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Topic: Compound (linguistics)


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  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Compound (linguistics)
Endocentric compounds tend to be of the same part of speech (word class) as their head, as in the case of doghouse.
Compound verbs are very common in some languages, such as the northern Indo-Aryan languages Hindi-Urdu and Panjabi where as many as 20% of verb forms in running text are compound.
Compound adjectives may be formed either per se, e.g., "belo-rozovy" 'white-pink' or as a result of compounding during the derivation of an adjective from a multiword term: Каменноостровский проспект 'Stone Island Avenue', a street in St.Petersburg.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Compound_(linguistics)   (2084 words)

  
  Compound (linguistics) - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Obviously, an endocentric compound tends to be of the same part of speech (word class) as its head.
English prefers another type of verb-noun compounds, in which an argument of the verb is incorporated into the verb, which is then usually turned into a gerund, such as breastfeeding, finger-pointing, etc. The noun is usually an instrumental complement.
Compound prepositions formed by prepositions and nouns are common in English and the Romance languages (consider English on top of, Spanish encima de, etc.).
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Compound_adjective   (801 words)

  
 Linguistics Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Developmental linguistics, the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.
Sociolinguistics, anthropological linguistics, and linguistic anthropology are social sciences that consider the interactions between linguistics and society as a whole.
Linguists working in Optimality Theory state generalizations in terms of violable rules, which is a greater departure from mainstream linguistics, and linguists working in various kinds of functional grammar and Cognitive Linguistics tend to stress the non-autonomy of linguistic knowledge and the non-universality of linguistic structures, thus departing importantly from the Chomskyan paradigm.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /topic/Linguistics.html   (3386 words)

  
 Computational Linguistics at Duisburg
Compound nouns, so much is clear, cannot be explained out of their parts; rather the meaning results from a relationship between the words which does not show explicitely in the expression.
And this was indeed on of the motivations that caused linguists to use this instrument in resarch.
In general, Linguistics as well as Computational Linguistics is concerned with the question whether linguistic knowledge exists as an isolated human talent or whether the ability to understand and to produce natural language is only possible when connected with world knowledge.
cl.informatik.uni-duisburg.de /seiten_e/cl.html   (2850 words)

  
 Compound (linguistics) Totally Explained
Compound prepositions formed by prepositions and nouns are common in English and the Romance languages (consider English on top of, Spanish encima de, etc.).
In the Russian language compounding is a common type of word formation, and several types of compounds exist, both in terms of compounded parts of speech and of the way of the formation of a compound.
Compound adjectives may be formed either per se, for example, "belo-rozovy" 'white-pink' or as a result of compounding during the derivation of an adjective from a multiword term: Каменноостровский проспект /kamenːoːstrovskʲij prospʲekt/ 'Stone Island Avenue', a street in St.Petersburg.
compound_noun.totallyexplained.com   (2038 words)

  
 Morphology (linguistics) - an introduction - Citizendium
In this way, morphology is the branch of linguistics that studies such patterns of word-formation across and within languages, and attempts to explicate formal rules reflective of the knowledge of the speakers of those languages.
Compounding is a process of word-formation that involves combining complete word-forms into a single compound form; dog-catcher is therefore a compound, because both dog and catcher are complete word-forms in their own right before the compounding process was applied, and are subsequently treated as one form.
Lexical morphology is the branch of morphology that deals with the lexicon, which, morphologically conceived, is the collection of lexemes in a language.
en.citizendium.org /wiki/Morphology_(linguistics)   (2589 words)

  
 Compound (linguistics)
Obviously, an endocentric compound tends to be of the same part of speech (word class) as its head.
In the Sanskrit tradition, this is called a bahuvrihi compound; another (modern) term is exocentric compound, meaning that the concept represented by the compound lies outside its parts.
English prefers another type of verb-noun compounds, in which an argument of the verb is incorporated into the verb, which is then usually turned into a gerund, such as breastfeeding, finger-pointing, etc. The noun is usually an instrumental complement.
www.alloffinance.com /Compound_%28linguistics%29.html   (1366 words)

  
 The world's top Chemistry websites
A compound is a substance formed from two or more elements, with a fixed ratio determining the composition.
For example, water is a compound containing hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of two to one.
In many simple compounds, valence bond theory and the concept of oxidation number can be used to predict molecular structure and composition.
www.websbiggest.com /dir-wiki.cfm/Chemistry   (1089 words)

