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Topic: Constitution of Cuba


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In the News (Sat 15 Dec 18)

  
  CUBA - LoveToKnow Article on CUBA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The negro element is strongest in the province of Oriente and weakest in Camaguey; in the former it constituted 43.1 % of the population, in the latter 183 %, and in Havana City 25.5%.
Conslilution.The constitution upon which the government of Cuba rests was framed during the period of the United States military government; it was adopted the 21st of February i9oi~ and certain amendments or conditions required by the United States were accepted on the 12th of June 1901.
The Spanish constitution of 1876 was proclaimed in Cuba in 1881.
71.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CU/CUBA.htm   (14932 words)

  
 Cuba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
To the north is found the United States, to the northeast the Bahamas, to the east the Turks and Caicos Islands, to the west Mexico, to the south the Cayman Islands and Jamaica, and to the southeast Haiti.
Pre-Columbian Cuba was first visited by Europeans when explorer Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba for the first time on October 28, 1492, at the eastern tip, in the Cazigazgo of Baracoa.
Cuba has a high abortion rate of 77.7 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 in 1996, 3rd highest in the world among 55 countries whose abortion rate was available to be compiled in a 1999 UN study.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cuba   (6298 words)

  
 Cuba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago in the northern Caribbean, in between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Cuba is a "Communist state," or a parliamentary republic led by a Communist Party.
Cuba is a multiracial society with a population of either mixed (mulatto) or more specific Spanish and African origins.
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/c/cu/cuba.html   (1130 words)

  
 Cuba - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago in the northern Caribbean that lies between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Cuba is notable for its national organic agriculture initiative, undertaken in order to feed a population faced with starvation.
In Cuba the 6th of January is the "Dia de los Reyes Magos" which in English means "Day of Kings" is celebrated to commemorate the day that the Three wise men came to visit Jesus according to the Gospels.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /cuba.htm   (2322 words)

  
 Constitution of the Republic of Cuba 1992
Cuba is an independent and sovereign socialist state of workers, organized with all and for the good of all as a united and democratic republic, for the enjoyment of political freedom, social justice, individual and collective well-being and human solidarity.
The Republic of Cuba rejects and considers illegal and null all treaties, pacts and concessions which were signed in conditions of inequality, or which disregard or diminish its sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The National Defense Council is constituted and prepared during peacetime to lead the country in conditions of a state of war, during a war, a general mobilization or a state of emergency.
www.cubanet.org /ref/dis/const_92_e.htm   (10319 words)

  
 Constitution of Cuba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1940, the Batistas adopted a constitution which created a democracy, land reform, public education, minimum wage and several other progressive ideas.
Almost two decades after Fidel Castro took control of Cuba, the government created a new constitution in 1976.
This constitution creates several social programs and provides for citizen initiative, but in practice, the latter has been difficult to carry out.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Constitution_of_Cuba   (136 words)

  
 Cuba Government - Constitution, Flag, and Leaders
Cuba is a totalitarian state controlled by Fidel Castro, who is chief of state, head of government, First Secretary of the PCC, and commander in chief of the armed forces.
The constitution states that all legally recognized civil liberties can be denied to anyone who opposes the "decision of the Cuban people to build socialism." Citizens can be and are jailed for terms of 3 years or more for simply criticizing the communist system or Fidel Castro.
Although the constitution allows legislative proposals backed by at least 10,000 citizens to be submitted directly to the National Assembly, in 2002 the government rejected a petition known as the Varela Project, with other 11,000 signatures calling for a national referendum on political and economic reforms.
www.factrover.com /government/Cuba_government.html   (626 words)

  
 Commanding Heights : Cuba Overview | on PBS
In December '56, Castro and 81 armed exiles invade Cuba and wage guerilla war from the mountains.
Cuba grows more dependent on Soviet subsidies as its economy, handicapped by the U.S. embargo, stagnates.
In 1976 a new constitution splits Cuba into 14 provinces whose provincial assemblies elect representatives to the National Assembly.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/commandingheights/lo/countries/cu/cu_overview.html   (889 words)

  
 Cuba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Republic of Cuba is an Island in the eastern Caribbean that lies at the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Cuba is a Socialist state, or a parliamentary republic led by a Communist Party with a monopoly of political power (as all opposition parties are considered illegal under the Cuban constitution, which states that "The Communist Party of Cuba (...) is the superior guiding force of society and the state").
Cuba has the lowest birthrate of any Latin American or Caribbean country, perhaps influenced by its socialist government's policy of free health care and abortion, which was similar to the situation in Eastern Europe.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/C/Cuba.htm   (3120 words)

  
 History (from Cuba) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Cuba has been heavily influenced by imperial Spain (from 1492 to 1898), the Soviet Union (from the 1960s to 1991), and the United States (from the 19th century to the present).
Cuba was a colony of Spain until 1898; thus the great majority of its white population is of Spanish descent.
Mentions slavery in Cuba and its relationship to the history of slavery in the United States, as well as of the interests of American merchants who profit from the slave system in Cuba.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=129488   (840 words)

