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Topic: Communist International


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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  
  Communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Following Lenin's democratic centralism, the Communist parties were organized on a hierarchical basis, with active cells of members as the broad base; they were made up only of elite cadres approved by higher members of the party as being reliable and completely subject to party discipline.
Despite the actvity of the Comintern, the Soviet Communist Party adopted the Stalinist theory of "socialism in one country" and claimed that, due to the "aggravation of class struggle under socialism," it was possible, even necessary, to build socialism in one country alone.
As the Sino-Soviet Split in the international Communist movement turned toward open hostility, Maoist China portrayed itself as a leader of the underdeveloped world against the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, with Maoism gaining recognition worldwide as a new branch of Marxism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communism   (3073 words)

  
 Comintern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The origins of the Communist International are to be found in the split in the workers' movement that surfaced in 1914 with the beginning of the First World War, although divisions between revolutionary and reformist minded elements had been developing for some considerable time.
For a party to join the Comintern, it had to accept the Twenty-one Conditions, which were intended to delimit revolutionary communists from the reformist and centrist forces which sought to join the Comintern in the wake of the success of the Russian revolution.
In particular, they saw the calamitous defeat of the communist movement in Germany (at the hands of the National Socialists) as evidence that the Comintern was effectively irrelevant and fully under Stalin's control.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communist_International   (1537 words)

  
 The Rise and Fall of the Communist International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Chinese Communist Party was the sole workers' party in China and had a dominating influence over the working class; the peasantry were looking towards the example in Russia to show them the way out of their centuries-long suffering at the bands of the landlords, through the seizure of the land.
The task of the Communist Party and the Communist International should have been to prepare the workers for the inevitability of a betrayal on the part of the trade-union leadership.
Despite their expulsion from the Communist International, Trotsky and his followers still considered themselves as part of it and insistently demanded that they be allowed to return to the ranks.
www.tedgrant.org /works/4/3/comintern.html   (4455 words)

  
 Glossary of Organisations: Co   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1919 the Communist International (Comintern) was founded, and as a precondition for membership all national sections of the Comintern (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Spain, etc.) had to change their name to "Communist," thus moving forward towards distinguishing themselves from the crumbling Social Democracy (and the Second International) of the past.
A great many Communists, however, saw these moves as compromises to capitalism, and believed from their experiences in the Civil War that the dictatorship of the proletariat meant the dictatorship of the Communist Party above all others, both in times of peace and in war.
The Communist International degenerated after the Fourth Congress when in November 1922, Stalin came to power in the Soviet Union and the Comintern was disbanded in 1943 by Stalin, as a gesture of conciliation with the Allied powers.
www.marxists.org /glossary/orgs/c/o.htm   (3798 words)

  
 The Communist International
The congress, which declared itself the founding congress of the Communist International, sent forth a manifesto "To the proletarians of the whole world" in the hope of rallying workers everywhere to side with the cause of revolution and to break with the false promise of bourgeois democracy.
The 3rd international, in a radical departure from the precedents set by both the 1st and 2nd internationals, was no longer to be a series of national parties, but a single communist party with branches in different countries.
In France, it was the majority that became the Communist Party, whereas in Italy it was the minority, resulting in the secession of the mass Italian Socialist Party from the Comintern.
www.comms.dcu.ie /sheehanh/comintern1.htm   (3320 words)

  
 For A New Communist International
In the course of this fight the Communist International was forged in 1919, a Communist International that everywhere became the champion of the poor, the weak, the oppressed toilers.
In all of their attacks against the socialists, the Communists forgot that the mass of workers were still behind the socialists and that it was necessary, not by means of ultimatums and threats but by means of patient work, to convince the socialist workers that the Socialist Party had betrayed them.
So, because the Communists split the ranks of the workers, directed their fire against the socialists instead of against the fascists, and actually united at times with the fascists against the socialists, the fascists were able to take over power and destroy both socialists and Communists.
www.weisbord.org /International.htm   (8956 words)

  
 International. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Second, or Socialist, International, was founded in that year at a Paris congress, and it later set up permanent headquarters in Belgium, with Emile Vandervelde as its president.
After the victory of Communism in the Russian Revolution (1917), a Third, or Communist, International was created (1919).
After World War I, the Second International was revived (1919) by moderate socialists, and a Vienna, or Two-and-a-Half, International was formed (1921) from splinter leftist groups that spurned both the Second International and the Comintern.
www.bartleby.com /65/in/Intl.html   (546 words)

