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Topic: Cuban embargo

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  United States embargo against Cuba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The United States embargo against Cuba (described in Cuba as el bloqueo, Spanish for "the blockade") is an economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed on Cuba by the United States on February 7, 1962.
The 1963 U.S. embargo was reinforced in October 1992 by the Cuban Democracy Act (the "Torricelli Law") and in 1996 by the Cuban Liberty and Democracy Solidarity Act (known as the Helms-Burton Act).
Nevertheless, the embargo had a limited effect on Cuba in its first few decades as the island nation was heavily subsidized by the Soviet Union and the Comecon nations which supplied Cuba with cheap oil, consumer goods, and subsidies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_embargo_against_Cuba   (2572 words)

 AllRefer.com - embargo (Political Science: Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia
Instances of confining all domestic ships to port are rare, and the Embargo Act of 1807 is the sole example of this in American history.
Although an embargo can cripple a nation's economy, the use of an embargo alone has typically failed to achieve the goal its imposition was intended to secure.
Embargoes were authorized as a form of sanction by the Covenant of the League of Nations, and were applied against Paraguay in 1934 in the Chaco dispute (see Gran Chaco) with Bolivia, and against Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia (1935–36).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/E/embargo.html   (425 words)

 PEARL FILMS - Cuban Embargo
The original goals of the embargo were to compel Castro to open Cuba's economy and establish democracy, to weaken Cuba's communist regime, and to force Castro to relinquish power.
Those who favor lifting the embargo often point to the examples of Vietnam and China to justify their position, claiming that eliminating the embargo will encourage the growth of a free-market economy which will undermine the communist regime.
Cuban partners in joint ventures and mixed companies are approved by Castro as "safe." Moreover, unlike China, Cuba has barely started to open up its economy, and what little has been done to date has been permitted with great official reluctance and with the objective of assuring the communist government's political survival.
www.pearlfilms.com /embargo.html   (3772 words)

 Position Paper on the Cuban Embargo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The United States' trade embargo, an embargo that even includes food and medicine, is immoral and should be lifted immediately.
The embargo is a relic of the cold war.
The United States should lift the embargo, normalize relations, and respect the Cuban people's right to self-determination (withdraw from the base at Guantanamo).
www.gpnj.org /cuba.htm   (291 words)

 Cuba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
A major strain on the Cuban economy remains the widely criticised US embargo, strengthened in 1996 by the Helms-Burton Act.In an effort to stem the collapse of Cuba's economy, Castro "legalized" the U.S. dollar and began experimenting with limitedcapitalism.
The Cuban economy was hit hard in the early 1990s following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Comecon economic bloc, with which it hadtraded predominantly.
Spain and the Spaniard a contemporaryopinion of the Cuban uprising
www.therfcc.org /cuba-5043.html   (1250 words)

 THE CUBAN EMBARGO'S MORAL JUSTIFICATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Cubans lack necessities because their economy is a wreck and their dictator would rather see them starve than permit market reforms.
But their effect on Cuban society is minimal, since Cubans are banned from the tourists' hotels, restaurants, and beaches.
The embargo is regrettable and has its costs, but it is not what keeps Cubans on their knees.
www.nocastro.com /embargo/jeffjby.htm   (856 words)

 Semper Fidel? The Cuban Embargo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
If we have an embargo, we prevent Castro from getting zillions of dollars out of the IMF and of the World Bank, which is, other than finding oil in downtown Havana, that is the only hope that he has for big money coming in quickly.
The embargo as it currently stands arises from 1963 legislation called "The Trading with the Enemy Act." Now, 1963, the height of the Cold War, Fidel is acting as a paid agent of the Soviet Union.
One guest for the embargo, the other guest against, but both agree that the fundamental reason the people of Cuba are poorer today is not the United States embargo.
www.uncommonknowledge.org /fall98/309.html   (3922 words)

 Lift the Cuban embargo | Jan 22, 1999   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
United States foreign policy is central to the life of every Cuban, enforcing the dearth of essentials and luxuries, from medicine to cosmetics to automobiles.
This seizure of property was the primary reason for the Cuban embargo.
Although the Cuban people have, on the whole, benefited from communism, the system is currently close to collapse.
www.yaleherald.com /archive/xxvii/1999.01.22/opinion/p10remer.html   (834 words)

 Cuban Embargo Update - Dec 2002 - Cuba Policy Foundation
Stand-alone bills: Stand-alone bills to ease the Cuban embargo may not amount to anything more than symbolic gestures, as some members of the Republican leadership who control movement of legislation in each chamber could prevent these bills from moving in committee or onto the floor.
Amendments to appropriations bills: The successful strategy of introducing amendments that de-fund aspects of the embargo to appropriations bills is likely to be repeated in the 108th Congress, and there is reason to anticipate that such amendments could pass in 2003, as they have in recent years.
Ending the embargo makes sense for Republican reasons: expanding U.S. export markets to improve the U.S. economy and spread American influence and values is a position comfortable for many Republicans.
www.cubafoundation.org /Embargo_Update/Cuban%20Embargo%20Update%20-%200212.02.htm   (1160 words)

