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Topic: Croup

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Croup is most likely to occur during the winter months and early spring, and symptoms are most severe in children younger than 3 years of age.
Croup is characterized by a loud cough that may sound like the barking of a seal and may be accompanied by fast or difficult breathing and sometimes a grunting noise or wheezing while breathing.
If the child's croup is severe and slow to respond to treatment, a neck X-ray may also be taken to rule out any other reasons for the breathing difficulty, such as a foreign object lodged in the throat or epiglottitis (an inflammation of the epiglottis, the flap of tissue that covers the windpipe).
kidshealth.org /parent/infections/bacterial_viral/croup.html   (1061 words)

  Croup - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Croup (also called laryngotracheobronchitis) is a disease which afflicts infants and young children, typically aged between 3 months and 5 years.
Mild croup with no stridor and just the cough may just be watched or a small dose of inhaled or oral steroids may be given.
Moderate to severe croup may require airway intervention and oxygen supplementation in addition to steroids, depending on the amount of respiratory distress.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Croup   (236 words)

 Dr. Koop - Croup- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Croup, also known as laryngotracheitis, is an inflammation and narrowing of the larynx (voice box) and the trachea (windpipe) caused by an infection.
Viral croup is caused by viruses such as parainfluenza type 1 and 3, influenza A, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, echovirus and mycoplasma.
Diagnosis of croup is based on the medical history of the child, the symptoms (especially the evidence of the barking cough) and a physical examination of the throat.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/93/135.html   (955 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Croup
Croup is breathing difficulty accompanied by a "barking" cough.
Croup, which is swelling around the vocal cords, is common in infants and children and can have a variety of causes.
Croup that lasts longer than a week or recurs frequently should be discussed with your doctor to determine the cause.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000959.htm   (889 words)

 Croup - DrGreene.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia are all words that denote the location in the body of a problem.
Croup is usually (75 percent of the time) caused by parainfluenza viruses, but RSV, measles, adenovirus, and influenza can all cause croup.
Before the era of immunizations and antibiotics, croup was a dreaded and deadly disease, usually caused by the diphtheria bacteria.
www.drgreene.com /21_1063.html   (868 words)

 FamilyFun: Health Encyclopedia: Croup   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
In its most severe form, croup is a manifestation of epiglottis, or inflammation of the tissue flap that closes off the windpipe (see entry on epiglottitis).
Croup usually is caused by viruses and less commonly caused by bacteria.
The viruses that cause croup are as varied as those responsible for the common cold and influenza; therefore, one episode of croup does not give a child protection against another.
familyfun.go.com /parenting/child/health/childhealth/dony79enc_croup   (798 words)

Croup, or laryngotracheobronchitis, is an infection of the trachea (the upper part of the windpipe, just below the vocal cords) which often also involves the vocal cords themselves as well as the large air passages in the lung.
Croup is usually caused by a viral infection.
The most common cause of croup is a group of viruses called parainfluenza viruses, which despite their name are not related to influenza (in fact, the two families of viruses are very different in structure and function).
www.drreddy.com /croup.html   (687 words)

 Croup: Symptoms and Treatment | AHealthyMe.com
Croup is a common childhood infection marked by labored breathing and hoarse coughing.
Croup usually begins as a respiratory infection, and a child may have a runny nose for several days before beginning to cough.
Croup usually goes away in less than a week, but occasionally a child's airways swell so much that she can hardly breathe.
www.ahealthyme.com /topic/croupkids   (796 words)

Croup is generally cause by an upper respiratory virus infection, but, although children with croup may have some cold symptoms including fever and runny nose, the illness is very different from a cold.
Croup responds very well to moist air, so it is useful to keep a vaporizer or a cool mist humidifier by the bedside.
Since the croup may be more extreme at night your doctor may wish to treat your child with a short course of steroids to reduce the inflammation in the airways in order to avoid middle of the night breathing difficulty.
www.mindspring.com /~drwarren/croup.htm   (1079 words)

