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Topic: Congress of Industrial Organizations


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  Congress of Industrial Organizations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Congress of Industrial Organizations, or CIO, was a federation of unions that organized industrial workers in the United States and Canada in the 1935-1955.
When the CIO formally established itself as a rival to the AFL in 1938, renaming itself as the Congress of Industrial Organizations, the ILGWU and the Millinery Workers left the CIO to return to the AFL.
The CIO’s major organizing drive of this era, Operation Dixie, aimed at the textile workers of the South, was a complete failure, due both to the social and political backwardness of the region and the CIO’s reluctance to confront Jim Crow.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Congress_of_Industrial_Organizations   (3949 words)

  
 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
From its inception the AFL emphasized organization of skilled workers into craft unions (composed of a single occupation such as painters or electricians), as opposed to industrial unions (where all the workers in the automobile or steel industry would belong to one union).
During the entire period of the alienation of the CIO from the AFL, the idea of merger was being considered by elements in both federations, and labor’s concern over the apparent antiunion policies of President Eisenhower’s administration (the first Republican administration in 20 years) gave new impetus to the movement for labor unity.
The death in 1952 of the presidents of both organizations and the appointment of George Meany to head the AFL and Walter P. Reuther to run the CIO paved the way for a merger in 1955.
www.bartleby.com /65/am/AmerFL-CIO.html   (1282 words)

  
 Congress of Industrial Organizations
Fed up with the refusal of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) to organize unskilled and semiskilled factory workers, Lewis and his allies provided the money and organizational framework for their mobilization and unionization.
Organizers faced employers who were both sophisticated and stubborn, with long histories of antiunion campaigns that often turned to violence.
Other things, though, were conducive to organizing: Depression unemployment, which undermined employees' loyalty to their companies; a firmly prolabor Roman Catholic Church; a working-class that had maintained its own institutions and a sense of itself; and the presence of many radicals, often Communists, who had spent years organizing in the trenches.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/326.html   (439 words)

  
 Finding Aid for the Congress of Industrial Organizations Records
The CIO's commitment to organizing all unskilled, semi-skilled, and skilled workers in an industry in one union meshed with its explicit pledge to organize workers regardless of race or religion into egalitarian unions.
Although the CIO unions actual commitment to racial equality was uneven and imperfectly implemented, many African-American workers in the mass industries found an entrance into the labor movement that had been previously denied.
Industry leaders sought a retraction in CIO growth and in 1947 Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act.
libraries.cua.edu /achrcua/cio.html   (3668 words)

  
 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations: History - History American Federation of Labor In 1881 representatives of workers' organizations, meeting in...
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations: Bibliography - Bibliography See W. Galenson, The CIO Challenge to the AFL (1960); S. Gompers, Seventy Years of...
Congress of Industrial Organizations - Congress of Industrial Organizations: see American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/bus/A0803670.html   (453 words)

  
 The Congress of Induustrial Organization   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
They formed the Committee for Industrial Organization, which initially was contemplated as a part of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), but became an independent organization in 1936, when the AFL Executive Council voted to expel the unions involved with the CIO.
After the AFL convention formally revoked the CIO unions' charters, the Committee became the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1938.
By 1937, Lewis was able to report to the first CIO Conference that the United Auto Workers had grown almost overnight to 400,000 members and the United Steelworkers to nearly 500,000 members.
www.umwa.org /history/cio1.shtml   (320 words)

  
 Merger of the AFL and the CIO (from American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations) --  ...
The CIO joined the AFL in opposition to the new law, but political unity was only gradually translated into union solidarity.
More results on "Merger of the AFL and the CIO (from American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations)" when you join.
The organization seeks to broaden public awareness and appreciation of visual arts through art, video, and film exhibitions that travel to museums and art galleries in the United States and abroad.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-265   (945 words)

