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Topic: Corporative Federalism


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  Federation - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states are typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the central government.
While it is common for a federation to be brought into being by agreement between a number of formally independent states, in a unitary state self-governing regions are often created through a process of devolution, where a formerly centralised state agrees to grant autonomy to a region that was previously entirely subordinate.
A federal upper house may be based on a special scheme of apportionment, as is the case in the senates of the United States and Australia, where each state is represented by an equal number of senators irrespective of the size of its population.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Federation   (2970 words)

  
 Federation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A federation (from the Latin fœdus, "covenant") is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as "states") united by a central ("federal") government.
In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states is constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the central government.
Federations are often founded on an original agreement between a number of sovereign states.
www.wikipedia-mirror.co.za /f/e/d/Federation.html   (2879 words)

  
 Federation -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A federation (Latin: foedus, covenant) is a union comprised of a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal") government.
Federations often employ the paradox of being a union of states, while still being states (or having aspects of statehood) in themselves.
In its foundation, it is federal, not national; in the sources from which the ordinary powers of the Government are drawn, it is partly federal, and partly national...." This paradox stems from the fact that states in a federation maintain all sovereignty that they do not yield to the federation by their own consent.
en.wikipedia.christams-ornament.com /wiki/Federation   (4243 words)

  
 Federation Information , Suggestion ,More...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A federation (Latin: foed⋃s, covenant) is a state comprised of a n⋃mber of partially self-ցoverninց reցions (often themselves referred to as "states") ⋃nited by a central ("federal") ցovernment.
In a federation, the self-ցoverninց stat⋃s of the state (non-sovereiցn) are typically constit⋃tionally entrenched and may not be altered by a ⋃nilateral decision of the central ցovernment.
A federal ⋃pper ho⋃se may be based on a special scheme of apportionment (politics), as is the case in the senate s of the United States and A⋃stralia, where each state is represented by an eq⋃al n⋃mber of senators irrespective of the size of its pop⋃lation.
wiki.en.iuuu.info /en/federation   (3000 words)

  
 Federation peee.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In a federation, the self-governing status of the state (non-sovereign) are typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the central government.
Federations are often founded on an original agreement between a number of sovereignty states, sometimes after an intermediate period of confederation.
A federal upper house may be based on a special scheme of apportionment (politics), as is the case in the senate s of the United States and Australia, where each state is represented by an equal number of senators irrespective of the size of its population.
www.peee.org /en/federation   (3000 words)

  
 Brujula.Net - Your Latin Stating Point   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A federation is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as "states") united by a central government.
Exceptions may occur in which certain parts of the federation are under more direct control of the federal government, as is the case with the autonomous 'territories' of Canada and Australia, and with the United States District of Columbia.
A unitary state may closely resemble a federation in structure and, while a central government may possess the theoretical right to revoke the autonomy of a self-governing region, it may be highly politically difficult for it to do so in practice.
www.brujula.net /english/wiki/Federation.html   (2494 words)

  
 Corporative federalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Corporative federalism, not to be confused with the 'cooperative federalism' of the New Deal, is a system of federalism not based on the common federalist idea of relative land area or nearest spheres of influence for governance, but on fiduciary jurisdiction to corporate personhood.
Where groups who are considered incorporated members of their own prerogative structure by willed agreement can delegate their individual effective legislature within the overall government.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire had a version of corporative federalism that gave its wide demographic of different ethnicities each their own individual rights within their own assemblies instead of by relation to the territory of the empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Corporative_federalism   (137 words)

  
 Federalism denotes a system of government system of government in...
"Federalism" denotes a system of government system of government in which power is divided by constitutional right between national and local units of government in regions.
A state that follows the federal system is known as a federation federation.
The distinction between unitary and federal governments is not always clear, as the national government in a formally unitary system of government may make large grants of power to local units resulting in a system that becomes "de facto" federal.
www.biodatabase.de /federalism   (898 words)

  
 Federation oddd.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
A number of modern commentators have claimed that we are experiencing the decline of the Westphalian state as the principal actor of the international system, pointing to economic, cultural, political, and technological changes in the world, such as globalization and the emergence of regional and supernational groupings such as the European Union.
On 1 January 1901, federation of the colonies was achieved after a decade of planning, consultation and voting, and the Commonwealth of Australia was born, as a Dominion of the British Empire.
By contrast, federal legislation overrides state legislation only with respect to certain areas as set out in Section 51 of the Constitution; all residual legislative powers are retained by the state parliaments, including powers over hospitals, education, police, the judiciary, roads, public transport and local government.
oddd.org /en/Federation   (12205 words)

  
 Federalism : Essential Information, explanation, recent texts, monographs, and relevant links.
Federalism denotes a system of government in which power is divided by constitutional right between national and local units of government in regions.
Unlike unitary systems, in which the powers of the local units of government are granted to them and can be varied or taken away by the national legislature, in a federal system the local units of government have their own independent constitutionally guaranteed authority.
Almost all federal systems have mechanisms such as the United States Senate, United States Electoral College or the Australian Senate which give numerically less numerous regions a larger share of power than their numbers suggest.
www.asteroidwatch.net /primary/politics/Federalism.html   (868 words)

  
 Marco Pannella 2
This peculiarity, which makes it difficult for Italy to join the ranks of the liberal-democratic countries, is in actual fact due to the absence, or at least the weakness, of political leadership based on a solid liberal tradition.
The left (and in particular the PDS, which succeeded the Italian Communist Party) is trapped in a corporative and statist culture which has no trust in the market economy and does not inspire confidence in prospective international partners.
Rossi fought a solitary campaign to dismantle the statist, corporative, trade unionist economy, inherited from the Fascist period but continued after the war by large sectors of the Catholic world in government, and also by the left and the Communist Party in opposition.
www.radicalparty.org /member/pan2.htm   (1223 words)

