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Topic: Competence

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In the News (Tue 24 Apr 18)

  competency and competencies @ the informal education homepage
The notion of competence described above is a pale and demeaning shadow of the Greek notion of aretè or that of virtus in ancient Rome.
Competence and competences are broad capacities (which a close relation to the sort of virtues that Brezinka was concerned with).
In the case of the former we might talk of a competent informal educator; in the latter a competent piece of driving.
www.infed.org /biblio/b-comp.htm   (2429 words)

  Competence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Competence (biology) is the ability of a cell to incorporate extracellular DNA from its environment.
Competence (human resources) is a standardized requirement for an individual to properly perform a specific job.
Competence (law) is the mental capacity of an individual to participate in legal proceedings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Competence   (165 words)

 Communicative competence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Communicative competence is a linguistic term for the ability not only to apply the grammatical rules of a language to form correct utterances, but also to know when to use these utterances appropriately.
A more recent survey of communicative competence by Bachman (1990) divides it into the broad headings of "organizational competence," which includes both grammatical and discourse (or textual) competence, and "pragmatic competence," which includes both sociolinguistic and "illocutionary" competence.
The understanding of communicative competence has been influenced by the field of pragmatics and the philosophy of language concerning speech acts as described in large part by John Searle and J.L. Austin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communicative_competence   (253 words)

 HSE About us - policy group
Competent person (either the employer or an employee) to prepare and to be responsible for written scheme of examination for all pressure systems, also by competent personnel
Competent person who is at least 18 years of age to supervise any person under that age on a vehicle who is carrying explosives.
Managers and supervisors of mines must be suitably qualified and competent Inspection of workplaces, testing/examination of plant, firing of explosives and operation of machinery must be by competent persons appointed in writing by the Mine Manager.
www.hse.gov.uk /aboutus/hse/policy/outline.htm   (6181 words)

competence in terms of prespecified performances stated as segments of overt behaviour; it argues that practicing the performance directly is more efficient than achieving it indirectly through the conventional courses…competence training…contrasts an overt performance with the conventional program's promise of performance.
If competence as capacity, is to be retained as groundwork for performance, then the problem of identifying reliable indicators of competence arises and this, it seems to me, is a tough problem demanding sophisticated methods and extensive investigation.
According to the integrated conception, competence is conceptualized in terms of knowledge, abilities, skills and attitudes displayed in the context of a carefully chosen set of realistic professional tasks ("intentional actions") of an appropriate level of generality.
www.ed.uiuc.edu /EPS/PES-Yearbook/93_docs/HAGER.HTM   (3992 words)

 Specialty Sections - NASW Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice
Cultural competence refers to the process by which individuals and systems respond respectfully and effectively to people of all cultures, languages, classes, races, ethnic backgrounds, religions, and other diversity factors in a manner that recognizes, affirms, and values the worth of individuals, families, and communities and protects and preserves the dignity of each.
Culturally competent social workers are keenly aware of the deleterious effects of racism, sexism, ageism, heterosexism or homophobia, anti-Semitism, ethnocentrism, classism, and xenophobia on clients' lives and the need for social advocacy and social action to better empower diverse clients and communities.
In addition, culturally competent social workers who bring a special skill or knowledge to the profession, like bicultural and bilingual skills, or Ameerican Sign Language (ASL) skills, are entitled to professional equity and should not be exploited for their expertise, but should be appropriately compensated for skills that enhance the delivery of services to clients.
www.naswdc.org /sections/credentials/cultural_comp.asp   (5153 words)

 NursingWorld | OJIN: Assuring Continued Competence - Policy Questions and Approaches: How Should the Profession Respond   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The competence assessment is defined as "the systematic collection of practitioner-specific data to determine an individual’s capability to perform up to defined expectations." (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 1998).
The professional association develops the standards and guidelines upon which the performance and competency of the professional nurse is based; provides support to the individual nurse to maintain and enhance performance and competence through education and professional development opportunities, certification examinations, and influences changes in nurse practice acts.
Competence is considered in the context of level of expertise, responsibility, and domains of practice.
www.nursingworld.org /ojin/topic10/tpc10_4.htm   (6301 words)

 Clinical Competence Statement on Adult Echocardiography
But the process of evaluating a physician's knowledge and competence is often constrained by the evaluator's own knowledge and ability to elicit the appropriate information, a problem that is compounded by the growing number of highly specialized procedures for which privileges are requested.
The minimum education, training, experience, and cognitive and technical skills necessary for the competent performance of echocardiography are specified; these are based when possible on published data linking these factors with competence in certain procedures or, in the absence of such data, on consensus of expert opinion.
The recommendations for the minimum criteria for acquiring and maintaining competence are based on the expert opinion of the American Society of Echocardiography Committee for Physician Training in Echocardiography (4) and the recommendations for training in echocardiography included in the 17th Bethesda Conference of the American College of Cardiology on Adult Cardiology Training (3).
www.acc.org /clinical/competence/690003.htm   (2433 words)