  
 International Revolutionary Organisation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The main figures of the international workers' movement of this period were Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht, G V Plekhanov, August Bebel, Clara Zetkin, Daniel De Leon, Franz Mehring and V I Lenin.
The main figures of the international workers' movement of this period were V I Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Grigory Zinoviev, Nikolai Bukharin, Karl Radek, Alexandre Kollontai, Anton Pannekoek, Eugene Debs, Antonio Gramsci, Georgi Dimitrov and Georgi Lukacs.
The Communist Parties remained, and continued to meet in Moscow and follow the Moscow line, but increasingly the separate parties adopted their own strategy, and the international cohesion of the Communist Parties, broken by the Sino-Soviet split in 1961, began to disintegrate after the mid-1960s, anticipating the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself in 1991.
www.marxists.org.uk /history/international   (675 words)

  
 International Communist League
The International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist) is a proletarian, revolutionary and internationalist tendency committed to the task of building Leninist parties as national sections of a democratic-centralist international.
We also look to James P. Cannon, a leader of the early American Communist Party who was won to Trotskyism and went on to become a principal founder of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP), working in close collaboration with Leon Trotsky.
The origins of the ICL are in the Spartacist League/U.S., which began as the Revolutionary Tendency in the SWP and was bureaucratically expelled in 1963.
www.icl-fi.org   (303 words)

  
 Communist Bloc Expansion in the Early Cold War: Challenging Realism, Refuting Revisionism
The consistently strong correlation between changes in Soviet international lines and the timing of the corresponding changes in the behavior of virtually all of the world's communist parties offers powerful circumstantial evidence that there was a significant degree of Soviet control over non-ruling parties in the period.
The Chinese communists closely followed Stalin's advice by responding to a Nationalist offer for peace negotiations with terms that they knew would be unacceptable.(57) These tactics were quite similar to those used by the Soviets in their "peace offensive" in Europe and elsewhere in 1949.
Estimated communist guerrilla strength in Malaya at the beginning of the armed insurgency in 1948 was 4,000.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/macdon.htm   (13334 words)

  
 Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series/ Vietnam / Glossary
Vietnamese communist term (used originally in China to mean purchasing agent) applied disparagingly to the middleman who extracts a profit without engaging in economic production, that is, a "comprador capitalist." The term is also applied to an entrepreneur in Cholon, Ho Chi Minh City's predominantly Chinese sister city.
Established by two international agreements concluded at Washington, D.C. in August 1971, and effective in February 1973, INTELSAT was formed to carry forward the development, construction, operation, and maintenance of the global commercial telecommunications satellite system.
The Vietnamese communists never used the term themselves, but referred to their movement as the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (also known as the National Liberation Front), formally inaugurated in December 1960.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/vietnam/vn_glos.html   (2226 words)

  
 Open Society Archives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Third or Communist International, founded by 52 representatives of 35 parties and organizations in March 1919, ruled over the international Communist movement through its 70 partner organizations for almost a quarter of a century.
Public access to the documents of the Communist International is imperative if we are to shape a happier 21st century.
The Open Society Archives is pleased to announce that as a result of this exemplary international project and the outstanding work of computer technologists the database, an indispensable tool for research into the history of the 20th century, is freely and publicly accessible in its Research Room.
www.osa.ceu.hu /2003/projects/20030901-1.Comintern.shtml   (850 words)

  
 The Techniques of Communism: Invading Education
The Communists have accordingly made the invasion of schools and colleges one of the major considerations in their psychological warfare designed to control the American mind.
This interlocking of the progressive education movement with the penetration by the Communists and their allies could be extended to a far degree and will be increasingly apparent as the reader examines the history of Communist fronts and the many uses to which educators have been put by the Communist conspiracy.
Both under the law and Communist practice, therefore, the man in the street is correct in regarding the person who refuses to answer as being guilty of criminal Communist affiliations or of espionage activities or both, as the case may be.
www.biblebelievers.org.au /educatio.htm   (10614 words)

  
 Communist Party of the United States
In all, the Communist parties of 53 countries were represented in the International Brigades with a total fighting strength of approximately 18,000, the first of whom arrived in Spain during the latter part of 1936.
Many Communists throughout the world who answered the Comintern's call to fight in Spain were repaid subsequently by Soviet assistance in their attempts to seize power in their respective countries.
When I saw that the Communist Party was taking the lead in the struggle for the rights of minorities and of labor, exposing the role of imperialism in conquest and war, I found that my constant concern with the racist issue became an integral part of the broader struggle for human rights everywhere.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAcommunist.htm   (7357 words)

  
 MOONBAT CENTRAL: Amnesty International Defends Communist Terrorists in Nepal
Just when we think that Amnesty International could not be further from being a neutral objective human right watchdog group, along come the Amnesty Moonbats to prove that they can.
The Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) recently dragged out wives and relatives of Nepalese Army personnel in middle of the night to the jungle and cut them to pieces, including one year child.
The Amnesty people demand that the West stop arming the Nepalese government lest it defend its civilians from communist terrorism.
discoverthenetwork.org /moonbatcentral/2005/06/amnesty-international-defends.html   (375 words)

