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Topic: Computer architecture

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In the News (Tue 19 Mar 19)

  Powell's Books - Computer Architecture
The era of seemingly unlimited growth in processor performance is over: single chip architectures can no longer overcome the performance limitations imposed by the power they consume and the heat they generate.
Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach by John L. Hennessy
The term peer-to-peer has come to be applied to networks that expect end users to contribute their own files, computing time, or other resources to some shared project.
www.powells.com /psection/ComputerArchitecture.html   (858 words)

  ICS: Computer Architecture and VLSI Systems (CARV) Laboratory
The central open question for the architecture of modern computer, storage, communication, and networking hardware is how to make Scalable Systems --systems made out of building blocks, where one can increase performance by using more components, or reduce cost by using less components.
In addition, Network Interface (NIC) architectures are an essential component of future interconnects, and a research topic of revived interest in our Lab.
In particular, we work on low-latency, high-bandwidth communication subsystems, block-level storage architectures, storage virtualization, storage access protocols, computer systems dependability and security support (networked storage security, system reliability and availability, network interface support for security-sensitive applications), and, more recently, on device miniaturization and sensor networks.
www.ics.forth.gr /carv   (525 words)

  Architecture (computer science) - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Architecture (computer science), a general term referring to the structure of all or part of a computer system.
Computer architecture is the design and analysis of new computer systems.
Closed Architecture, in computer science, a term used to describe any computer design whose specifications are not freely available.
encarta.msn.com /Architecture_(computer_science).html   (255 words)

  Computer architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In computer science, computer architecture is the conceptual design and fundamental operational structure of a computer system.
It is a blueprint and functional description of requirements (especially speeds and interconnections) and design implementations for the various parts of a computer —focusing largely on the way by which the CPU performs internally and accesses addresses in memory.
Architecture is often defined as the set of machine attributes that a programmer should understand in order to successfully program the specific computer (i.e., being able to reason about what the program will do when executed).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Computer_architecture   (387 words)

 Essay: My Career in Computer Architecture
A computer program is still a sequence of instructions obeyed by a processor as if their effects were accomplished one at a time.
Computer Science Departments had proliferated throughout the universities to meet the demand, primarily for programmers and software engineers, and the faculty assembled to teach the subjects was expected to do meaningful research.
The effect was to create a style of graduate research in computer architecture that remains the "conventional wisdom" of the community to the present day: Make a small, innovative, change to a commercially accepted design and evaluate it using standard benchmark programs.
www.csg.csail.mit.edu /Users/dennis/essay.htm   (1690 words)

 Harvard architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term Harvard architecture originally referred to computer architectures that used physically separate storage and signal pathways for their instructions and data (in contrast to the von Neumann architecture).
In a computer with a von Neumann architecture, the CPU can be either reading an instruction or reading/writing data from/to the memory.
A computer with Harvard architecture can be faster because it is able to fetch the next instruction at the same time it completes the current instruction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Harvard_architecture   (633 words)

 Computer architecture - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Computer architecture is the theory behind the design of a computer.
In a balanced computer system, the data rate will be constant for all parts of the system, and cost will be allocated proportionally to assure this.
Configurable computing could be categorized under computing in memory which is inspired by the function of the neuronal brain, where the processor and the memory eventually cannot be distinguished from each other.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /computer_architecture.htm   (1018 words)

 Computer architecture Summary
In the case of computers, architecture can be thought of as the architecture of the machine, as well as the architecture of the machine's ability to link to other computers or peripherals.
Computer performance is often described in terms of clock speed (usually in GHz).
A reconfigurable computing system compiles program source code to an intermediate code suitable for programming runtime reconfigurable field-programmable gate arrays, enabling a software design to be implemented directly in hardware.
www.bookrags.com /Computer_architecture   (2496 words)

 Chapter 8 - Computer Architecture
Computer memory is always organized in a fixed manner.
Because the computer must keep track of instruction locations, it uses the program counter to keep track of the address of the next instruction to be executed.
Instructions which require more than one computer word to describe can be indicated by extension_flag and fetched until the instruction is complete.
www.cwru.edu /cse/eeap/282/08_comp_architecture.html   (677 words)

