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Topic: Communist Party of Poland

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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

  Encyclopedia: Communist Party of the Soviet Union
The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors.
This was both an attempt to "proletarianize" the party and an attempt by Stalin to strengthen his base by outnumbering the Old Bolsheviks and reducing their influence in the party.
Main article: History of the CPSU History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was to a significant degree determined by a person who was the head of the party in particular periods of time.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Communist-Party-of-the-Soviet-Union   (3357 words)

 Polish United Workers' Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP; in Polish, Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, PZPR), was a Polish communist party.
It was the governing political party in communist-ruled People's Republic of Poland from its creation (through a fusion of the communist Polish Workers' Party and the left wing of the Polish Socialist Party) in December 1948 until the regime's electoral defeat in 1989.
Communist Party of Poland (Komunistyczna Partia Polski) - the predecessor
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polish_United_Workers'_Party   (185 words)

 Document 42
The Polish defenziva kindled the factional struggle in the party, through its agents both in the Kosheva-Warski group and in the Lenski-Henrykowski group, and used both factions to disorganize the party and its work among the masses, and to separate the workers from the communist party.
To dissolve the Communist Party of Poland, due to its saturation with spies and provocateurs.
To recommend that, until the re-creation of the Polish Communist Party, all the honest communists shift the emphasis of their work to those mass organizations where there are workers and toilers, while fighting to establish the unity of the workers’ movement and to create in Poland a popular anti-fascist front.
www.yale.edu /annals/Chase/Documents/doc42chapt5.htm   (993 words)

 Poland Transition
Kwasniewski, which is Poland’s new president and calls himself a social democrat, may feel obliged to listen to more extremists in his party who want to cater to farmers, pensioners, and others who feel shoved aside by the new Poland (Miller 65).
In 1980 to 1981, the communist party once experienced almost near death but was saved by tanks and army which were controlled by them.
Poland with its membership application to the EU is a representation of what problem the rest of the countries in Eastern Europe would be facing in the near or even far future.
www.bu.edu /econ/faculty/kyn/newweb/economic_systems/Economics/Transit/Overview/trans_overview_poland.htm   (3212 words)

 Commanding Heights : Poland Overview | on PBS
Polish communists loyal to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin hold sway in the 1947 parliamentary elections, and Poland becomes a Russian satellite once again.
Poland's economic performance is the strongest in Central Europe.
Prime Minister Leszek Miller heads a center-left coalition of the former Communist Party and the Peasants Party.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/commandingheights/lo/countries/pl/pl_overview.html   (748 words)

 Glossary of Organisations: Co   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
In 1919 the Communist International (Comintern) was founded, and as a precondition for membership all national sections of the Comintern (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Spain, etc.) had to change their name to "Communist," thus moving forward towards distinguishing themselves from the crumbling Social Democracy (and the Second International) of the past.
A great many Communists, however, saw these moves as compromises to capitalism, and believed from their experiences in the Civil War that the dictatorship of the proletariat meant the dictatorship of the Communist Party above all others, both in times of peace and in war.
The understanding was that since the communists support the working class as a whole, there is no need for "so-called" democracy, no need for freedom of speech or the press, because the Communist party knows all and does all that is good for the working class.
www.marxists.org /glossary/orgs/c/o.htm   (3798 words)

 Turning the pages back... July 22, 1898 (07/19/98)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Interned in Czecho-Slovakia in 1920, he began to organize Communist circles in the camps and established the Committee to Aid the Revolutionary Movement in Eastern Galicia (based in Prague) and the Foreign Committee of the Communist Party of Eastern Galicia (based in Vienna).
In 1921 he was tarred within the Communist movement as a "secessionist" for advocating the independence of the Communist Party of Eastern Galicia from Poland's Communist Workers' Party (KPRP).
In 1923, the Communist Party of Eastern Galicia was renamed the Communist Party of Western Ukraine and Vasylkiv became secretary of its Central Committee and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Workers' Party of Poland, despite strong opposition from Moscow's man in the area, Volodymyr Zatonsky.
www.ukrweekly.com /Archive/1998/299820.shtml   (481 words)

 Communist Party Statistics Sources
Its authority was particularly evident in relations with the Communist parties in Eastern Europe and with the smaller parties of Western Europe and the western hemisphere.
The party's secretary-general from 1930 until 1964, Maurice Thorez, was briefly (1946-47) vice-premier of France; the party was led by Georges Marchais (1920-97) from 1972 to 1993.
The party's membership was decimated in the 1950s by the investigations of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy and by revelations about the despotic rule of Joseph Stalin in the USSR; by the 1980s, membership in the CPUSA had fallen to a few thousand.
www.adherents.com /largecom/communist_parties.html   (3823 words)