Croup is usually preceded by signs and symptoms similar to those of a cold, such as a runny or stuffy nose.
Croup shouldn't cause infants or children to turn blue or develop a dusky hue to their lips and mouths.
The virus that causes croup may spread to the lungs or upward to the nose and to the ears.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00312.html   (1278 words)

 Croup-Topic Overview
Croup causes swelling and narrowing in the voice box, windpipe, and breathing tubes that lead to the lungs.
Croup usually occurs a few days after the start of a cold and is usually caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold.
Because croup can make breathing harder, your doctor may place a small clip called a pulse oximeter on your child's finger, toe, or earlobe to make sure that enough oxygen is reaching the blood.
children.webmd.com /tc/croup-topic-overview   (566 words)

 Croup - Patient UK
Croup is often mild, and most children soon recover.
Croup is an infection of the larynx (voice box) and trachea (windpipe).
Croup occurs most commonly between the ages of 1 and 3 years, but any child under 6 can develop it.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc.asp?doc=23068967   (894 words)

 Croup or Spasmodic Croup
Typically, viral croup begins with a cold that slowly develops into a characteristic "seal-like" barking cough and a high-pitched, raspy noise when breathing in, known as "stridor".
The cough and stridor of croup may be quite scary, but fortunately most cases are mild, and need no other treatment or medical intervention.
Unlike viral croup, spasmodic croup usually recurs, can occur in older children and is thought to be related to allergies.
www.drpaul.com /library/03DEC1999.html   (588 words)

 croup   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup is the term we use to describe a common condition or syndrome of cold symptoms, a hoarse voice, raspy breathing (stridor), and a very characteristic barking cough.
At last look in the literature, it was felt that steroids could lower the rate of progression of croup to the point where hospitalization is necessary.
During a croup attack, it is naturally a good idea to keep in touch with your child's doctor.
www.sleeptight.com /EncyMaster/C/croup.html   (325 words)

 Croup - Healthy Kids and Pediatrics - health and medical information produced by doctors
Croup is an infectious illness of the respiratory system involving the larynx (voice box, vocal cords), trachea (windpipe), and the airways leading to the lungs (bronchial tubes).
Croup is contagious, and is usually spread by airborne infectious droplets sneezed or coughed into the air by infected children.
Even though most children with croup are cared for at home, those with breathing difficulties, high fever, or dehydration may need to be hospitalized.
www.medicinenet.com /croup/article.htm   (443 words)

Croup is also known as laryngotracheitis, a medical term that describes the inflammation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx.
Croup can occur at any time of the year, but it is most typical during early autumn and winter.
Croup is a temporary condition and children typically recover completely within three to six days.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/croup.jsp   (1193 words)

 Croup (0-12 months)
Croup is the word doctors use to describe an infection in a baby's upper respiratory tract that swells the trachea and larynx (windpipe and voice box).
Most cases of croup are caused by the parainfluenza virus (the adenovirus is another offender), which has a particular affinity for the throat area — in adults it causes laryngitis.
That's because some kids who get croup once are anatomically predisposed to get it again and again until their airways grow bigger (usually after age 3), and children with spasmodic croup may continue to get it into the elementary school years.
www.babycenter.com /refcap/baby/babyills/1615.html   (1267 words)

 RSV and Croup - DrGreene.com - caring for the next generation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup tends to happen in children between 3 months and five years old.
Prior to the era of antibiotics and immunizations, croup was a deadly disease, usually caused by the diphtheria bacteria.
If you suspect a foreign body or an insect sting as the cause of croup, she should be seen immediately.
www.drgreene.com /21_780.html   (1070 words)

Croup is a viral infection that affects mostly younger children (under 5-6).
Croup usually lasts 5-6 days and is worse at night.
If your child's croup is severe enough (which is why you're in the ER), they may give him vaporized Epinephrine to breathe with the cool mist.
www.askdrsears.com /html/8/T084200.asp   (1224 words)

