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Topic: Critique of Judgment

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  Critique of Judgment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Critique of Judgement (Kritik der Urteilskraft, 1790), also known as the third critique, is a philosophical work by Immanuel Kant.
The first position, of causal determinism, is adopted, in Kant's view, by empirical scientists of all sorts; moreover, it led to the Idea (perhaps never fully to be realized) of a final science in which all empirical knowledge could be synthesized into a full and complete causal explanation of all goings-on in the world.
In this section of the critique Kant also establishes faculty of mind that is in many ways the inverse of judgement - the faculty of genius.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Critique_of_Judgment   (1034 words)

 Critique of Pure Reason - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft), first published in 1781 with a second edition in 1787, is widely regarded as the most influential and widely read work of the German philosopher Immanuel Kant and one of the most influential and important in the entire history of Western philosophy.
It is often referred to as Kant's "first critique", and was followed by the Critique of Practical Reason and the Critique of Judgment.
Regarded as a ground-breaking work in Western philosophy, Kant saw the first critique as an attempt to bridge the gap between rationalism and empiricism and, in particular, to counter the radical empiricism of David Hume.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Critique_of_Pure_Reason   (2200 words)

The Critique of Judgment is concerned with exploring reflective judgment in two intriguingly problematic domains--those of aesthetic and teleological judgment.
The discussion of the teleology of nature, therefore, was to serve as a counterpart to the discussion of art, for the former dealt with reflective judgment in a supposedly objective realm, while the latter dealt with reflective judgment in a supposedly subjective realm.
The judgment employed in art could thereby serve as a propaedeutic to ethics in that aesthetic judgment was but the purely formal version of the self-application of ethical norms that was to take place in exercise of practical reason.
www.english.ccsu.edu /barnetts/kant.htm   (1428 words)

 Kant's Aesthetics and Teleology
But reflecting judgment is also described as responsible for two specific kinds of judgments: aesthetic judgments (judgments about the beautiful and the sublime) and teleological judgments (judgments which ascribe ends or purposes to natural things, or which characterize them in purposive or functional terms).
Judgments of beauty have, or make a claim to, “universality” or “universal validity.” That is, in making a judgment of beauty about an object, one takes it that everyone else who perceives the object ought also to judge it to be beautiful, and, relatedly, to share one's pleasure in it.
The idea that aesthetic judgment plays a role in grounding the possibility of morality for human beings is suggested at a very general level in the Introduction to the Critique of Judgment, where Kant describes the faculty of judgment as bridging “the great gulf” betweeen the concept of nature and that of freedom (IX, 195).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/kant-aesthetics   (11931 words)

 Critique of Judgment
The outcome is the judgment of taste which refers the representation of the object to the subject and his sensation of pleasure.
By pronouncing the judgment "This is beautiful" the judging subject expects the agreement of others not because it was given in the past but because the logic of the judgment of taste is such that it includes that claim.
A judgment with objective universal validity is always valid subjectively but an aesthetically claimed universality does not warrant the objective logical validity because it is not formulated by means of a universally valid concept that would entail the predicate of beauty.
www.uri.edu /personal/szunjic/philos/critjudg.htm   (10990 words)

 Kant, Immanuel -- Aesthetics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
And judgment is investigated by the critical inquiry into those types of judgment in which the a priori principle of judgment is apparent: on the beautiful, on the sublime, and on teleology.
By this, he means that although the judgment is a judgment of the presentation of a particular (singular) object, no particular determination of either sensible intuition, or understanding forms a necessary part of the judgment.
In effect, Kant is saying that, were it not for the reflective judgment and the principle of its functioning here (the rational idea of an 'intrinsic' end or purpose), the ability to experience something as alive (and thus subsequently to study it as the science of biology) would be impossible.
www.iep.utm.edu /k/kantaest.htm   (16836 words)

 SparkNotes: Immanuel Kant: Critique of Judgment
Kant calls aesthetic judgments “judgments of taste” and remarks that, though they are based in an individual’s subjective feelings, they also claim universal validity.
Judgments of taste are universal because they are disinterested: our individual wants and needs do not come into play when appreciating beauty, so our aesthetic response applies universally.
Kant’s Third Critique is one of the early works in the field of aesthetics and one of the most important treatises on the subject ever written.
www.sparknotes.com /philosophy/kant/section3.rhtml   (848 words)