 The Economic History and Economy of Poland
The Communist Party of Poland is dissolved and reorganized as the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland Party (SDRP).
Waldemar Pawlak of the Social Democracy Party (SDRP), the reformed Communist Party, is chosen as the new Prime Minister.
Poland is the meeeting grounds for the Russian east and the German west, but is also the meeting grounds for the Scandinavian north with the countries of Central Europe such as the Czech Republic and Hungary.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/poland2.htm   (695 words)

 Commonweal: Is Poland going Communist? Walesa's time was past - Lech Walesa
Not surprisingly, Poland's Communist governments used political freedom as a carrot or stick to reward the congenial or punish troublemakers.
It was commonplace in the 1970s for students destined to become Poland's future Communist party leaders to also be self-conscious reformers.
To Poland's credit, her people appear to be able to survive the buffeting, even if they are only a few years into an uneasy immersion in democracy.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1252/is_n22_v122/ai_17932524   (1179 words)

 List of Communist Parties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the formation of the communist Third International by the Russian Bolsheviks.
Moldova - Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova
Denmark - Communist Party of Denmark, Communist Party in Denmark
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/L/List-of-Communist-Parties.htm   (1078 words)

 1981: an overview: Poland (12/27/81)
The story of Poland in 1981 is the story of the Polish nation's efforts, spearheaded by the 10-million strong Solidarity free trade union, to vent the stale air of Communist confinement and chart its destiny in an atmosphere of burgeoning freedom.
By October, the pressure brought to bear by the saber-rattling Kremlin proved too much, and Communist party boss Kania, the moderate and reluctant reformer, was ousted in favor of Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, a move roundly applauded in Moscow.
Lech Walesa, the leader of Solidarity and the symbol of Poland's renaissance, is being held incommunicado.
www.ukrweekly.com /Archive/1981/528124.shtml   (718 words)

 [No title]
He wanted Poland to be part of the Soviet Union and he campaigned against the concept of Poland's right of self-determination as a negative concession to the bourgeoise.
The Polish communists were frequently called atheists by the hierarchy, but as Michel notes concerning Dembinski, "It is clear from many of his writings that despite his vehement attacks on the clergy and on the scandalous church connections of the Endek paramilitary cutthroats, Dembinski never stopped being a believing Christian." (Michel, Politics and Religion, p.
With the communist dictatorship there was free education at all levels, universal literacy, free health care, cheap transportation, food and housing, a more equitable distribution of goods and an improved standard of living for those on the bottom.
www.angelfire.com /md/TobyTerrar/Poland.html   (2555 words)

 Commentary Magazine - Poland Without Jews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
...An underground organizer for the outlawed Communist party in Poland during the 1930's, she finally crossed into her Promised Land, only to be picked up by the NKVD and shipped to a penal colony in Siberia...
...Poland was the first country to offer military resistance to the Nazis and the only country which never collaborated with them in any way...
...THE calmest places for a Jew in Poland are the walled Jewish graveyards of Warsaw and Cracow, where thousands of men, women, and children still lie as they were softly laid to rest, in dignity beneath their individual tombstones...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V66I2P66-1.htm   (3111 words)

 Kevin MacDonald's review: The Jewish Communists of Poland
Schatz's (1991) work on the group of Jewish communists who came to power in Poland after World War II (termed by Schatz "the generation") is important because it sheds light on the identificatory processes of an entire generation of communist Jews in Eastern Europe.
These Jewish communists were also engaged in elaborate rationalizations and self-deceptions related to the role of the cornmunist movement in Poland, so that one cannot take the lack of evidence for overt Jewish ethnic identity as strong evidence of a lack of a Jewish identity.
The Jewish-dominated communist government actively sought to revive and perpetuate Jewish life in Poland (Schatz 1991, 208) so that, as in the case of the Soviet Union, there was no expectation that Judaism would wither away under a communist regime.
users.cyberone.com.au /myers/poland.html   (4380 words)

 Policy Continuity in Poland
Lamentowicz notes that the legacy of Poland's past, particularly its socialist past, is one of an inexperienced polity--both the electorate and the anti-Communist elites.
Poland has to limit its social welfare in favor of lowering budget deficits, must adopt certain anti-inflationary policies, and has to meet other reform criteria.
Poland is beginning to experience economic improvement to the point that populist economic policies will have more appeal.
www.sfsmith.com /stability.html   (2172 words)

 Communist Party of the Soviet Union --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union arose from the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party (RSDWP).
Writers' Union of the U.S.S.R. organization formed in 1932 by a decree of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union that abolished existing literary organizations and absorbed all professional Soviet writers into one large union.
The union supported Communist Party policies and was the defender and interpreter of the single Soviet literary method, Socialist Realism.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9024991   (799 words)

 Cold War At A Glance
Poland is liberated by the Allies shortly after D-day in June 1944.
The Socialist and Communist parties come together to form the Polish United Workers Party.
In this party, the pro-Stalin Communists are a dominant force.
www.geocities.com /cold_war_at_a_glance/Poland.htm   (382 words)

