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Topic: Continental Congress


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  MSN Encarta - Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress convened in Carpenters' Hall, Philadelphia, on September 5, 1774, to consider and act on the situation arising from the so-called Intolerable Acts, passed by the British Parliament in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party.
The First Continental Congress issued a petition to George III, king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, called the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, and invited the people of Canada to join in an appeal to the king to help restore harmony between Britain and the colonies.
When the Second Continental Congress convened on the appointed date, the battles of Lexington and Concord had recently taken place in Massachusetts, and militiamen were besieging the British occupying force within Boston.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761567004/Continental_Congress.html   (757 words)

  
 Second Continental Congress - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Second Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of several British North American colonies which met from May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781.
The Continental Congress was forced to flee Philadelphia at the end of September 1777 as British troops occupied the erstwhile capital of the United States.
On November 17, 1777, the Continental Congress passed the Articles of Confederation, uniting the colonies in a formal alliance akin to the Delian League or the United Nations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Second_Continental_Congress   (685 words)

  
 The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Continental Congress @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
CONTINENTAL CONGRESS [Continental Congress] 1774-89, federal legislature of the Thirteen Colonies and later of the United States in the American Revolution and under the Articles of Confederation (see Confederation, Articles of).
A Continental army was created to oppose the British and, through the agency of John Adams, George Washington was appointed (June 15, 1775) commander in chief.
There was friction between Congress and the military leaders, and the soldiers, contemptuous (sometimes justly) of the politicians, constantly agitated for their pay and their rights.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1E1:ContinenC&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (615 words)

  
 American Revolution -- War and Independence
This Congress, like its predecessor of the year before, was only a great committee, or a combination of committees, met for the avowed purpose of seeking and, it may be said, demanding a redress of grievances.
First, the Continental army was thus far a purely New England army, and it was felt that a commander must be chosen from the South in order to secure the more firmly the aid and sympathy of that section and to allay any feeling of jealousy that might arise.
Congress also authorized the issue of two million dollars in bills of credit, or paper money, set apart a day of fasting and prayer, authorized various colonies to form local governments, and did many other things.
usahistory.info /Revolutionary-War   (701 words)

  
 Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789 - (American Memory from the ...
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention
The Continental Congress Broadside Collection (256 titles) and the Constitutional Convention Broadside Collection (21 titles) contain 277 documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/collections/continental   (175 words)

  
 Continental Congress - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Second Continental Congress met from May 10, 1775 to the ratification of the Articles of Confederation on March 1, 1781.
The Congress of the Confederation or the United States in Congress Assembled ran from March 1, 1781 until the government under the Constitution became operative on March 4, 1789.
Initially formed to coordinate a common response for several British North American colonies to the Intolerable Acts, the Continental Congress rapidly became the governing body of a military alliance as the dispute with the British government escalated into the American Revolutionary War.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Continental_Congress   (196 words)

  
 Confederation & Constitution: Continental Congress: Overview
The Continental Congress is the first and forgotten government of the United States It sprang up in 1774 in response to the first of the Coercive Acts, the British closure of Boston Harbor.
The Congress' greatest accomplishments were the appointment of George Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the forces besieging Boston, the adoption of the Declaration of Independence of July 4, 1776, and the creation of the flag of the United States.
The new Congress under the Articles was so similar to the old that many writers refer to both with the same term, the Continental Congress.
www.jmu.edu /madison/center/main_pages/madison_archives/constit_confed/congress/congress_overview.htm   (685 words)

  
 Continental Congress - Demopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Congress did not advocate independence, but rather sought for a redress of the wrongs that had been inflicted on the colonies and hoped that a unified voice would be heard in London.
The Congress next adopted the Continental Association, or simply, the Association, which established a total boycott of the British Empire by means of non-importation, non-exportation and non-consumption accords.
Nevertheless, the Second Continental Congress had a number of important achievements, including the successful Revolutionary War, the Northwest Ordinance, the balancing of state-federal financial accounts, and the creation of the first federal departments.
demopedia.democraticunderground.com /index.php/Continental_Congress   (540 words)

  
 Continental Congress and the Navy
Congress established the rank and command of the Captains of the Navy.
A "Continental Navy Board, consisting of "three persons well skilled in maritime affairs," appointed by Congress "to execute the business of the Navy under the direction of the Marine Committee"; This Board was subsequently divided into an "Eastern Board," and a "Board of the Middle District.
Resolution of Congress by which the duties prescribed to the "Agent of Marine," until he should be appointed, devolved on the Superintendent of Finance, Robert Morris, who, indeed, appears to have had the chief agency in the civil administration of the Navy during the greater part of the Revolutionary War.
www.history.navy.mil /wars/revwar/chron.htm   (828 words)

