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Topic: Critical thinking

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  Critical thinking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Critical thinking has its basis in intellectual values that go beyond subject-matter divisions and which include: clarity, accuracy, precision, evidence, thoroughness and fairness.
Critical thinking is very important, as it allows information received to be evaluated, decreasing the risk of acting on a false premise.
Critical thinking does not include simply the acquisition and retention of information, or the possession of a skill-set which one does not use regularly; nor does critical thinking merely exercise skills without acceptance of the results.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Critical_thinking   (1784 words)

 An Introduction to Critical Thinking   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Critical thinking enables an individual to be a responsible citizen who contributes to society, and not be merely a consumer of society's distractions.
This is true because critical thinking mimics the well-known method of scientific investigation: a question is identified, an hypothesis formulated, relevant data sought and gathered, the hypothesis is logically tested and evaluated, and reliable conclusions are drawn from the result.
Critical thinking is also critical inquiry, so such critical thinkers investigate problems, ask questions, pose new answers that challenge the status quo, discover new information that can be used for good or ill, question authorities and traditional beliefs, challenge received dogmas and doctrines, and often end up possessing power in society greater than their numbers.
www.freeinquiry.com /critical-thinking.html   (6274 words)

 Educational Psychology Interactive: Critical thinking
As a result of critical thinking a previously held belief is confirmed or a new belief is established.
Critical thinking is important attribute for success in the 21st century.
Critical thinking is a complex activity and we should not expect that one method of instruction will prove sufficient for developing each of its component parts.
chiron.valdosta.edu /whuitt/col/cogsys/critthnk.html   (2222 words)

The ultimate goal is for an AMSC student to become deeply immersed in critical thinking throughout the College curriculum, internalize it as the curriculum proceeds, and to return with that habit of thinking so firmly established that it becomes normal.
We also taught an elective session on critical thinking from 1993 to 1996 which focused on "teaching for thinking." As we continue to evolve the curriculum, we are starting to "infuse" critical thinking as we teach the content.
AMSC’s role in critical thinking will be to continue assisting other schools in implementing it, to continue to evolve new ways of modeling and evaluating good thinking within an Army and government-wide environment, and to expand participation in academic discussions of this topic.
www.amsc.belvoir.army.mil /roy.html   (4672 words)

 Critical Thinking (Skeptical Inquirer March/April 2006)
Critical thinking is another concept whose value is being diminished by terminological disarray.
Critical thought is the principles of scientific thought projected to the far reaches of everyday life, with all the attendant demands and complications.
By themselves, science classrooms are poor competition for the powerful obstacles to highly developed critical thinking that reside in human social life and in the wiring of the human brain.
www.csicop.org /si/2006-02/thinking.html   (4172 words)

 [MSU] CRC: Critical Thinking Resources
All of the authors,whether discussing assessment, thinking, gender, or computers, considerthe implications of their topic on math instruction in the coming century.Emphasis is placed on the development of critical thinking and problemsolving skills.
Thinking skills are developed through the encouragement ofplanning, problem solving, organization and analysis of results, analogicalthinking and spatial visualization.
Thinking skillssuch as discrimination of critical cues, sequential reasoning, and self-monitoringassessment are employed to teach children organization of thought.
www.montclair.edu /Pages/CRC/criticalthinking.html   (10343 words)

 Critical Thinking On The Web
Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts by Peter Facione.
Or, more prosaically: critical thinking is the skillful application of a repertoire of validated general techniques for deciding the level of confidence you should have in a proposition in the light of the available evidence.
It is used in schools and universities to help students master the fundamentals of reasoning and critical thinking, and in organisations to think more effectively.
www.austhink.org /critical   (488 words)

 Critical Thinking in an Online World
The constant evaluation required, comparing the apparent, or the external, with the required, or the internal, is the essence of critical thinking, and is the stock in trade of the librarian.
Critical thinking is generally agreed to include the evaluation of the worth, accuracy, or authenticity of various propositions, leading to a supportable decision or direction for action.
Critical thinking is a learnable skill with teachers and peers serving as resources.
www.library.ucsb.edu /untangle/jones.html   (2766 words)

