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Topic: Communist government

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Communist state - Wikinfo
In the technical terminology of political science, a communist state is a state where the form of government is based on a single political party, and that party claims to adhere to an ideology based on Marxism-Leninism.
The twenty-first century communist states are the People's Republic of China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos and Vietnam, though all have evolved politically and economically from their original form (and arguably away from the definition of a communist state).
Within most communist states there are no restrictions in theory and few restrictions in practice on the power of the state, resulting in state structures which are either totalitarian or authoritarian.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Communist_state   (3436 words)

  Communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
With the collapse of the Communist governments in Eastern Europe from the late 1980s and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Communism's influence has decreased dramatically in Europe, but around a quarter of the world's population still lives under Communist Party rule.
Following Lenin's democratic centralism, the Communist parties were organized on a hierarchical basis, with active cells of members as the broad base; they were made up only of elite cadres approved by higher members of the party as being reliable and completely subject to party discipline.
Despite the actvity of the Comintern, the Soviet Communist Party adopted the Stalinist theory of "socialism in one country" and claimed that, due to the "aggravation of class struggle under socialism," it was possible, even necessary, to build socialism in one country alone.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communism   (3073 words)

 MURDER BY COMMUNISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
With this understanding of democide, Table 1 lists all communist governments that have committed any form of democide and gives their estimated total domestic and foreign democide and its annual rate (the percent of a government's domestic population murdered per year).
Their apparent precision is only due to the total for most communist governments being the summation of dozens of subtotals (as of forced labor deaths each year) and calculations (as in extrapolating scholarly estimates of executions or massacres).
Communist governments have almost without exception wielded the most absolute power and their greatest killing (such as during Stalin's reign or the height of Mao's power) has taken place when they have been in their own history most totalitarian.
www.hawaii.edu /powerkills/COM.ART.HTM   (2333 words)

 Hungarian Soviet Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The immediate cause of the formation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic was the failure of Count Mihály Károlyi's government of the re-born state of Hungary to reorganize the country's social and economic life on the shambles left over after the lost war and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The new government decreed the abolition of aristocratic titles and privileges, the separation of church and state, and guaranteed the freedom of speech and assembly, free education, language and cultural rights to minorities.
The Communist government nationalized industrial and commercial enterprises, and socialized housing, transport, banking, medicine, cultural institutions, and all landholdings of more than 40 hectares.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Hungarian_Soviet_Republic   (1125 words)

Communist dogma formed a foundation for the education system and emphasis was placed on the Russian language.
The communists were swept from office establishing a coalition noncommunist government determined to eliminate the communist system and replace it with a Western-style democracy and a free-market economy.
Fearing loss of control, it is evident that the communist government and its policies stood in direct opposition to the free flow of information; thus, it blocked development of the internet by failing to establish an adequate telecommunications infrastructure.
www.uiowa.edu /intlinet/projects/kaletkar/government.htm   (1374 words)

 Intute: Social Sciences - browse Communist Government
The Communist International (Comintern) also known as the Third International was an international Communist Organisation founded in 1919 by Lenin and the Russian Communist Party.
The Communist International (Comintern) also known as the Third International was an international Communist Orgnisation founded in 1919 by Lenin and the Russian Communist Party.
It presents evidence that Chinese government is using new laws and new interpretations of old laws to crack down on the Falungong.
www.intute.ac.uk /socialsciences/cgi-bin/browse.pl?id=120236   (2339 words)

 Glossary of Organisations: Co   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In 1919 the Communist International (Comintern) was founded, and as a precondition for membership all national sections of the Comintern (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Spain, etc.) had to change their name to "Communist," thus moving forward towards distinguishing themselves from the crumbling Social Democracy (and the Second International) of the past.
The main, but short-lived, principal of this communist practice was the creation of a socialism based on Soviets, locally elected councils that for a short period ruled the Soviet government.
The Communist International degenerated after the Fourth Congress when in November 1922, Stalin came to power in the Soviet Union and the Comintern was disbanded in 1943 by Stalin, as a gesture of conciliation with the Allied powers.
www.marxists.org /glossary/orgs/c/o.htm   (3798 words)

 [No title]
Communists argued that King's policies had the effect of encouraging the rise of fascism in Europe: by failing to act against the Italian fascist invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, by refusing to support the Spanish Republican government from 1936-39 against General Franco's fascist uprising, and by supporting the British policy of appeasing Hitler's territorial ambitions.
Although the government reluctantly restored the communists to partial legality in 1943, the RCMP and the military were determined to keep communists in the armed forces under surveillance.120 This was an enormous job.
That the repression of communists was ideologically motivated is underscored by the fact that Canada was the only allied partner to impose such a proscription throughout the war.160 Despite the party's convoluted logic and twists in policy during 1939-41, Canadian communists never denied the need for a genuine anti-fascist war.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/7078/frazer.txt   (7341 words)

