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Topic: Competition

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Well-designed competition law, effective law enforcement and competition-based economic reform promote increased efficiency, economic growth and employment for the benefit of all.
OECD work on competition law and policy actively encourages decision-makers in government to tackle anti-competitive practices and regulations and promotes market-oriented reform throughout the world.
The OECD Journal of Competition Law and Policy provides insight into the thinking of competition law enforcers while focusing on the practical application of competition law and policy.
www.oecd.org /topic/0,2686,en_2649_37463_1_1_1_1_37463,00.html   (494 words)

  Unfair competition - Wex
The law of unfair competition is primarily comprised of torts that cause an economic injury to a business, through a deceptive or wrongful business practice.
The law of unfair competition is mainly governed by state common law.
The FTC regulations concerning unfair competition are found in various parts of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations (http://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/cfr.php?title=16andtype=titleandvalue=16).
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/unfair_competition.html   (429 words)

 Capitalism and Free Competition - Isn't capitalism a system of regulated competition?
Free competition is the freedom to produce, and the freedom to trade what one has produced, for ones own self-interest, i.e., in the pursuit of ones own happiness.
Under capitalism, competition is an economic process where men do not compete to put down others, but to raise their self up by creating values which are potentially unlimited, and raising their competitors up in the process.
Under all collectivist systems competition is a political process where men compete not to create values, but to lobby or kill for positions of political power which they can use to legally extort the wealth of their fellow men.
www.capitalism.org /faq/competition.htm   (895 words)

  Competition Policy
Although most members have accepted that there is a strong relationship between trade and competition, there is a great deal of controversy on whether or not measures should be taken to create a multilateral set of rules governing competition regulation.
Many developing countries also disagree with multilateral competition measures because they view them as too intrusive; they believe that competition policy is something that a government should create at its own discretion because such policy depends on a country's unique market conditions.
Some countries neither vigorously oppose nor endorse the establishment of multilateral competition rules, arguing that more research needs to be done to further illuminate the relationship between trade and competition.
www.cid.harvard.edu /cidtrade/issues/competition.html   (617 words)

 Competition, by Jack High: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
Competition for scarce resources is the core concept around which all modern economics is built.
Many critics of capitalism and market economies contend that competition is one of the central evils of the system—that the pursuit of higher profits or higher wages pits people against one another, works to reduce cooperation within society, and makes some people better off only at the expense of others who are made worse off.
Despite its importance to modern economic life, competition is not the be-all and end-all of economic activity.
www.econlib.org /library/Enc/Competition.html   (1638 words)

But if competitive interactions are strong and pervasive enough, they may produce an evolutionary response in the competitor population.
Predicted if competition among rodents is mainly for food, then small granivorous rodent populations would increase in response to removal of larger granivorous rodents.
Because degree of competition is assumed to depend upon degree of niche overlap, interspecific competition has been predicted to lead to directional selection for reduced niche overlap.
www.centralia.ctc.edu /Depts/Science/Biol230/outlines/ch13.html   (530 words)

The conflicting beliefs, that competition serves to drive the advancement of society thereby bringing wealth and happiness, and its counter, that competition acts by bring destruction and suffering are common place within society.
Destructive competition is competition in which there is a clear winner and loser, where victory is had at the definite detriment of another.
The only time when constructive competition occurs within a hive is between the male bees during their competition to mate with the queen, and so the wasps, by sacrificing the non-competitive advantage, maintain a greater individual competitive power, and so are able to survive despite the non-competitive strength of the hive.
www.jessekirkham.com /competition.htm   (7114 words)

 Asian Development Outlook 2005 - Promoting competition for long-term development - ADB.org   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Restrictions to competition must generally therefore be removed to enable markets to deliver the benefits of competition to consumers and to support sustainable economic growth.
We have seen that competition policy is concerned with both private anticompetitive practices and government measures or instruments that affect the state of competition in markets.
Too often, the advocacy functions of competition authorities are neglected at the expense of enforcement of competition law, only to create the need for even greater enforcement as other legislation is enacted without consideration of the implications for competition.
www.adb.org /Documents/Books/ADO/2005/part030900.asp   (1345 words)

