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Topic: Commonwealth of Australia

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  Australia (07/07)
Australia's economic standing in the world is a result of a commitment to best-practice macroeconomic policy settings including the delegation of the conduct of monetary policy to the independent Reserve Bank of Australia, and a broad acceptance of prudent fiscal policy where the government aims for fiscal balance over the economic cycle.
Australia was one of the founders of both the United Nations and the South Pacific Commission (1947), and in 1950, it proposed the Colombo Plan to assist developing countries in Asia.
Australia also is active in meetings of the Commonwealth Regional Heads of Government and the Pacific Islands Forum, and has been a leader in the Cairns Group--countries pressing for agricultural trade reform in World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations--and in founding the APEC forum.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/2698.htm   (5005 words)

 Australia: USA: India: Travel Chronicle: Plan your Trips and Journeys
The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Australia's neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.
The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago.[1] The first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day Southeast Asia.
australia.travel-chronicle.com   (850 words)

  Address to the Ambassador of the Commonwealth of Australia to the Holy See
In so far as Australia and the Holy See undertake this quest together, we may speak, as you have, of “shared values and a common approach to protecting the lives of citizens and their rights”.
The centenary provides Australia with an opportunity to focus upon the question of national identity, which inevitably entails the question of fundamental values.
From a pragmatic viewpoint, it is in Australia’s interests to have stable and prosperous neighbours; yet pragmatism alone cannot decide the full scope of Australia’s response to the challenges facing the entire region.
www.vatican.va /holy_father/john_paul_ii/speeches/1999/may/documents/hf_jp-ii_spe_19990520_ambassador-australia_en.html   (959 words)

 Australia - MSN Encarta
Australia, island continent located southeast of Asia and forming, with the nearby island of Tasmania, the Commonwealth of Australia, a self-governing member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The external dependencies of Australia are the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, the Territory of Cocos Islands (also called the Keeling Islands), the Coral Sea Islands Territory, the Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and Norfolk Island.
Australia developed as a group of British colonies during the 19th century, and in 1901 the colonies federated to form a unified independent nation, the Commonwealth of Australia.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761568792/Australia.html   (1597 words)

 Australia - Genealogy
The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.
Australia's neighbouring countries are Indonesia, East Timor, and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east.
Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Australia, a role that is distinct from her position as Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
genealogy.wikia.com /wiki/Australia   (2782 words)

 Australia at AllExperts
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, in which the Commonwealth Heads of Government meetings provide the main forum for co-operation.
Australia led the formation of the Cairns Group and APEC, and is a member of the OECD and the WTO.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/au/australia.htm   (4955 words)

 Commonwealth of Australia - Brief History - Australia Arab Chamber of Commerce and Industry - AACCI - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
There is some evidence that the Chinese seamen might have visited the shores of Australia early in the 15 century, the Spanish passed it on their way to the Philippines in the 16th century, but the first recorded sighting of the continent by Europeans was in 1606, by the Dutch.
In 1900 the Australian Constitution was passed as an Act of the British Government, and in January 1901 the colonies formed the federation of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australia is a great promoter of the facilitation of international trade, and signatory of almost all multilateral trade agreements such as GATT the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations etc. The regulations for importing/exporting to Australia are relatively liberal.
www.austarab.com.au /Australia/Australia_history.html   (1123 words)

 Australia by Jim Cornish
Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901.
Lying southeast of Asia, it is bound by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Coral Sea to the northeast, the Timor Sea to the northwest, the Indian Ocean to the west and the Tasman Sea to the southeast.
Australia is sometimes called "the land down under" because it lies in the Southern Hemisphere.
www.stemnet.nf.ca /CITE/auzzie.htm   (977 words)

 Australia help - Wiki at Help.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the world's smallest continent, the major island of Tasmania and a number of other islands in the Southern, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.
After sporadic visits by fishermen from the north and by European explorers and merchants starting in the seventeenth century, the eastern half of the mainland was claimed by the British in 1770 and officially settled through penal transportation as the colony of New South Wales on 26 January 1788.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies became a Federation, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed.
help.com /wiki/Australia   (319 words)

  alsabasketball.com | 18th Commonwealth Games | Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Australia lived up to their pre-tournament billing of overwhelming favourites by thrashing New Zealand 77-39 to win Commonwealth gold in the women's basketball.
Australia were quick out of the blocks and led 23-11 after the first quarter, however it was the middle two periods where they stamped their authority on the game.
Australia ace Lauren Jackson was one of only two players in the whole game who reached doubles figures in scoring and her 23-point haul was more than twice that of her nearest challenger, Belinda Snell of Australia finishing with 10 points.
alsabasketball.com /commonwealth.htm   (1069 words)