 [No title]
A critique of pure reason, i.e., of our faculty of judging on a priori principles, would be incomplete if the critical examination of judgement, which is a faculty of knowledge, and as such lays claim to independent principles, were not dealt with separately.
Hence it must only be allocated to the Critique of the judging subject and of its faculties of knowledge so far as these are capable of possessing a priori principles, be their use (theoretical or practical) otherwise what it may-a Critique which is the propaedeutic of all philosophy.
True, in the Critique of Practical Reason we did actually derive a priori from universal moral concepts the feeling of respect (as a particular and peculiar modification of this feeling which does not strictly answer either to the pleasure or displeasure which we receive from empirical objects).
philosophy.eserver.org /kant/critique-of-judgment.txt   (15409 words)

 HYLE 3 (1997): Kant's Critique of Judgment and the Scientific Investigation of Matter
Judgment, guided by its a priori principle of purposiveness, becomes the essential power to unite all the faculties of consciousness, but also and important for science, to provide the conceptual framework for uniting the conditions of knowing with a system of nature.
As in the First Critique the faculty of representation has its a priori spatio-temporal forms and the faculty of understanding its a priori categories, so Kant discovers late in his critical phase, that judgment as an independent power is equipped with an a priori principle, that of purposiveness.
Judgment's dual function was Kant's rationale "for dividing the critique of judgment into that of aesthetic and that of teleological judgment" (CJ, 193).
www.hyle.org /journal/issues/3/rothbar.htm   (6126 words)

 Denis Dutton on Kant
A judgment of taste about an object that has a determinate intrinsic purpose would be pure only if the judging person either had no concept of this purpose, or is abstracted from it in making his judgment.
The first sentence of the third Critique may propose that the appreciation of beauty involves referring the presentation of the object to the imagination, rather than cognition, but neither this sweeping claim nor its subjectivist implications are much supported by Kant after §16.
But though judgments of their beauty may not be cognitively determined by concepts (in the way that concepts determine the quality of fruits being graded for market), they are hardly independent of concepts.
www.denisdutton.com /kant.htm   (7860 words)

 The Critique of Judgment (from Immanuel Kant) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
A final judgment is usually a prerequisite of review of a court's decision by an appellate court, thus preventing piecemeal and fragmentary appeals on interlocutory (provisional) rulings (see interlocutory decree).
A declaratory judgment is binding but is distinguished from other judgments or court opinions in that it lacks an executory process.
In some religions (e.g., Christianity) the judgment is of both the living and the dead; in others (e.g., certain primitive religions in Africa) the judgment in which God rewards or punishes men according to their actions occurs...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-27124   (816 words)

 1) Explain what Kant means by the sensus communis, and   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A major thrust of Kant's Critique of Judgment (Kant, 1790) is towards the relationship between beauty and morality, through consideration of the "supersensible substrate" of reality.
In this Section, his answer is that "judgment… applies the mere rule by which it reflects on that intuition to an entirely different object, of which the former object is only a symbol" (Pluhar, 1987, §59.4).
Thus, Gammon's statement that "in the Critique of Judgment, Kant further distinguishes the influence of the genius on future artists as also igniting an inner talent, but which is guided by a rule" (1997, p.
cogprints.org /1001/00/Kant_Paper.html   (3404 words)

 The Henry James E-Journal
A subjective judgment, to Kant, is a non-empirical assertion that takes away the emphasis on the objective representation of an aesthetic object, amplifying the resultant "feeling in the subject as it is affected by the representation" (Kant 376).
A judgment becomes specifically "aesthetical" to Kant when, instead of affirming the logical and the rational (and thus objective) as standards of judgment, representations are specifically "referred in a judgment to the subject" (376).
This formal unity, however, is an attribute of cognitive judgment: the aesthetic "reflection" of judgment is essentially an act of recognition, an act which is subsequent to and a result of the preceding cognitive judgment.
www.newpaltz.edu /~hathawar/ejourn5.html   (6039 words)

 The Critique of Judgment (Great Books in Philosophy) - shop.derkeiler.com Product Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This book, the 'Critique of Judgement', is the third volume in Immanuel Kant's Critique project, which began with 'Critique of Pure Reason' and continued in 'Critique of Practical Reason'.
The Critique of the Power of Judgment (the 3rd Critique) is the most important work in Modern philosophical aesthetics.
The 3rd Critique presents a vision of beauty, sublimity, and art that avoids reduction of them to them to the biological, a la Nietzsche or Freud.
shop.derkeiler.com /products/asinsearch_1573928372   (414 words)

  Mark Johnson
His views on such topics as imagination, the sublime, aesthetic judgment, and creativity have been the focus of massive developments in philosophical orientations as different as analytic philosophy and poststructuralist aesthetic theory.
Kant’s Third Critique is an excellent place to examine his entire philosophical project and to unearth his assumptions about all of these important issues.
Problem of judgment of taste; pleasant vs. good vs. beautiful; subjective universality of judgment of taste; universal voice; key to the critique of taste.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~uophil/faculty/mjohnson/phil453.html   (669 words)