  
 AFL-CIO - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, commonly AFL-CIO, is America's largest federation of unions, made up of 53 national and international (including Canadian) unions, together representing over 9 million workers.
The AFL-CIO was formed in 1955 when the AFL and the CIO merged after a long estrangement.
The NUP's program for reform of the federation included reduction of the central bureaucracy, more money spent on organizing new members rather than on electoral politics, and a restructuring of unions and locals, eliminating some smaller locals and focusing more along the lines of industrial unionism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/AFL-CIO   (492 words)

  
 Congress of Industrial Organizations (C.I.O.)
When the American Federation of Labor indicated reluctance to organize unskilled workers, John L. Lewis created the Committee for Industrial Organization within the A.F. of L. in 1935.
Lewis created the Committee for Industrial Organization when he realized that any gains won for miners could be lost if he did not organize such "captive mines" as those held by the steel producers' United States Steel Company, which alone employed 170,000 workers.
Walter Reuther of the United Auto Workers became the last president of the C.I.O., prior to its historic merger with the A.F. of L. Membership in the C.I.O. rose from four million in 1938 to six million in 1945.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h1744.html   (640 words)

  
 Congress of Industrial Organizations on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS [Congress of Industrial Organizations] see American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.
Organized Labor at a Crossroads.(American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations)
Organized labor power rests with pension assets for cities.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-C1ongressI1O1.asp   (863 words)

  
 hisupdate37.htm
Appalled by the prospect of unions with what he called "unrestricted charters to organize workers without recognizing the jurisdictional claims of established internationals," Wharton defended the craft concept as realistic and dismissed industrial unionism as a pipe dream.
It is the only industry that has gone through the six years of this industrial depression with its membership practically intact, maintaining all of its conditions o employment, maintaining its standards of wages and retaining its membership.
For a brief moment the IAM had a chance, never to return, to become a dominant in America's metalworking industries, as is I. Metall in West Germany.* The moment passed because Wharton failed to see the extent to which the Wagner Act shifted the balance of power in industrial relations.
www.iamawlodge1426.org /hisupdate37.htm   (1097 words)

  
 Online NewsHour: Solidarity Forever? -- Sept. 2, 1996
And what we're seeing now is the unions are trying to organize new groups of people, public sector people, poor, service sector people, custodial people, and I think if it gives it a new burst of energy, it's going to be very important for this country's history.
In the 60s, as has been mentioned, the efforts in the private sector started to stall out, labor turned its focus to organizing the public sector, and did pretty well there for a while.
The old rhetoric of Roosevelt and Truman and Johnson and Humphrey standing with labor, of standing with working men and women, was almost entirely gone, and I really doubt that we'll see it come back in the near future.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/business/september96/labor_historians_9-2.html   (1899 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Congress of Industrial Organizations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject.
AllRefer.com - American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (Labor) - Encyclopedia
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), a federation of autonomous labor unions in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama, and U.S. dependencies, formed in 1955 by the merger of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Congress-of-Industrial-Organizations   (523 words)

  
 Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) Unionism
In 1933, existing union membership had dropped significantly, and attempts to unionize labor in such "new growth" industries as steel, textiles, and automobiles had not been successful.
However, with the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the right of workers to join unions and as a group to negotiate hours, wages, and working conditions with their employers was guaranteed.
At exactly 10:19 the organizer stepped into the Pittsburgh shop and he was supposed to blow a whistle which would begin the action.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/ndlpedu/features/timeline/depwwii/newdeal/ciounion.html   (657 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Congress of Industrial Organizations (Labor) - Encyclopedia
AllRefer.com - Congress of Industrial Organizations (Labor) - Encyclopedia
Congress of Industrial Organizations: see American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.
• American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/X/X-CongressIO.html   (149 words)