 USATODAY.com - Pope's election shocked communist Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The television newscaster wasn't the only one in Poland's Communist Party establishment who appeared taken aback by news that Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, had been elected by the College of Cardinals as the new pope to succeed John Paul I, who died after only 33 days in office.
Even some party members were known to have had their children baptized, and clerics of the stature of Wyszynski, who was held under house arrest in the early days of Communist Party rule, and Wojtyla were treated by the party leadership with considerable deference.
However, Poland was a leading member of the Soviet military alliance and the Kremlin's biggest ally in Europe.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2005-04-02-pope-election_x.htm   (745 words)

 Commentary Magazine - The Ghost of Social-Fascism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
...Thus the theory of social-fascism had inspired the Communists to separate themselves from the traditionally united May Day demonstration, which then resulted in sanguinary street battles that were used to confirm the validity of the the- ory of social-fascism...
...The Russian leader of the world Communist trade-union movement, Solomon A. Lozovsky, took to task the idea, which he said was very widespread in Communist circles, that the broad masses of Social-Democracy were less reactionary than their leaders...
Nin left the Spanish Communist party in 1931 or 1932 and later became a leader of the revolutionary but anti-Communist POUM in Catalonia...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V47I2P31-1.htm   (10847 words)

 FORWARD : Arts & Letters   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The leader of the Communist party in Poland, Wladislaw Gomulka, blamed the Jewish "Zionists" for fomenting the student unrest and announced that the Jews "were free to leave." Leon Ejdelman (pronounced Adleman), then a Jewish student in Szczecin who now resides in Yonkers, N.Y., knew what this meant.
In a matter of months, thousands of Jews throughout Poland were fired from their jobs and their membership in the Communist Party was revoked.
Szczecin, a port city located on Poland's western border with Germany, was actually part of Germany until the end of World War II, when the allied countries decided at the Potsdam Conference to turn it over to Poland.
www.forward.com /issues/2003/03.08.01/arts6.html   (1005 words)

 (Surveys   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Generation: The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Communists in Poland.
Prelude to Solidarity: Poland and the Politics of the Gierek Regime.
Redeeming the Communist Past: The Regeneration of Communist Parties in East Central Europe.
www.colorado.edu /history/kenney/Paczkowski.html   (1458 words)

 Private Enterprise in Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Kristina is a member of the fairly large, struggling class of private entrepreneurs who have survived decades of Communist rule in Poland, the land of eternal contradictions.
According to Neal Ascherson in his excellent book, The Polish August (Viking, 1982), the Polish Communists were unwilling to commit the violence that would have been necessary to force the peasants off their land and into communes.
The thousands of large work horses you still see in Poland are the only farm "machinery" most private producers have, and farmers must recruit extended family members to help with the harvests.
www.self-gov.org /freeman/8905sall.html   (1862 words)

 The Communist Party of Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Undoubtedly, the Polish Communist Party is in an abnormal state.
By its struggle against the Party, the opposition, which is essentially opportunist, tended to shake, to weaken the Party, and hence, to weaken the Soviet power itself; for our Party is the ruling party and the chief guiding factor in the state.
It is a matter of reorganising the parties' everyday work, their practical activities, along such a line that every step and every action they take should naturally lead to the revolutionary education of the masses, to preparation for revolution.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/stalin/works/1924/07_03.htm   (2097 words)

 USAFE News Story   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The communist party in Poland had heard enough of Father Stanislaw Pieczara’s Masses Dec. 14, 1981.
And fortunately, when the communist party came to haul him away Dec. 14, Father Stan was so sick he almost died.
In his first years as a priest, party members would follow him from place to place.
www.usafe.af.mil /news/news03/uns03699.htm   (1233 words)

 [No title]
In fact, it is possible that Poland's communist party contained a higher percentage of Jews than the Soviet communist machine because of Poland's large Jewish population [pre-WWII Poland had the largest Jewish population in Europe: over 3 million].
The earliest Polish communist movement was founded in 1893 by two Jews, Rosa Luxemburg and Leo Jogiches, forming the Social Democratic Party of Poland.
Wladyslaw Gomulka -- a gentile but married to a Jew; vice-president of Poland's government until 1948; he returned in 1956 as first secretary of the Polish communist party.
wsi.matriots.com /PolishComm.html   (623 words)

 Chaplain recalls journey from communism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
LAJES FIELD, Azores — Seven years after receiving his collar, the Communist Party came to haul him away.
The Communist Party in Poland had heard enough about Father Stanislaw Pieczara’s masses on Dec. 14, 1981.
He was so sick that the communists left him, thinking he would die.
www.af.mil /news/airman/0204/world8.shtml   (555 words)

 Subject Files Relating to the World Communist Movement: Container List
Communist Party: Czechoslovakia, August 1966 - December 1966
Communist Party: Czechoslovakia, October 1969 - December 1969
Communist Party: Czechoslovakia, September 1970 - December 1970
www.osa.ceu.hu /db/fa/300-120-23-1.htm   (448 words)

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