  
 Region № 3-2005
The analysis of the present mode in enforcement of the RF Government’s program documents on federal relations in Russia vis-a-vis its respective practical measures shows that the cleavage between the two has been widening in the last two or three years, especially so in what concerns the principle of subsidiarity.
Three levels in the management of corporative culture are stated, the means of the management of corporative relations within a company are identified.
One of the challenges in the reformation of the Russian national economy is development of a mechanism for consolidation of budgetary and corporative factors important for financial success of a company or corporation and budgetary equalization across the regions.
region.socionet.ru /Eng/2005-3.htm   (1794 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Native of the 29th century, pilot of the Federation timeship Aeon in one timeline, and captain of the Federation timeship, USS Relativity, in another.
Voyager is a small but highly advanced Federation vessel with a crew complement of 141, commissioned under the command of Captain Kathryn Janeway.
When this effect was discovered by the USS Enterprise-D, the Federation enacted a warp 5 "speed limit" to slow the damage caused by warp drive.
captain.braxton.en.wikivx.com   (12577 words)

  
 OEM III/94: Linguististic Policy in Europe
The most interesting example of the personality principle, is the "corporative federalism" adopted by the Austro-Hungarian Empire: this policy consisted in dividing the country not only in administrative territorial units, but also in ethnic units on a voluntary basis, in which each citizen could register wherever he or she was living.
The personality principle is also adopted for education in Sweden: everybody, citizen or foreigner, has the right to learn his/her mother tongue at school, and, if there are enough students asking for that, it is possible to have an entire course in a different language.
Ex-Yugoslavia had three official languages at federal level: Serbo-croatian (with its two variants and alphabets, Latin (Croatian) and Cyrillic (Serbian), Slovenian and Macedonian but Serbo-croatian written in Latin alphabet was the most used language of the confederation.
www.karl.aegee.org /oem/articles/linguist.htm   (1894 words)

  
 Pravda.RU Russian Government Approves Draft Program For The Development Of Budget Federalism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The government of the Russian Federation decided to consider a concept for the development of the gas market by the end of the year, Deputy Economic Development and Trade Minister Andrey Sharonov declared at a conference 'The Example of Privatization, Competition and Management Efficiency in the Fuel and Energy Complex.' More in detail...
The question of a project of development of budget federalism for the period ending in 2005 was considered at the Wednesday meeting of the government of Russia.
Prime-Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Kasyanov stressed that this year it is necessary to take "a strategic medium-term decision" on development of the budget process.
newsfromrussia.com /economics/2001/05/23/5746.html   (1935 words)

  
 Lets be civil and stick to the issues already - White Sox Interactive Forums
I would impose a federal sales tax but would have a tax on items which cause damage to environment and society and have the tax based on the harm caused.
Well, I am all for free trade, but the import taxes need to mirror those heavy taxes that american corporations are paying.
While Federalism is a nice idea, MA shouldn't be granting marriage licenses to gay couples while OH is outlawing it.
www.whitesoxinteractive.com /vbulletin/showthread.php?t=29309   (3683 words)

  
 POLIS Magazine1999-5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Political power in the country is self-sufficient and is able to reproduce itself without civil society’s participation.
The power’s self-sufficience results from the lack of economic and legal base of federalism, from the lack of actual division of powers, and from legal nihilism.
Russian society is debarred from participation in actions of Russian power, it is helpless, for it lacks corporative consciousness and has no mechanism at its disposal, of realising corporative interests, and therefore depends entirely on the state.
www.politstudies.ru /arch/1999/5/2-e.htm   (260 words)

  
 search.com - Federation
Regional > North America > United States > Society and Culture > Labor > Government Unions > American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees - AFSCME (39)
Regional > North America > United States > Society and Culture > Labor > Teacher Unions > American Federation of Teachers (27)
Regional > North America > Canada > Society and Culture > Labour > American Federation of Musicians (27)
domainhelp.search.com /reference/Federation   (3173 words)

  
 English Federation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Games :: Video Games :: Action :: Space Combat :: Star Trek Games :: Birth of the Federation (2)
Regional :: Europe :: Russia :: Society and Culture :: History :: Russian Federation (2)
Business :: Marketing and Advertising :: Associations :: American Advertising Federation
articles.gourt.com /?article=Federation   (3200 words)

  
 Pravda.RU Kasyanov: Consistent Economic Growth Requires Attention For Entire Budget Process, Not Only For Federal Budget   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
To ensure a progressive growth of the economy, it is necessary to pay attention to the budget process as a whole, in particular, to non-budget relations but not only to the formation of the federal budget, he said.
In the sphere of budget federalism it is necessary to attain clearer distribution of powers among budgets of different levels and to ensure transparency and fairness of the distribution of resources from the fund of financial support of regions, the Prime-Minister said.
He stated that the methods to distribute these funds have seriously improved but are still far from being perfect.
newsfromrussia.com /economics/2001/05/23/5700.html   (1907 words)

  
 Company-2026   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In the near future we may witness new mind-boggling mergers and births of megacorporations with an economic and social power comparable to, if not exceeding, that of large countries.
The amalgamation of corporate capital, the growth in the petroleum price and reduction in the rate of medium- and small-size businesses in the economy now clearly demonstrate the crisis that has been shaping up in recent years.
The corporate program of SSE Russia for TNK-BP company began
english.u-journal.com /sections/company-2026   (188 words)

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