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Topic: Company rule in India


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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  
  East India Company - MSN Encarta
The most important of the companies were given charters by their respective governments, authorizing them to acquire territory wherever they could and to exercise in the acquired territory various functions of government, including legislation, the issuance of currency, the negotiation of treaties, the waging of war, and the administration of justice.
The East India Company, however, bought control of this new company, and in 1702 an act of Parliament amalgamated the two as “The United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies.” The charter was renewed several times in the 18th century, each time with financial concessions to the Crown.
In 1784 the India Act created a department of the British government to exercise political, military, and financial control over the Indian affairs of the company, and during the next half century British control was extended over most of the subcontinent.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761571539/East_India_Company.html   (1137 words)

  
 Manas: History and Politics, East India Company
The Company saw the rise of its fortunes, and its transformation from a trading venture to a ruling enterprise, when one of its military officials, Robert Clive, defeated the forces of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-daulah, at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
The Company's servants were largely a rapacious and self-aggrandizing lot, and the plunder of Bengal left the formerly rich province in a state of utter destitution.
In 1858 the East India Company was dissolved, despite a valiant defense of its purported achievements by John Stuart Mill, and the administration of India became the responsibility of the Crown.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia/History/British/EAco.html   (584 words)

  
 British East India Company Summary
The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as "John Company", was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India.
By 1689, the Company was arguably a "nation" in the Indian mainland, independently administering the vast presidencies of Bengal, Madras and Bombay and possessing a formidable and intimidating military strength.
On the eve of the demise of the East India Company, the East India Club in London was formed for current and former employees of the East India Company.
www.bookrags.com /British_East_India_Company   (5662 words)

  
 India Overland
The East India Company's flag, with a St. George's Cross in the corner and stripes, probably inspired the Stars and Stripes (as argued by Sir Charles Fawcett in 1937).
The Company was founded as The Governor and Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies by a coterie of enterprising and influential businessmen, who obtained the Crown's charter for exclusive permission to trade in the East Indies for a period of fifteen years.
The company, under such obvious patronage, soon managed to eclipse the Portuguese, who had established their bases in Goa and Bombay (which was later ceded to the British as part of the dowry of Catherine de Braganza).
www.indiaoverland.biz /overland/info/eic.html   (3133 words)

  
 Company rule in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The company vied with the Portuguese and rival Dutch, French, and Danish companies.
The "expansive force" of private and company trade eventually led to the conquest or annexation of territories in which spices, cotton, and opium were produced.
As governor-general from 1786 to 1793, Charles Cornwallis (the Marquis of Cornwallis), professionalized, bureaucratized, and Europeanized the company's administration.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Company_rule_in_India   (2544 words)

  
 British India
The East India Company chartered by the British Crown and ultimately responsible to the parliament, launched the British rule in India.
The British East India Company was established under a Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I for 15 years for spice trading on 31st December 1600 AD with the capital of £70,000.
Further the company expanded its rule by defeating Nepal in 1814-16, Sind in 1843, Punjab in 1848-49 and Burma in 1886.
www.india4u.com /history/british.asp   (356 words)

  
 Defenceindia : Evolution of Military Flags of Modern India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
In the earliest phase of the Company's rule in India, the troops were organised in three presidential armies, those of Bengal, Madras and Bombay.
After India became a Republic the Union Jack was replaced by the Indian national flag, the five pointed star was left out and the colour of the roundel was changed from blue white and red to green, white and saffron corresponding to the colours of the national flag.
In this year, the Army flag was introduced and the rules governing its use and display declared the existing patterns of Principal/Staff Officers' flag obsolete and introduced a new scarlet flag with Army crest superimposed on it.
www.defenceindia.com /defenceind/military_flags_modern.html   (3151 words)

  
 Indian rebellion of 1857 Summary
Furthermore, in consolidating the British supremacy in India, the company forced a radical and rapid Westernization on traditional society that was a major cause of the troubles.
Indians were unhappy with the heavy-handed rule of the Company which had embarked on a project of rather rapid expansion and westernisation.
Many of the Company's modernising efforts were viewed with automatic distrust; for example, it was feared that the railway, the first of which began running out of Bombay in the 1850s, was a demon.
www.bookrags.com /Indian_rebellion_of_1857   (7640 words)

  
 INDIA/History
A Muslim sultanate (rule by a sultan) was established in Delhi in 1206, and lasted until 1526.
The East India Company was formed in England in 1600 with a royal charter from Queen Elizabeth I. During the 1600's, the company established important trading posts and forts at Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.
India did not join the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, an alliance that existed from 1954 to 1977, because of the nation's neutrality and fear of involvement in international struggles.
members.rediff.com /princevishal/indiahistory.html   (4450 words)