  
 Comments of American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations and Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB) ...
On behalf of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations ("AFL-CIO") and the Federation of German Unions, Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund ("DGB"), we welcome this opportunity to offer our comments on the Securities and Exchange Commission's (the "Commission") proposed rule, File No. S7-02-03, to strengthen the Commission's requirements regarding audit committee independence.
Relationships between the registrant or any executive officer of the registrant and any not-for-profit organization on whose board a director or immediate family member serves or of which a director or immediate family member serves as an officer or in a similar capacity.
Disclosable relationships should be defined to include contributions to the organization in excess of $10,000 made by the registrant or any executive officer in the last five years and any other activity undertaken by the registrant or any executive officer that provides a material benefit to the organization.
www.sec.gov /rules/proposed/s70203/hputzhammer1.htm   (2666 words)

  
 2 big unions break from AFL-CIO / Teamsters and SEIU want more emphasis on adding members
The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations early in the last century had been one, then split in 1935, enjoyed growth spikes as competition produced ideas and resolve.
Sweeney's proposal is to double to $22.5 million an annual fund devoted to organizing, and he proposes a rebate of 30 percent.
The dissidents are also focused on reducing the number of unions that now compete in numerous industries for the same workers.
sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2005/07/26/MNGESDTHCA1.DTL   (1251 words)

  
 Comments of American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations on S7-45-02
On behalf of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (the "AFL-CIO"), I am writing to offer comments on Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") proposal, S7-45-02, regarding the Implementation of Standards of Professional Conduct for Attorneys.
In particular, I welcome this opportunity to respond to the Commission's request for comments from interested parties outside the legal profession, such as issuers and investors, on the "noisy withdrawal" provisions, and on the alternative provisions, in the Commission's proposal.
The mechanism could be similar to that proposed as part of the alternative provisions, but with the evidentiary standard required under noisy withdrawal.
www.sec.gov /rules/proposed/s74502/rltrumka1.htm   (1082 words)

  
 Ohio AFL-CIO Web Resource   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Working families face increasingly dangerous threats on many fronts in Ohio, and 2006 will be a critical year for us to win battles and move forward.
Citing a national poll showing voter dissatisfaction with Congress’ performance in 2005, Burga said too many Ohio Members of Congress earned poor marks overall and that those failing to make the grade should “study up” over the mid-term break to get in line with issues most important to Ohioans.
Brian Baker, President of the Lorain AFL-CIO Council, reported that all of organized labor worked hard on this issue to make sure that the Wal-Mart downgrading of the economy was not wanted in the Lorain area.
www.ohaflcio.org   (1276 words)

  
 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations: History
, the AFL was, instead, a decentralized organization recognizing the autonomy of each of its member national craft unions.
of the United Mine Workers of America led this faction in forming a Committee for Industrial Organization in 1935.
for alleged failure to meet the parent organization's ethical standards.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/bus/A0856583.html   (895 words)

  
 Welcome to the New York State AFL-CIO
By addressing the committee in person, labor's point of view on these issues was fully explained and more important, the thought process behind our views was described in great detail.
It is believed that “Working New York” will be the only mainstream television program in the tri-state area, if not the country, to be solely produced by a labor organization for the purpose of bringing the needs, concerns and interests of working people to the attention of the general public.
New York State AFL-CIO President Denis Hughes stated, “This groundbreaking endeavor is an opportunity to address a wide range of social, political and economic issues from the point of view of everyday working men and women.
www.nysaflcio.org   (1203 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (Labor) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
You are here : AllRefer.com > Reference > Encyclopedia > Labor > American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Labor
More articles from AllRefer Reference on American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/A/AmerFL-CIO.html   (385 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Two rebel unions split from AFL-CIO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The dissident leaders said a new direction is needed to reverse years of declining union membership and clout.
Labor leaders agree unions are struggling against global economic forces and what Sweeney called "the most powerful anti-worker political machine in the history of our country." Disagreement on how to fight back led to Monday's split.
When the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged in 1955, some 33% of American workers belonged to unions; that has dropped to 12.5%.
www.usatoday.com /money/2005-07-25-labor-rift_x.htm   (524 words)

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