 Knowledge, Competence And Communication
Strategic competence consists of verbal and non-verbal strategies of communication that may be employed to compensate for communication breakdown attributable to “performance variables or to insufficient competence.” Communication strategies are of two kinds: those that are relevant, mainly to grammatical competence and those that relate more to socio - linguistic competence.
They state that one of the many aspects of communicative competence which must be investigated, more rigorously, before a communicative approach can be implemented fully in the areas of second language teaching and testing is: development of administratively feasible classroom activities that can be used to encourage meaningful action in target language use.
This expansion incorporates illocutionary and sociolinguistic competence in pragmatic competence, one subdivision of linguistic competence.
radicalpedagogy.icaap.org /content/issue3_3/2-walcott.html   (10477 words)

Most importantly, the Information Competence Work Group made recommendations for future action and requested that the Information Competence Work Group be permitted to move forward with campus consultation and also be permitted to return in June, 1996 with a plan of action for the future.
The Information Competence Work Group believes that information competence will succeed as a priority for the CSU if awareness is consistently raised about the issues and importance of information competence and if information about the successes and problems of various programs is continually shared.
University Community Awareness: The Information Competence Initiative in the CSU was the topic of speeches given by Lorie Roth at the California Library Association and by Sue Curzon at the California Academic and Research Libraries Association.
library.csun.edu /susan.curzon/infocom3.html   (988 words)

 Adjudicative Competence Study
Given the importance of assessments of competence to stand trial and the frequency with which courts refer competence questions to mental health professionals, it is not surprising that a voluminous legal and mental health literature has been generated on this topic.
Defendants of doubtful competence, compared to defendants whose competence is not in question, are much less helpful to their attorneys in establishing the facts of their case and much less actively involved in making decisions about their defense.
Unites States, 362 U.S. Competence focuses on the defendant's "present ability" to proceed to adjudication, and is to be distinguished from retrospective inquiries regarding criminal responsibility (such as the insanity defense) which focus on the defendant's mental state at the time of the offense.
macarthur.virginia.edu /adjudicate.html   (1596 words)

 ICC Competence Paper
This presumes that competent communicators are able to identify their goals, assess the resources necessary to obtain those goals, accurately predict the other communicator’s responses, choose workable communication strategies, enact those communication strategies, and, finally, accurately assess the results of the interaction (Parks, 1976).
In his recent formulation on ICC competence, Spitzberg (2000) suggested four possible communication styles that may result from the combinations of the extremes of the two criteria: (1) Minimizing communication is both inappropriate and ineffective, and would obviously be of a low communicative quality.
Competent intercultural communicators must be able to reconcile three dialectical tensions: (1) supporting one’s own face or other’s face, (2) supporting competence face (e.g., ingratiation, empowerment) or autonomy face (e.g., respecting other’s privacy, independence), and (3) confirming other’s separate cultural identity (heightening cultural differences) or negotiating a mutually defined cultural identity (minimizing separate cultural differences).
commfaculty.fullerton.edu /rwiseman/ICCCpaper.htm   (7491 words)

 Amazon.com: Competence in the Learning Society: Books: John Raven,John Stephenson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
It explores the kinds of competence that are needed if our society is to survive the impending environmental and social collapse.
Competence in the Learning Society makes a case for a renewed understanding of competence which is not only about doing a job effectively, but ensuring the job is making an effective contribution by going beyond its boundaries and influencing the system in which it operates.
Currently there is no book available that draws together thinking on "competence" in a way that is both relevant to higher-level education and illustrates recent research and practice.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0820451649?v=glance   (428 words)

 MDPME: Competence in Decision Making: A Decision Making Rule (4 pages)
And where overview is impossible to attain, because you may lack the resources to locate a competent (experienced, trained, informed) professional to help you navigate through the situation, then you must resort to intense brainstorming so as to imagine possibilities that you may be overlooking.
The way around this inefficiency, of course, is by ascertaining a particular competence level among all the participants, as well as a shared dedication to finding an optimal solution to the problem at hand.
Though one individual may be more competent than another in some regard, that capacity in itself certainly never obviates the potential effectiveness of another individual's checking, questioning and probing for error.
www.mdpme.com /QUESTION.HTM   (1201 words)

 Information Competence in the CSU: A Report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Second was an emphasis on the "media literacy" component of information competence; that is, as information is increasingly conveyed through nonprint media, universities (which have been very successful at inculcating skills at reading, analyzing, understanding, and writing print materials) must ensure that students are equally successful at evaluating, interpreting, and generating other media as well.
Concern about the information competence of students is so widespread and strong that one assumes that the concern is legitimate and is based on an accurate perception of the needs and abilities of students.
Thus, if information competence is added as a component of a freshman orientation/transition course or as a component of a general education course, two-thirds of the CSU graduates (the transfer students) will not have experienced this part of the curriculum.
www.csupomona.edu /~library/InfoComp/CLRIT.html   (6485 words)