  
 Trading Places: The East India Company and Asia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
The emergence of regional states throughout India brought opportunities undreamt of by mere traders as the English Company became a participant in the power politics of the successors to the empire.
The Company's servants, transforming themselves from merchants into administrators, judges, revenue collectors and soldiers, eagerly adopted the manners and life styles of their Mughal predecessors, played out in the Indian-built stuccoed and classical-columned Palladian mansions of Calcutta, the 'city of palaces', or at client courts like Lucknow.
Company servants and army officers became the new patrons of Indian artists and craftsmen, and the intricacies of Indian classical and modern languages began to be explored.
www.fathom.com /course/21701760/session5.html   (1699 words)

  
 British East India Company - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as "John Company", was one of the first joint-stock company (preceded only by the Dutch East India Company) which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India.
The Company transformed from a commercial trading venture to one that virtually ruled India as it acquired auxiliary governmental and military functions, until its dissolution in 1858.
By the middle of the 19th century, the Company's rule extended across most of India, Burma, Malaya Singapore and Hong Kong, and a fifth of the world's population was under its trading influence.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_East_India_Company   (5034 words)

  
 India Company Rule, 1757-1857 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, ...
The missionaries translated the Bible into the vernaculars, taught company officials local languages, and, after 1813, gained permission to proselytize in the company's territories.
Bengal was given preeminence over the rest because of its enormous commercial vitality and because it was the seat of British power in India (at Calcutta), whose governor was elevated to the new position of governor-general.
The India Act of 1784, sometimes described as the "half-loaf system," as it sought to mediate between Parliament and the company directors, enhanced Parliament's control by establishing the Board of Control, whose members were selected from the cabinet.
workmall.com /wfb2001/india/india_history_company_rule_1757_1857.html   (1669 words)

  
 History Indian Mutiny - History Of Ancient, Medieval And Modern India.
Finally, officers of an evangelical persuasion in the Company's Army (such as Herbert Edwardes and Colonel S.G. Wheler) had taken to preaching to their Sepoys in the hope of converting them to Christianity [3].
A secretary of state was entrusted with the authority of Indian affairs and the Crown's viceroy in India was to be the chief executive.
The East India Company's European forces in the three presidency armies (of Bengal, Madras and Bombay) were transferred to the Queen's army.
www.bharatadesam.com /history/indian_mutiny.php   (6375 words)

  
 British India
After nearly a century of British rule, the spirit of revolt was growing, specially among the feudal chiefs and their followers.
This power was to be exercised by the Secretary of State for India (member of the British cabinet and responsible to Parliament) aided by an Indian Council, which had only advisory powers.
The policies and interests of the British in India were determined by the industrialists, the most powerful section in British society.
www.india4u.com /history/britsh2.htm   (275 words)

  
 Indian Freedom Struggle
Above all, it produced a sense of unity between the Hindus and the Muslims of India that was to be witnessed in later years.
The Crown's viceroy in India was to be the chief executive.
The latter was triggered by the famous Salt March, when Gandhi captured the imagination of the nation by leading a band of followers from his ashram at Sabarmati, on a 200 mile trek to the remote village of Dandi on the west coast, there to prepare salt in symbolic violation of British law.
www.indialife.com /History/freedomstruggle.htm   (1064 words)

  
 Portrait Of India -- An Eye Opener to Indians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
At the dawn of the new millennium India stands, dazed and indecisive, at the cross-roads.
Depressing though this may sound, it looks certain that the stark possibility of the sovereign Republic of India meeting a sad end: fragmented into renegade states- based on extreme westernization, blind religious and fanatic belief, engaged in an internecine warfare leading to colossal loss of life and wastage of resources..
The second trend is unashamed, treasonous self negating India bashing, hate and propagation of hate about everything of being India or Indian.
www.portraitofindia.com /index.htm   (597 words)

  
 India
27 Oct 1947 Jammu and Kashmir accede to India.
the Provisional Government of Free India was eventually recognized by nine Axis powers: Germany, Japan, Italy (Mussolini), Croatia, China (Wang Jing Wei), Thailand, Burma (Ba Maw), Manchukuo, and The Philippines (José Laurel).
Governors (of the Danish East India Company to 1779)
www.worldstatesmen.org /India.htm   (4349 words)

  
 The Partition
nBy 1857, Indian soldiers (sepoys) mutinied under the East India Company’s rule, intending to throw out the British.
The mutiny was unsuccessful, and by May of 1858, the British had established their authority over India; this time England itself established themselves as sole colonial ruler.
nThese protests called upon the co-operation of both Hindus and Muslims; co-operation that ended in bloodshed still seen today between India and Pakistan.
www.accd.edu /sac/history/keller/IndiaGreen_files/slide0002.htm   (97 words)

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