 Materials for Faculty: Pedagogies: Teaching critical thinking
When we talk about critical thinking pedagogy, we are not referring simply to pedagogy that challenges our students to think and reason more carefully than they do.
Critical Analysis (through which we challenge the observations, facts, inferences, assumptions, and opinions in the arguments that we are analyzing).
Exercising students' critical thinking skills makes students better learners and better analyzers of their own learning experiences - which, after all, is the goal of the "Learning about Learning" course.
www.dartmouth.edu /~writing/materials/faculty/pedagogies/thinking.shtml   (1836 words)

 Illinois Loop: Critical Thinking   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Critical thinking, by contrast, is associated with active, discovery learning and with the autonomous, independent cast of mind that is desirable for the citizens of a democracy.
Conceived in this progressive tradition, critical thinking belongs to the formalistic tool conception of education, which assumes that a critical habit of thought, coupled with an ability to read for the main idea and an ability to look things up, is the chief component of critical-thinking skills.
However, many educators misunderstand the terms 'critical thinking' or 'higher order thinking skills.' One of the most common mistakes teachers make is to view critical thinking as the opposite of rote learning or memorization.
www.illinoisloop.org /thinking.html   (3807 words)

 IUB Campus Writing Program Library: Articles on Critical Thinking
The authors use multiple measures of critical thinking to find out whether critical thinking ability varies by grad/undergrad, gender, discipline, and "academic ability." Results: graduate students scored higher than undergrads, some differences that could be accounted for by academic ability and discipline.
The problem with current instruction in composition in critical thinking is that it separates factual content from thinking, and tends to treat critical thinking as if it were a mechanistic skill.
Argues that critical thinking can be taught using drills and practice, but not with just any drills--only drills that encourage the use of critical thinking.
www.iub.edu /~cwp/lib/thkgbib.shtml   (3250 words)

A computer-assisted introduction to critical thinking, informal logic, and logic.
Criticism by Reductio ad absurdum is fallacious, but criticism by Ad hominem is not.
For example, thinking things must be all or nothing or thinking people are either friends or foe, these are all popular ways setting up false dichotomies.
www.critical-thinking-lab.com   (1209 words)

 CriticalThinking.NET   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Critical thinking is here assumed to be reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do.
Under this interpretation, critical thinking is relevant not only to the formation and checking of beliefs, but also to deciding upon and evaluating actions.
Critical thinking assessment is a topic often unfortunately postponed until after crucial decisions have been made.
www.criticalthinking.net   (392 words)

 Critical Thinking Definition
Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and
Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it.
Critical thinking of any kind is never universal in any individual; everyone
lonestar.texas.net /~mseifert/crit2.html   (333 words)

 Mission: Critical (Home Page)
Mission: Critical is an interactive tutorial for critical thinking, in which you will be introduced to basic concepts through sets of instructions and exercises.
We are very interested in receiving your reactions, criticisms, and suggestions, and hope to incorporate as many of these as possible in future revisions of the design and content of Mission: Critical.
We are interested in creating reciprocal links between this and other critical thinking web pages, either on our links page (in the Re: Sources section) or, if suitable, internally within Mission: Critical itself.
www.sjsu.edu /depts/itl   (306 words)

 Key Ideas: Critical Thinking   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Critical thinking involves logical thinking and reasoning including skills such as comparison, classification, sequencing, cause/effect, patterning, webbing, analogies, deductive and inductive reasoning, forecasting, planning, hypothesizing, and critiquing.
While critical thinking can be thought of as more left-brain and creative thinking more right brain, they both involve "thinking." When we talk about HOTS "higher-order thinking skills" we're concentrating on the top three levels of Bloom's Taxonomy: analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.
Integrating Critical Thinking Skills Into the Classroom by A. Buchanan - This article defines critical thinking and provides steps for integrating the ideas into the classroom.
eduscapes.com /info/critical.html   (377 words)

Critical thinking or informal logic — its jargonish equivalence — is the process of "reading between the line".
The editors who were on duty that day might think is a cute headline or they did not identify themselves with the Americans, thereby letting off a Freudian slip in writing which reflected their own opinion or prejudice.
If, for example, you think that stealing is inherent wrong and yet you steal, you cannot justify, mitigate or explain away your actions by arguing many of your friends also steal.
www.stoneforest.org /critical.html   (11231 words)