The government hopes to coward potential dissidents into fear and paralyze their political activism by claiming that “big brother” is watching.
It is not easy for the Lao communist government to make a transition from a jungle warfare of the 1970s to an information warfare of 2000s.
The prospect of the Vientiane government to search for political dissidents through the Internet----by merely knowing their E-mail addresses--- is a far fetch hunt for the enemy of the state.
freelao.tripod.com /id32.htm   (2783 words)

 Communist Psychological Warfare
Communist psychological warfare is now winning such extensive victories in the United States that the Red bloc will not need to employ direct military force against us in order to win the total war which they are waging, with this country the principal target.
When the Communist hierarchy in Moscow discovered that it was unable to persuade people willingly to follow communism, when they found that they could not create what they wanted, the “new Soviet man” in which human nature would be changed, they turned to Pavlov and his experiments.
The Communist interrogators, as the brainwashers called themselves, sought to remove a man’s trust in his own side, and to convince him that he was being let down and even betrayed by his own country and relatives, especially by his wife or girl friend.
www.crossroad.to /Quotes/globalism/Congress.htm   (13704 words)

 Tony Cliff: Portugal at the crossroads (The workers' parties)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Provisional Government is formed of a broad coalition of social and political forces, whose programme – the Movement of the Armed Forces programme – does not envisage profound reforms of the socio-economic structure.
The Communist Party did not only order its own militants to argue against strike action: it went further and spread various slanders, arguing that strikes of bakers and transport workers in Lisbon were fomented by “fascists”;.
In the provisional government the Communist Party initially shared power with the Socialist Party and the PPD (Popular Democratic Party), the parliamentary expression of Portuguese capitalism, and eventually with the Movement of the Armed Forces.
www.marxists.org /archive/cliff/works/1975/portugal/4-parties.htm   (7193 words)

 The Ten Planks of the Communist Manifesto Translated
The Communist program from the start has been one which sees their revolution of 1917 succesful only upon total domination of the world.
Posted below is a comparison of the original ten planks of the Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx in 1848, along with the American adopted counterpart of each of the planks, The American people have truly been "buried in Communism" by their own politicians of both the Republican and Democratic parties.
We call in government seizures, tax liens, Public "law" 99-570 (1986); Executive order 11490, sections 1205, 2002 which gives private land to the Department of Urban Development; the imprisonment of "terrorists" and those who speak out or write against the "government" (1997 Crime/Terrorist Bill); or the IRS confiscation of property without due process.
www.geocities.com /Heartland/7006/com-man.html   (989 words)

 Lesson 5 - Comparing the Governments of China and the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Student attention may be initially directed to several examples of countries with governments that meet the definition and that are listed in those resources, such as Cuba and North Korea as communist, Jordan as a monarchy, and Japan as a constitutional democracy.
Since the students will have a greater knowledge of the U.S. government and the ways government affects the activities of people in the country, they may rely on prior knowledge as long as it is accurate.
If there is someone in the community who once lived in a communist ruled country, they could be interviewed regarding how their life was affected by the government.
www.michigan.gov /scope/0,1607,7-155-13497_13503_13507-55325--,00.html   (1189 words)

 Romanian Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
However, Communist leaders held important positions at all levels of government and in major nongovernmental organizations.
However, the Communists interpreted the Constitution to mean that they could limit these rights in order to maintain power.
In December 1989, Romanians revolted and overthrew the Communist government.
www.public.asu.edu /~orlich/gov.html   (339 words)

 Modern China: Communist China
When the Central People's Government Council, which met twice a month, was not in session, its powers were assumed by a twenty member body called the State Administrative Council headed by a premiere (Chou En-lai); when this body was not in session, the state powers fell to the chairman of the state (Mao).
In addition, the government completely reformed education to emphasize science and engineering over liberal arts; in addition, the university curriculum was reformed to emphasize specialization over broad knowledge.
The world now had two separate communist superpowers pursuing radically different courses; the immediate effect, however, of the split was to isolate China internationally, for it now had no friends in the world.
www.wsu.edu:8001 /~dee/MODCHINA/COMM2.HTM   (2458 words)

 Human Rights Violations and War in Laos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In January 1996, the communist Lao government arrested and imprisoned thirteen Hmong returnees in Vientiane, Laos.
The communist Lao government has a free hand to kill Hmong people and returnees and Lao people in Laos because the Department of State and the United Nations have not accounted for and addressed the human rights violations in Laos at all.
The government generally does not cooperate with international human rights organizations." There is, therefore, evidence that the communist Lao government does not cooperate with international human rights organizations, the U.S. government and foreign governments and embassies concerning the issue of human rights violations in Laos.
www.laohumrights.org /laopos01.html   (1376 words)

