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Topic: Compact of Free Association


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In the News (Fri 18 Apr 14)

  
  Compact of Free Association
Negotiations for a Compact with the United States began in 1969 with the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) that were comprised of the districts of Kusaie (Kosrae), Ponape (Pohnpei), Truk (Chuuk), and Yap, as well as the districts of the Marshall Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau.
The Compact of Free Association between the Federated States of Micronesia and the United States was initialed by negotiators in 1980 and signed in 1982.
The Compact was approved by the citizens of the FSM in a plebiscite held in 1983.
www.fsmlaw.org /compact   (315 words)

  
 PUERTO RICO HERALD: Freely Associated States Or Dependent Republics?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Since the Compact of Free Association was implemented in 1986 with the FSM and the RMI, some 10% to 15% of their populations have migrated to the unincorporated U.S. Territory of Guam, the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Hawaii, and the U.S. mainland.
A major element of the new compact provisions is the termination of mandatory annual payments to the FSM and the RMI at the end of fiscal year 2023 and the establishment of a trust fund to provide an ongoing source of revenue starting in fiscal year 2024.
The measures to be implemented under Compact II include the targeting of the assistance grants to priority areas such as health and education, the expansion of the annual reporting and consultation requirements, and the unilateral withholding of funds for noncompliance with grant terms and conditions.
www.puertorico-herald.org /issues/2004/vol8n37/CBFreeAssoc.shtml   (3443 words)

  
 Compact of Free Association: Critical to America's Defense
Because of this national security benefit, the U.S. Congress should renew the Compact of Free Association (CFA) between the United States, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia, together known as the Freely Associated States (FAS).
Technically, the Compact was due to expire in 2001, but it was extended for two years ending on September 30, 2003 while negotiations progressed.
If the Compact is signed the Marshall Islands have offered to extend the United States’ stay until 2066, with the option for the U.S. to add an additional 20 years and remain until 2086.
www.heritage.org /Research/AsiaandthePacific/wm334.cfm   (533 words)

  
 Associated state - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An associated state is a used to describe a free relationship between a territory and a larger nation.
The Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, and the Marshall Islands are associated with the United States under what is known as the Compact of Free Association.
The Cook Islands and Niue are said to be "in free association" with New Zealand.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Associated_State   (248 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In the economic arena, the goal of the Compact is "to assist the Governments of the Marshall Islands and the FSM in their efforts to advance the economic self-sufficiency of their peoples." The results of the Compact in this area are mixed.
Compact payments are further guaranteed by a pledge of the "full faith and credit" of the United States, enforceable in United States Court of Claims.
The Compact of Free Association was intended to be, and is, a special relationship with countries that have unique historical ties to the United States.
www.doi.gov /ocl/2000/compact.htm   (2632 words)

  
 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Republic of the Marshall Islands was established in 1979 and signed a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. (effective October 21, 1986).
The Federated States of Micronesia was established in 1979 and signed a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. (effective November 3, 1986).
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands was set up in 1978 as a commonwealth in political union with the U.S. The Republic of Palau was established in 1981 and concluded a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. (effective October 1, 1994).
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Trust_Territory_of_the_Pacific_Islands   (281 words)

  
 Annual Report- Office of the Pohnpei State Auditor
A provision was made for further two years of funding through FY-2003, for the renegotiation of the expiring economic sections of the Compact of Free Association at the average level of funding during the first 15 years.
The Amended Compact established a newly negotiated standard for the financial management of Compact funds that the FSM and USA are pledged to follow.
The Association of the Pacific Islands Public Auditors 15th annual conference and workshop was hosted by Office of the Auditor-General, Republic of the Marshall Islands from July 26-30, 2004.
www.opsa.fm /annrpt.htm   (6531 words)

