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Topic: Cosmology

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In the News (Mon 20 Nov 17)

  Cosmology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cosmology is often an important aspect of the origin beliefs of religions and mythologies that seek to explain the existence and nature of the reality.
Modern scientific cosmology is usually considered to have begun in 1917 with Albert Einstein's publication of his final modification of general relativity in the paper "Cosmological Considerations of the General Theory of Relativity," (although this paper was not widely available outside of Germany until end of World War I).
Thus the big bang theory was proposed by the Belgian priest Georges Lemaître in 1927 and rapidly confirmed by Edwin Hubble's discovery of the red shift in 1929 and later by the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson in 1964.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cosmology   (1522 words)

 Physical cosmology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physical cosmology, as a branch of astrophysics, is the study of the large-scale structure of the universe and is concerned with fundamental questions about its formation and evolution.
Physical cosmology, as it is now understood, began with the twentieth century development of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity and better astronomical observations of extremely distant objects.
Cosmology is unusual in physics for drawing heavily on the work of particle physicists' experiments, and research into phenomenology and even string theory; from astrophysicists; from general relativity research; and from plasma physics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Physical_cosmology   (2443 words)

The cosmology of the ancients and especially of Aristotle was simply a branch of physics.
Nevertheless, cosmology must borrow, and borrow largely, from the data of science, since the causes which it studies are not directly perceptible; they can be known only through phenomena which are their more or less faithful manifestations.
The Monist theory is that all beings in the world are but one and the same necessary and eternal substance having within itself the sufficient reason of its existence; while the seeming diversity of things and their attributes, are but the various manifestations and evolutions of this single substance.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04413a.htm   (3985 words)

 History of Cosmology
Cosmology is the study of the Universe and its components, how it formed, how its has evolved and what is its future.
Modern cosmology is on the borderland between science and philosophy, close to philosophy because it asks fundamental questions about the Universe, close to science since it looks for answers in the form of empirical understanding by observation and rational explanation.
The geocentric cosmology becomes the first of many anthropocentric universes, ones where humankind's special nature in the animal world leads to the idea that the Universe is designed for us, or by us.
abyss.uoregon.edu /~js/ast123/lectures/lec01.html   (1954 words)

 Cosmology and Culture
Modern cosmology is now undergoing a foundation-building revolution as it seeks a verifiable description of the nature and origin of the universe.
Anthropologists tell us that in virtually all traditional cultures, a cosmology is what gives its members their fundamental sense of where they come from, who they are, and what their personal role in life's larger picture might be.
Cosmology is whatever picture of the universe a culture agrees on.
ircamera.as.arizona.edu /NatSci102/images/extcosmo.htm   (2511 words)

Cosmology is the study of the universe as a whole, its evolution and eventual fate.
This introduction to cosmology examines the very early universe, particle and quantum physics, and fl holes in the context of the origin of structure in the universe.
In this overview of today's physical cosmology, P.J.E. Peebles shows how observation has combined with theoretical elements to establish the subject as a mature science, while he also discusses the most notable recent attempts to understand the origin and structure of the universe.
www.scifi-az.com /astronomy/cosmology.htm   (1650 words)

 Cosmology - We love Iona - tribe.net
Cosmology made sense of the ordinary world by defining a larger context and grounding people’s sense of reality, their identity, and their codes of behavior in that grand scheme.
The absence of a cosmology was as inconceivable as the absence of language.
But a cosmology that does not account for human beings or enlighten us about the role we may play in the universe will never satisfy the demand for a functional cosmology that religions have been trying to satisfy for millennia.
ionaisthebomb.tribe.net /thread/c06be8d2-e3bb-48c1-9a09-f5c71b760d0e   (1980 words)

 The Cosmology Of The Universe
The cosmology of the universe is based upon the discovery that the universe is expanding.
There are three theories of the cosmology of the universe: steady state, big bang, and oscillating universes.
In this theory of cosmology the universe began as an explosion.
dhost.info /cosmology   (791 words)

 cosmology - HighBeam Encyclopedia
COSMOLOGY [cosmology] area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe.
Present models of the universe hold two fundamental premises: the cosmological principle and the dominant role of gravitation.
On a more detailed level there is great diversity of opinion, and cosmology remains a highly speculative and controversial science.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/c/cosmolog.asp   (1245 words)

 Ned Wright's Cosmology Tutorial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cosmology is the study of the origin, current state, and future of our Universe.
In addition to the cosmology tutorial, there is also a relativity tutorial and extensive discussions on the age, density and size of the Universe.
There is also a bibliography of books at a range of levels, and a Javascript calculator of the many distances involved in cosmology.
www.astro.ucla.edu /~wright/cosmolog.htm   (1860 words)