 Croup in Children - Keep Kids Healthy
Croup is an infection that commonly occurs in children aged six months to three years in the late fall and winter.
The barking cough of croup most commonly begins in the middle of the night, and most children had been fine earlier in the night when they went to bed.
The first night of symptoms of croup are usually the worse, and while your child may be totally fine during the next day, symptoms may return the next night (but usually they are not as bad).
www.keepkidshealthy.com /welcome/infectionsguide/croup.html   (616 words)

 Croup definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Croup: A respiratory problem that occurs mainly in children, particularly from 2 to 4 years of age, due to an infection of the respiratory tree -- the larynx (voice box), the trachea (windpipe), and the bronchial tubes.
Croup is most often caused by a virus, less often by a bacteria.
The word "croup" is one of the few in general use worldwide in medicine that came from Denmark.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2875   (376 words)

 eMedicine - Croup : Article by Ami Desai, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup is less common in school-aged children but occasionally is seen in older children with preexisting subglottic stenosis.
In contrast to croup, epiglottitis is characterized by bacterial cellulitis, primarily of the supraglottic tissues.
Membranous croup: In membranous croup, inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi, with an adherent or semiadherent mucopurulent membrane in the subglottic space and upper trachea, is present.
www.emedicine.com /radio/topic199.htm   (2734 words)

 Croup - MayoClinic.com
Croup has an unmistakable sound — a harsh, repetitive cough similar to the noise of a seal barking.
Croup can be scary for parents, too, but it's usually not serious.
Because children have small airways to begin with, those younger than age 5 are most susceptible to croup.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/croup/DS00312   (276 words)

 Croup   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup is a viral infection of the vocal cords.
Croup is usually worse the first few days and then turns into a bad cold.
The viruses that cause croup are quite contagious until the fever is gone or at least until 3 days into the illness.
www.ccpediatrics.com /medical/croup.htm   (683 words)

 eMedicine - Croup : Article by Antonio Muñiz, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Background: Croup is an acute viral infection characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, inspiratory stridor, and varying degrees of respiratory distress.
Croup is the most common cause of stridor in the febrile child.
In spasmodic croup, the mucosa is inflamed, erythematous and with a velvety appearance.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic510.htm   (3220 words)

Croup, known medically as laryngotracheobronchitis, is an infection of the voice box.
Croup usually occurs during late fall, winter, and early spring.
Most cases of croup can be treated at home as long as breathing problems and coughing don't increase.
www.healthsquare.com /mc/fgmc0300.htm   (984 words)

Croup is an infection of the larynx (voicebox), trachea (windpipe), and bronchial tubes (airways).
Croup usually occurs during the winter months and early spring.
Croup is transmitted through person to person contact.
www.mamashealth.com /infect/croup.asp   (171 words)

 Managing an episode of croup -- What is an episode of croup?
Croup is a disease that causes swelling and narrowing in a child's voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), and breathing (bronchial) tubes leading to the lungs.
Croup symptoms, such as a barking cough, usually follow and last an additional 2 to 5 days.
An episode, or attack, of croup often occurs at night, with symptoms improving during the day.
www.webmd.com /hw/raising_a_family/ue5433.asp   (202 words)

 Croup and Your Child -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Croup is an infection that causes the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box) to swell.
Croup causes a fever, hoarseness and a barking, hacking cough.
Croup symptoms most commonly occur in children 1 to 3 years old.
www.familydoctor.org /handouts/220.html   (402 words)

All children with croup have a tight, low-pitched "barking" cough.
Croup is a viral infection of the vocal cords, voice box, (larynx), and windpipe (trachea).
The viruses that cause croup are quite contagious until the fever is gone or at least during the first 3 days of illness.
www.kidsgrowth.com /resources/articledetail.cfm?id=792   (706 words)

 Caring for Your Baby: Croup
Croup is a common childhood illness that affects the upper airway.
Croup is caused by a number of different viruses (which are infectious and therefore contagious) and, less frequently, by allergies.
Most cases of croup are mild and last less than a week.
www.marchofdimes.com /pnhec/298_9541.asp   (377 words)

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