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In the News (Sat 13 Apr 19)

  The U.S. Constitution - National Constitution Center
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.
www.constitutioncenter.org /explore/TheU.S.Constitution/index.shtml   (4293 words)

  Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Constitution of Poland), and sub-national or provincial (e.g.
For example, in the Constitution of Australia, most of its fundamental political principles and regulations concerning the relationship between branches of government, and concerning the government and the individual are codified in a single document, the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia.
A "constitutional violation" is an action or legislative act that is judged by a constitutional court to be contrary to the constitution, that is, "unconstitutional".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Constitution   (4158 words)

 United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This means that the states' constitutions and laws should not conflict with the laws of the federal constitution-- and that in case of a conflict, state judges are legally bound to honor the federal laws and constitution over those of any state.
The Constitution was originally proposed by a convention which was convened for the express purpose of amending the Articles of Confederation.
Amar's interpretation has the appeal that it allows the Constitution ratification be legal, yet also makes the secession of the states prior to the American Civil War illegal, as, according to Amar, South Carolina and her sister states had ceased to be sovereign nations by ratifying the Constitution.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_Constitution   (6491 words)

 Iowa General Assembly - Iowa Constitution
Senators and representatives, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the general assembly, and in going to and returning from the same.
In all cases of elections to fill vacancies in office occurring before the expiration of a full term, the person so elected shall hold for the residue of the unexpired term; and all persons appointed to fill vacancies in office, shall hold until the next general election, and until their successors are elected and qualified.
This constitution shall be the supreme law of the state, and any law inconsistent therewith, shall be void.
www.legis.state.ia.us /Constitution.html   (6635 words)

 The Constitution of North Carolina
The Constitution of 1868 was an amalgam of provisions copied or adapted from the Declaration of Rights of 1776, the Constitution of 1776 and its amendments, the proposed Constitution of 1866, and the Constitutions of other states, together with some new and original provisions.
Constitutional amendments usually were drafted in response to particular problems experienced or anticipated and generally they were limited in scope so as to achieve the essential goal, while arousing minimum unnecessary opposition.
Constitutional draftsmen have not been so convinced of their own exclusive hold on wisdom or so doubtful of the reliability of later generations of legislators that they found it necessary to write into the Constitution the large amount of regulatory detail often found in state Constitutions.
statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us /nc/stgovt/preconst.htm   (6110 words)

 Statutes & Constitution :Constitution : Online Sunshine   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Notwithstanding any other provision of the constitution, the duties of the clerk of the circuit court may be divided by special or general law between two officers, one serving as clerk of court and one serving as ex officio clerk of the board of county commissioners, auditor, recorder, and custodian of all county funds.
Except as otherwise provided in this constitution, the state attorney shall be the prosecuting officer of all trial courts in that circuit and shall perform other duties prescribed by general law; provided, however, when authorized by general law, the violations of all municipal ordinances may be prosecuted by municipal prosecutors.
Upon municipal courts being terminated or abolished in accordance with the provisions of this subsection, the judges thereof who are not members of the bar of Florida, shall be eligible to seek election as judges of county courts of their respective counties.
www.leg.state.fl.us /Statutes/index.cfm?Mode=Constitution&Submenu=3&Tab=statutes   (14332 words)

 Constitution of Indonesia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Even though a constitution is characteristic of the family system, if the spirit of the authorities and the leaders of government is individualistic, then the constitution is in reality meaningless.
The Constitution is that part of the Fundamental Law which is written down, while besides that Constitution there also prevails a Fundamental Law which is not written down, namely, the basic rules which arise and are maintained in the practice of running a state, although they are not written down.
Although a constitution is drawn up which, according to the letter, is charactersized by the family principle, if the spirit of the authorities of the state, the leaders of the administration, individualistic, that constitution is certain to have no meaning in practice.
asnic.utexas.edu /asnic/countries/indonesia/ConstIndonesia.html   (8831 words)

Proposals of any constitutional convention to amend or revise the constitution of the state shall be submitted to all the electors of the state not later than two months after final adjournment of the convention, either as a whole or in such parts and with such alternatives as the convention may determine.
Section 3 of article third of the constitution is amended to read as follows: The senate shall consist of not less than thirty and not more than fifty members, each of whom shall have attained the age of twenty-one years and be an elector residing in the senatorial district from which he is elected.
Section 2 of article fifth of the constitution is amended to read as follows: The judges of the supreme court, of the appellate court and of the superior court shall, upon nomination by the governor, be appointed by the general assembly in such manner as shall by law be prescribed.
www.sots.ct.gov /RegisterManual/SectionI/ctconstit.htm   (8970 words)

 The Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
A major debate is underway on whether the amendments made to the Constitution by the Legal Framework Order (issued by General Pervez Musharraf on August 21, 2002) are valid.
The Constitution is "in abeyance" as of October 12, 1999.
www.pakistani.org /pakistan/constitution   (497 words)

