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Topic: Congregationalism

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

The most unique aspect of Congregationalism is in its ideas on church government, that power rests with the individual congregation rather than with a church hierarchy.
However, New England Congregationalism was based on close co-operation with the Puritan controlled colony authorities and heresy was not tolerated as Baptists and Quakers learned.
In Britain the out break of Civil War lead to the formation of a group of English Congregationalists or Independents, who were influenced both by the Separatists and the New England way, and hostile to those Puritans who advocated Presbyterian style church government.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/christ/esp/congreg.html   (643 words)

  Congregationalist church governance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The principles of congregationalism have been inherited by the Unitarian Universalist Association, some of which are Christian assemblies, by direct historical descent from the Congregational Church.
Congregationalism is the theory that (1) every local church is a full realization in miniature of the entire Church of Jesus Christ; and (2) the Church, while on earth, besides the local church, can only be invisible and ideal.
The authority of all of the people, including the officers, is limited in the local congregation by a definition of union, or a covenant, by which the terms of their cooperation together are spelled out and agreed to.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Congregationalism   (1169 words)

 CONGREGATIONALISM - LoveToKnow Article on CONGREGATIONALISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Congregationalism of the Savoy Declaration (Oct. 12, 1658), agreed on by representativesthe majority non-ministerialfrom 120 churches, is one tempered by experience gained in Holland and New England, as well as in the Westminster Assembly.
But whilst Congregationalism grew thereby in numbers and in a sense of mission to all sorts and conditions of menlack of which was one of the disabilities3 due in part to its sectarian position before the law (see Mackennal, pp.
Modern Congregationalism, as highly sensitive to the Zeitgeist and its solvent influence on dogma, shared for a time the critical and negative attitude produced by the first impact of a culture determined by the conception of development as applying to the whole realm of experience.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CO/CONGREGATIONALISM.htm   (8845 words)

 History Channel Search Results   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Congregationalism is the polity of many religious bodies besides those that have used the term congregational in their names, including the Baptists, the Unitarians, and churches of the Campbellite tradition such as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).
In a narrower sense, congregationalism is the polity of one wing of English Puritanism, and especially of those Puritans who migrated to New England in the 17th century.
The tendency of congregationalism to a narrow parochialism was in some measure counterbalanced by its emphasis on the communion of the churches.
www.historychannel.com /encyclopedia/article.jsp?link=FWNE.fw..co198800.a   (1206 words)

 Congregationalism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Congregationalism is a type of church government in which each local congregation is self-governing.
In its purest form, it insists on the full autonomy of the local congregation in matters of faith and doctrine as well as in all other matters of governance, including the selection of the pastor.
Since the basic principle of congregationalism is local autonomy, it should not be surprising to discover considerable diversity in the governing patterns of local congregations because there is no central coordinating body to impose a common pattern.
www.mhsc.ca /encyclopedia/contents/C666ME.html   (1110 words)

 Utah History Encyclopedia
Congregationalism arose in sixteenth-century England as an element of the Puritan protest against the established Church of England (Anglican Church).
Congregationalism appeared in Salt Lake City in 1865 with the arrival of the Reverend Norman McLeod.
Congregationalism prospered with the opening of three classrooms--in Independence Hall, the Salt Lake Academy, and a primary school elsewhere in the city.
www.media.utah.edu /UHE/c/CONGREGATIONAL.html   (1597 words)

 Congregationalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Congregationalism was carried to America in 1620 by the Pilgrims, who were members of John Robinson’s congregation in Holland, originally of Scrooby, England.
In America, Congregationalism reached its greatest public influence and largest membership.
The National Association of Congregational Christian Churches was formed in 1955 by churches that chose not to join in the merger; it had about 70,000 members in 1997.
www.bartleby.com /65/co/Congrega.html   (671 words)

 Is Congregationalism a Democracy? - 9Marks
Biblical congregationalism is also democratic in the sense that each member of the church has one vote to cast on certain issues that touch the corporate life of the church.
It is in these specific areas that the similarity of congregationalism to democracy is most apparent, because it is here that members are biblically responsible for casting their votes according to how biblical principles are brought to bear on corporate decisions.
It would be wrong to think of biblical congregationalism in terms of the three branches of democratic government – the executive, legislative, and judicial – as if the executive corresponds to the pastor, the legislative to the elders, and the judicial to the congregation, or some such arrangement.
9marks.org /partner/Article_Display_Page/0,,PTID314526|CHID598014|CIID2008886,00.html   (1465 words)

