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Topic: Communications in the United States


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 United States
The United States of America (U.S.A.) (also referred to as the United States, the U.S. America, or (outside its borders) the States), is a federal republic in North America with a strong democratic tradition.
The federal and state government is dominated by two political parties, the Republicans (center-right) and the Democrats (center-left), although minor party candidates and independents are occasionally elected especially to local or state office.
The social structure of the United States, a capitalist country, is highly stratified[?] with a large proportion of the wealth of the country controlled by a small fraction of the population which exerts disproportionate cultural and political influence.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/un/United_States.html   (1636 words)

  
 United States - Wikipedia
A separate federal district under the direct authority of congress, the District of Columbia, was formed independent of any state.
The states are divided into smaller administrative regions, called counties in most states - exceptions being Alaska (boroughs) and Louisiana (parishes).
Most of the 280 million people currently living in the United States descend from European immigrants that have arrived since the establishment of the first colonies.
wikipedia.findthelinks.com /un/United_States.html   (1645 words)

  
 Trammel v. United States 445 U.S. 40 (1980)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
United States, 358 U.S. On March 10, 1976, petitioner Otis Trammel was indicted with two others, Edwin Lee Roberts and Joseph Freeman, for importing heroin into the United States from Thailand and the Philippine Islands and for conspiracy to import heroin in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§952(a), 962(a), and 963.
United States, 291 U.S. The general mandate of Rule 501 was substituted by the Congress for a set of privilege rules drafted by the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence and approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States and by this Court.
United States, 340 U.S. In neither case, however, did the Court adopt the Wigmore view that the communications privilege be substituted in place of the privilege against adverse spousal testimony.
www.law.harvard.edu /publications/evidenceiii/cases/trammel.htm   (2735 words)

  
 No. 99-1176: MCI Communications Corp. v. United States - Opposition
The court stated that the legislative history on which petitioners attempt to rely is "irrelevant" and "unpersuasive" and that reliance on such legislative history is misplaced "given the clarity of the [statutory] text." Pet.
United States, 495 U.S. 472 (1990)).4 The court of appeals found it unnecessary to decide the exact degree of deference due to revenue rulings because "utilizing even a minimal level of deference-or imposing only a minimal burden of clarity under the first interpretative guide * * * is sufficient to decide the case." Pet.
United States, 510 U.S. Moreover, the court of appeals correctly noted that the relevant history is ambiguous in any event and that the government's interpretation of that history is "at least as reasonable" as the interpretation advanced by petitioners.
www.usdoj.gov /osg/briefs/1999/0responses/99-1176.resp.html   (4402 words)

  
 Communications - Wex   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Communications law is concerned with the regulation of radio and TV broadcasting to insure satisfactory service and to prevent chaos.
Under the Communications Act of 1934 (http://www.fcc.gov/Reports/1934new.pdf), the FCC was given power to regulate and control "radio communications." Such communications were held to include the transmission by radio of writing, signs, signals, pictures,and sounds of all kinds.
States cannot regulate the content of the programs broadcast (even if the television station is situated within the state) and cannot require that motion pictures broadcast over the station be submitted to a state board of censors for their approval.
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/communications.html   (324 words)

  
 Communications in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The primary regulator of communications in the United States is the Federal Communications Commission.
Most states have several competing cellular phone networks, which often include generous long-distance rates in their plans.
Because of aggressive lobbying and the United States' strong libertarian traditions, the Internet service provider industry remains relatively unregulated in comparison to other communications industries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communications_in_the_United_States   (610 words)

  
 United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez continued
The United States is prosecuting a foreign national in a court established under Article III, and all of the trial proceedings are governed by the Constitution.
Department of the Army regulations state that the Army must seek a "judicial warrant" from a United States court whenever the Army seeks to intercept the wire or oral communications of a person not subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice outside of the United States and its territories.
By its own regulations, the United States Government has conceded that although an American warrant might be a "dead letter" in a foreign country, a warrant procedure in an American court plays a vital and indispensable role in circumscribing the discretion of agents of the Federal Government.
www.guncite.com /court/fed/sc/494us267.html   (9263 words)