  
 Ethnicity, The Indian Question, and the Communist International in South America
In the 1920s and 1930s, the Moscow-based Communist International (Comintern) advocated the establishment of an Indian Republic in the Andean Region of South America.
The Comintern resolved that Blacks in both South Africa and the United States comprised subject nations, and local communists were instructed to build alliances with these groups with the goal of organizing revolutionary national movements to fight for their self determination (Solomon 1998: 78-79).
Almost all of the recent work on international communism which is based on these new sources of information concerns the former Soviet Union, the United States, Europe, and Asia.
www.yachana.org /research/comintern.html   (1701 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: I Married a Communist (Vintage International)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He is a Communist, and a "sucker for suffering," locked into the cycle of violence from which he has emerged.
The story is not told from the point of view of Ira's (the communists) wife but from the view of Nathan Zuckerman, young man who idolized Ira.
Sometimes tragic (Macbeth is quoted many times in the narrative) and often funny, "I Married a Communist" as a portrait of the past bridged to the present.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0375707212?v=glance   (2245 words)

  
 Communist International Resolution
Communist International Resolution on the Terror in Saorsát Éireann
The following resolution was proposed by Comrade R. Connolly, on behalf of the delegation of the Communist Party of Ireland, at the Final Plenary Session of the Fourth World Congress of the Communist International, on December 6th, and adopted unanimously,...
The Fourth Congress of the Communist International vigorously protests against the executions by the Irish Free State of the five national revolutionaries on November 17th and 25th.
www.workersrepublic.org /Pages/Ireland/Communism/cominternresolution.html   (352 words)

  
 ANTI-COMMUNIST ACTION ANTICOM WEB   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Che Guevera is universally recognized as a true martyr to the communist cause, selfless noble, dedicated to freeing the oppressed masses from tyranny and oppression...
Communists have for too long used the net to spread thir lies and seduce and deceive impressionable youth.
Any information we provide on International Communists which we take off their websites will also be linked back to the sites we took it from.
www.niagara.com /~freedom/anticom/first.htm   (1233 words)

  
 Full Description of Comintern : Electronic Archives of the Communist International: Databases & E-Resources ...
The Archives highlight political developments in the Soviet Union and the emerging Cold War, as well as profiles of communist movement leaders and the evolution of communism over time.
An LC related collection is the microfilm copy of fond 515, Records of the Communist Party of the United States of America, 1914-1920 from the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI) and located in the Manuscript Reading Room.
List of LC holdings for the subject Communist International.
www.loc.gov /rr/ElectronicResources/full_description.php?MainID=1108   (281 words)

  
 Old style Communist parties - International EU - Indymedia Ireland
Whuile this would not be my preference we need to recognise that Capitalism is international and that the fight has to be fought not just on the national arena.
The list of parties who are involved in the group are the more progressive communist and ex communist parties from around Europe.
An even more interesting question would be the position of the Provos who recently joined the hard-left, mainly communist and ex-communist, group in the European Union much to the angst of the Sticks and CPI.
www.indymedia.ie /newswire.php?story_id=66855&topic=eu   (1263 words)

  
 History of the Communist International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Founding of the Communist International, Arthur Ransome 1919
The Third, Communist International, Lenin, 4 March 1919
To Third Congress of the Young Communist International
www.marxists.org /history/international/comintern   (305 words)

  
 Communist Manifesto Study Questions
Nominally communist countries like Vietnam and China are busily building market economies in defiance of everything Marx advocated, and Korea and Cuba are barely surviving, serving as models for no one.
In a socialist society it would be nonsense to say that people will always naturally tend to become owners of factories because such owners would be as impossible, and such desires would be as irrational as the desire to own the Moon.
Engels spent a good deal of energy studying so-called "primitive communist" societies to show that sharing could be as natural and widespread an attitude toward wealth as acquisition.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~brians/hum_303/manifesto.html   (3962 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: World Revolution 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International (Revolutionary Series)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This book was written by James in the 1930s when he was an adherent of the real communist movement, the Fourth International led by Leon Trotsky.
It charts the rise and fall of the Comintern, born as the revolutionary international of Lenin, Trotsky, Kamenev, Zinoviev, of James P. Cannon, and so many others and charts its murder by Stalin and his minions.
Unfortunately, so many, like the editor of this collection, try to blur the line between the Leninist James tried to be in the 1930s and the opportunist he became by the 1950s, even the Leninist James would not have wasted his time to spit upon.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1573925837?v=glance   (614 words)

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