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Topic: Countries by system of government

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In the News (Mon 25 Mar 19)

 [No title]
Perhaps the most important feature of the electoral system is that it does not permit the rise of individual leaders, who throughout history have caused great harm to society because of "hubris" and conflict between selfish individual interest and the welfare of society as a whole.
Government by assembly, frequent elections, and the absence of subgroupings are all features of the Bahá'í Administrative Order, which tend to create situations in which continued membership of the governing body is balanced by new membership.
In addition, there are some countries where the membership of the National Spiritual Assembly does not change for years at a time except when there is death or emigration, and as a result fresh ideas tend to wither in the face of exhaustion and lack of new experience.
bahai-library.com /?file=huddleston_just_system_government   (2742 words)

 AQUASTAT - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The general principle governing these rights is that groundwater is the property of the landowners and, therefore, they have an exclusive right to extract and use water as much as they wish and for any purpose they want without being liable for any damage caused to their neighbours or to the groundwater in general.
However, from the mid-1980s onwards, agricultural wells were being metered by the government and the government is in the process of passing a law that would make it compulsory for all well owners to install meters on their wells.
Government policy with regard to water use is to reduce groundwater dependency for the domestic water supply, the second main water user, by constructing additional desalination plants with a total capacity of 50 million m³/year.
www.fao.org /ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/bahrain/index.stm   (2498 words)

 Economic Issues No. 27 -- Tax Policy for Developing Countries
Differences between the two country groups in wage income, in the sophistication of the tax administration, and in the political power of the richest segment of the population are the primary contributors to this disparity.
Developing countries are more prone to having multiple rates along sectoral lines (including the complete exemption from tax of certain sectors, especially the parastatal sector) than industrial countries, possibly as a legacy of past economic regimes that emphasized the state's role in resource allocation.
Developing countries attempting to become fully integrated in the world economy will probably need a higher tax level if they are to pursue a government role closer to that of industrial countries, which, on average, enjoy twice the tax revenue.
www.imf.org /external/pubs/ft/issues/issues27   (4892 words)

 List of countries by system of government - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In such systems, the President has genuine executive authority, unlike in a parliamentary republic, but some of the role of a head of government is exercised by the prime minister.
States which have a system of government which is in transition or turmoil and cannot be accurately classified.
The Caretaker government is headed by a Chief advisor (the last Chief Justice to retire), and a group of neutral, non-partisan advisors chosen from the civil society.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_countries_by_system_of_government   (1051 words)

 Concept note on the "forward-looking reforms in the State System"
The concept of popularly elected government is the compulsory factor of the democracy.
As Prime Minister is the executive chief of the state in the parliamentary system, the prime ministerial system should be strengthened in the reform of the state system giving continuity to the respectability and effectiveness of the office of the Prime Minister.
In order to increase the reach of people in the system of governance and to increase their participation in it, it is essential to strengthen the system of local self-governance.
www.satp.org /satporgtp/countries/nepal/document/papers/statesystem.htm   (3172 words)

 A Description Of The U.S. Food Safety System
FACA requires that certain kinds of groups whose advice is relied upon by the government be chartered as advisory committees, that they be constituted to provide balance, to avoid a conflict of interest, and to hold committee meetings in public with an opportunity for comment from those outside the committee.
HACCP systems are a risk management tool because they enable the user to identify hazards reasonably likely to occur and to develop a comprehensive and effective plan to prevent or control those hazards.
FACA requires that certain kinds of groups whose advice is relied upon by the government for establishing regulations be chartered as an advisory committee, be constituted to provide balance and to avoid conflicts of interest, and to hold its advisory meetings in public with an opportunity for comment from those outside the committee.
www.fsis.usda.gov /OA/codex/system.htm   (4216 words)

 Government Department | Government
The Government course listings for Spring 2005 (offerings with days/times/rooms) may be found by clicking here (go to Spring 2005, then click on Government) or here (Registration, Look Up Classes).
Government 494 cannot be used to satisfy the 400-1evel requirement for majors in government and may not be taken more than twice.
Government 495 and 496 cannot be used to satisfy the 400-level requirement for majors.
www.wm.edu /government/content/courses/coursedescriptions.php   (2043 words)

 AQUASTAT - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
On the north-east it is bordered by the Red Sea and it shares common borders with nine countries: Eritrea and Ethiopia in the east, Kenya, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the south, The Central African Republic, Chad and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in the west, and Egypt in the north.
The country is a gently sloping plain with the exception of Jebel Marra, the Red Sea Hills, Nuba Mountains and Imatong Hills.
This system continued until 1981 when it was replaced by what is known as the "individual account system" in which each individual farmer is treated separately in terms of cost and profit.
www.fao.org /ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/countries/sudan/index.stm   (6361 words)

