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Topic: Critical theory of society


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In the News (Fri 22 Mar 19)

  
  Illuminations: Kellner
Critical theory from the 1930s through the 1960s was arguably on the cutting edge of social theory.[1] The critical theorists were among the first to analyze the new configurations of state and economy in the social formations of state capitalism.
Critical theory remains of intense interest for the present conjuncture and provides crucial resources for a renewal of critical social theory and democratic politics in the current age precisely because, like the 1930s, our age is undergoing vast transformations, some of which are promising and some of which are threatening.
Their critical questioning of Marxism was induced in part by historical conditions such as the demise of the labor movement, the spread of fascism and war, and oppressive developments in the Soviet Union which made it difficult to envisage critical theory as part of a revolutionary movement, or to unproblematically call for socialist revolution.
www.uta.edu /huma/illuminations/kell10.htm   (5249 words)

  
  Theory - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
For a given body of theory to be considered part of established knowledge, it is usually necessary for the theory to characterize a critical experiment, that is, an experimental result which cannot be predicted by any established theory.
In the humanities, theory is often used as a synonym of critical theory and refers to an attempt to understand the structure of society and to conceptualize alternatives.
Unfortunately, the usage of the term is muddled by cases such as string theory and "theories of everything," each probably better characterized at present as a bundle of competing hypotheses for a protoscience.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /theory.htm   (1501 words)

  
 CRITICAL THEORY AND THE LIMITS OF SOCIOLOGICAL POSITIVISM
The foundations of the critical theory of society are in the early philosophical manuscripts of Karl Marx (Marx, 1963).
Critical theory is critical in two senses: it brings to our consciousness oppression of which we may or may not have been aware, and it calls for "criticism of life" to resist and change the existing system of domination and exploitation.
Critical theory and critical sociology, as we elaborate them, are concerned with the theoretical examination of social structure--kinship, economic structure, political structure and class structure--guided not only by a theory of society but also by a critique of the established social reality including the taken-for-granted assumptions about these social phenomena.
www.mega.nu:8080 /ampp/176krkpt.htm   (7176 words)

  
 Critical theory (Frankfurt School) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is a discussion of critical theory as the phrase is used by the Frankfurt School.
In literature and literary criticism and cultural studies, by contrast, "critical theory" means something quite different, namely theory used in criticism.
The original critical social theorists were Marxists, and there is some evidence that in their choice of the phrase "critical theory of society" they were in part influenced by its sounding less politically controversial than "Marxism".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Critical_theory_(Frankfurt_School)   (479 words)

  
 Critical theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Post-Modern Critical Theory - Overviews of the new criticism and formalism, traditional historicism, new historicism, reader-response criticism, psychoanalytical criticism, feminist literary criticism, structuralist criticism, and Marxist literary criticism.
International Association for Critical Realism - The IACR was established in 1997 with the basic objective of serving as a networking and facilitating resource for anyone broadly sympathetic to, or concerned with, realist philosophy and social theory.
Critical Evaluation of the Life Energy Research of Wilhelm Reich - Research project of the Free University of Berlin discovered acute flaws in the experiemental and theoretical aspects of Dr. Reich's life energy theory.
www.nebulasearch.com /encyclopedia/article/Critical_theory.html   (620 words)

  
 Critical Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
According to these theorists, a “critical” theory may be distinguished from a “traditional” theory according to a specific practical purpose: a theory is critical to the extent that it seeks human emancipation, “to liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them” (Horkheimer 1982, 244).
Critical Theorists have always insisted that critical approaches have dual methods and aims: they are both explanatory and normative at the same time, adequate both as empirical descriptions of the social context and as practical proposals for social change.
The lesson for a critical theory of globalization is to see the extension of political space and the redistribution of political power not only as a constraint similar to complexity but also as an open field of opportunities for innovative, distributive, and multiperspectival forms of publicity and democracy.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/critical-theory   (18974 words)

  
 Critical Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Critical theory began by putting Marxian political economy at the centre of analysis, and early critical theory was materialist and committed to socialism.
Critical theory thus developed an approach which incorporated both the economic and material, and an analysis of individuals and their social psychology, attempting to deal with aspects of what we might refer to as the agency-structure issues today.
Horkheimer was critical of sociologists and other social scientists for eliminating philosophy from their analysis and limiting themselves to the study of specific aspects of social life, without considering the structure and organization of society as a whole (Kellner, 1990, top of p.
uregina.ca /~gingrich/319m2603.htm   (6002 words)

  
 Illuminations: Kellner
Critical Theory established itself in the 1930s as a collective supra-disciplinary synthesis of philosophy, the social sciences, and politics, in which critical social theory would be produced by groups of intellectuals and activists from various disciplines working together to produce a Critical Theory of the present age aiming at radical socio-political transformation.
Critical Theory always attacked positivistic theories which simply mirrored existing social realities, and called for social theory to abstract itself from existing society, and to provide critical perspectives and alternatives which could be used to criticize and transform oppressive aspects of the existing society (Horkheimer 1972).
This means that critical social theory today must attempt to theorize the new social conditions and phenomena analyzed by the postmodernists, and must demonstrate that their categories and theories continue to be applicable and illuminating in theorizing the new social conditions.
www.uta.edu /huma/illuminations/kell2.htm   (5195 words)