 Competition Rules
The chairman will be responsible for maintaining current competition rules, criteria for selection of judges, and criteria for judging of categories by means of a standing competition committee.
Skit competition is divided into two (2) categories: "Individual Skit" (limited to one person on stage), and "Group Skit" (two or more persons on stage).
This competition is designed to judge a clown¹s or a group¹s ability to perform, entertain or bring laughter during a parade.
www.coai.org /competition_rules.htm   (4690 words)

Club competitions are for the enjoyment and educational benefit of all members.
Assignment images must have been made after the announcement of the assignment (generally in the year prior to the competition date.) Judging of assignment images will be based on the image’s ability to convey the assignment theme as well as impact, content, and photographic technique.
A member judging a competition in which he or she has an photograph entered shall score their image a "Zero" and the resultant score shall be the average of the two other judges’ scores.
www.austinshutterbug.com /Competition/competition.html   (1479 words)

 Competition: Driving Innovation and Consumer Choice
Competition is the critical driver of performance and innovation.
Competition encourages the adoption of innovation as companies evolve and offer new ideas in order to flourish in the marketplace.
Fair and open competition in the market enables vendors and manufacturers to deliver a greater variety of competitive products to their customers around the world – and often results in lower prices and higher performance.
www.amd.com /us-en/Weblets/0,,7832_12670_13047,00.html   (1011 words)

 Elevator 2010 Competition
Second, they recognized the power of competition - by bringing together airplane enthusiasts in a competitive environment, they were able to accelerate the rate of development beyond what was likely in the isolated confines of their shops.
The tether competition is a perpetual dare for any group to present a tether that is at least 50% better than last year's best offering.
The 2006 competition was held at the X-PRIZE Cup in Las Cruces, NM on October 20-21.
www.elevator2010.org /site/competition.html   (732 words)

 Competition Law Toolkit - ADB.org   (Site not responding. Last check: )
For countries with more developed market systems and macroeconomic policy framework, the challenge in second-generation reforms is to promote a competition culture in the general population, and to ensure the relative independence of a competition agency with adequate resources and a clear mandate.
While many countries are moving to implement or strengthen their competition policies, it is notable that none appear to be moving toward repealing them.
The outcome of the TA is competition authorities' increased understanding of Asian competition laws and policies and their identification of (i) capacity development needs, (ii) competition law enforcement-related problems, (iii) regional best practices that offer possible solutions, and (iv) relevant Asian Development Bank knowledge tools and support.
www.adb.org /Documents/Others/OGC-Toolkits/Competition-Law/complaw100000.asp   (1690 words)

 ReGeneration: International Green Computing Technology Design Competition
The Competition is subject to United States federal, state, and local laws and regulations and is void in Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, and where prohibited by law.
This Competition is being administered in the United States and shall only be construed and evaluated according to United States law.
Any attempt by any person to undermine the legitimate operation of the Competition may be a violation of criminal and civil law, and, should such an attempt be made, the Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by law.
www.dell.com /content/topics/global.aspx/corp/environment/en/official_rules?c=us&l=en&s=corp   (2338 words)

 Global Competition Forum
The competition law of the Czech Republic has been from the beninning of its modern history in 1991, modelled on the European Union competition rules based on the prohibition principle with three main areas of application: agreements distorting competition, abuse of dominant position and control of concentrations.
Enforcement of the Competition Act is performed by the Office for the Protection of Competition, which is a central body of state administration responsible for the support and protection of competition, fully independent in its decision-making.
Restrictions of competition by any decision restricting competition, issued by any state authority or local government agency, that is contrary to the Competition Act or that is not in conformance with other Acts, is also qualified as restriction of free competition.
www.globalcompetitionforum.org /europe.htm   (3677 words)

The aims of the competition are to promote children's creative representation of the world, to enhance their cartographic awareness and to make them more conscious of their environment.
Competition maps are archived at Carleton University's Map Library and are being prepared for web viewing (see http://collections.ic.gc.ca/children).
Participating nations are encouraged to collect and archive all of the entries in their national competitions and to report to the Commission on their methods of announcing the competition, establishing any other judging criteria, and the selection process used.
www.icaci.org /en/competition.html   (1232 words)