  
 Linguistics
Compounds are a combination of words, acronyms are derived from the initials of words, back-formations are created from removing what is mistakingly considered to be an affix, abbreviations or clippings are shortening longer words, eponyms are created from proper nouns (names), and blending is combining parts of words into one.
Linguistic context is discourse that precedes a sentence to be interpreted and situational context is knowledge about the world.
Linguistic changes like sound shift is found in the history of all languages, as evidenced by the regular sound correspondences that exist between different stages of the same language, different dialects, and different languages.
www.ielanguages.com /linguist.html   (8167 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 7.1530: Psychologism in Linguistics
The investigation of linguistic phenomena by means of >psychology is of course possible and it is important.
In otherwords this is an error of symbolization - the idea that linguistic symbolization is primarily a discipline of the mind is not an opperand in a logical system and thus cannot be used as a justification for a step in that system.
If mathematics were still in the state of 1915 we might well have to accept the argument that linguistics is a compound of observable and symbology of a particular kind.
www.linguistlist.org /issues/7/7-1530.html   (2070 words)

  
 Linguistics 001 -- Perspectives and Approaches
Theoretical linguistics is distinguished by focusing not on any external topics, but rather on the nature of the linguistic system in and of itself.
Some linguists think that the boundary between the patterns of spoken language and other modes of communication is not a sharp one, or even that it is entirely artificial.
Linguistics has many more or less obvious connections with other disciplines, some of which we've just mentioned.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/ling001/approaches.html   (2100 words)

  
 compound - Definitions from Dictionary.com
of or pertaining to a compound sentence or compound-complex sentence.
to agree, for a consideration, not to prosecute or punish a wrongdoer for: to compound a crime or felony.
Linguistics A word that consists either of two or more elements that are independent words, such as loudspeaker, baby-sit, or high school, or of specially modified combining forms of words, such as Greek philosophia, from philo-, "loving," and sophia, "wisdom."
dictionary.reference.com /browse/compound   (1274 words)

  
 Language in India
Compound nouns are derived from phrases by the deletion of elements like case suffixes, comparative particles, tense suffixes, co-ordinate particles, and predicative elements.
Compound nouns are derived only by the juxtaposition of words, and, only for the interpretation of meaning, they have to be expanded with the help of elements mentioned above.
Ilampuranar is of the opinion that the casal compounds have to be interpreted as combination of nouns with case suffixes and that in the formation of the compounds the case suffixes are deleted.
www.languageinindia.com /july2004/rajendrancompoundnoun1.html   (4754 words)

  
 Compound Nouns and the Acquisition of English Neologisms.
A study investigated the extent to which English compound nouns are problematic for learners of English as a second language and identifies some causes of this comprehension difficulty.
Results suggest that the comprehension of some compound nouns is problematic because their idiomatic and syntactic opacity, in the absence of culture-specific pragmatic knowledge, constrains the identification of deleted elements.
It is concluded that comprehension problems faced by learners of English as a second language encountering compound nouns may be very similar to those faced by native speakers.
www.eric.ed.gov /ERICWebPortal/recordDetail?accno=ED427525   (321 words)

  
 Lecture No. 11
Compounds are not consistently marked in English spelling.
Compound words are distinguished from similar analytical NPs (noun phrases) by reduced accent on the second word.
Endocentric compounds belong the same referential category as their head, the word on the right; that is, a tablecloth is a kind of cloth, a straw hat is a kind of hat.
www.departments.bucknell.edu /linguistics/lectures/05lect11.html   (235 words)

  
 compounds - Linguistics - tribe.net
Seriously, if you have two or more linguistic theories that are in conflict with one another, you should not be trying to compound them into a huge conflicting theory, but rather you should be choosing the theory that fits your data.
Linguists usually like to use such a term "phrase" than talking in general and naming it "sentence".
In my experience, noun-noun compounds are defined as independent nouns strung together to make a phrase; this is a productive phenomenon, and the compounds are not necessarily ossified as a phrase.
linguistica.tribe.net /thread/40a9ce64-f8d0-4bdd-9d95-c1a0d64dae3e   (2359 words)

  
 Linguistics
The purpose of the Bachelor of Arts program with concentration in linguistics is to provide a solid, integrated introduction to the core subdisciplines of linguistics, as well as a language background sufficient to provide a database for the theoretical parts of the program.
Linguistics students often take additional linguistics courses as electives or courses in related fields such as anthropology, information science, philosophy, or sociology.
This course familiarizes students with the linguistic histories and structures that have served as bases for the formation of modern Balkan ethnic identities and that are being manipulated to shape current and future events.
collegecatalog.uchicago.edu /archives/college-catalog01-02/ling.shtml   (2197 words)