By the end of 1989, Uganda was in the middle of a transition period in which the structure of government was being defined.
Under the first NRM government, not only did Ssemogerere continue at internal affairs, but the significant portfolios of finance; agriculture, animal husbandry, and fisheries; commerce; and justice were given to DP politicians as well.
By narrowing the government's definition of "political criminals" it intended to prosecute, the appointment was a further step toward national reconciliation.
countrystudies.us /uganda/56.htm   (1143 words)

 The History Guy: Forms of Government
Parliamentary Democracy - a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections; by this system, the government acquires a dual responsibility: to the people as well as to the parliament.
Socialism - a government in which the means of planning, producing, and distributing goods is controlled by a central government that theoretically seeks a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor; in actuality, most socialist governments have ended up being no more than dictatorships over workers by a ruling elite.
Sultanate - similar to a monarchy, but a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a sultan (the head of a Muslim state); the sultan may be an absolute ruler or a sovereign with constitutionally limited authority.
www.historyguy.com /nations/government_types.html   (673 words)

 What is this type of government like?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
A system of government in which a king/queen/emperor etc. is the sole and absolute ruler.
A system of government in which one person has seized power violently, and is the sole ruler for life.
A system of government where every single part of an individual's life is controlled and watched by the government.
home.earthlink.net /~kingsidebishop/id2.html   (629 words)

 Britannia Panorama: British Government
Her complete official royal title is 'Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith', but she is usually referred to as Her Royal Highness or Queen Elizabeth.
According to the law the Queen is head of the executive branch of the government, an integral part of the legislature, head of the judiciary, the commander-in-chief of all the armed forces of the Crown and the 'supreme governor' of the established Church of England.
The Lord Chancellor is the head of the judiciary branch of government.
www.britannia.com /gov/gov4.html   (1147 words)

 Government - USA - North America: kings rule, agree system, popular sovereignty, thomas jefferson, president veto
The federal government of the United States is centered in Washington, D.C. The institutions of all governments emerge from basic principles.
To implement its essential democratic ideals, the United States has built its government on four elements: (1) popular sovereignty, meaning that the people are the ultimate source of the government’s authority; (2) representative government; (3) checks and balances; and (4) federalism, an arrangement where powers are shared by different levels of government.
Every government has a source of its sovereignty or authority, and most of the political structures of the U.S. government apply the doctrine of popular sovereignty.
www.countriesquest.com /north_america/usa/government.htm   (685 words)

 The Reformist: proposal for a new system of government
the fundmental principle of democracy is beyond question: that government is for the benefit of all people, and so must answer to their needs and aspirations.
parties elected on manifestos of incompatible or contradictory promises, especially in different areas of government (business and environment, social security and tax, public services and minimal government, law and order and civil liberties); the biggest contradiction, which leads to recurrent disappointment, is the promise of improvements in public services for less tax.
government should publish (electronically) minutes of all meetings; details of experts consulted, evidence and counter evidence acquired, assumptions, lines of reasoning considered, and conclusions drawn; detailed accounts of revenue and expenditure and formulae governing apportionment.
www.reformist.org /government.shtml   (645 words)

 Similarities and Differences Between the U.S. System of Government and Other Forms of Democratic Government in About ...
In parliamentary systems, the head of government is a prime minister selected from the parliament, and is typically the leader of the majority political party or coalition.
One factor contributing to the two-party system in the United States is the single-member district system of electing Representatives.
Differences in the judicial system are not as significant as in the legislative, because the United States legal system is based predominantly on English common law.
usinfo.state.gov /products/pubs/abtamerica/compare.htm   (663 words)

 Form of government - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A form of government is a colloquial term that refers to the set of political institutions by which a state is organized in order to exert its powers over a political community.
States which wish to emphasize that their provinces have a fair amount of autonomy from the central government may specifically state this: Germany and Nigeria are each a Federal Republic, Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic, the Comoros is a Federal Islamic Republic, and Brazil is a Federative Republic.
A system generally seen as a representative democracy (for instance Canada, India and the United States) may also include measures providing for: a degree of direct democracy in the form of referenda and for deliberative democracy in the form of the extensive processes required for constitutional amendment.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/System_of_government   (1760 words)