  
 Ireland's OWN: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Critical theory is a body of thought elaborated primarily in an academic context, however it differs from traditional academic subjects in a number of respects.
While traditional theory is "contemplative", critical theory not only "push for a transformation of society as a whole" at a theoretical level, but it has "as its immediate result a sharpening of the struggle with which it is linked" (HGS 4, 193) as it unites revolutionary theory and practice.
Critical theory is in practice Marxism without the proletariat, without political organisations and activism, and a theory reduced to academic philosophy.
irelandsown.net /frankfurt.html   (2425 words)

  
 Critical Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Critical Theory has been deeply concerned with the fate of modernity, and has offered systematic and comprehensive theories of the trajectory of modernity, combined with critical diagnoses of some of the latter’s limitations, pathologies and destructiv e effects – while providing defenses of some of its progressive elements.
Critical theory is thus primarily a European social theory, influenced by the German tradition of Marx and Weber and by the experience of fascism, but also by the changing aspects of modern capitalism.
Horkheimer was critical of the sociologists and other social scientists for eliminating philosophy from their analysis and limiting themselves to the study of specific aspects of social life, without considering the structure and organization of societ y as a whole (Kellner, 1990, top of p.
uregina.ca /~gingrich/m900.htm   (5961 words)

  
 Critical Social Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The main task of critical research is seen as being one of social critique, whereby the restrictive and alienating conditions of the status quo are brought to light.
Critical research focuses on the oppositions, conflicts and contradictions in contemporary society, and seeks to be emancipatory i.e.
Basden, A. The critical theory of herman dooyeweerd?
www.istheory.yorku.ca /criticalsocialtheory.htm   (1305 words)

  
 "Critical Theory Today", Kellner
Critical theory from the 1930s through the 1960s was arguably on the cutting edge of social theory.
[1] The critical theorists were among the first to analyze the new configurations of state and economy in the social formations of state capitalism.
III.Recent scholarship in critical theory, evident in the essays in this issue, has involved historical studies of the stages of critical theory and re-examinations of the classical texts, facilitated by the publication of complete editions in German and English translations which have made available a wealth of new texts.
homepage.newschool.edu /~quigleyt/vcs/kellner.html   (5336 words)

  
 Critical Theory
What makes critical scholarship different from interpretive scholarship is that it interprets the acts and the symbols of society in order to understand the ways in which various social groups are oppressed.
Critical theories are thus normative; they serve to bring about change in the conditions that affect our lives.
This sphere mediates between society and state: conversation is crucial to the formation of that entity we call "the public." This means that CONVERSATION is crucial to the formation of that entity called the public.
www.ucalgary.ca /~rseiler/critical.htm   (5182 words)

  
 Critical Theory as a foundation for Pragmatic Information Systems Design
Critical theory, a philosophical perspective of the Frankfurt School, was chosen as the foundation for an empirical study of language use between experts and non-experts in information seeking.
This is the critical theoretic version of "discourse." "When the background consensus (the set of pretheoretical assumptions of relationships, motivations, and speech between parties) is shaken, participants may break off the conversation, begin it again on a different basis, or switch to "strategic action" (Habermas, 1999).
Critical theory provided a theme that language use, relational status and discursive interaction are constructs which can be manipulated to achieve one's ends (strategic communication) or to achieve mutual understanding (communicative action).
informationr.net /ir/6-2/paper98.html   (7025 words)

  
 Herbert Marcuse , Routledge Douglas Kellner ed. - Towards a Critical Theory of Society: The Collected Papers of Herbert ...
In fact, despite all its heavy-handed use of Marxist economic theory, Marcuse’s brand of Marxism was far from orthodox.
Yet these criticisms miss their mark: the kind of detached conceptual analysis we might expect to emerge from the academy during more peaceful times simply seems inappropriate for the turbulent period of the sixties.
Even if they didn’t issue in the revolution he was hoping for, they did inaugurate fundamental and irrevocable changes in our understanding of gender, race, ecology, and global power; and the student movement was an essential factor in all of that.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=1281   (1516 words)

  
 Critical Theory and Cultural Studies Pathway - English Programme - School of Culture, Literature and Society - ...
Critical Theory and Cultural Studies Pathway - English Programme - School of Culture, Literature and Society - University of Canterbury
By definition, critical theory and cultural studies cannot be confined within traditional subject boundaries.
A degree including courses in critical theory and cultural studies will be of particular use to students intending to pursue careers in journalism and other kinds of writing, broadcasting, film production, policy analysis, politics and the arts.
www.engl.canterbury.ac.nz /courseinfo/theory.shtml   (182 words)