  
 Cuba - Gurupedia
U.S. businesses flourished in Cuba and tens of thousands of American workers lived in Cuba running companies such as ITT (which built the Cuban phone network), General Nickel and the King Ranch cattle operations.
The elongated island of Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and is bounded to the north by the Straits of Florida and the greater North Atlantic Ocean, to the northwest by the Gulf of Mexico, to the west by the
Cuba currently trades freely with every country in the world except for the U.S. The U.S. does, however, export agriculture into Cuba provided that the Cuban government pay in hard currency (Cuba is in default of several billions in loan obligations to it's "Paris Club debtors).
www.gurupedia.com /c/cu/cuba.htm   (1275 words)

  
 Bambooweb: Cuba
Cuba has also successfully defended and even improved its extraordinarily high social indicators, boasting lower infant mortality than the USA and the most favourable doctor/patient and teacher/pupil ratios in the world.
In 2001 an attempt was made by Oswaldo Payá Sardiñas and others, operating as the Varela Project, to force a national plebiscite using provisions in the Constitution of Cuba which provided for citizen initiative.
In Cuba the 6th of January is the "Dia de los Reyes Magos" which in English means "Day of Kings" is celebrated to commerate the day that the Three wise men came to visit Jesus in the New Testament of the Christian Holy Bible.
www.bambooweb.com /articles/c/u/Cuba.html   (1523 words)

  
 Cubasource
Description: Amendments to the 1976 constitution, including declaring socialism irrevocable, were introduced after an attempt by dissidents to call for a referendum on the future of the country, following regulations of the Cuban constitution (the Varela Project).
Description: This reform to the 1976 socialist constitution responds to the introduction of changes in Cuba after the fall of the USSR and the socialist block.
Description: Considered one of the most progressive constitutions of its time, it governed Cuba until 1959 when it was abolished by the revolutionary government.
www.cubasource.org /listings/103_e.asp   (165 words)

  
 NET FOR CUBA INTERNATIONAL - Agustin Blazquez
Cuba often uses this hostage-holding technique to prevent relatives abroad from talking publicly about the horrible violations of human rights in Cuba or other secrets they know about the regime.
She assures the ambassador that his retention in Cuba is against natural law and is physically painful for the boy and herself.
Today, Cuba is a divided nation of 11 million hostages and their 3 million relatives in exile.
www.netforcuba.org /Columnists/ABlazquez/Gutsymother.htm   (1292 words)

  
 Cuba farmers nurture tobacco, capitalism / The Atlanta Journal-Constitution - Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News
Pinar del Rio, Cuba - Tall, thin and deeply tanned by the harsh Cuban sun, Jesus Perez stoops and gently trims the leaves of his tobacco plants, his strong hands moving with care among the fragile stalks.
Perez, 35, has toiled all his life in the lush tobacco fields of western Cuba, a region blessed with breath-taking natural beauty and a unique combination of soil and climate that cigar lovers believe results in the world's finest tobacco.
A visit to Cuba's tobacco- growing region is a step back in time, with farmers and workers still doing things the way they've been done for generations.
www.cubanet.org /CNews/y00/jun00/16e3.htm   (981 words)

  
 Cuba : QuicklyFind Info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The '''Republic of Cuba is another archipelago in the northern Caribbean, in between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the country suffered a major economic setback, but has been steadily recovering since then, while maintaining a socially owned economy, in contrast to countries like China or Vietnam.
Other political issues include illegal emigration to the US, the economic and humanitarian embargo enforced by the United States and how much truth there is behind stories of things like the government's imprisonment of political dissidents.
www.quicklyfind.com /info/Cuba.htm   (906 words)

  
 Government and Politics of Cuba
The author, Brian Latell, was the National Intelligence Officer for Latin America from 1990-1994, and the top analyst for Cuba and the Caribbean region for all the American intelligence agencies.
He is cold and cruel and is capable of any crime.'' It was the implacable Raúl who acted as the regime's point man in carrying out massive political purges in the past.
A defector from Cuba's foreign intelligence service told a congressional committee in Washington in 1969 that Raúl personally gave the orders to state security for harsh measures to adopt when the so-called microfaction was expelled from the Communist Party the year before.
www.cubapolidata.com /gpc/gpc.html   (352 words)

  
 Canadian Network on Cuba: Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Cuba's efforts to eliminate illiteracy, provide quality, universal health care and education, and inculcate the values of respect, dignity and community in an attempt to alter social relations between the classes, combined with the tremendous impact that Cuba has had internationally, in terms of culture and development, are cause for celebration.
The culmination of myriad efforts and gestures of friendship, whether they be at the individual or organizational levels, combined with the plurality of grass-roots campaigns in support of Cuba, has led to the establishment of a united Canada-Cuba solidarity movement, encapsulated as the Canadian Network on Cuba (CNC).
We support a sovereign Cuba with the same vigour and passion that we support a sovereign Canada, free from intimidation, threats and external intervention.
www.canadiannetworkoncuba.ca /CNC/constitution.html   (1052 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Cuba Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Alternate meanings: see Cuba The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago in the northern Caribbean, in between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
In 2002 after a national referendum socialism was recognized in the constitution as the firm and unchangable system (this was in response to the rejected petition by the Varela Project to have a different referendum, mentioned below).
Cuba is considered by some as one of the most advanced Latin American countries in areas such as medicine and education.
www.ipedia.com /cuba.html   (1354 words)

