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Topic: Conscription Crisis of 1944


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
  Conscription
Québec would never agree to conscription, he believed, and if he joined the pro-conscription coalition French Canada would be delivered into the hands of Henri BOURASSA and his nationalistes.
As a military measure conscription was a failure; as a political measure it had largely been responsible for the re-election of the Borden government, but it left the Conservative Party with a heavy liability in Québec and in the agricultural West.
Québec's BLOC POPULAIRE continued to fight against conscription by presenting candidates for the Aug 1944 provincial elections and the June 1945 federal elections.
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0001859   (693 words)

  
  Conscription Crisis of 1944 - Biocrawler
The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War II.
It was related to the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but was not as politically damaging.
Colonel James Ralston argued in favour of finally introducing conscription, interpreting King's statement on "necessity" to mean the necessity of maintaining an army in the field.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Conscription_Crisis_of_1944   (0 words)

  
 Conscription Encyclopedia Article on Involuntarily.org
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens (often just males) to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription certainly imposes on the freedom of the individual and although some conscripts feel that they benefited from the experience others feel that their time could have been spent more productively pursuing their chosen studies or career paths.
Conscription may inspire camaraderie, unifying a people: all able-bodied males together as a union have had the same experience and are soldiers, and that may create unity and a national spirit.
www.involuntarily.org /Conscription/encyclopedia.htm   (0 words)

  
 Conscription Crisis of 1917 - Biocrawler
The Conscription Crisis of 1917 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War I.
To solidify support for conscription in the 1917 election, Borden extended the vote to overseas soldiers, who were in favour of conscription to replace their depleted forces.
Laurier had opposed conscription from the beginning of the war, and privately felt that if he joined the coalition, Quebec would fall under what he perceived as a dangerous nationalism of Bourassa.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Conscription_crisis_of_1917   (0 words)

  
 Conscription - Information at Halfvalue.com
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens (often just males) to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription is seen also signaling inequality; as men are required to risk their life and limb without any compensation while women aren't, it can be viewed as a signal the society values far more the lives of women than those of men, and men are just expendable.
Conscription is a component of "total war", and can also be used as an example of established policy to justify a government's demand that other sacrifices be required of civilians.
halfvalue.com /wiki.jsp?topic=Conscription   (7179 words)

  
 Conscription Crisis of 1944 Summary and Analysis Summary
Conscription Crisis of 1944 Summary and Analysis Summary
The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War II.
It was similar to the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but was not as politically...
www.bookrags.com /Conscription_Crisis_of_1944   (214 words)

  
  Conscription - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Conscription, system of compulsory enrollment of men and women into the armed forces.
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require (very often, male only...
The Conscription Crisis of 1917 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War I. Background At the outbreak of war in 1914, over 30,000 volunteers joined the army, far more than...
encarta.msn.com /Conscription.html   (204 words)

  
  Conscription Crisis of 1944
The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War II.
It was similar to the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but was not as politically damaging.
Colonel James Ralston argued in favour of finally introducing conscription, interpreting King's statement on "necessity" to mean the necessity of maintaining an army in the field.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/c/co/conscription_crisis_of_1944.html   (1316 words)

  
 Suchmaschine   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens (often just males) to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription is seen also signaling inequality; as men are required to risk their life and limb without any compensation while women aren't, it can be viewed as a signal the society values far more the lives of women than those of men, and men are just expendable.
Conscription is a component of "total war", and can also be used as an example of established policy to justify a government's demand that other sacrifices be required of civilians.
www.dmoz.ch /lexikon.cgi?sprache=en&q=Conscription   (7013 words)

  
 Conscription at AllExperts
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require (very often, male only) citizens to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription is seen also signaling inequality; as men are required to risk their life and limb without any compensation while women aren't, it can be viewed as a signal the society values far more the lives of women than those of men, and men are just expendables.
Conscription is a component of "total war", and can also be used as an example of established policy to justify a government's demand that other sacrifices be required of civilians.
en.allexperts.com /e/c/co/conscription.htm   (10821 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens (often just males) to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription may inspire camaraderie, unifying a people: all able-bodied males together as a union have had the same experience and are soldiers, and that may create unity and team spirit within a nation.
Conscription even ends up mirroring many of the infamous traits of chattel slavery in the American South; one's life is in the hands of those giving orders, to be sacrificed at will, one can be severely punished, even imprisoned, beaten, or killed, for trying to escape.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=conscription   (6955 words)

  
 mainbase, base page
Conscription may inspire camaraderie, unifying a people: all able-bodied males together as a union have had the same experience and are soldiers, and that may create unity and a national spirit.
Niccolò Machiavelli's attempts to raise a conscript army in Florence ended in catastrophe; the conscripts did not have adequate training or experience, and were awkward to perform drill and maneuver.
Another argument sees conscription as a tool for dictatorships to control and re-educate a population instead of being a means for an oppressed people to infiltrate the military as the power base for every dictatorship.
www.mainbase.war.to /?title=Conscription   (7234 words)