 Definition of competence - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
Learn more about "competence" and related topics at Britannica.com
Find more about "competence" instantly with Live Search
See a map of "competence" in the Visual Thesaurus
www.m-w.com /cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=competence   (26 words)

 Information Competence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Last January the Council of Library Directors of the CSU approved a report, submitted by the Work Group on Information Competence, that culminated a major effort by librarians, teaching faculty and administrators to recommend basic competence levels on "the use of recorded knowledge and information and processes for assessment of student competence".
It is best, therefore, to integrate competence at increasingly sophisticated levels throughout a student's academic career rather than as one-shot, skill oriented courses or workshops.
Minimally, information competence should be introduced in freshmen/transfer orientation courses, developed in general education and cornerstone classes, and reinforced in capstone courses.
www.lib.csufresno.edu /libraryinformation/infocomp.html   (1533 words)

The Information Competence Proposal Fund is intended to promote the development of and to support the start-up of campus-based ventures with multi-campus impact resulting from programs in information competence.
This should be a multi-year proposal that studies either freshmen or transfer students or both and continues with alumni and their employers.
A range of information competence skills, the ethical, legal and socio-political issues of information and media literacy are among the many elements that should be addressed in the programs.
library.csun.edu /susan.curzon/infocom2.html   (1262 words)

 Cultural Competence Packet page
A Culturally Competent System of Care acknowledges and incorporates -at all levels- the importance of culture, the assessment of cross-cultural relations, vigilance towards the dynamics that result from cultural differences, the expansion of cultural knowledge, and the adaptation of services to meet culturally-unique needs.
Cultural competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals and enable that system, agency, or those professionals to work effectively in cross-cultural situations.
Competence implies having the capacity to function effectively.
www.d.umn.edu /sw/culturalcomp/culcomp.html   (1446 words)

 Pfam 19.0 : Competence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Some members of this family have been shown to be essential for bacterial competence in uptake of extracellular DNA [1,4].
A novel determinant (comA) essential for natural transformation competence in Neisseria gonorrhoeae and the effect of a comA defect on pilin variation.
Characterization of comE, a late competence operon of Bacillus subtilis required for the binding and uptake of transforming DNA.
pfam.wustl.edu /cgi-bin/getdesc?name=Competence   (300 words)

To varying degrees, characteristics of competence in anesthesiology are measurable.
In the belief that a high degree of competence will result in minimal morbidity and mortality, the American Board of Anesthesiology defines a competent physician as possessing adequate measures of knowledge, judgment, and skills for assuming independent responsibility for patient care.
Committees on Clinical Competence judge residents' knowledge in arriving at their evaluations.
www.louisville.edu /~dwalko01/competence.htm   (1189 words)

 "Confidence Men" by Joshua Micah Marshall
Bush reassured the nation of his administration's steely know-how even when he couldn't tell the public precisely what was being done in their name.
The Bushies also excel at the atmospherics and trappings of competence.
This unfamiliarity and heightened expectation, matched with the trappings of competence, gave potency to what has turned out to be the Bush administration's signature political tactic: the confidence game.
www.washingtonmonthly.com /features/2001/0209.marshall.html   (2869 words)

 SourceForge.net: Competence
Competence will be an expandable information retrieval system.
Like the non-free Glimpse/WebGlimpse Competence will index various kinds of documents stored locally or on the web and provide an easy-to-use interface for search and retrieval.
As of 2004-08-28 11:28, this project is no longer under active development.
sourceforge.net /projects/competence   (136 words)

 Canyon College: Cultural Diversity & Cultural Competence Course Online
This course is designed to acquaint the student with health care delivery implications of globalization in the context of cultural competence resulting from migrating peoples, rapid transportation, and increasing facility of telecommunications and computer technology.
The mission of the National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) is to increase the capacity of health and mental health programs to design implement, and evaluate culturally and linguistically competent service delivery systems.
McKenna M. "A Call for Advocates for Cultural Awareness," Journal of Transcultural Nursing Vol 12 (1), January 2001; 5 [Issues of this are rich with theory and practice in cultural diversity and competent health care.] Their website is www.tcns.org.
www.canyoncollege.edu /cc/hadmin2/syllabus/hs552.htm   (2988 words)

 BBC NEWS | Europe | Belgium rethinks war crimes law
The law allows Belgian courts to pass judgment on charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, regardless of where the alleged acts took place or the nationality of the accused.
Critics have warned that a case against President Bush could be filed under the law, known as universal competence, and Belgium's role as host to international institutions could be threatened.
Brussels regional leader Francois-Xavier de Donnea warned that action taken under the universal competence law risked calling into question the role of city as the seat of international institutions.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/europe/2886931.stm   (516 words)

 Monitoring Cultural Competence
This course will allow the learner to define terms Culture and Cultural Competence and look at cultural self-awareness in health care delivery.
Describe the goal related to cultural competence that President Clinton committed the nation to by the year 2010
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of AKH Consultant.
www.cecity.com /cepartners/cultural/disclaim.htm   (475 words)

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