  
 Taking their game to Cuba / The Atlanta Journal-Constitution - Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News
Jacob Swartz, a seventh-grader at the Westminster Schools in Atlanta, knows a little bit about where he's going, and who Fidel Castro is. "In Spanish we had to do a report on the Cuban missile crisis," he said.
Dale Brannan, president and CEO of TranSports, said part of Cuba's allure is its forbidden nature.
Cuba's devotion to the sport has made the island a kind of Mount Everest for amateur ballplayers.
www.cubanet.org /CNews/y01/apr01/17e7.htm   (462 words)

  
 Index of Economic Freedom 2005 - Cuba
Cuba’s fiscal burden of government score is 0.1 point worse this year, and its trade policy and monetary policy scores are 1 point worse.
According to the World Bank, Cuba’s weighted average tariff rate in 2002 (the most recent year for which World Bank data are available) was 9.4 percent, up from the 8.2 percent reported in the 2004 Index.
Cuba’s constitution still outlaws all foreign ownership of property and real estate, and the number of foreign businesses operating in the country has fallen from 403 in 2002 to 342 in 2003.
www.heritage.org /research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Cuba   (1084 words)

  
 WCFIA: Weatherhead Center for International Affairs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Cuba's Constitution formalizes and ratifies the authoritarian political system that has been in effect for over four decades.
The current Constitution was first adopted in 1976, extensively revised in 1992, and partially revised in 2002.
Then, after the immediate transition, a new Constitution would be drafted and submitted to the voters in a referendum.
www.wcfia.harvard.edu /rsrchpapsum.asp?ID=701   (185 words)

  
 Cuba Details, Meaning Cuba Article and Explanation Guide
Cuba's economy today is roughly split into three parts: Agriculture and mining (tobacco, sugar, nickel, citrus), Tourism and remittances from Cuban-Americans in the United States.
Cuba's tourism industry has been severely damaged since September 11, 2001.
He is also the member of the National Assembly of People's Power from the minicipality of Santiago de Cuba since 1976, First Secretary of the Cuban Communist Party, and commander in chief of the armed forces.
www.e-paranoids.com /c/cu/cuba.html   (1912 words)

  
 Cuba: Constitución 1992   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
"Cuba es un Estado socialista de trabajadores, independiente y soberano, organizado con todos y para el bien de todos como república unitaria y democrática, para el disfrute de la libertad política, la justicia social, el bienestar colectivo e individual y la solidaridad humana".
Artículo 1.- Cuba es un Estado socialista de trabajadores, independiente y soberano, organizado con todos y para el bien de todos, como república unitaria y democrática, para el disfrute de la libertad política, la justicia social, el bienestar individual y colectivo y la solidaridad humana.
La República de Cuba repudia y considera ilegales y nulos los tratados, pactos o concesiones concertados en condiciones de desigualdad o que desconocen o disminuyen su soberanía y su integridad territorial.
www.georgetown.edu /LatAmerPolitical/Constitutions/Cuba/cuba1992.html   (11001 words)

  
 CNN.com - Skepticism, hope on eve of Carter visit to Cuba - May 11, 2002
HAVANA, Cuba (CNN) -- For more than two decades Cuban President Fidel Castro and former U.S. President Jimmy Carter were divided by the Cold War, communicating through clandestine intermediaries, calculated rhetoric and in the face of fierce opposition in both nations to Cuba-U.S. reconciliation.
And just this week, a senior Bush administration official said Cuba is trying to develop biological weapons and is transferring its technical expertise to countries hostile to the United States -- claims Cuban officials denied.
Cuba's constitution requires the National Assembly consider legislative proposals presented by a petition with the names of at least 10,000 registered voters.
archives.cnn.com /2002/WORLD/americas/05/11/carter.visit   (1001 words)

  
 Is the real president of Cuba living here?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
That man is 96-year-old doctor Jose Morell, Cuba's only surviving supreme court judge sworn in under Cuba's last constitution.
Tampa surgeon Jose Mijares, a historian and researcher, found the loophole in Cuba's 1940 constitution, allowing for a provisional president.
The key, he said, was in Article 149, which says in the absence of democratic presidential elections, Cuba's senior supreme court judge is in charge.
www.wfts.com /stories/cubanconnection/presidente.shtml   (326 words)

  
 ICL - Cuba Index
The Constitution from 24 Feb 1976 and its substantial revision of 1992 are not yet available on ICL.
Cuba exiles may return to Cuba once a year.
24 Feb 1976: New Constitution is adopted and the office of Prime Minister abolished.
www.oefre.unibe.ch /law/icl/cu__indx.html   (220 words)

  
 CIA - The World Factbook -- Cuba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries.
Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.
Cuba portrays its difficulties as the result of the US embargo in place since 1961.
www.odci.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/cu.html   (1487 words)

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