  
 NFB Mediasphere
Conscription exposed the class, cultural, and regional divisions in the country.
A plebiscite held in 1942 revealed that 80% of Canadians outside of Quebec were in favour of conscription, while 72% of Quebecers were against it.
Preoccupied by the unity of the country (and surely thinking about the next election as any politician would), King stalled until November 1944 to implement an overseas mobilization act, by which time the war was already winding down.
mediasphere.onf.ca /E/history/content/another_conscription.epl   (327 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This act was invoked three times, in both world wars due to riots over conscription (the Conscription Crisis of 1917 and Conscription Crisis of 1944) and in the October Crisis of 1970.
In case of an environmental crisis, the Indian government declares states of emergency, in which the emergency relief forces of the Indian Armed Forces, the National Guard, and the police come under the strict control of the President of India.
To date, these powers have never been used but with the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, 2006 U.S. immigration reform protests and the possibility of avian flu spreading globally, concerns have been raised that these powers could be employed or a de facto drift into their deployment could occur.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Martial_law   (3001 words)

  
 zorunlu askerlik ve gonullu askerlik
Conscription, conscientious objection, and civic service: The military institutions and political culture of Germany, 1945 to the present.
Conscripts and deserters: The Army and French society during the revolution and empire.
W.D. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, in the House of Representatives, on the conscription,
www.canaktan.org /uluslararasi-savunma/zorunlu-askerlik/ing-kaynak.htm   (1131 words)

  
 Voices From The Past - Ken Osborne
As a result of the conscription referendum of 1942 a group of Quebec nationalists had created the third party Bloc Populaire Canadien, pledged to oppose conscription for overseas military service and, more generally, to protect Quebec's rights within Confederation in the face of what it saw as the centralizing pressures of the federal government.
In the 1944 Senate debate this linkage of history and the War provided the subtext underlying much of what was said, and some Senators made it explicit.
And once it became clear that Canada had successfully weathered the Conscription Crisis of 1944, and once the War had been won, the concern for national unity receded into the background as Canadians concentrated on enjoying the prosperity of peacetime and coming to terms with the Cold War.
www.quasar.ualberta.ca /css/Css_37_1/CLvoices_from_the_past.htm   (4322 words)

  
 Conscription for Wartime Service
The crisis came in 1917, when Prime Minister Borden was summoned to London, England to participate in the Imperial War Conference.
When his own minister of defence, Colonel J.L. Ralston, also demanded conscription, King, the able politician, decided to have a national plebescite asking the people of Canada to release the government from its promise not to invoke conscription for overseas service.
The issue of conscription was fiercely debated leading to the plebescite on 27 April.
www.mta.ca /faculty/arts/canadian_studies/english/about/study_guide/debates/conscription.html   (787 words)

  
 WarMuseum.ca - Democracy at War - Conscription - Canada and the War
Conscription, or compulsory military service, divided the nation in the Second World War and threatened the survival of political leaders.
The NRMA was amended to allow conscription for overseas service, but for now King went no further because there were sufficient volunteers still available.
On November 22, 1944, King was forced to reverse his position and order conscripts overseas.
www.warmuseum.ca /cwm/newspapers/canadawar/conscription_e.html   (398 words)

  
 On Power: The Independent Institute | U. S. History | World War II
Like conscription, price controls were means of hiding from the people the true cost of the war effort, although taxes were raised and for the first time, the income tax, including withholding, became a tax on the masses.
It can do so only through conscription, which is hardly a method that creates prosperity, not to mention the violation of freedom.
Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government.
www.onpower.org /history_wwii.html   (5660 words)

  
 WarMuseum.ca - A Chronology of Canadian Military History - 1939-1945, Conscription
In 1944, Ottawa imposed limited conscription for overseas service.
In April 1942, the federal government held a national plebiscite asking Canadians to release it from its “no conscription” pledge if, in the future, Ottawa decided conscripts were needed overseas.
In November 1944, after heavy losses in front-line infantry units serving in Northwest Europe and Italy, Ottawa authorized the dispatch of 16,000 home defence conscripts overseas.
www.civilization.ca /cwm/chrono/1931conscription_e.html   (199 words)

