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Topic: Cray Research

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  Cray Inc. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cray left to form his own company, Cray Computer Corporation, which went bankrupt in 1995, while Cray Research was bought by SGI the next year.
Cray is also completing the Red Storm system being built for Sandia National Laboratories having CPUs clustered in 96-processor cabinets, a theoretical maximum of 300 cabinets in a machine, and a design speed of 41.5 Tflops.
Further contributing to Cray’s problems was the loss of both the chief financial officer and financial reporting manager in the fourth quarter of 2004, and the head of information technology in the first quarter of 2005.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cray_Research   (1975 words)

 Seymour Cray - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cray was born in 1925 in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.
Cray wanted to follow immediately, but William Norris refused as Cray was in the midst of completing a project for the US Navy, with whom Norris was interested in maintaining a good relationship.
Cray always demanded an absolutely quiet work enviornment with a minimum of management overhead, but as the company grew he found himself constantly interrupted by middle-managers who (according to Cray) did little but gawk and use him as a sales tool by introducing him to prospective customers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Seymour_Cray   (1656 words)

 Charles Babbage Institute: EXHIBITS > Cray Research Virtual Museum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Seymour Cray may be the world’s best known computer designer, and his name is still synonymous with the development of high speed computing.
Cray was a founder of the Control Data Corporation in 1957 and was responsible for the design of that company's most successful large-scale computers, the CDC 1604, 6600, and 7600 systems.
Cray Research was purchased by SGI in 1996.
www.cbi.umn.edu /exhibits/cray   (630 words)

 The Cray Research Inc. Cray J90-series, T90 series.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Cray T90 series is built in ECL logic and has therefore a much lower clock cycle (2.2 ns) and correspondingly faster SRAM memory.
The Cray T90 machines are at this moment the only ones with a memory bandwidth as seems optimal for vector processors: two operands can be loaded and one result can be stored in one cycle for each pipe set.
Another property that is unique for the Cray T90 systems is that they do not have a separate scalar processor but that scalar and vector code have to share the same functional units.
www.top500.org /ORSC/1998/crayv.html   (792 words)

 Cray Memorial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Cray for all of his offerings and discoveries in the computer industry; he was one of the many persons that gave such a significant contribution.
Seymore Cray was the inventor of the SuperComputer.
Cray brought such a wonderful excitement with him to all of the places he worked at and every employee in either Cray Reasearch or Cray Computer felt the excitement and was willing to stay and work through the hard times.
www.lornet.com /cray.htm   (9694 words)

 Cray Supercomputer FAQ
Known collectively as the "Cray effect", they are the combination of algorithm scaling problems, cyclic accumulation of errors and parallelism interdependencies that seem to show up most times you take an apparently well behaved small program and run it longer harder and further than possible on a conventional system.
Cray machines could not support "alloca", so minor magic had to be applied to programs using "alloca." In the very early days, many C programs suffered from the "nUxi" problem, but that was hardly unique to Cray machines.
On the company move to the "new" Cray Research Park from the 1440 Northland Drive facility, the first ducky day at the new location was celebrated by putting the torch to the wooden portion of the reassembled sculpture on the island in the middle of Cray Lake.
www.faqs.org /faqs/computer/system/cray/faq   (7846 words)

 Cray Research
This liquid was pumped through the Cray 2 and the heat of the modules boiled the liquid which was then cooled by refrigeration and recirculated.
Cray Research enjoyed tremendous growth from 1982—86 as its customer base expanded beyond government laboratories to commercial applications.
Cray 1 instructions are 32 or 16 bits, so from 2 to 4 instructions can be packed into a word.
ed-thelen.org /comp-hist/cray-res.html   (2685 words)

 Wisconsin Academy Staff Development Initiative
During his tenure at Cray Research, the Cray Research Foundation was established.
Cray, and those who came to work at his company, brought a sense of mission, purpose, and accomplishment.
Initiated by Cray Research Co. in 1988, the Cray Academy has grown from serving about 200 teachers in its first year to over 700 in 1997.
www.wasdi.org /crayac.html   (286 words)