  
 [No title]
Extension of Compact of Free Association to Palau.
Subject to the provisions of this joint resolution, the President is authorized to agree, in accordance with section 411 of the Compact, to an effective date for and thereafter to implement such Compact, having taken into account any procedures with respect to the United Nations for termination of the Trusteeship Agreement.
For Oct. 21, 1986, as the effective date of the Compact of Free Association with the Marshall Islands, and Nov. 3, 1986, as the effective date of the Compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia, referred to in subsecs.
uscode.house.gov /download/pls/48C18.txt   (7144 words)

  
 Compact of Free Association Negotiations: Fulfilling the Promise   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The concept of free association defined in the "Hilo Principles" agreed by the U.S. and Micronesia in 1978, was in essence a bargain through which a degree of external sovereignty was freely exchanged in return for a defense commitment and the promise of significant economic assistance.
Although negotiations on the expiring provisions of the Compact were not concluded by the end of 2001, the Compact provides a formula for continued economic assistance beyond October and November of 2001 for both countries for up to two additional years, if required to conclude negotiations.
One way to address the issue of Compact impact on Hawaii, Guam, and the CNMI is to increase the compensation to those jurisdictions for the negative impacts of migration, as authorized by section 104 of the Compact Act.
www.fsmgov.org /comp_per.html   (4498 words)

  
 NARA - Federal Register - Proclamations
On October 15, 1986, the Government of the United States and the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands agreed, pursuant to Section 411 of the Compact of Free Association, that as between the United States and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the effective date of the Compact shall be October 21, 1986.
On October 24, 1986, the Government of the United States and the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia agreed, pursuant to Section 411 of the Compact of Free Association, that as between the United States and the Federated States of Micronesia, the effective date of the Compact shall be November 3, 1986.
(a) The Compact of Free Association with the Republic of the Marshall Islands is in full force and effect as of October 21, 1986, and the Compact of Free Association with the Federated States of Micronesia is in full force and effect as of November 3, 1986.
www.archives.gov /federal-register/codification/proclamations/05564.html?template=print   (1092 words)

  
 U.S. Proposes Amended Compact of Free Association Funding for the Republic of the Marshall Islands
The U.S.-RMI relationship of free association continues in accordance with the Compact, and independent of the expiring provisions of Title II.
However, the Compact provides for follow-on assistance for up to 2 years at the average level of the preceding 15 years through FY 2003 (ending on September 30, 2003), while negotiations on an amended Compact are ongoing.
The Compact, which establishes the relationship of free association between the United States and the RMI, does not expire.
www.state.gov /p/eap/rls/9705.htm   (1940 words)

  
 H.J. Res. 63, Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The compacts with RMI and FSM, together with the subsidiary agreements, govern the political, economic, and military relationship between the United States and these two freely associated states.
Although the compact does not expire, certain provisions that authorized federal funding for RMI and FSM expired in 2001.
The compact provides that expired provisions be extended until 2003 if negotiations to renew the compact had not concluded by 2001.
www.cbo.gov /showdoc.cfm?index=4531&sequence=0   (1259 words)

  
 USIS Washington File: TEXT: BOYCE MAY 11 TESTIMONY ON COMPACT OF FREE ASSOCIATION
However, Boyce noted, the Compact of Free Association provides that, under certain circumstances, the RMI may submit a request for additional compensation to the Congress for its consideration, recognizing that this provision "does not commit the Congress of the United States to authorize and appropriate funds."
The Freely Associated States (the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau) were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
In Section 177 of the Compact of Free Association (P.L. 99-239 enacted October 1986), the U.S. accepted responsibility for compensation owing to citizens of the RMI for loss or damage to property or person of RMI citizens resulting from the USG nuclear testing program between 1946 and 1958.
usembassy-australia.state.gov /hyper/WF990512/epf309.htm   (3444 words)