Congregationalism emerged in Scotland at the end of the eighteenth century as the result of a revival of religion and as a protest against the formalism and authority of the general assembly of the Church of Scotland.
As the concept of a national Congregational church is a contradiction in terms, Congregationalism being the belief that each individual church is a church in its own right, independent of other churches, about a third of the Congregational churches left the Scottish Congregational Church and became members of the Congregational Federation.
In many countries, Congregationalism is expanding as people come to discover the freedom and liberty which Christ offers, and express this same freedom through their churchmanship.
easyweb.easynet.co.uk /ktcong/congregationalism4.html   (980 words)

 The Congregationalists
Because Congregationalism occupies a much humbler place in the configuration of Christianity today, it is easy to forget its prominence and significance in Victorian England.
Likewise Congregationalism was not as numerically significant in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Thus the story of Victorian Congregationalism is one in which more and more decisions were not being taken independently at the local, congregational level, but rather by various wider Congregational bodies, most notably, the Congregational Union of England and Wales which was founded in 1831.
www.victorianweb.org /religion/larsen5.html   (566 words)

 Hidden Histories in the United Church of Christ: German Congregationalism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Congregationalism was ideally suited to the frontier, and Missionary Superintendent Julius Reed, one of Iowa Congregationalism's "sacred seven," thought it could provide German immigrants with a well-anchored religious life.
Congregationalism among the Germans, as championed by Reed, offered a form of church organization that was ideally suited to frontier communities.
Mid-nineteenth century American Congregationalism offered a style of church life that was seemingly designed for them—a fact made clear when one looks at their unique social and religious development.
www.ucc.org /aboutus/histories/chap5.htm   (5679 words)

 Untitled   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If we add those churches which are “congregationally ordered” but which use other names we would be looking at a very significant percentage of the total number of Christian churches in the world.
Congregationalism emphasises the right of each local church to determine its own affairs in perfect independence, in the light of scripture and with the aid of the Holy Spirit.
Congregationalism has always affirmed that everyone who is a Christian is enabled by God as part of the Body of Christ to serve one another for the common good (1Corinthians 12).
www.users.zetnet.co.uk /bosborne/muchmore.htm   (1443 words)

Wales", formed in 1833 and revised in 1871, issued a "Declaration of the Faith, Church Order, and Discipline of the Congregational or Independent Dissenters", and provided for annual meetings and a president who should hold office for a year.
Congregationalists, the Methodist Protestants, and the United Brethren in Christ have not been successful.
Walker, A History of the Congregational Churches in the United States (New York, 1894); Idem, The Creeds and Platforms of Congregationalism (ibid., 1893); Dexter, The Congregationalism of the last 300 years, as seen in its Literature (ibid., 1880).
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04239a.htm   (1804 words)

 PRESBYTERIANISM - LoveToKnow Article on PRESBYTERIANISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In episcopacy the supreme authority is a diocesan bishop; in congregationalism it is the members of the congregation assembled in church meeting; in Presbyterianism it is a church council composed of representative presbyters.
The ecclesiastical unit in episcopacy is a diocese, comprising many churches and ruled by a prelate; in congregationalisni it is a single church, self-governed and entirely independent of all others; in Presbyterianism it is a presbytery or council composed of ministers and elders representing all the churches within a specified district.
But, in contrast with Congregationalism, when they elect and call a minister their action has to be sustained by the presbytery, which judges of his fitness for that particular sphere, of the measure of the congregations unanimity, and of the adequacy of financial support.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /P/PR/PRESBYTERIANISM.htm   (14748 words)

 Creeds of Christendom Volume I (x.ii)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
English and American Congregationalism, or Congregationalism as a distinct denomination, arose among the Puritans during the latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth.
The classical soil of Congregationalism is New England, where it established 'a Church without a bishop and a State without a king.' From New England it spread into the far West, to the shores of the Pacific Ocean, and exerted a powerful influence upon other Churches.
Puritan Congregationalism is the father of New England and one of the grandfathers of the American Republic, and it need not be ashamed of its children.
www.ccel.org /ccel/schaff/creeds1.x.ii.html   (3239 words)