 Constitution of Ukraine
The Constitutional Court of Ukraine is composed of eighteen judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.
Judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine are subject to the guarantees of independence and immunity and to the grounds for dismissal from office envisaged by Article 126 of this Constitution, and the requirements concerning incompatibility as det ermined in Article 127, paragraph two of this Constitution.
A draft law on introducing amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine is considered by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine upon the availability of an opinion of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on the conformity of the draft law with the requirements of Articles 157 and 158 of this Constitution.
www.rada.kiev.ua /const/conengl.htm   (15204 words)

 West Virginia Constitution
The provisions of the constitution of the United States, and of this state, are operative alike in a period of war as in time of peace, and any departure therefrom, or violation thereof, under the plea of necessity, or any other plea, is subversive of good government, and tends to anarchy and despotism.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this constitution, such compensation and expense allowances as may be provided for by any such general law shall be paid on and after the effective date of such general law.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section fifty-one, article six of this constitution, any such bill may be reconsidered even if the Legislature is at the time in extended session for the sole purpose of considering the budget bill, as specified in said section fifty-one.
www.legis.state.wv.us /WVCODE/WV_CON.cfm   (6758 words)

 U.S. Senate: Reference Home > Virtual Reference Desk > Constitution
The Constitution defines the fundamental law of the U.S. federal government, setting forth the three principal branches of the federal government and outlining their jurisdictions.
Amendments may be proposed either by the Congress, through a joint resolution passed by a two-thirds vote, or by a convention called by Congress in response to applications from two-thirds of the state legislatures.
The Supreme Court is the highest tribunal in the United States for all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution.
www.senate.gov /reference/reference_index_subjects/Constitution_vrd.htm   (253 words)

 From Revolution to Reconstruction: Documents: The Constitution of the USA
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this constitution, as under the confederation.
The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the states so ratifying the same.
odur.let.rug.nl /~usa/D/1776-1800/constitution/const.htm   (2795 words)

 The United States Constitution - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
www.usconstitution.net /const.html   (5144 words)

 BUNREACHT NA hÉIREANN   (Site not responding. Last check: )
All revenues of the State from whatever source arising shall, subject to such exception as may be provided by law, form one fund, and shall be appropriated for the purposes and in the manner and subject to the charges and liabilities determined and imposed by law.
1° The provisions of this Constitution which relate to the exercise and performance by the President of the powers and functions conferred on him by or under this Constitution shall subject to the subsequent provisions of this section apply to the exercise and performance of the said powers and functions under this Article.
All crimes and offences prosecuted in any court constituted under Article 34 of this Constitution other than a court of summary jurisdiction shall be prosecuted in the name of the People and at the suit of the Attorney General or some other person authorised in accordance with law to act for that purpose.
www.taoiseach.gov.ie /upload/publications/297.htm   (7893 words)

 Constitution Society Home Page
The Constitution Society is a private non-profit organization dedicated to research and public education on the principles of constitutional republican government.
This organization was founded in response to the growing concern that noncompliance with the Constitution for the United States of America and most state constitutions is creating a crisis of legitimacy that threatens freedom and civil rights.
We maintain that the principles of constitutional republicanism are universal, and applicable to all nations, although not well understood or upheld by most.
www.constitution.org   (828 words)

 EUROPA - Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: )
These pages provide information on the Constitution to a wide range of readers: from those who want it in a short and general form to those looking for a detailed explanation or those in search of graphical downloads.
Before it can enter into force, the Constitution for Europe must be ratified by all the Member States of the European Union.
The present situation is as follows: 15 Member States have already ratified the Constitution for Europe: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
europa.eu.int /constitution/index_en.htm   (317 words)

 Constitution Party National Political Headquarters
At its April 24-27 national convention in Kansas City, the Constitution Party nominated Florida pastor/political activist Charles O. Chuck Baldwin as its candidate for president of the United States.
Delegates to the 2008 Constitution Party National Convention held in Kansas City, Missouri April 23-26 voted to elect Dr. Chuck Baldwin to serve as its 2008 Presidential candidate.
The GOP presidential candidates who stood for the Constitution, individual liberty, and a sound economy, were marginalized by the national media and the party machine.
www.constitutionparty.com   (618 words)

This Constitution affirms the achievements of the struggles of the Chinese people of all nationalities and defines the basic system and basic tasks of the state in legal form; it is the fundamental law of the state and has supreme legal authority.
The administrative head of an autonomous region, prefecture or county shall be a citizen of the nationality, or of one of the nationalities, exercising regional autonomy in the area concerned.
At the same time, they exercise the right of autonomy within the limits of their authority as prescribed by the Constitution, the law of regional national autonomy and other laws, and implement the laws and policies of the state in the light of the existing local situation.
english.people.com.cn /constitution/constitution.html   (11166 words)

 The Avalon Project : U.S. Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Constitution of the United States - Article 1
Constitution of the United States - Bill of Rights - The First Ten Amendments
Constitution of the United States - Amendments 11 - 27
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/usconst.htm   (80 words)

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