  
 Adverbs: 'correctly-spelled' or 'correctly spelled' ? (Linguistics)
To determine whether an -ly word is an adverb or an adjective, omit the second part of the compound.
Use a hyphen in compound adjectives consisting of an adverb plus a present or past participle.
Hyphens are unnecessary in compound modifiers containing a -ly adverb, even when these fall before the noun.
www.proz.com /post/119581?&print=1   (621 words)

  
 compound: definition, usage and pronunciation - YourDictionary.com
Linguistics A word that consists either of two or more elements that are independent words, such as loudspeaker, baby-sit, or high school, or of specially modified combining forms of words, such as Greek philosophia, from philo-, "loving," and sophia, "wisdom."
Chemistry A pure, macroscopically homogeneous substance consisting of atoms or ions of two or more different elements in definite proportions that cannot be separated by physical means.
A compound usually has properties unlike those of its constituent elements.
www.yourdictionary.com /ahd/c/c0534600.html   (216 words)

  
 Basic English Sentence Structures - Glossary and Examples
Compound sentences consist of two or more simple sentences separated by conjunctions.
The subject may be a simple subject or a compound subject.
The subject of the sentence "Lions and tigers growled." is the compound subject "lions and tigers".
www.scientificpsychic.com /grammar/enggramg.html   (1153 words)

  
 [No title]
Complex compounds, compounds which have other compounds as constituents such as a novel creation like riceflour bagel, are also right-headed in that the whole compound is a noun because bagel which is a noun is its head and, in turn, riceflour is a noun because flour which is its head is also a noun.
Semantically, both concatenated members of the compounds have predicative functions; and, their meanings are generally that the second verb describes the state of the subject, the object, or the event as a result of the action or process described by the first verb".
If Chinese compounds are right-headed, then VR compounds constitute a class of counter-examples to this claim since most scholars who suppose them to be compounds suppose that it is their left-hand V constituent which is the head of the compound.
www2.hawaii.edu /~stanley/vr_cmd.doc   (6671 words)

  
 Language in India
Compounding in an important process in the word-building mechanism in Tamil.  It raises many issues relating to morphology, syntax and lexicon.  A prototypical compound is a word made up of at least two bases which can occur elsewhere as independent wordsCompounding represents the interface between morphology and syntax par excellence.
The compound verbs are formed from a base by the addition of a verb which function as the verbalizer or whose function is to verbalize the base.
Formation of  compound verbs by the combination of a noun with a verbalizer is a productive process in Tamil.  Tamil resort to increase its verb stock only by the process of compounding.  The compound verbs which are  lexicalized  as they attain idiosyncrasy in their formation and/or meaning got listed in a dictionary.
www.languageinindia.com /april2005/rajendrancompoundverbs1.html   (4880 words)

  
 Compound noun disambiguation for evaluating common sense
Compound noun understanding ankle ring ring worn on neck egg bowl bowl containing eggs corner file file located in corner pula note note whose value is one pula
This is a bibliography on compound nouns, compound nominals, noun groups, and noun-noun compounds, both frozen and novel.
Argues that the various compound noun categories that have been proposed are too vague, that they do not capture the full meaning of the compound nouns [Chapter II].
www.signiform.com /compoundnoun/classes.htm   (3195 words)

  
 Linguistics Journal:
In cases of compound responses with more than one category, they were assigned according to the perceived intention of the speaker.
Thai subjects might have regarded the compliments put forth to them as insincere, or they might have felt embarrassed, since the interviewer was a stranger to them.
Not surprisingly, the complimenter sometimes felt that she was the subject of flirtation when she saw a smile from the complimentee.
www.linguistics-journal.com /June2006_pc.php   (4479 words)

  
 Language Log: Linguists boycott Kansas intelligent design hearings
The state board of education in Kansas plans to hold hearings in May on the "intelligent design" theory of the origin of English, which claims that the language was constructed in the early 16th century by a committee of unknown...
The state board of education in Kansas plans to hold hearings in May on the "intelligent design" theory of the origin of English, which claims that the language was constructed in the early 16th century by a committee of unknown experts guided by a Supreme Grammarian.
But linguists are not willing to appear at their scheduled hearings on the subject.
itre.cis.upenn.edu /~myl/languagelog/archives/002133.html   (603 words)

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