 Cosmology at Holistic Junction
COSMOLOGY, closely related to astronomy, is a science that studies the Universe as a "whole." Cosmology is a means to find understanding to the origins of the Universe, its evolution, and final fate of the Universe.
With regard to cosmology, Quasars (extraordinary and massive fl holes) were the first cosmic structures in the Universe.
Cosmology is important in the advancement of scientific research.
www.holisticjunction.com /categories/HPD/cosmology.html   (213 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Physics: Cosmology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Introduction to Inflationary Cosmology - Introduction to cosmology and inflation by Scott Watson of Brown University.
A Quantum Leap for Cosmology - A theory that unites quantum mechanics and general relativity claims that there was no first moment in time, but it still agrees with the predictions of classical cosmology.
A Review of Inflationary Cosmology - The aim of this lecture is to highlight two areas of recent progress in inflationary cosmology, namely reheating and the quantum theory of cosmological perturbations.
dmoz.org /Science/Physics/Cosmology   (1391 words)

 The New Cosmology
Modern cosmology is based on Einstein's fundamental theory of gravity: the theory of general relativity.
The Standard Model of cosmology, when combined with atomic and nuclear physics, makes two interesting predictions about the early history of the cosmos that were confirmed by observations and led to the strong belief that the above picture of our expanding Universe was valid.
The very lightest nuclei, those of hydrogen, helium, lithium and beryllium and their isotopes, which compose the first four elements of the periodic table, should have been generated when the Universe was one to three minutes old.
www.jupiterscientific.org /sciinfo/newcosmology.html   (2567 words)

It is simple to deduce from this, that at some time in the past they must have been much closer together than they are now.
Cosmology is the study of the origin and development of the universe, and the currently most popular theory is that of the Big Bang.
This theorises that at about 20,000 million years ago all the matter and space that make up the universe were concentrated into a very small volume.
www.oarval.org /cosmology.htm   (1013 words)

 PCC - Philosophy, Cosmology & Consciousness   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The program is inspired by a three-fold vision: to revive the original essence of philosophy as the love of wisdom, to pursue a truly multidisciplinary study of cosmology based on the evolutionary unfolding of the universe and the Earth community, and to explore the inner worlds of consciousness and the psyche.
Cosmology in PCC includes not only the latest discoveries from astronomical and evolutionary science but also the study of cosmological and ecological ideas in politics, culture, and religion.
The California Institute of Integral Studies is an accredited institution of higher learning and research that strives to embody spirit, intellect, and wisdom in service to individuals, communities, and the Earth.
www.ciis.edu /pcc   (622 words)

 Cosmology : a web site directory of selected sites
Introduction to cosmology: The big bang, the 3 first minutes, the cosmological background, the expansion etc...
Cosmology presented to you by the University of Cambridge.
A text: A new cosmology for the 21st century, Donald L. Hamilton.
www.galacticsurf.net /cosmolGB.htm   (266 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Astronomy: Cosmology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cosmology - Companion site to the PBS mini-series, discussing the challenge to traditional Christian views posed by the scientific understanding of cosmological evolution, and ways in which they might be reconciled.
Cosmology - A summary of research areas at the University of Kansas, with links to activities and personnel.
Introduction to Cosmology - These notes form an introduction to cosmology with special emphasis on large scale structure, the cmb anisotropy and inflation.
www.dmoz.org /Science/Astronomy/Cosmology   (942 words)

 Cosmology, fall 2001   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Bergström and A. Goobar: Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics (Wiley 1999).
Cosmology II: Homework 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
Cosmology I: Lectures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
www.physics.helsinki.fi /~hkurkisu/cosmology/Cosmology2001.html   (291 words)

 Frontiers of Cosmology
Cosmology was born when humans first gazed at the night skies and attempted to understand the workings of the universe.
Edwin Hubble's discovery of the expanding universe, Penzias' and Wilson's observation of cosmic background radiation, the detection of the elementar y particles that populated the very early universe-all were made possible by increasingly powerful instruments and flashes of human brilliance.
Yet the essential vision of cosmology remains the same; humans seem to be hard-wired with a desire to understand the universe and our place in it.
archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu /Cyberia/Cosmos/FrontCosmol.html   (347 words)

 Life in the Universe > Cosmology
Cosmology is the science of the Universe on its largest scales.
It is the ultimate goal of cosmology to describe the complete story of the Universe, from the past to the present and also far into the future.
Based on contemporary physics and supported by powerful instruments, we have made great progress in this study, but there is still a very long way to go and it is almost certain that there are great surprises ahead of us.
www.lifeinuniverse.org /noflash/BigBang-01.html   (464 words)

 A Dictionary of Astronomy: cosmology @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
cosmology The study of the structure and evolution of the Universe.
Observational cosmology is concerned with the physical properties of the Universe, such as its chemical composition, density, and rate of expansion, as well as the distribution of galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
Physical cosmology tries to understand these properties by applying known laws of physics and astrophysics.
www.highbeam.com /doc/1O80:cosmology/cosmology+.html?refid=ip_hf   (141 words)

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