  
 Conscription infoTurkish.com Herşey Hakkında Türkçe Bilgi
Conscription is a general term for involuntary labor demanded by some established authority, e.g, Old Testament commentaries use the term to describe the levies of labor used to build the Temple, but it is most often used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens to serve in their armed forces.
Conscription is regularly postponed for students until the end of their studies, as long as they apply before they turn 28 years of age.
Some Egyptians evade conscription and travel overseas until they reach the age of 30, at which point they are tried, pay a $580 fine (as of 2004), and are dishonorably relieved of their obligation to serve in the army.
www.infoturkish.com /Turkey/Conscription.html   (13121 words)

  
 William Lyon Mackenzie King - Canadian History
As Britain’s main ally within the Commonwealth, Canadian troops distinguished themselves through the Battle of Britain, in the North African and Italian campaigns and in the Normandy invasion in 1944.
Throughout the war, Mackenzie King managed to keep the people of Canada working together, although the plebiscite of 1942 and the conscription crisis of 1944 strained relations between Quebecers and the rest of Canadians.
His reelection in 1945, winning the majority of the seats in Quebec while he retained substantial support in the rest of the country, testifies to his ability as prime minister.
faculty.marianopolis.edu /c.belanger/quebechistory/encyclopedia/WilliamLyonMackenzieKing-CanadianHistory.htm   (716 words)

  
 Military History: Second World War: Homefront, 1940-45: Conscription
October 1944, for example, registered almost 6,400 Canadian casualties during the liberation of the port of Antwerp in Belgium.
The conscription crisis had taken a long time to erupt, but it eventually came to dominate the national political agenda.
He recommended that the home-defence conscripts be sent to the theatres of war.
www.lermuseum.org /ler/mh/wwii/conscription.html   (214 words)

  
 Parks Canada - Laurier House National Historic Site of Canada - Conscription
It is not only the people of Quebec who are opposed to conscription, but my correspondence satisfies me that in every other province there is amongst the masses an undercurrent [indicating] that they will be sore and bitter if at the present moment a conscription law is forced upon them.
Remember that from the beginning of the war, though the Prime Minister, the government affirmed and re-affirmed that there would be no conscription; and one of the ministers, Mr.Crothers, if I mistake not, stated with the elegance peculiar to him that any such statement was a "Grit lie".
To have all of a sudden, without preparation, without a word of warning, launched the policy of conscription was, you will admit, with me, a singular want of foresight on the part of the government.
www.pc.gc.ca /lhn-nhs/on/laurier/edu/educ_e.asp   (1687 words)

  
 Michael Suddard's Homepage - The Balance of English and French Interests during the Conscription Crises of World War Two
I must say to Council, that while I am ready to explore the situation further, as I see it at the moment, I feel that there is no alternative but for me to recommend the extension of service of NRMA personnel to overseas.
I believe that we shall get through without conscription and that the same power which has guided me in the past will continue to guide me through another very difficult period.
of 1944, “Ralston was replaced…by General A.G.L. McNaughton, an artillery commander in the First World War and King’s choice in 1939 to command the army overseas”.
www.michaelsuddard.com /king.htm   (3807 words)

  
 History of the city of Montreal | GEOS Montreal
Ottawa was furious over Houde's insubordination and held him in a prison camp until 1944, when the government was forced to institute conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1944).
The October Crisis and the election of the separatist political party, the Parti Québécois, resulted in major political, ethnic and linguistic shifts.
The extent of the transition was greater than the norm for major urban centres, with social and economic impacts, as a significant number of (mostly anglophone) Montrealers, as well as businesses, migrated to other provinces, away from an uncertain political climate.
www.geosmontreal.com /history_of_montreal   (1636 words)

  
 Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
At the founding of the Union Nationale in 1935 and the Bloc Populaire in 1942, at the conscription crisis in 1944 and the adoption of the Quebec flag in 1948, the “great Mercier” was always present, inspiring, exhorting, exorcising, applauding.
The Mercier of the 1910s was the bearer of a messianic vision thrusting Quebec to the fore within the Canadian confederation and French Canadians to the fore in North America.
The Mercier of crisis, like the Samuel de Champlain* and Jos Montferrand [Joseph Montferrand*, dit Favre] dear to the ecclesiastical élites, was an agriculturalist who steered his plough towards the past.
www.biographi.ca /EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=40417   (7332 words)

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