysis of the Charter, the theories of implied and inherent powers, and the Uniting for Peace Resolution.
The non-fighting forces of the United Nations: an instrument for the pacific settlement of disputes.
www.un.org /Depts/dhl/pkeep.htm   (7906 words)

  
 History of the Philippines
The Jones Act remained the basic legislation for the administration of the Philippines until the United States Congress passed new legislation in 1934 which became effective in 1935, establishing the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
The Philippine Organic Act of July 1902 stipulated that, with the achievement of peace, a legislature would be established composed of a lower house, the Philippine Assembly, which would be popularly elected, and an upper house consisting of the Philippine Commission, which was to be appointed by the president of the United States.
The Philippine defense continued until the final surrender of United States-Philippine forces on the Bataan Peninsula in April 1942 and on Corregidor in May. Most of the 80,000 prisoners of war captured by the Japanese at Bataan were forced to undertake the infamous "Death March" to a prison camp 105 kilometers to the north.
www.delapaz-ewf.org /History.htm   (7906 words)

  
 List of Member States
In a letter dated 10 December 1992, its Permanent Representative informed the Secretary-General that the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic would cease to exist on 31 December 1992 and that the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, as successor States, would apply for membership in the United Nations.
Tanganyika was a Member of the United Nations from 14 December 1961 and Zanzibar was a Member from 16 December 1963.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000.
www.un.org /Overview/unmember.html   (7906 words)

  
 Commonwealth of the Philippines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States.
The Philippine government had its army drafted into the service of the United States, and the Japanese conquest precipitated the establishment of a Commonwealth government-in-exile upon the invitation of the United States government.
However foreign affairs, currency, and defense, would remain under the purview of the United States, represented by a resident High Commissioner.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Commonwealth_of_the_Philippines   (7906 words)

  
 Document relatifs aux relations extérieures du Canada
Commander-in-Chief British Commonwealth Occupation Force will act as Theatre Commander for the purpose of non-operational control and general admin­istration of the United Kingdom, Australian and New Zealand army and air forces and Canadian and Indian army forces which have been or may be made available to United Nations for operations in Korea.
This force is composed of contingents contributed by the Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India.
Following is text of directive approved by His Majesty's Government in United Kingdom which has been issued by War Office, Begins: The role of the force under your command is as an integral part of the United Nations forces to act in opera­tions in Korea designed to restore international peace and security in the area.
dfait-maeci.gc.ca /department/history/dcer/details-fr.asp?intRefid=5540   (500 words)

  
 Justice & The Generals: Around The World - The Yamashita Case PBS
In his writ, General Yamashita challenged the jurisdiction of the military commission, asserted that he did not commit a violation of the law of war, and claimed that he was denied a fair trial under the United States Articles of War, the Geneva Convention, and the United States Constitution.
General Tomoyuki Yamashita was the Commanding General of the Fourteenth Army Group of the Japanese Imperial Army and the Military Governor on the Philippine Islands from October 1944 until full control of the Islands was assumed by United States forces in September 1945.
The General then appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
www.pbs.org /wnet/justice/world_issues_yam.html   (500 words)

  
 Commonwealth of Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire.
The Commonwealth is not a political union of any sort, and does not allow the United Kingdom to exercise any power over the affairs of the organization's other members.
Nor is the United States, which was formed from former British colonies in 1776 and maintains close cultural ties with the United Kingdom.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations   (500 words)

  
 Visitors
Federal Aviation Administration,Washington, DC U.S. Postal Service,Raleigh, NC Department of Agriculture National Institute of Standards and Technology United States Geological Survey The Brookings Institution,Washington, DC The World Bank Group Organization, Washington,D.C. The Federal Reserve Board Federal Reserve System,Boston, MA United Nations Headquarters,1st Ave.
Antarctic Cooperative Research Centre,Tasmania Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs,Australia Norwegian Polar Institute,Zeppelinfjellet,Ny-lesund,Norway United States McMurdo Station,Antarctica British Antarctic Study,Antarctica Australian Antartic Division,Antarctica British Antarctic Study,London,England
City of Tucson,Tucson, AZ Commonwealth of Kentucky Dept. of Information Systems,Frankfort, KY State of Washington - Department of Fish and Wildlife
www.solcomhouse.com /visitors.htm   (500 words)

  
 English language - Psychology Central
English is a West Germanic language which is the dominant language in the United Kingdom, the United States, many Commonwealth nations including Australia and Canada, and other former British colonies.
English is the most widely learned and used foreign language in the world, and as such, some linguists believe that it is no longer the exclusive cultural emblem of 'native English speakers', but rather a language that is absorbing aspects of cultures world-wide as it grows in use.
English is also the most widely used language for young backpackers who travel across continents, regardless of whether it is their mother tongue or a secondary language.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/English_language   (4629 words)

  
 List of Member States
Following is the list of the 191 Member States of the United Nations with dates on which they joined the Organization.
Tanganyika was a Member of the United Nations from 14 December 1961 and Zanzibar was a Member from 16 December 1963.
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000.
www.un.org /Overview/unmember.html   (1022 words)