 Critical Thinking   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Critical Thinking on the Web, maintained by Tim Van Gelder of Austhink, a training and consulting group in Melborne, Australia, that specializing in training and consulting.
Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines a scholarly journal published through the Institute for Critical Thinking at Montclair State University.
Critical Thinking Community at Sonoma State This site will lead you to information about critical thinking at the college education level, and at the primary and secondary level.
www.umsl.edu /~klein/Critical_Thinking.html   (227 words)

 Amazon.com: Critical Thinking: Books: Alec Fisher   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The skills are fundamental critical (and creative) thinking skills, and they are taught in a way which expressly aims to facilitate their transfer to other subjects and other contexts.
The method is to use 'thinking maps' which help improve thinking by asking key questions of students when they are faced with different types of problems.
In recent years 'critical thinking' has become something of a 'buzz word' in educational circles.
www.amazon.com /Critical-Thinking-Alec-Fisher/dp/0521009847   (1214 words)

 Critical Thinking
AB: Suggesting that critical thinking activities are the crux of many of the goals and objectives of communication education, this paper summarizes a sample of the literature on critical thinking.
AB: Reviews three areas of critical thinking suspected of reflecting a male bias: discrimination against females in educational settings where critical thinking is taught, neglect of females in research about thinking, and conceptions of critical thinking that emphasize characteristics typically attributed to males over those typically attributed to females.
To help teachers fulfill this goal, this document provides a discussion of why critical thinking should be taught, instructional strategies, and discussions of what is effective practices, how to implement critical thinking, what difficulties students and instructors may face, and what thinking skills are emphasized on standardized tests.
www.indiana.edu /~reading/ieo/bibs/crit-elesec.html   (3059 words)

 Critical Think
Perspective thinking - trying to get into the other person's head, or walking in the other person's shoes so as to see the world the way that person sees and perceives the world.
Critical Thinking Self-Confidence: Trusting of one's own reasoning skills and seeing oneself as a good thinker.
Critical Thinking is fundamental, if not essential for, “a rational and democratic” society
www.coping.org /write/percept/critical.htm   (2135 words)

 Amazon.com: Critical Thinking: Books: Robert Cogan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
This book is a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking skills and the philosophical and factual bases of critical thinking.
If you're looking for a guide to introduce you to the world of logic and critical thinking, this may well be your best bet.
This is an excellent text book with which to introduce students to habits of critical thinking while developing a strong philosophical style.
www.amazon.com /Critical-Thinking-Robert-Cogan/dp/0761810676   (889 words)

 Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Assessments: http://www.calpress.com/index.html California Academic Press has the most extensive site offering this type of assessment.
Criticalthinking.org: http://www.criticalthinking.org/default.html For all people interested in developing their own critical thinking skills.
The Reading and Writing for Critical Thinking Project: http://www.uni.edu/coe/rwct/project/index1.html This project is active in 20 countries promoting the inclusion of critical thinking components into curriculum.
www.coping.org /adultlink/think.htm   (641 words)

 Lemieux Library - Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking: The Center for Critical Thinking, Santa Rosa, CA.
Critical thinking standards - questions to ask yourself in the process of forming a solid argument or analyzing another's.
A thorough site which outlines and describes the attributes of a good critical thinker and strategies for applying critical thinking skills.
www.seattleu.edu /lemlib/web_archives/DMW/criticalthinking.htm   (480 words)

 The Critical Thinking Co. - What is Critical Thinking?
Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker:
Avoid intimidating or confusing others with their critical thinking prowess, taking into account others' feelings and level of understanding
The next three are auxiliary critical thinking abilities: Having them, though very helpful in various ways, is not constitutive of being a critical thinker.)
www.criticalthinking.com /articles.html   (654 words)

 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving Skills   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Welcome to the Internet School Library Media Center (ISLMC) Critical Thinking Page which is part of the
Concerned with encouraging children to think critically about the media.
Critical Thinking Strategies K-12 adaptable across the curriculum
falcon.jmu.edu /~ramseyil/critical.htm   (243 words)

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