  
 FSM Foreign Affairs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Compact is an innovative adaptation of the status known in international law as, "free association." In previous instances, a sovereign metropolitan power had devolved limited sovereignty upon a non-sovereign entity (typically a colony) existing within its body, reserving to itself whatever governmental functions or attributes, such as citizenship, might be appropriate in the circumstances.
The Compact of Free Association was seen by both FSM and the US as a vehicle to secure a responsible level of assistance, financial and otherwise, that would enable the continuation of FSM's progress economically, ensure the solidification of stable democratic government and provide for the maintenance of US' essential security interests in the Region.
The United States is responsible for the defense of the FSM under the Compact of Free Association.
www.fsmgov.org /info/fa.html   (1074 words)

  
 Internal Revenue Bulletin - October 20, 2003 - Rev. Rul. 2003-109
Section 405 of Title IV of the Compact provides that, for purposes of section 274(h)(3)(A) of the Code, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia are included in the North American area.
The Compact of Free Association between the United States and the Republic of Palau, Pub.
Section 255(d) of Title II of the Compact with Palau provides that, for purposes of section 274(h)(3)(A) of the Code, Palau is included in the North American area.
www.irs.gov /irb/2003-42_IRB/ar06.html   (710 words)

  
 : RM 00203.420 - Evidence of Alien Status for an SSN Card for a Compact of Free Association Citizen Admitted as a ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Individuals who are citizens of Compact of Free Association countries (currently the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau) may enter, reside, and work in the U.S. without regard to immigration laws.
Alien in the U.S. For SSN card purposes treat a citizen of a Compact of Free Association country in the U.S. as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
A TTPI passport or a TTPI Certificate of Citizenship along with an allegation that the individual is a citizen of a Compact of Free Association country, is acceptable evidence.
policy.ssa.gov /poms.nsf/lnx/0100203420   (396 words)

  
 Opentracker philanthropy program- free tracking for non-profits & charities
Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA) promotes the educational, scientific and technological development of all aspects of marine sciences throughout the Western Indian Ocean region with a view toward sustaining the use and conservation of its marine resources.
Their objective is to bring the knowledge, experience and learning of the region together in the service of reducing the demand for drugs and associated risks, especially HIV/AIDS.
The Spondylitis Association of America has a very concise and admirable Mission Statement: To be a leader in the quest to cure ankylosing spondylitis and related diseases, and to empower those affected to live life to the fullest.
www.opentracker.net /en/company/nonprofit_charities.jsp   (2097 words)

  
 Compact of Free Association of the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the United States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Compact of Free Association of the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the United States
Testimony Statement of Albert V. Short Negotiator for the Compact of Free Association at the Senater Full Committee Hearing on July 15, 2003.
Under the Compact on Free Association, the Republic of the Marshall Islands agreed to grant the United States exclusive military access to the Marshall Islands, in return for a guarantee of defense against third parties, assured cash payments and other benefits.
www.un.int /marshall-islands/cfa.html   (375 words)

  
 UN Chronicle: Trusteeship Mission reports on Palau voting - plebiscite on the Compact of Free Association with the ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The "so-called covenants and compacts" regarding various parts of the single Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands had been elaborated "behind the back" of the United Nations, in circumvention of the Security Council, and had been imposed in violation of the 1947 Trusteeship Agreement.
Compacts with the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia, as well as the Covenant with the Northern Mariana Islands, all entered into force late in 1986.
In each, a majority supported the Compact, but fewer than the 75 per cent required by the Palauan Constitution because of provisions relating to nuclear activity in the area.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1309/is_n2_v27/ai_9159543   (670 words)