 Computer Engineering Fact Sheet
Demand for computer engineers is strong due to the growing use of computers in all sorts of products and the need for engineers competent about computers in both hardware and software areas.
Additionally, computer engineering students may focus on computer networking and communication, embedded computer systems, computer architecture, digital systems and digital electronics.
Computer engineering facilities include a microprocessor development laboratory, a microcomputer systems laboratory, a digital electronic simulation laboratory and a computer architecture laboratory.
www.ndsu.nodak.edu /ndsu/academic/factsheets/eng_arch/computer.shtml   (653 words)

 UCSB/Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Computer engineering research at UCSB deals with many problems in the design of digital hardware and software systems, including communication facilities, general-purpose computers of all types and sizes, application-specific function units, and devices that contain computers.
Nurtured by collaborative efforts with scientists and engineers on campus, at other academic institutions, and in industry, this broad base allows our research teams to investigate difficult, leading-edge problems in the field and to advance the state of the art with their contributions.
However, there are always numerous on-going projects in the areas of computer architecture, computer-aided VLSI design, high-level synthesis, design and test methodologies, mixed analog/digital circuits, nanoscale integrated circuits, computer communication, fault-tolerant computing, wireless and ad-hoc sensor networks, databases and data mining, and multimedia processing.
www.ece.ucsb.edu /computer_engineering.shtml   (329 words)

 CS 154 - Computer Architecture, Spring 04   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Without the computers, computer science would be a pretty boring field.
Without an solid understanding of what a computer really is, and how it works, it is hard to be a good computer scientist because the underlying machine effects so much of what we do.
Computer architecture is driven from the software side by user needs in terms of functionality and performance and from the hardware side by technological innovations and constraints.
www.cs.ucsb.edu /~cs154   (942 words)

 Chapter 8 - Computer Architecture
Computer memory is always organized in a fixed manner.
Because the computer must keep track of instruction locations, it uses the program counter to keep track of the address of the next instruction to be executed.
Instructions which require more than one computer word to describe can be indicated by extension_flag and fetched until the instruction is complete.
www.case.edu /cse/eeap/282/08_comp_architecture.html   (677 words)

 Architecture + Design Computer Requirement   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A: The computer each student brings to the University is intended as a "general purpose" computer, for word processing, desktop publishing, e-mail, web browsing, etc., as well as for image processing, computer-aided design/drawing/modeling, and other graphic work for architecture and design majors.
From the first year onward, the Architecture and Design Programs are studio-based, and each student will have his or her own desk in the design studio, in one of the School's buildings, at which to work.
The School's recommendation to purchase a laptop or notebook computer is based on the belief that students derive substantial benefits from working alongside their peers in the design studio.
caus5.arch.vt.edu /Academic/Compreq.html   (1732 words)

 USC's Advanced Computer Architecture Laboratory   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Advanced Computer Architecture Laboratory is engaged in four major projects: the Southern California Logical Abstract Machine (SLAM), the Trojan Multi-Multi parallel processor, the Aquarius Prolog compiler, and the Advanced Silicon Compiler in Prolog (ASP).
An evolution of the BAM architecture, the SLAM is intended for energy-efficient computation, in particular reducing the amount of traffic between the processor and off-chip memories.
The ultimate goal of the project is to determine the principles of computer architecture that will enable the design of new, revolutionary embedded microcomputers, which will have a rapid response to real-time events, as well as low power consumption.
www.isi.edu /acal   (723 words)

Computer Architecture: The actual design and layout of electronic circuits and memory chips, which differences from machine to machine.
It is an area in the computer system unit that temporarily holds data before and after it is processed.
Virtual memory: it is the computer’s ability to use disk storage to simulate RAM.
www.csam.montclair.edu /~munoz/Clase10ComputerArchitecture.htm   (953 words)

 TU Delft Computer Engineering -
The Computer Engineering (CE) is a division within the Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS) faculty.
The TU Delft Computer Engineering deals with the architecture, design, development, testing, and evaluation of hardware and software for computers and networks.
Computer engineering is located in the Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS) faculty building.
ce.et.tudelft.nl   (863 words)

 Softpanorama Computer Architecture Page
It's documented in "Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach" by Hennessy and Patterson.
Today, SPARC is one of the foundation architectures in the computer industry with SPARC trademarks registered in over 160 countries worldwide.
SPARC architecture proved to be the most widely accepted technology for systems in the financial, academic, industrial, mission critical, and certainly the Internet market.
www.softpanorama.org /Hardware/architecture.shtml   (4470 words)