  
 LIBERTY! . The Second Continental Congress | PBS
George Washington grew increasingly exasperated with the Continental Congress' inability to help him as he and the army were being chased from New York and through New Jersey in the fall of 1776.
The Articles of Confederation were introduced in Congress in July of 1776 as a means to this end.
Many in Congress, including John Adams, sniped at Washington, complaining that he was too inexperienced to lead the war effort after the disaster in New York.
www.pbs.org /ktca/liberty/popup_secondcongress.html   (343 words)

  
 Birth of the U.S. Navy
Continental Congress voted to fit out two sailing vessels, armed with ten carriage guns, as well as swivel guns, and manned by crews of eighty, and to send them out on a cruise of three months to intercept transports carrying munitions and stores to the British army in America.
To understand the momentous significance of the decision to send two armed vessels to sea under the authority of the Continental Congress, we need to review the strategic situation in which it was made and to consider the political struggle that lay behind it.
The Continental Congress had assumed some of the responsibilities of a central government for the colonies, created a Continental Army, issued paper money for the support of the troops, and formed a committee to negotiate with foreign countries.
www.history.navy.mil /faqs/faq31-1.htm   (975 words)

  
 Continental Congress --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
The First Continental Congress, convened in response to the Acts by the colonial Committees of Correspondence, met in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774.
Peyton Randolph of Virginia was unanimously elected president, thus establishing usage of that term as well as “Congress.” Charles Thomson of Pennsylvania was elected secretary and served in that office during the 15-year life of the Congress.
To underline this distinction, the Congress that met under the Articles of Confederation is often referred to as the Congress of the Confederation, or the Confederation Congress.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9026053   (1384 words)

  
 Continental Congress
The purpose of the Continental Congress was to direct the Revolutionary War and preserve the union formed by the 13 American colonies.
The first Continental Congress summoned a second congress to meet in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775 if the king didn't approve of their petition.
The Continental Congress was the government for the United States during the American Revolution (1775-1783).
russell.gresham.k12.or.us /Colonial_America/Continental_Congress.html   (360 words)

  
 Lottery: Continental Congress Lottery Description
On November 18, 1776 the Continental Congress enacted a national lottery in four classes, consisting of 100,000 tickets in each class.
Overall the Congress hoped to obtain $1,500,000 from the four lotteries and to temporarily have the use of $5,400,000 of the winning for which it would issue loan certificates to the winners.
On November 20, 1776 the Continental Congress appointed a board of managers consisting of Sharp Delany, John Purviance, Owen Biddle, Jacob Barge, Jonathan Bayard Smith, James Searle and David Jackson.
www.coins.nd.edu /ColCurrency/CurrencyText/CC-78descrip.html   (1734 words)

  
 Religion and the Congress of the Confederation, 1774-89 (Religion and the Founding of the American Republic, Library of ...
Congress appointed chaplains for itself and the armed forces, sponsored the publication of a Bible, imposed Christian morality on the armed forces, and granted public lands to promote Christianity among the Indians.
Congress set December 18, 1777, as a day of thanksgiving on which the American people "may express the grateful feelings of their hearts and consecrate themselves to the service of their divine benefactor" and on which they might "join the penitent confession of their manifold sins.
Congress was apprehensive about the moral condition of the American army and navy and took steps to see that Christian morality prevailed in both organizations.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/religion/rel04.html   (1793 words)

  
 Continental Congress --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
As a member of the Continental Congress, in which he served until 1781, Adams was less conspicuous than he was in town meetings and the Massachusetts legislature, for the congress contained a number of men as able as he.
At the Second Continental Congress in 1775, Adams nominated George Washington as commander in chief of all colonial military forces at the outbreak of the American Revolution.
Collection of documents on the the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention during the period 1764- 1789.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9026053   (879 words)

  
 The First Continental Congress: A Dangerous Journey Begins
Managing to be chosen temporary secretary of the Congress, he asked Thomas Lynch, a fervent revolutionary and prosperous planter from South Carolina, to nominate Charles Thomson as permanent secretary.
For President of the Congress, delegates chose Peyton Randolph of Virginia, a calm proponent rather than a harsh advocate of united action.
Congress adopted the Resolves by a unanimous vote, at least according to the record.
www.ushistory.org /carpentershall/history/congress.htm   (2248 words)