 National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (NEERS)
Again, a very quick process, and many countries have had departure controls for decades, but this is the crucial first step in developing the entry-exit system that Congress has already mandated that we must have in place by 2005.
By 2005 Congress has mandated that a comprehensive system be in place at the border for all non-immigrant visa holders coming into the United States and that that would apply to you regardless of where you come from.
But the countries listed in the domestic call-in, it's a calculation with each country, because the resources are limited, and the number of countries that can be called in at the front end is limited.
fpc.state.gov /16739.htm   (5953 words)

 Government Types
government: the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities and societies.
autocracy: a system of government in which unlimited power is formally vested in one person, a monarch, ruling without restriction.
monarchy: a government in which power is vested in a king or emperor who can pass power on to his heirs.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Agora/3006/GovLawPol/govtypes.html   (541 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Westminster systems make a distinction made between policy making, which is the function of government, and policy implementation, which is the function of a politically neutral public service.
This system of accountability is meant to ensure that the government acts in ways that are approved by the people.
A parliament is a legislative body, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system derived from that of the United Kingdom.
www.lycos.com /info/westminster-system--governments.html   (563 words)

 U.S. Office of Government Ethics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Created the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 OGE separated from the U.S. Office Personnel Management in 1989 pursuant to reform legislation.
Office of Government Ethics Amendment of 1991 : report of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate (to accompany S. 1145), to amend...
An Act to Amend the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 to Increase the Authorization of Appropriations for the Office of Government Ethics (SuDoc AE 2.110:101-334)
www.freeglossary.com /U.S._Office_of_Government_Ethics   (307 words)

 USAID Europe and Eurasia: Local Government in Transition Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Perhaps the most profound change in the role of local government in the region is the massive transfer, from the public to the private sector, of ownership and responsibility for constructing, managing, and maintaining housing and other physical stock.
Municipal government must inevitably share in assuming responsibility for such services, transferring them to other parties (such as homeowner associations), or helping to substitute and administer alternative forms of social services for the neediest.
Local government authority and autonomy are legally guaranteed and roles and responsibilities are clearly defined.
www.usaid.gov /locations/europe_eurasia/dem_gov/local_gov/brascii.htm   (2690 words)

 WTO | 10 benefits - 10. Good government
Governments have agreed through the WTO’s rules that their use should be discouraged.
Nevertheless, quotas of various types remain in use in most countries, and governments argue strongly that they are needed.
Quite often, governments use the WTO as a welcome external constraint on their policies: “we can’t do this because it would violate the WTO agreements”.
www.wto.org /english/thewto_e/whatis_e/10ben_e/10b10_e.htm   (349 words)

 Chemical & Engineering News: Government & Policy- Countries Adopt Global Labeling, Classification System
The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) is designed to protect health and the environment and to facilitate global trade in chemicals.
The countries are Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Nigeria, the Philippines, Senegal, Thailand, and the Gambia.
She said her country recently studied how well people comprehended the GHS pictograms and found that some of the symbols are not easily understood.
pubs.acs.org /cen/government/84/8409gov1b.html   (784 words)

 Countries in Debt Lose Control to International Laws
Countries are lent money for corrupt practices, such as fighting wars.
Countries are threatened with sanctions or no more loans if they don't comply with a world order (42).
Governments are restricting subdivisions & councils are amalgamating.
www.trueconspiracies.com /international.htm   (512 words)

 Foreign Countries: Kennedy School of Government Library
Country Profiles give information about the main macroeconomic indicators for the past five years and provide political and demographic overviews of each country.
Library of Congress Country Studies --in depth descriptions and analyses of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of 101 nations.
Country studies from other organizations are listed in the HOLLIS catalog.
www.ksg.harvard.edu /library/ref_countries.htm   (703 words)

The oldest and most enduring classification of the forms of government are those of the Greek philosophers.
THEOCRACY: any political system in which power is controlled directly or indirectly by a religion or clergy, and in which religious law replaces civil law.
Communists were successful in infiltrating and capturing several countries in this century but have generally failed economically and as an ideology.
www.gpc.edu /~wbroadwe/classicgovt.htm   (584 words)

 Air Traffic Management by Foreign Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Key factors leading countries to commercialize air navigation services included increasing strains on their respective government budgets as well as navigation technologies that grew increasingly complex and costly to deploy and maintain.
While the FAA has fielded a number of air traffic systems over the years, it is unfortunate that cost growth, in the billions of dollars, and repeated schedule delays have led to a crisis with respect to the Agency’s ability to manage acquisitions.
It is not uncommon for controllers to stipulate that a system should not be implemented until all requirements were met; including the correction of all critical software development problems (called program trouble reports), resolution of all human factors issues, and training completed for the majority of all controllers and technicians at all locations.
www.house.gov /transportation/aviation/04-20-05/04-20-05memo.html   (2070 words)

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