 SGI/Cray Research
Cray Research, the supercomputing subsidiary of Silicon Graphics Inc., has been the worldwide leader in supercomputing for nearly a quarter of a century.
The CRAY J90 supercomputers are scaled-down versions of Cray's extreme- performance vector supercomputers and are aimed at small to mid-sized organizations and departments within large organizations.
CRAY and UNICOS are registered trademarks, and CRAY J90, CRAY T90, CRAY T3E, CRAY T3E-900, CRAY Origin2000, and UNICOS/mk are trademarks of Cray Research, Inc. Silicon Graphics is a registered trademark, and S2MP, Origin, Origin2000, and IRIX are trademarks of Silicon Graphics, Inc. MIPS is a registered trademark of MIPS Technology, Inc.
www.tgc.com /sponsors/oldhtml/921.html   (680 words)

 Ohio Supercomputer Center Orders Cray T#D Massively Parallel Processing System
As an example, the primary goal of the medical imaging research project is to develop faster, more accurate methods for transferring and analyzing images gained from MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and other digital medical imaging technologies.
Cray Research would provide training as well as staff to collaborate on the project, which has a three-year duration.
Cray Research creates the most powerful, highest-quality computational tools for solving the world's most challenging scientific and industrial problems.
www.osc.edu /press/releases/1993/news.t3d.shtml   (480 words)

 SDSC Embarks on Major Research Collaboration with Cray Research, Acquires Cray T3D Scalable Parallel Sysetm, and Plans ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) has embarked on a major research collaboration with Cray Research, Inc. (CRI), to broaden the applicability of Cray's scalable parallel systems, the current CRAY T3D system and the forthcoming system (code named "T3E") to be officially announced by Cray tomorrow.
According to Robert H. Ewald, Cray Research president and chief operating officer, "We are pleased to see that SDSC has acquired our scalable parallel systems and to collaborate with SDSC on these important areas to parallelize critical applications and bring new capabilities to the research community and industry.
Other research projects that have begun using the T3D include general circulation modeling at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, quantum Monte Carlo systems studies at UC Santa Barbara, and population genetics studies at the University of Southern California.
www.sdsc.edu /Press/1995/11/112795_cray.html   (838 words)

 Invent Now | Hall of Fame | Search | Inventor Profile
Seymour Cray unveiled the CRAY-1 in 1976, considered the first supercomputer.
Cray's theory for success with the CRAY-3 was to substitute revolutionary new gallium arsenide integrated circuits for the traditional silicon ones.
Born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, Cray was interested in chemistry and radio as a child.
www.invent.org /hall_of_fame/35.html   (169 words)

 Bo Ewald report to CUG membership
When Silicon Graphics and Cray Research closed on the merger of the two companies in 1996, we noted how the combined company is uniquely well-equipped to deliver a "desktops to teraflops" family of products.
Working together, Cray Research and Silicon Graphics intend to meld complementary capabilities from UNICOS and IRIX to create a "best of both worlds" environment that will protect customers' software investments, mitigate migration issues, ensure availability of a broad range of applications, and provide an easy to-use programming model.
Similarly, CRAY J90 Series customers will be able to take advantage of planned upgrades to the series or migrate to SN1 or SN2 implementations of the unified architecture over the next several years.
www.scd.ucar.edu /dig/cuglog/winter97/text/4.bo.html   (1572 words)

 Business Wire: Nortech Systems to Purchase Facility from Cray Research
As part of the supply agreement, Nortech Systems will become a principal supplier to Cray for its machined parts requirements for a period of time to be specified in the definitive supply agreement, the two companies said.
Cray officials said that the Machining Center has been operating at less than its capacity and that selling the center to Nortech Systems will allow the center to increase its volumes, thus driving down costs to Cray for parts provided by Nortech Systems.
Cray Research provides the leading high-performance computing tools and services to help solve customers' most challenging problems.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_1995_Nov_2/ai_17548940   (378 words)