  
 Jamaica Gleaner News - UNITED STATES: Lawsuits seek to block Bush's domestic eavesdropping programme - Wednesday | ...
It asked a judge to stop Bush and government agencies from conducting surveillance without a warrant of communications in the United States.
The group said the surveillance program has inhibited its ability to represent clients vigorously, making it hard to communicate via telephone and e-mail with overseas clients, witnesses and others for fear the conversations would be overheard.
The Detroit lawsuit said the plaintiffs, who frequently communicate by telephone and e-mail with people in the Middle East and Asia, have a "well-founded belief" that their communications are being intercepted by the Government.
www.jamaica-gleaner.com /gleaner/20060118/int/int2.html   (526 words)

  
 United Nations [encyclopedia]
United States president Franklin Delano Roosevelt suggested the name "United Nations" and the first offical use of the term occurred on January 1, 1942 with the Declaration by the United Nations.
Many states have at times refused to pay their dues for various reasons, but the most significant refusal in recent times has been that of the United States.
The United States and the United Nations after much dispute, negotiated an agreement whereby the United States would pay a large part of the money it owes, and in exchange the United Nations would reduce the assessment rate ceiling from 25% to 22%.
www.artzia.com /History/Ideas/UN   (2361 words)

  
 Applying the Wiretap Act to Online Communications after United States v. Councilman >> Shidler Journal of Law, Commerce ...
The stated purpose of the ECPA is to “protect against the unauthorized interception of electronic communications … [and] update and clarify Federal privacy protections and standards in light of dramatic changes in new computer and telecommunications technologies.”9 The ECPA broadens the scope of the earlier statute by including, most notably, coverage of electronic communications.
For example, “electronic communication” is defined as “any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photooptical system that affects interstate or foreign commerce.” Therefore, computer communications are electronic communications under the Act.
First, no violation takes place when a communication service provider, whose facilities are used in the transmission of the communication, intercepts a communication in the normal course of business or when the interception is necessary to protect the property or rights of the provider.
www.lctjournal.washington.edu /Vol2/a018Belskis.html   (3019 words)

  
 [No title]
United States Court of Appeals FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CIRCUIT Argued September 6, 2001 Decided February 8, 2002 No. 00-1100 Greg Ruggiero, Petitioner v.
Federal Communications Commission and United States of America, Respondents On Petition for Review of an Order of the Federal Communications Commission Robert T. Perry argued the cause for petitioner Greg Ruggiero.
United States Dep't of Transp., 2001 U.S. App.
pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov /common/opinions/200202/00-1100a.txt   (4543 words)

  
 Communications Satellite Corporation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
COMSAT was given responsibility for many activities including the development of a global satellite communications system, the acquisition and maintenance of ground stations around the world, and the development of new satellite technologies.
COMSAT is governed by a Board of Directors elected by the company's shareholders and the President of the United States.
Half of the company's shares are owned by major communications companies such as AT and T, ITT, and Western Union, and the rest are held by members of the public.
www.museum.tv /archives/etv/C/htmlC/communication/communication.htm   (723 words)

  
 [No title]
For the reasons stated below, it is concluded that GSA's decision to award a single contract under the New York RFP is arbitrary, capricious, and not in accordance with the legal preference for multiple awards.
The RQS states that each MAA contract will provide for a one-year "forbearance period." This means, for example, that during the first year of the New York contract, other MAA and FTS 2001 contractors may not provide services to federal agencies in New York in competition with the New York MAA contractor.
The CO states that three of the six criteria in FAR 16.504(c)(1) for determining when multiple awards should not be made justified his decision to award a single contract.
www.uscfc.uscourts.gov /Opinions/Merow/98/winstar.htm   (8491 words)