 Evangelical Methodist Churches
Paragraphs 63 and 64 then indicate two specific areas of that congregationalism, that is, ownership of local property and call of a pastor.
Congregational-connectionalism goes beyond both of these forms of congregationalism in stating the relationship of local churches to each other and to the denomination as a whole.
It is thus a fundamental principle in congregational - connectionalism that an ordained minister is first of all a member of the District Conference and is responsible to it for the discharge of his ministry (Paragraphs 475-1; 405; 409; 426; 435-437; 621-623).
www.emchurch.org /congregation.htm   (1642 words)

 ColleagueOnline: About us   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Horton argued in his addresses, writings, and in civil court in favor of Congregationalism B. Briefly stated, Congregationalism B held that when an Association and the General Council gathered they were "church" in a similar sense as when a local congregation gathered.
Congregationalism B was Horton's attempt to convince the court and Congregationalists opposed to the union that the doctrine of the church proposed in the United Church of Christ was not a radical departure.
Horton's Congregationalism B could be a point at which to begin the conversation.
www.colleagueonline.org /horton.htm   (591 words)

 Henry Martyn Dexter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Henry Martyn Dexter (August 13, 1821 - November 13, 1890), American clergyman and author, was born in Plympton, Massachusetts.
He was an authority on the history of Congregationalism and was lecturer on that subject at the Andover Theological Seminary in 1877-1879; he left his fine library on the Puritans in America to Yale University.
Congregationalism, What it is, Whence it is, How it works, Why it is better than any other Form of Church Government, and its consequent Demands (1865)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Henry_Martyn_Dexter   (224 words)

But Congregationalism did not die; it only vanished underground, for its principle is inevitable.
Wherever men and women are won for Christ they desire to come together for worship, mutual help and united service, and every such group, once it begins to function in its principle is a Congregational church, though its members may know nothing of polity, and their theory of church government may never be made explicit.
In the 1630's Congregationalism in New England grew with the emigration of Puritans from this country.
easyweb.easynet.co.uk /ktcong/congregationalism1.html   (939 words)

 How Are We Different
Congregationalism assumes that each member of a church has a personal relationship with God that is a motivating force in his or her life.
In Congregationalism, we acknowledge that while we each have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, we also need the support of a loving community to grow to full maturity in Christ.
Congregationalism expressed the freedom people of conviction have always had to gather together, to support each other's ministries, to love each other in tough times, to rejoice together in good times, and to work together for God's purposes.
www.northshorecongl.org /howweare.htm   (1514 words)

 Congregationalism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Congregationalism of the Last Three Hundred Years As Seen in Its Literature (Research and Source Series No. 519) (reference)
"Congregationalism" is generally used as a noun (singular) -- approximately 57.14% of the time.
"Congregationalism" is used about 7 times out of a sample of 100 million words spoken or written in English.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /Co/Congregationalism.html   (364 words)

 The Congregational Way
No better definition of Congregationalism has ever been written than that of the noted scholar Dr. William E. Barton, which is to be found on page 15 of his definitive book, The Law of Congregational Usage.
Congregationalism is that system of church organization which recognizes the equal rights of all believers, the independence and autonomy of the local Church, and the association of the Churches through voluntary organizations devised for fellowship and cooperation, but without ecclesiastical authority.
Congregationalism is based on Biblical truths which are eternal.
www.naccc.org /Cong_Way_Series/Biblical_Basis_of_Cong.htm   (911 words)

 Congregational church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Great Britain, the early congregationalists were called separatists or independents to distinguish themselves from the similarly Calvinistic Presbyterians, and some congregationalists there still call themselves "Independents".
There are difficulties in identifying a specific beginning because Congregationalism is more easily identified as a movement than a single denomination, given its distinguishing commitment to the complete autonomy of the local congregation.
The idea that each distinct congregation fully constitutes the visible Church can, however, be traced to John Wyclif and the Lollard movement which followed after Wyclif was removed from teaching authority in the Roman Catholic Church.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Congregationalist_Church   (842 words)

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