 The CRAY 1-A   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In 1974, two SCD staff members made a trip to Cray Research, Inc. (which had been founded two years by Seymour Cray when he left Control Data Corporation) to see what Cray was up to.
As computer architect at Cray Research, Cray provided the technical vision of a CRAY-1 computer that was twice as fast as the CDC 7600 and demonstrated balanced scalar and vector performance.
Users migrated their jobs to the Cray rather slowly at first, and continued to use the 7600 for data handling chores.
www.scd.ucar.edu /computers/gallery/cray/cray1a/cray1.html   (546 words)

 Position at Cray Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Mathematical Software Group at Cray Research, Inc. located in Eagan, Minnesota has an immediate opening for a numerical analyst to support, improve, and add to the scientific library, LIBSCI, on SPARC-based computer systems.
The Mathematical Software Group does research on algorithm development, develops, optimizes, and supports numerical software for Cray Research's scientific library, and works with application programmers to provide highly optimized computation kernels and libraries for use as building blocks in application programs.
Cray Research offers an excellent compensation plan that includes, flexible career paths, stock purchase plan, relocation assistance and more.
www.csc.fi /math_topics/Mail/NANET95/msg00367.html   (212 words)

 Cray Marketing Research
Cray's Marketing Research Division directly supports customers on business to business and business to consumer performance issues, by providing consulting and strategic research.
Cray's research services focus on issues facing clients and providing specific insight for more effective client decisions.
As a full-service research agency, we utilize one or more methods that best accomplish research objectives within defined statistical confidence, time, and budgetary requirements.
www.crayperformance.com /surveyn.htm   (332 words)

 Cray-Cyber - The Cray Research, Inc.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In 1972 Seymour Cray left Control Data Corporation to form his own company, Cray Research, Inc., in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.
In 1993 the Cray T3D was introduced, the first non-vector massively parallel system by Cray Research, built around the DEC Alpha chip.
In 1999 the core of the former Cray Research was sold to Teradata, upon which the name of the company was changed to Cray, Inc.
www.cray-cyber.org /memory/crayres.php   (212 words)

 The Cray Research Inc. Cray J90-series, T90 series.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Cray Research Inc. (CRI) supports at this moment 3 product lines (apart from the SuperSparc-based CS6400 which is targeted to the commercial market and is not discussed in this report).
It is interesting to note that the strategy of using more (four) multi-functional pipes as in the predecessor, the Y-MP EL has been left again to return to the classic two-pipe/CPU design.
Another property that is unique for the Cray T90 systems is that they do not have a separate scalar processor but that scalar- and vector code have to share the same functional units.
www.top500.org /ORSC/1996/node18.html   (638 words)

 Tribute to Seymour Cray
When he started Cray Research in 1972, he shelved the 8600 design primarily because at that time he felt that the software issues were too great for the industry to handle and concluded that greater performance could be achieved in a uniprocessor by implementing vector capabilities.
Once when told that Apple Computer bought a CRAY to simulate their next Apple computer design, Seymour remarked, "Funny, I am using an Apple to simulate the CRAY-3." His selection of people for his projects also reflected fundamentals.
He was impressed with the strides that the microprocessor manufacturers had made, and was convinced that within another iteration or two, the off-the-shelf microprocessor would provide performance competitive with custom processors.
www.cgl.ucsf.edu /home/tef/cray/tribute.html   (1266 words)

 Cray Research
This liquid was pumped through the Cray 2 and the heat of the modules was carried away by the liquid which was then cooled by refrigeration and recirculated.
The handwriting is clearly on the wall for this breed of system, and all of the major manufacturers are moving, finally, to parallel processing.
I'm still with Cray (now Cray Inc.) as manager of compiler optimization and code generation (and loaders, and...).
ed-thelen.org /comp-hist/vs-cray-res.html   (3455 words)