  
 [No title]
Together, these parties represent millions of small businesses throughout the United States and across many industry sectors, the vast majority of which will be impacted by the Order.
It is part of United States Government Bureaucracies, which is part of Government Bureaucracies, which is part of Organizations and Bureaucracies, which is part of Connections, which is part of Harpers.org.
That the United Television case did not culminate in a disaster for Channel 23 is a tribute not to the FCC but rather to the parties who petitioned for reconsideration.
www.lycos.com /info/federal-communications-commission--united-states.html   (421 words)

  
 The United States Telecommunications Act of 1996
In general terms, the Act mandates that communications be made available to all people of the United States without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex.
Because universal service is an objective of the various state governments as well as the federal government, the Act directed the FCC to institute a Federal-State Joint Board to develop recommendations on defining and funding universal service, and enumerates several principles (such as nature of access, service quality, and affordable rates) to guide the deliberations.
Nevertheless, provisions of the Communications Decency Act were successfully challenged in the courts as a violation of the right to freedom of speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
www.ntia.doc.gov /opadhome/overview.htm   (3440 words)

  
 Index of Economic Freedom
The economy of the United States is 82 percent free, according to our 2007 assessment, which makes it the world's 4th freest economy.
The United States is ranked 1st out of 29 countries in the Americas, and its overall score is much higher than the regional average.
Trade barriers among the 50 states are unconstitutional, for example, allowing for the free movement of goods and labor.
www.heritage.org /research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Unitedstates   (909 words)

  
 98-9518 -- U.S. West Inc. v. Federal Communications Comm. -- 08/18/1999
Therefore, the specific privacy interest must be substantial, demonstrating that the state has considered the proper balancing of the benefits and harms of privacy.
Even assuming, arguendo, that the state interests in privacy and competition are substantial and that the regulations directly and materially advance those interests, we do not find, on this record, the FCC rules regarding customer approval properly tailored.
As stated above, because the two interests originated with Congress and thus predated the administrative process that led to the issuance of the CPNI Order, it is unclear precisely what the majority believes the FCC should have done to bolster the administrative record.
www.kscourts.org /ca10/cases/1999/08/98-9518.htm   (11171 words)

  
 Consumer Communications in the United States - Market Research Reports - Research and Markets
The ubiquity of wireless communication devices and increasing familiarity with mobile phones--especially text-based data services such as instant messaging--and computer based communication technologies is at the heart of the transforming landscape of consumer communication the U.S. and worldwide.
In this analysis, the market is explored in terms of real-time communication, either by voice or text messaging methods, and delayed/message-based communication, typically using email or voicemail.
On the delayed, message-based communication side, email services, via PC and mobile device, are included in the analysis.
www.researchandmarkets.com /reports/c27418   (430 words)

  
 Encyklopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
It was later bought by the Medici family in 1549: as the official residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, it was enlarged and enriched almost continually over the following three centuries.
In the 19th century, the palazzo, by then a great treasure house, was used as a power base by Napoleon I, and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy.
In the early 20th century, the palazzo together with its contents was given to the Italian people by the King Victor Emmanuel III, subsequently its doors were opened to the public to serve as one of Florence's largest art galleries.
encyclopedia.maksiu.info /wiki/United_Nations   (647 words)

  
 United States v. Councilman
In a 2-1 ruling, the court held that electronic communications are not "intercepted" if the communication is accessed while it is in temporary storage.
The "tiering" of communications resulted more from the effort to address specific concerns -- such as extending protections to electronic communications and creating safeguards for stored communications -- than to formally categorize the privacy protection for each type of information.
Councilman pleaded not guilty and moved to dismiss the charge because, as Councilman and the government agree, the communications were stored on the Interloc ISP server when they were acquired by Interloc employees.
www.epic.org /privacy/councilman   (1163 words)