  
 English: Research Methods and Critical Theory Bibliography
Critical Theory and the Novel: Mass Society and Cultural Criticism in Dickens, Melville, and Kafka
The bibliography starts off with general theory resources and then categorizes them by literary time frame and genre ranging from the classics to the contemporary.
An extensive suite of pages is devoted to surrealism, existentialism, futurism, new criticism, phenomenology, structuralism in the twentieth century with several links to proponents of those theories.
library.scsu.ctstateu.edu /engcritbib.html   (2251 words)

  
 Eric Nelson, Critical Theory Syllabus
In the second part of the course, we will turn to the romantic, left-Hegelian and humanistic socialism of the young Karl Marx (including the development of central concepts of alienation, reification, and praxis) and the mature Marx's "materialistic" critique of capitalism (including commodity fetishism, the self-reproduction of capital, and wage-slavery).
The fifth part concerns Marcuse's synthesis of Freud and Humanistic/Hegelian Marxism, influential on the 1960's new left and counter-culture, and the recent attempts by Habermas to reconsider and defend the enlightenment project and Kantian liberal republicanism on the basis of a communicative account of action and rationality.
We will confront these and other questions by considering the potential extent and limits of the various modes of rationalization involved in modernity such as democracy, bureaucracy, charismatic authority and the authoritarian personality; capitalism, socialism, and communism; science, industry, and technology; consumerism, media, and the social-political uses of pleasure and the instincts.
faculty.uml.edu /enelson/criticaltheory.htm   (1183 words)

  
 Critical Theory: Communication Studies Resources: The University of Iowa
Critical Theory: Communication Studies Resources: The University of Iowa
Boundaries and Borderlines: Reflections on Jean Baudrillard and Critical Theory - Douglas Kellner
The Unfinished Project of Enlightenment the Critical Social Theory of Jurgen Habermas
www.uiowa.edu /~commstud/resources/critical_authors.html   (1240 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Critical Theory and Society: A Reader: Books: S. Bronner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Critical Theory, Marxism, and Modernity (Parallax: Re-visions of Culture and Society) by Douglas Kellner
This book was part of a theory class I had in an English graduate class.
At the most, it offers suggestions of how messed up society (read the culture machine) really is. Further, the writings, by several Frankfurt members, demonstrates their level of understanding of the current situation of the 1920s up to even our current day.
www.amazon.com /Critical-Theory-Society-S-Bronner/dp/0415900417   (1192 words)

  
 OCAD Library > Subject Guides > Critical Theory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
This page brings together resources on the world wide web for critical theory and contemporary philosophy, focusing on the key ideas from the mid 19th century to the present.
Logos is a quarterly journal of modern culture, politics and society that features articles on the arts, politics, culture, the social sciences and humanities as well as original fiction and poetry.
Logos seeks to foster a critical dialogue on modern politics, culture and society through both intellectual and aesthetic lenses.
www.snow.ocad.on.ca /library/litcrit.html   (1909 words)

  
 Postmodern Thought
Critical Theory and the Limits of Sociological Positivism (R. George Kirkpatrick) mirror
Kellner Critical Theory and the Crisis of Social Theory
Bonner (1993) Of Critical Theory and Its Theorists
carbon.cudenver.edu /~mryder/itc_data/postmodern.html   (1746 words)

  
 EServer.org: Accessible Writing
A journal of contemporary art and cultural theory.
An electronic journal of marxist theory and practice.
An organization to promote research in social/literary theory.
groups.eserver.org   (354 words)

  
 ALL IN ONE CRITICAL THEORY STOP
This site is dedicated to works of the critical theory of society.
It features links to the original "critical theorists" such as Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Benjamin and their cohorts, to second generation thinkers like Habermas and Wellmer and to more recent proponents of critical theory.
critical links to web sites with information on critical theory
pw2.netcom.com /~bcaterin/small.html   (129 words)

  
 Critical Theory Bibliography
Criticism as Quest: Murray Krieger and the Pursuit of Presence
From the New Criticism to Deconstruction: The Reception of
The Critic as Poet, Poet as Critic: Randall Jarrell,
www.english.iup.edu /mhayward/bib.htm   (9656 words)

  
 Towards a Critical Theory of Society -- Collected Papers of Herbert Marcuse, Vol. 2 -- Herbert Marcuse Douglas Kellner
Towards a Critical Theory of Society -- Collected Papers of Herbert Marcuse, Vol.
It shows Marcuse at his most radical, focusing on his critical theory of contemporary society, his analyses of technology, capitalism, the fate of the individual, and prospects for social change in contemporary society.
Douglas Kellner's introduction places Marcuse's work in the context of his developing critical theory of society and relationship to the Frankfurt School.
www.frontlist.com /detail/0415137810   (127 words)

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