  
 CHAPTER 4: An Army Truly Continental: Expanding Participation
Congress brought these forces into the Continental establishment and raised others not in accord with a general plan but in response to circumstances, although it did attempt to introduce some order by establishing separate Middle and Southern Departments for administration and command and for expansion of the staff.
The Continental Congress accepted the 6th North Carolina Regiment on 7 May (retroactively) and subsequently adopted three troops of light horse and an artillery company which the colony had raised during the summer.
Congress strengthened its authority by ruling that officers elected on the same day took seniority according to the order in which their names appeared in the minutes of Congress.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/books/RevWar/ContArmy/CA-04.htm   (10499 words)

  
 Second Continental Congress
The Second Continental Congress was presided over by John Hancock, who replaced the ailing Peyton Randolph, and included some of the same delegates as the first, but with such notable additions as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson.
In late May, the Congress addressed the residents of Canada, hoping to ignite the passions of the French and have the province join America as the 14th state.
Further confusion was added to the deliberations of Congress by recurring military threats; the approach of British armies forced several changes of meeting location during the course of the war.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h656.html   (810 words)

  
 Continental Congress
The Early Congresses - At the urging of Massachusetts and Virginia, the First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia on...
Continental Congress: The Second Continental Congress - The Second Continental Congress Smoke from the battles of Lexington and Concord (Apr. 19, 1775) had...
Continental Congress: The Postwar Continental Congress - The Postwar Continental Congress After the war ended and the Articles of Confederation took force,...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0813368.html   (262 words)

  
 Continental Congress Presidents - 1774 to 1789
America's second president of the Continental Congress was one of the wealthiest planters in the South, the patriarch of the most powerful families anywhere in the nation.
At the Stamp Act Congress he proposed the voting procedure that Congress adopted that each colony, regardless of size or population, have one vote—the practice adopted by the Continental Congress and the Congress of the Confederation, and the principle of state equality manifest in the composition of the Senate.
At the First Continental Congress, Lee persuaded representatives from all the colonies to adopt this non-importation idea, leading to the formation of the Continental Association, which was one of the first steps toward union of the colonies.
www.russpickett.com /ushist/uscont.htm   (4481 words)

  
 History of the Continental Marines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
That the commanders, officers, seamen and marines, in the continental navy, be entitled to the whole value of all ships and vessels of war belonging to the crown of Great Britain, by them made prize of, and all privateers authorized by his Britannic Majesty to war against these states, to be divided as aforesaid.
Congress took into consideration the report of the committee to whom that part of the part of the report of the Marine Committee relative to the pay and rank of the marine, was recommitted; Whereupon,
It was also resolved by Congress "That vessels, under ten guns, to be commanded by lieutenants:" This unfortunately could lead to a drop in pay, as in the case of Captain Abraham van Dyck, who, in 1780, was appointed to the Saratoga, with the pay and status of a Lieutenant.
marine76.8m.com /history.htm   (2943 words)

  
 First Continental Congress Meets 1774
The task of the first Continental Congress was to define the relationship between the Colonists and the British government, in light of the "Coercive Acts" passed by the British Parliament.
The Continental Congress debated various ideas for a new union with Great Britain, but ultimately concentrated on fighting British actions.
The Congress did not, however, agree to demands of some of the more radical members who insisted upon the immediate formation of a Continental army.
www.multied.com /revolt/cont2.html   (156 words)

  
 George Washington's Commission as Commander in Chief: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & ...
The Continental Congress commissioned George Washington as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army on June 19, 1775.
The Journals of the Continental Congress reports that George Washington was unanimously selected as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775.
In a speech given to the Continental Congress on June 16, Washington accepted the commission and requested that he not receive a salary for his service, only that his expenses be paid at the conclusion of the war.
www.loc.gov /rr/program/bib/ourdocs/commission.html   (674 words)

  
 First Continental Congress
The Congress next adopted the Continental Association, or simply, the Association, which established a total boycott by means of non-importation, non-exportation and non-consumption accords.
That meeting, the Second Continental Congress, was indeed called in May 1775 in the wake of the battles of Lexington and Concord.
The First Continental Congress was regarded as a success by both the general public and the delegates.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h650.html   (611 words)

  
 The Continental Army   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Second Continental Congress, then meeting at Philadelphia, (the lawmakers) chose as commander of the "Continental Army" George Washington, a 43-year-old delegate from Virginia, a planter and a ranking militia officer in the French and Indian Wars.
The Continental Congress itself had as its rivals the 13 state legislatures, which often chose not to cooperate with their delegates in Philadelphia.
Indeed, Congress was an extralegal body, existing at the pleasure of the states before the Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781.
www.americanrevwar.homestead.com /files/CONTAR.HTM   (1140 words)

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