 Business Wire: SunSoft selects Cray Research Fortran 90 compil... @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Cray's CF90 compiler was the first full, native implementation of the Fortran 90 standard set by ANSI and ISO.
CraySoft is the Cray Research business unit responsible for development, marketing and sales of Cray Research software for non-Cray platforms in the open systems marketplace.
Cray Research provides the leading supercomputing tools and services to help solve customers' most challenging problems.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?docid=1G1:16420727&refid=ink_tptd_g1   (789 words)

 Silicon Graphics & Cray Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Crays are cool - the last bastion of "money is no object" computing.
Apple Computer bought a Cray X/MP-48 (four 9ns clock cycle processors, eight megawords of RAM) to help design a supercomputer on a chip.
Apple's Cray subsequently found a useful life doing plastic flow modelling for the injection molds that Apple used for the cases of its products (the Cray cut months off the time to produce a production-quality plastic mold tool, and saved hundreds of thousands of dollars a shot).
www.clock.org /~fair/computers/sgi-cray.html   (256 words)

 Cray Research Computers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Cray 1 was the first successful vector processor.
The Cray 1 was extended with various models before Steve Chen extended it in the XMP as a shared memory multiprocessor.
I don’t know whether Cray Research will continue with the vector architecture but certainly Fujitsu, NEC and Hitachi continue to believe it is the future..
research.microsoft.com /users/GBell/craytalk/tsld007.htm   (135 words)

 ExCray.com - Cray Research Alumni
Cray Research existed from 1972 until June 1996.
And now it's growing yet again with the addition of a list of people who were associated with Cray Research as customers, vendors, partners, friends or in some other similar ways.
Now anyone and everyone who ever worked for or received some type of payment from Cray Research, Inc. as individual employee is eligible for the ExCray list.
www.excray.com /misc/whoandwhat.html   (408 words)

 Cray Research - Silicon Graphics Wins DOE Award For World's Most Powerful Supercomputer
The Clinton Administration today announced that Cray Research, the supercomputing subsidiary of Silicon Graphics, Inc., will provide the world's most powerful supercomputer to Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Robert H. Ewald, President of Cray Research and Senior Vice President of Silicon Graphics, said, "The Cray Research—Silicon Graphics team is proud to be selected for this important work, which is vital to America's national security interests and a milestone in high-performance computing.
The Cray Research—Silicon Graphics contract requires an initial delivery system with 256 processors to be installed at Los Alamos by December 1996 and the final system with 3,072 processors, by December 1998.
www.fas.org /news/usa/1996/pr96155.html   (701 words)

 [No title]
This system succeeds the CRAY XMS system, which was based on technology acquired through the company's June 1990 purchase of Santa Clara, Calif.-based Supertek Computers, Inc. "This is a CRAY Y-MP system in every sense of the word," said Rollwagen.
Because the new machine is a CRAY Y-MP system, entry level customers can upgrade easily to more powerful Cray Research supercomputers, and/or run their software codes on larger Cray Research systems.
Cray Research, Inc. designs, manufactures, markets, and supports high-performance computer systems for scientific and engineering applications.
www-2.cs.cmu.edu /~scandal/info/YMP-EL   (479 words)

 Newsbytes News Network: Volkswagen installs Cray supercomputer - Cray Research Inc   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
According to Hagen Hultzsch, WV's executive director for organization and information systems, the Cray system was selected for its high throughput and single-processor performance, as well as the broad range of application software available.
Other deciding factors according to Hultzsch were the Cray's upward compatibility with future Cray products and its connectivity to existing equipment at Volkswagen.
Cray Research says it has 23 systems installed at automotive supplier and motor vehicle companies worldwide.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0NEW/is_1991_August_28/ai_11180021   (317 words)

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