Any clown entering the competition after positions are drawn or after the clowns are in position to start the competition will be placed at the beginning of the group and will be the next clown to compete.
The spirit of competition should be kept alive and nourished so that all Units will want to enter into the fun and gaiety that prevails at our Shrine conventions and competition.
Any clown entering the competition after positions are drawn or after the clowns are in position to start the competition (if positions are not drawn) will be placed at the beginning of the group and will be the next clown to compete.
www.shrineclowns.com /html/competition.html   (4379 words)

This national competition enables college students to research, develop and design scientific, technical and policy solutions to sustainability challenges.
EPA and its 40 partners launched the P3 Award in 2004 to respond to the challenges of the developed and developing world in moving toward sustainability.
Their designs are helping to achieve the mutual goals of economic prosperity while providing a higher quality of life and protecting the planet.
es.epa.gov /ncer/p3   (461 words)

 Antitrust & Competition Policy Blog
The priority for DG Competition this coming year, according to Kroes, is the General Block Exemption, which will be adopted by mid-next year.
Competition policy agencies operate poorly in jurisdictions characterized by corruption and poor competitive intensity.
Rather than a generalized approach to the promotion and diffusion of competition policies, our results suggest that distinct policies for each region are likely to be more successful.
lawprofessors.typepad.com /antitrustprof_blog   (2167 words)

 The European Commission - Competition Directorate-General   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Under the authority of Ms Neelie KROES, Commissioner responsible for Competition Policy, the mission of Competition Directorate General is to establish and implement a coherent competition policy for the European Union.
The Chief Competition Economist works in DG Competition, reporting directly to the Director General to provide independent economic advice on cases and policy.
The Hearing Officers, Mr Serge Durande and Ms Karen Williams are independent of the Directorate General for Competition and report directly to the Competition Commissioner.
europa.eu.int /comm/dgs/competition/index_en.htm   (349 words)

 Competition Commission
To see what we are currently investigating, visit our current inquiries section.
Follow the links to the latest information on the work of the Competition Commission.
Keep in touch by joining our mailing list or via our RSS newsfeed.
www.competition-commission.org.uk   (116 words)

 Wireline Competition Bureau Home Page
The Wireline Competition Bureau develops and recommends policy goals, objectives, programs and plans for the Commission on matters concerning wireline telecommunications.
The Wireline Competition Bureau’s overall objectives include: ensuring choice, opportunity, and fairness in the development of wireline telecommunications services and markets; developing deregulatory initiatives; promoting economically efficient investment in wireline telecommunications infrastructure; promoting the development and widespread availability of wireline telecommunications services; and fostering economic growth.
The Competition Policy Division’s primary mission is to foster competition in the provision of telecommunications services through market-opening rulemaking and adjudicatory proceedings affecting wireline telecommunications service providers.
www.fcc.gov /wcb   (352 words)

 [No title]
Check out this document if you want to replicate what Dave is purchasing for the competition for your own practices.
The JAUS WG is working with the AUVSI student competition organizers to include a JAUS Challenge in the student competitions.
The NEST engineers have different experiences to lend and are available to competing teams to help with engineering, testing and logistical issues faced during the design and development process.
www.auvsi.org /competitions/water.cfm   (378 words)

 EUROPA - European Commission - Competition
Antitrust: Commission calls on Greece to grant fairer access to lignite so as to improve competition in the electricity sector
Antitrust: Commission welcomes E.ON proposals for structural remedies to increase competition in German electricity market
Competition Policy is basically applying rules to make sure that companies compete with each other and, in order to sell their products, innovate and offer good prices to consumers...
ec.europa.eu /comm/competition/index_en.html   (329 words)

 International Competition Network: Home
The International Competition Network (ICN) provides antitrust agencies from developed and developing countries with a focused network for addressing practical antitrust enforcement and policy issues of common concern.
Consistency in enforcement policy and elimination of unnecessary or duplicative procedural burdens stands to benefit consumers and businesses around the globe.
The Role for Competition in the Telecommunications Services Sector
www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org   (262 words)

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