 Moldova's Communist Government Looks Westward   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
After a decade of ineffective reformist governments, the Party of Communists of Moldova (PCRM) was elected to power by a large margin, in February 2001, on a platform of pro-Russian policies.
In 1990, as the Soviet Union began to disintegrate, the Transdniester region - a narrow strip of territory between the Dniester river and the Ukrainian border with a population comprised of mainly ethnic Russians and Ukrainians - declared its independence from Moldova's predecessor state, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.
It was this dismal outlook that facilitated the emergence of the Communist Party as a major force in Moldovan politics after a decade of independence.
politicom.moldova.org /comentarii/eng/64   (1682 words)

 CNN.com - Economics strain South African government, union, communist alliance - September 20, 2000
The government is putting people into the streets, outsourcing some jobs, privatizing some," said Ernst Mmako, a union member who watched 100 activists holding demonstrations at this week's national meeting of the Congress of South African Trade Unions, which represents 1.8 million workers.
With the ANC and the communists banned during apartheid and many of their leaders forced into exile, fl trade unions became foot soldiers for the struggle.
That was, of course, until the ANC came to power in the country's first all-race elections in 1994 and had to begin running an economy that had neglected its impoverished fl majority and had simply too little wealth to redistribute, said Tony Twine, senior economist at the Econometrix consulting group.
archives.cnn.com /2000/WORLD/africa/09/20/safrica.alliance.ap   (798 words)

The Hanoi government will develop a database on law, trade, land, finance, imports and exports, population and civil servants' profiles, and accelerate the development of e-commerce.
Under the Communist regime, reports by almost all agencies, installations, units, branches at all levels in the government are not reliable.
The VCP governments at all levels have to provide large budgets to support the operation of the secret political security and to maintain the party activities.
www.vietquoc.com /news2001/na082501.htm   (905 words)

 Hanoi Government's Plan To Exterminate Hoa Hao Buddhism
Those are the two conclusions in the report of the Central Religion Commission (of the Vietnamese Communist Government), dated February 18, 1979 and the April 16, 1979 Directive of the Central Committee of the Vietnamese Communist Party.
The Vietnamese Communist Government was forced to switch to another plan to erase the HHBC - "Using Hoa Hao Buddhists to Destroy Their Owns".
In September 1996, again the Vietnamese Communist Government granted permission for the reprint of the book "The Childhood River", which had been forbidden to be converted into a film.
www.fva.org /0200/story06.htm   (2600 words)

 The Events That Produced a Communist Government in China
In 1920, the Communist movement in Asia was organized after Lenin sent his secretary, Marin, to establish secretly a Chinese Communist Party as a branch of the Communist International.
In 1922 the Soviet government sent Adolf Joffe to China for the purpose of establishing official diplomatic relations with the internationally recognized Chinese government in Peking, while at the same time arranging for Soviet support of the revolutionary movement of the Kuomintang, which aimed at overthrowing the Peking government.
It is a mistake to assume that his struggle with the communists was over either the restoration of the "traditional society" or its final destruction.
www.3rd1000.com /history3/events/china.htm   (8169 words)

 The Hindu : Early days of Communist Government
Even after early results showed that the Congress was on a losing wicket, he only spoke of an alternative government in which the Communists would have the upper hand.
As it happened, when all the results were in, the CPI could form a government on its own with the help of the five independents who had won with its support.
The land reform measures that the government initiated fructified much later under another administration and that, too, in an altered form.
www.hinduonnet.com /thehindu/br/2002/02/12/stories/2002021200170503.htm   (318 words)

 Comparative Government (Post-Communist Regimes) 1997 Fall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The rise (and decay) of behaviourism and new institutionalism in the study of government.
Government Capabilities in the United States and Abroad, ed.
Michta, Andrew A. The Government and Politics of Postcommunist Europe.
www.ceu.hu /crc/Syllabi/97-98/Polsci/tokafall.html   (2097 words)

 TERRORISTS CONNECTED TO CUBAN COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It was same Vincent T. Lee who denied that Lee Harvey Oswald, president Kennedy's assassin, was a member of the "Committee", even after Oswald testified that he was the secretary of the New Orleans chapter and the he had distributed Committee pamphlets in favor of Castro.
This week in the National Assembly, the Liberals suggested the Landry government "reconsider" its recent appointment of Michelle Duclos to that post in light of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks against symbols of American financial and military power.
On the contrary, in 1973, she renounced violence, as McGee did, and described her involvement in the bombing conspiracy as "foolish" and "stupid." From 1976 until 1993, she held several posts in the Quebec government, representing the province in Toronto and Mexico City.
www.amigospais-guaracabuya.org /oagev004.php   (2052 words)

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