  
 News, Headlines, Noticias, Politics, and Business News - HispanicBusiness.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
At Verizon, Yrizarry is responsible for key national stakeholder relationships and outreach to multicultural, senior citizen and disabled constituencies throughout the United States.
Her team works with education organizations such as the National Education Association and the United States Distance Learning Association to help close the digital divide and ensure that underserved communities have access to emerging broadband technologies.
She served as trustee and president of New York City's Community School Board 9 and as a member of the Board of Education Committee on Bilingual and Special Education in New York.
www.hispanicbusiness.com /news/newsbyid.asp?id=15372   (628 words)

  
 Amazon.com: "United States": Key Phrase page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
There is nothing new about procurement of European equipment by the United States, but some events over the past year seem to suggest that some European companies are increasingly competing with America's domestic...
United States, 277 U.S. Beginning with the seminal confession case of Brown v.
United State Maps -- Satellite images & interactive maps of the US from Live Search Maps.
www.amazon.com /phrase/United-States   (535 words)

  
 United States-Japan Foundation - Communications
Technology has evolved, and the institutions and topics of conversation keep changing, but the high value of greater awareness and communication among average citizens, as well as leaders in a variety of fields from our two countries is a constant.
The Foundation will consider communication / public opinion projects that not only raise awareness about Japan in the US and/or US in Japan, but also deal with concrete issues that affect the bilateral relationship (or are faced by the two nations).
Participants are selected from a broad spectrum of careers including, but not limited to, academia, the arts, business, finance, state, local or national government, labor, law, the media, medicine, non-profit organizations, religions, science and technology.
www.us-jf.org /comm.htm   (648 words)

  
 Joint Canadian-United States Basic Defense Plan No. 2
This plan is intended to supplement those agreements, and to provide for the most effective use of Canadian and United States Forces for the purposes listed in paragraph 3, should the United States and the British Commonwealth be associated in a war against Germany and her allies.
Coordination of the military effort of the United States and Canada shall be effected by mutual cooperation, and by assigning to the forces of each nation tasks for whose execution such forces shall be primarily responsible.
The general communication principles outlined in Annex IV of ABC-1 shall serve as a guide for this plan, subject to such additional instructions as may be issued from time to time by the Chiefs of Staff concerned.
www.ibiblio.org /pha/pha/pt_14/x15-051.html   (2527 words)

  
 United States Olympic Committee - Looking For Bobsled or Skeleton Athletes In Boston
LAKE PLACID, N.Y.- The United States Bobsled and Skeleton Federation (USBSF) and Verizon are coming to Boston, Mass.
Verizon is the premiere sponsor of the United States Bobsled and Skeleton Federation.
Verizon companies are the largest providers of wireline and wireless communications in the United States, with 133.8 million access line equivalents and approximately 29.6 million wireless customers.
www.usolympicteam.com /73_5471.htm   (481 words)

  
 Fourtitude Forums: Audi Names New Public Relations Executive to Expand Communications in the United
Kuhlman began his GM career in 1984 in communications for the GM Powertrain Group in the Toledo, Ohio, plant.
Kuhlman has a bachelor's degree in communications from the University of Toledo and an MBA from Michigan State University.
Several communications positions were recently added to the growing department, in an effort to establish more media attention for the brand.
forums.fourtitude.com /zerothread?id=2641826   (491 words)

  
 MOU between Department of Transportation and the Secretariat of Communications - United Mexican States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The Secretariat of Communications and Transportation of the United Mexican States (SCT) and the Department of Transportation of the United States of America (DOT), together hereinafter the "Participants," affirm the following understandings:
WHEREAS, on February 10, 1998, the Transition Plan was approved defining the organizational structure and functions of the US-Mexico Joint Working Committee (JWC) and the 1999B2000 work plan was approved by the JWC on November 23, 1998.
The Participants intend to cooperate on binational transportation planning activities and continue the analysis of the present and future transportation infrastructure and operational needs that facilitate safe, efficient, and economical transborder transportation movements.
www.fhwa.dot.gov /agreements/documents/hep3agr.htm   (705 words)

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