  
 UN Chronicle: Palau Compact implementation urged - Compact of Free Association
The United States Government, the resolution said, had "satisfactorily discharged its obligations" as the Administering Authority, and thus it was appropriate to terminate its Trusteeship Agreement on a date greed upon by the two.
William Wallace of the United States, said that the Compact would be implemented as soon as domestic legal requirements were met.
In December 1990, the Security Council terminated the Agreement for three of the four entities comprising the Trust Territory: the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands, which had both approved Compacts of Free Association with the United States; and the Northern Mariana Islands, which had opted for Commonwealth status.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1309/is_n3_v31/ai_16435118   (538 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A so-called Compact of Free Association negotiated between l977 and l981 and implemented as to Micronesia and the Marshall Islands in l986 terminated their status as wards of the international community and defined a new status of free association with the United States.
Since free association agreements normally bundle defense and foreign affairs as the responsibility of the larger partner, the Compact's award of "the capacity to conduct foreign affairs.
The Compact of Free Association between the United States and the three FAS spells out, both in name and in fact, a relationship of free association internationally sanctioned under General Assembly Resolution l541 and other precedents, and legally distinguishable from independence.
www.nesl.edu /lawrev/VOL32/3/ROSENBLA.HTM   (1325 words)

  
 S.J. Res. 16, Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003
16 would amend the Compact of Free Association Act of 1988 and subsidiary agreements between the United States and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM).
For this estimate, CBO assumes that the legislation will be enacted near the start of fiscal year 2004, that the necessary amounts will be appropriated for each fiscal year, and that outlays will occur at the historical rate for grants to RMI and FSM and other programs.
63, the Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003, as reported by the House Committee on International Relations on September 4, 2003; an estimate for H.J. Res.
www.cbo.gov /showdoc.cfm?index=4583&sequence=0   (2179 words)

  
 MARSHALLS, FSM GET COMPACT FUNDING EXTENSION - October 1, 2003
Included under Section 122, were grants and assistance for the Freely Associated States of the Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia, which would have ended on September 30.
President Note said that these measures will ensure that "our mutual commitments under the Compact of Free Association will not be disrupted by events beyond our control." In Majuro, Monday evening, September 29, the Nitijela voted 19-11 for approval, while two members of the opposition were reportedly missing for the vote.
In a letter to the RMI dated September 26, supplied by the Compact Office, US Negotiator Al Short explained the funding arrangement under the continuing resolution was necessary due to the "press of Congressional business associated with the end of our fiscal year" which would likely prevent final passage by September 30.
archives.pireport.org /archive/2003/october/10-01-01.htm   (525 words)

  
 U.S. HOUSE APPROVES COMPACT OF FREE ASSOCIATION - October 30, 2003
U.S. WASHINGTON - This afternoon, at approximately 5:20 PM (Washington D.C. time), the United States House of Representatives approved the Compact of Free Association, as Amended between the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Government of the United States of America.
In addition, statements were made that the Congress needs to consider the consequences of the Nuclear Testing Program in the RMI in the near future after passage of the Compact, as Amended by the U.S. Congress.
We are on the threshold of ushering in a new era under the Compact between the RMI and the United States which will strengthen our partnership and promote long term stability", said Minister of Foreign Affairs, Gerald M. Zackios.
archives.pireport.org /archive/2003/october/10-30-rel3.htm   (365 words)

  
 Go Asia Pacific Breaking News Pacific - US signs Compact of Free Association with two Pacific states   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The United States' president has signed an amended Compact of Free Association, providing $US3.5 billion in financial aid to Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia.
Both countries are self-governing territories in free association with the United States.
'Compact II' is designed to gradually wean Marshall Islands and FSM off American support over the course of 20 years.
www.abc.net.au /asiapacific/news/GoAsiaPacificBNP_1013013.htm   (229 words)

  
 Federated States of Micronesia - Links to Online Legal Documents
the Compact of Free Association, establishing the relationship between the United States, on the one hand, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia, from the Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia to the United States and
The Compact of Free Association Act, U.S. Public Law 99-239 (1986), by which the Compact was approved by the United States, is available online from the Joint Committee on Compact Economic Negotiations of the Federated States of Micronesia.
The Amended Compact of Free Association (PDF) and the revised Subsidiary Agreements (Microsoft Word 663 K) are available from the United States Embassy to the Federated States of Micronesia.
www.macmeekin.com /Links/documents/docsfsm.htm   (835 words)

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