 Freeman, "Frankenstein with Kant"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
On the one hand, it is a testing out of the shifting boundary between philosophy, personified by Kant's Critique of Judgment, and literature, represented by Shelley's Frankenstein; on the other, it investigates what rebounds from these two texts: what comes back, or returns.
to the concept of the beautiful and aesthetic judgment, is dependent upon a series of negations or appendages that constitute and frame it.
Victor proceeds to chronicle the Monster's various atrocities: "his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the sunken white sockets in which they were set, his shriveled complexion, and straight fl lips" (52).
www.english.upenn.edu /Projects/knarf/Articles/freeman.html   (4285 words)

 Immanuel Kant, Evanston, IL, March 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
According to Hegel, Kant 'spoke the first rational word on aesthetics', and The Critique of Judgment has formed the basis of much subsequent writing on the theory of art and beauty.
Kant distinguished judgments about beauty from scientific judgments, moral judgments, judgments of utility, and judgments about pleasure.
aesthetic writing Kant maintained that the judgment of beauty claims universal acceptance and is not derivable from or reducible to empirical conformity.
www.sun.rhbnc.ac.uk /Music/Conferences/02-3-kan.html   (294 words)

 Nehamas, Beauty and Judgment
That was not because the concept of the beautiful or the nature of the judgment is peculiar, but because, I want to suggest to you, the judgment of taste is simply not a conclusion we draw from interacting with, describing, or interpreting works of art.
The judgment of beauty is not the result of a mysterious inference on the basis of features of a work which we already know.
The judgment of taste is prospective, not retrospective; the beginning, the middle, but never the end of criticism.
www.mrbauld.com /beautyheh.html   (3179 words)

 Publisher description for Library of Congress control number 91032390   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
He shows that Kant not only made his "cognitive" turn, expanding the project from a "Critique of Taste" to a Critique of Judgment but he also made an "ethical" turn.
This "ethical" turn was provoked by controversies in German philosophical and religious culture, in particular the writings of Johann Herder and the Sturm und Drang movement in art and science, as well as the related pantheism controversy.
More specifically Zammito suggests that Kant's Third Critique was animated throughout by a fierce personal rivalry with Herder and by a strong commitment to traditional Christian ideas of God and human moral freedom.
www.loc.gov /catdir/description/uchi052/91032390.html   (380 words)

 Home Page for Carolyn Korsmeyer
If you already have another edition of the Critique of Judgment, you may use that one.
Kant on the sublime, Critique of Judgment §23-§29, §48.
Kant, Critique of Judgment, Dialectic of Aesthetic Judgment: §55-§60.
www.acsu.buffalo.edu /~ckors/544spr03.html   (773 words)

 An Introduction to Kant's Critique of Judgment; ; Douglas Burnham
Kant's third Critique, the Critique of Judgement, is regarded as one of the most influential books in the history of aesthetics.
This is one of the first comprehensive introductions to Kant's Critique of Judgement.
Not only does it include a detailed and full account of Kant's aesthetic theory, it incorporates an extended discussion of the “Critique of Teleological Judgement,” a treatment of Kant's overall conception of the text, and its place in the wider critical system.
www.columbia.edu /cu/cup/catalog/data/074861/0748613536.HTM   (191 words)

 Linda Zerilli: Syllabi: Studies in Twentieth-Century Political Thought   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It is said that Arendt’s reflections on the faculty of judging suggest a turn away from the vita activa and toward the life of the mind; in short, judging brought Arendt back home to Western philosophy, especially the philosophy of Kant.
Arendt’s attempt to develop an account of political judgment based on Kant’s theory of aesthetic judgment, say critics like Ronald Beiner and Jürgen Habermas, was deeply mistaken, for his transcendental philosophical approach to judgment leads away from the empirical realm and from anything that could possibly be considered political.
Alessandro Ferrara, “Judgment, Identity and Authenticity: A Reconstruction of Hannah Arendt’s Interpretation of Kant,” Philosophy and Social Criticism, vol.
pubweb.northwestern.edu /~lze608/syllabi/hannah-arendt.html   (1606 words)

 Philosophy 426, "Kant"
This is a searchable on-line version of the Norman Kemp Smith translation of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.
Searches can be slow (the server is located in Hong Kong), the search engine does not work entirely reliably, and a blue background makes reading the text unnecessarily difficult.
You might be able to get more accurate, and certainly faster, searches by downloading the text to your computer and using your browser's search capability.
sun.soci.niu.edu /~phildept/Dye/Phil426.html   (391 words)

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