 Parliament@Work - Commonwealth of Australia
The Commonwealth Coat of Arms was granted in 1912 by King George V of England.
This star represents the federation of Australia's colonies in 1901 and has one point for each of the six original States and one for all of the territories.
The number of points on the Commonwealth remained at seven when the Northern Territory and the ACT were made Federal Territories in 1911.
www.parliament.curriculum.edu.au /comm.php3   (2069 words)

 Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 - Gurupedia
The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 is the primary constitutional text of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Section 1 (of Chapter I) provided that the legislative power was to be vested in Federal parliament, known as the 'Parliament of the Commonwealth', consisting of the Queen, an upper house, called the Senate, and a lower house, called the 'House of Representatives.
This power was only removed by the enactment in 1986 by both Australia and the United Kingdom of the Australia Act, which 'repatriated' the Australian constitution and gave Australia absolute ownership of its lawmaking, to the complete and final exclusion of Britain.
www.gurupedia.com /c/co/commonwealth_of_australia_constitution_act.htm   (554 words)

 AEGiS: Australia
A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to an independent republic, was defeated in 1999.
AFAO is the peak non-government organisation representing Australia's community-based response to HIV/AIDS.
The Western Australia AIDS Council, established in 1985, leads the Western Australian community in the provision of a wide range of services in the prevention of HIV, and the treatment and care of people living with HIV/AIDS.
www.aegis.com /countries/australia.html   (1276 words)

The commonwealth extends for about 4025 km (about 2500 mi) from east to west and for about 3700 km (about 2300 mi) from north to south.
The area of the commonwealth is 7,682,292 sq km (2,966,150 sq mi), and the area of the continent alone is 7,614,500 sq km (2,939,974 sq mi), making Australia the smallest continent in the world, but the sixth largest country.
Australia grew as a group of British colonies during the 19th century, and in 1901 the colonies federated to form a unified independent nation.
www.eslpartyland.com /students/nov/australia.htm   (289 words)

 Federation in Australia
In May, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 was passed by the British Parliament, and was signed by Queen Victoria on 9th July 1900, and so became law.
The Act declared that on 1st January 1901, the colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania would be united and known as the 'Commonwealth of Australia'.
On 1st January 1901 the Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed in Centennial Park, Sydney by Lord Hopetoun, the first Governor General.
www.kidcyber.com.au /topics/federation.htm   (756 words)

 Australian Commonwealth Games Association (ACGA)
The Australian Commonwealth Games Association (ACGA) is the national body responsible for Commonwealth Games operations, publicity and development in Australia, specifically providing and organising funding, clothing, travel, accommodation and accreditation of athletes and officials to each Commonwealth Games.
On November 9, 2007 at the General Assembly of the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), Glasgow was named as the host of the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
All 71 Commonwealth nations and territories voted with Glasgow securing the bid 47 votes to 24 over Abuja, the capital of Nigeria.
www.commonwealthgames.org.au   (410 words)

 National Archives of Australia - Fact Sheet 22 - Commonwealth of Australia Gazettes   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Commonwealth of Australia Gazette may be the quickest way of finding out.
The Gazette is the main publication through which the executive arm of government (as opposed to the legislature, that is the Parliament; and the judiciary, that is the courts) announces its decisions and actions of interest to the public.
In some offices of the Archives the volumes of Commonwealth Gazettes are housed on bookshelves in the reading room, while in other you will need to consult with the duty reference officer to have them issued to you.
www.naa.gov.au /Publications/Fact_Sheets/FS22.html   (672 words)

 Parliament of Australia: Copyright
The Commonwealth claims copyright on all material written by its employees in the course of their employment whether published or unpublished.
The Commonwealth of Australia asserts its copyright in all publications and all published material produced by Commonwealth author organisations.
Australia is a signatory to two international copyright conventions, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, and the Universal Copyright Convention.
www.aph.gov.au /legal/copyright.htm   (300 words)

 Australia. In: Amnesty International Report 2001
They found that treaty rights have no legal status in Australia and cannot be invoked in domestic courts, leaving gaps in Australia's human rights system and impeding the recognition and applicability of treaty provisions.
In January, a 32-year-old Algerian asylum-seeker was deported despite a written request by the UN Committee against Torture not to remove him from Australia, so that the Committee could consider his case.
Australia's selective approach to reporting to treaty bodies would be in breach of the binding obligations it undertook when becoming party to human rights treaties, and its reluctance to cooperate with the UN's special human rights mechanisms created the impression it had something to hide.
web.amnesty.org /web/ar2001.nsf/webasacountries/AUSTRALIA?OpenDocument   (970 words)

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