  
 Maldives Royal Family Official Website: Majid's Pages- Maldives and the British Commonwealth
The Head of the Commonwealth is always the head of state of the United Kingdom and other countries, such as New Zealand, that share the head of state of the United Kingdom.
This is why Maldive envoys to the United Kingdom and other British Commonwealth countries today cannot be called "ambassadors".
The Commonwealth may be "a voluntary association of independent sovereign states".
www.maldivesroyalfamily.com /maldives_commonwealth.shtml   (1022 words)

  
 The Commonwealth Fund: Topics: Comparing Countries - Overview
The Commonwealth Fund 2003 International Health Policy Survey provides a comparative perspective on health policy issues in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Access to health care and concern over the quality of care are issues near the top of the national agenda in other industrialized countries as well as in the United States.
Why the United States Is So Different from Other Countries (It's the Prices, Stupid)
www.cmwf.org /topics/topics.htm?attrib_id=9121&portal=yes   (1022 words)

  
 Kentucky as a Commonwealth - Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives
In modern times, to be a "commonwealth" of the United States means to be "a self-governing, autonomous political unit voluntarily associated with the United States, namely, Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands." (Dictionary.com) A few of the differences between contemporary commonwealth status and statehood are:
There are four states in the United States that are titled commonwealths: Kentucky, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
Thus, the idea to be a state or to be a commonwealth in the United States became identical.
www.kdla.ky.gov /resources/KYCommonwealth.htm   (503 words)

  
 Travel
Citizens of Crown Commonwealth countries who require visas to enter Australia and Dependencies: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, United Kingdom and British citizens and British Overseas Citizens who are re-admissible to the United Kingdom
Citizens of Crown Commonwealth countries who require visas to enter New Zealand, Associated States and Dependencies: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Solomon Islands
Citizens of Crown Commonwealth countries who require visas to enter the United Kingdom and Dependent Territories: Papua New Guinea
www.fcscanada.com /travel.html   (503 words)

  
 ICL - Australia Index
The Statute of Westminster Adoption Act only affected the laws of the Commonwealth, and the laws of the United Kingdom continued to apply in the States.
In 1986, the passage of this Commonwealth Act ended the applicability of laws of the United Kingdom in all States of Australia, and rationalised Commonwealth and State powers inherited from the United Kingdom.
The Constitution came into effect on 1 January 1901 as part of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act which is still relevant for its interpretation.
www.oefre.unibe.ch /law/icl/as__indx.html   (503 words)

  
 British Overseas Territory [Definition]
This contrasts with independent realms of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is an association of independent sovereign states, most of which are former colonies once governed by the United Kingdom as part of the British Empire.
A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the European Union.
Queen Elizabeth II is head of state in the overseas territories in her role as Queen of the United Kingdom, not in right of each territory.
www.wikimirror.com /British_overseas_territory   (503 words)

  
 Commonwealth War Graves Commission
In 1923 it was selected as one of the four cemeteries in which the Commonwealth war graves scattered throughout Germany should be grouped, to ensure that they should be properly maintained in perpetuity; and the work was carried out in 1924-25.
CROSSEN PRISONERS OF WAR CEMETERY, 3 kilometres East of Crossen, on the river Oder, in the Province of Brandenburg, contained the graves of 66 sailors and soldiers from the United Kingdom, one from Australia and one from South Africa all of whom died in 1918.
BUDEROSE PRISONERS OF WAR CEMETERY, near Guben, in the Province of Brandenburg, contained the graves of 18 soldiers from the United Kingdom, one from Canada and one from Australia, all of whom died in 1918.
home.vicnet.net.au /~whitehaj/anine.html   (503 words)

  
 Commonwealth of Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire.
The Commonwealth is not a political union of any sort, and does not allow the United Kingdom to exercise any power over the affairs of the organization's other members.
As the Commonwealth grew, the United Kingdom and the pre-1945 Dominions (a term that was formally dropped in the 1940s) became informally known as the "Old Commonwealth", particularly in the 1960s onwards when some of them differed with poorer, Afro-Asian (or New Commonwealth) members over various issues at Commonwealth Heads of Government meetings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Commonwealth_of_Nations   (3718 words)

  
 Commonwealth of Independent States articles on Encyclopedia.com
Commonwealth of Independent States COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES [Commonwealth of Independent States] (CIS), community of independent nations established by a treaty signed at Minsk, Belarus, on Dec. 8, 1991, by the heads of state of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine.
The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area.
United States UNITED STATES [United States] officially United States of America, republic (2005 est.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/02985.html   (494 words)

  
 Maldives Royal Family Official Website: Majid's Pages- Maldives and the British Commonwealth
The Head of the Commonwealth is always the head of state of the United Kingdom and other countries, such as New Zealand, that share the head of state of the United Kingdom.
The Commonwealth may be "a voluntary association of independent sovereign states".
This is why Maldive envoys to the United Kingdom and other British Commonwealth countries today cannot be called "ambassadors".
www.maldivesroyalfamily.com /maldives_commonwealth.shtml   (494 words)