Computer Systems research at Cornell encompasses both experimental and theoretical work growing out of topics in computer architecture, parallel computer architecture, operating systems and compilers, computer protocols and networks, programming languages and environments, distributed systems, VLSI design, and system specification and verification.
Mark Heinrich 's research centers around flexible architectures for data-intensive computing, particularly exploring the ability to embed processing capability in the memory and I/O subsystems of traditional computer systems.
Rajit Manohar's research is concerned with the design of efficient asynchronous (clockless) computation structures in VLSI, and the use of formal methods to guarantee the correctness of such structures.
www.cs.cornell.edu /Research/Architecture/index.htm   (1154 words)

 Ars Technica: Book review: Computer Architecture: a quantitative approach (9/99)
And I don't mean, “Computer Architecture for Dummies” or “Learn Computer Architecture in 10 Days.” If you really want to try to wrap your mind around concepts like pipelining, vector processing, ISA design, RISC, CISC, and all the other terms you hear tossed about, you've got to tackle the big stuff.
Odds are that if you were to take a computer architecture class at almost any university, this would be the book you'd use.
Computer Architecture is by no means easy though, but its difficulty lies not in the presentation but in the subject matter.
arstechnica.com /etc/books/comp-arc.html   (944 words)

 Amazon.com: Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach: Books: John L. Hennessy,David Goldberg   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Computer Architecture follows the same outline as its predecessor, but covers information in more depth, moving rapidly from introductory discussions to issues just shy of computer design research.
In an era of fluff computer books that are, quite properly, remaindered within weeks of publication, this book will stand the test of time, becoming lovingly dog-eared in the hands of anyone who designs computers or has concerns about the performance of computer programs.
The treatment of multiprocessor architectures is excellent and the authors discuss two application kernels that are frequently used in scientific applications: the Fast Fourier Transform and the LU factorization from linear algebra.
www.amazon.com /Computer-Architecture-Quantitative-John-Hennessy/dp/1558603298   (2773 words)

 architecture - tutorials free design (computer architecture)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Computer serves the needs of computing professionals who need more technical substance than they can get in trade magazines, yet who are too busy to study research journals.
Architecture today is quite different from what it has been in the past.
Processor architecture simulation is the key method used by micro-architecture researchers for evaluating the performance and usefulness of new architecture ideas.
www.cera2.com /WebID/chips/architecture/blank/publication/a-z.htm   (445 words)

 The von Neumann Architecture of Computer Systems
Any discussion of computer architectures, of how computers and computer systems are organized, designed, and implemented, inevitably makes reference to the "von Neumann architecture" as a basis for comparison.
This is "the way computers work." But to really comprehend what choices there are for computer designers, to appreciate what new choices must be found, it is necessary to have a more definitive understanding of what the von Neumann architecture is and is not and what its implications are.
Then the computer needs only one ADD operation, for example, (which is all we see in a higher level language), and the hardware determines whether to perform an integer add, floating point add, double precision, complex, or whatever it might be.
www.csupomona.edu /~hnriley/www/VonN.html   (2303 words)

 Computer Architecture Curricula
Topics: The goals of the introductory course are: to introduce basic concepts in electrical and computer engineering in an integrated manner; to motivate basic concepts in the context of real applications; to illustrate a logical way of thinking about problems and their solutions; and to convey the excitement of the field.
Stanford's computer architecture education approach was influenced by the challenge of designing one course, EE182, for three distinct majors: CS, EE, and Computer Systems Engineering students.
The undergraduate description reveals that their architecture courses are the same in the CS and the ECE departments.
www.cs.utexas.edu /users/chris/arch/www/curricula.html   (4249 words)

 Computer Architecture
Topics that are most useful to Computer Information Systems students are stressed at an appropriate level of detail.
Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of the architecture of the central processing unit (CPU) and of primary storage.
Students will be able to describe communication among computer system components and various methods of performance enhancement.
www.jkang.com /CIS250/cis250.htm   (777 words)

 WWW Computer Architecture Page
Computer Architecture is the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create computers that meet functional, performance and cost goals.
Computer architecture is not about using computers to design buildings.
CAECW-10 held with HPCA-13: Workshop on Computer Architecture Evaluation using Commercial Workloads
pages.cs.wisc.edu /~arch/www   (394 words)

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