  
 R. v. Finta, 1994 CanLII 129 (S.C.C.)
United States, 423 F.2d 509 (1970); United States v.
United States, 162 F.2d 120 (1947); United States v.
Browne, 313 F.2d 197 (1963); United States v.
www.canlii.org /ca/cas/scc/1994/1994scc27.html   (494 words)

  
 Military history of the Philippines - FreeEncyclopedia
On July 25, Secretary of War Stimson requested that President Roosevelt issue orders calling the military forces of the Commonwealth into active service for the United States.
In 1935, President-elect Manuel L. Quezon convinced Chief of Staff of the United States Army[?] General Douglas MacArthur to act as the military adviser to the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
However, the United States proceded to lay claim to the Philippines and on February 4, 1899, the Filipino-American War began.
openproxy.ath.cx /mi/Military_History_of_the_Philippines.html   (494 words)

  
 1935 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines
Upon the final and complete withdrawal of the sovereignty of the United States and the proclamation of Philippine independence, the Commonwealth of the Philippines shall thenceforth be known as the Republic of the Philippines.
The property rights of the United States and the Philippines shall be promptly adjusted and settled, and all existing property rights of citizens or corporations of the United States shall be acknowledged, respected, and safeguarded to the same extent as property rights of the Philippines.
The Government of the Philippines will assume all continuing obligations of the United States under the Treaty of Peace with Spain ceding the Philippine Islands to the United States.
islandphilippines.com /politics/1935.htm   (494 words)

  
 VA Benefits For Filipino Veterans
Public Law 73-127, enacted in 1934, required the Commonwealth Army to respond to the call of the President of the United States under certain conditions.
VA pays burial benefits to the survivors of New Philippine Scouts as well, at the full-dollar rate, if the veterans were lawfully residing in the United States on the date of death, and were United States citizens or lawfully admitted permanent resident aliens.
Survivors residing in the United States and who are either U.S. citizens or lawfully admitted permanent resident aliens are entitled to full-dollar payment.
www1.va.gov /opa/fact/filipvet.html   (494 words)

  
 Commonwealth of Independent States
Any research I perform will not be undertaken primarily for the benefit of a private person or commercial enterprise of the United States or a foreign trade organization of ______________ [insert the name of C.I.S. member], unless the research is conducted on the basis of intergovernmental agreements on cooperation.
I arrived in the United States on _________ [insert the date of your first arrival in the United States before beginning the teaching, research, or conference services for which exemption is claimed].
I have not been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant.
www.gwu.edu /~ais/CIS.htm   (217 words)

  
 Public Relations: Use And Display of Flags: 9405
United States Flag: The United States flag shall be displayed at a position of distinction to the left of the flag of the Commonwealth and at no time shall any flag fly higher than that of the national flag.
The purpose of this policy is to establish authority for granting permission to use and display the Longwood, Commonwealth, United States, and other flags.
Longwood Flag: The flag of Longwood shall hold a position of distinction to the left of the flag of the United States.
www.longwood.edu /HR/Final_POLICY_BASE/9000/9405.htm   (318 words)

  
 Scott Base
It was the New Zealand expedition’s responsibility to furnish the important scientific data (auroral, ionospheric, seismic, etc.), linking the McMurdo area research activities with those of the United States Pole Station and the joint United States-New Zealand station at Cape Hallett, Victoria Land.
Since then generous air support for our field activities has been given by the VXE - 6 Squadron of the United States Naval Support Force under Government agreement in return for base facilities granted the Support Force at Harewood in Christchurch, New Zealand.
Her successor is a small tanker loaned by the United States to the New Zealand Navy, also named Endeavour.
www.theezine.net /s/scott-base.html   (318 words)

  
 THE OVERSEAS TERRITORIES AND COMMONWEALTHS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The territories of Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, and the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands are the principal overseas dependencies of the United States.
The basic document the relationship between the Commonwealth and the United States is the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America.
Under the arrangement by which the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands became part of the United States, part of the consideration was the promise of the United States to provide specified amounts of aid to the new Commonwealth.
www.eurisles.com /Textes/statut_iles/AmericaFR.htm   (318 words)

  
 Self-government for the Northern Mariana Islands
The relations between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States are governed by the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America.
The Special Representatives of the Governor of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands have designated adherence to the Covenant pledge of self-government for the Northern Mariana Islands as an issue affecting the relationship between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States to be discussed in the Section 902 Consultations.
The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit in a recent case discussed the Commonwealth status of Puerto Rico in language that is also applicable to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands:
www.macmeekin.com /Library/sg.htm   (318 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page
A Commonwealth realm is any one of the 16 sovereign states that recognize Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom as their Queen and head of state.
In her capacity as Queen of different Commonwealth Realms, Her Majesty does not use the British Royal Standard, but instead uses either her flag for that realm, or her personal flag as Head of the Commonwealth, which is also used when visiting Commonwealth countries where she is not recognised as Head of State.
While the Queen's powers in Commonwealth Realms are limited to appointing the Governor-General (and even this is done on the "advice" of the prime minister), her name and image continue to play a prominent role in political institutions and symbols.
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Commonwealth_Realms   (318 words)

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