 Bush pledges to tighten Cuban embargo
Anti-Castro Cubans, particularly those in south Florida, have proved stalwart Bush supporters in the past -- backing him in the disputed 2000 election that sent him to the White House, and supporting his brother, Jeb Bush, in his Florida gubernatorial runs.
In recent years, Cuban Americans have been divided on whether to enforce tourism restrictions, with some in favor on the grounds that tourism dollars directly benefit Castro, and others opposed on the belief that economic infusions from Americans will hasten democracy and help families still living there.
Cuban Americans have signaled the White House they want more pressure applied to Castro, and yesterday's measures were Bush's second set in two years aimed at cracking down on the Cuban dictator.
seattlepi.nwsource.com /national/143476_cuba11.html   (609 words)

 CUBAN EMBARGO -- Links to Cuban embargo
Her writings portray the struggle of fl people throughout history, and are praised for their insightful and riveting portraits of fl life, in particular the experiences of fl women in a sexist and racist society.
WHEREAS this U.S. Cuban embargo policy, which cannot be justified on moral or political conflicts with the...
Failed Cuban Embargo Should Be Ended "The policy of isolation which the U.S. has pursued has not achieved its purpose.
www.cubatarifas.com /cuban-embargo.html   (284 words)

 Find Free Essays on cuban embargo
The embargo was established to punish the Castro government for the confiscation of American properties and to pressure it to slow down its move into the Communist camp.
The embargo has been maintained to show that Marxist-Leninism does not work as an economic or political system and to use it as a tool to extract human rights, economic and political concessions from the current or future Cuban government.
While not all embargoes have worked, the embargo imposed on the apartheid regime of South Africa and the military embargo of the Pinochet dictatorship in Chile did work and forced political changes in both countries.
www.findfreeessays.com /show_essay/1603.html   (479 words)

 The Tufts Daily - Failure of the Cuban Embargo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The embargo did have a national security rationale during the Cold War, as America was trying to contain communism and prevent a nuclear catastrophe.
The embargo restricts Americans' right to travel, a restriction that resembles the former Soviet Union's efforts to prevent their citizens from traveling to "problematic" countries.
On the contrary, Castro has relied on the embargo as a scapegoat for his country's problems, even though most of Cuba's problems are the result of Castro's own past and present failures.
www.tuftsdaily.com /vnews/display.v/ART/2004/11/02/4187180830ce5   (796 words)

 The Economic Embargo - Cuban History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The plan includes: a) the termination of sugar purchases b) the end of oil deliveries c) continuation of the arms embargo in effect since mid-1958 d) the organization of a paramilitary force of Cuban exiles to invade the island.
The United Nations general assembly recommends an end to the embargo (for the fourth consecutive year) by a vote of 117 to 3 (38 abstentions).
Voting with the U.S. for the embargo are Israel, Palau and the Marshall Islands.
www.historyofcuba.com /history/funfacts/embargo.htm   (2680 words)

 BBC News | AMERICAS | Lift Cuba embargo, Carter tells US
Executive director of the Cuban American National Foundation, Joe Garcia, said: "Fidel Castro had to sit there while he was given a speech on democracy, something the Cuban people have not been able to hear for 43 years."
Our Washington correspondent says Mr Carter's call for the lifting of the embargo directly contradicts government policy and Mr Bush won't take kindly to being told that America must make the first move if relations with Cuba are to improve.
Mr Carter also said that property disputes between Cuba and US firms and Cuban exiles should be resolved and suggested Cuban exiles could be used to bridge the gap between the two countries.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/world/americas/newsid_1988000/1988192.stm   (689 words)

 Reason: Foul Ball: How a communist dictatorship and a U.S. embargo has silenced a Cuban historian.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The apolitical Nieto, who is a few years El Jefe’s senior, basically invented Cuban baseball research in 1955 when he co-authored the country’s first-ever baseball encyclopedia, laboriously reconstructing the statistical record of the professional league’s first 78 years out of a mountain of newspaper clippings, program scraps, and his own scorecards.
The U.S. Negro Leagues were stocked with Cubans such as Martin Dihigo (a Hall of Famer in four separate countries), and fl American stars from Josh Gibson to James "Cool Papa" Bell to Buck Leonard, who spent their winters starring in the competitive winter league in Havana.
In the tumultuous 1950s, the Cuban Sugar Kings served as the AAA affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds in the summer, while winter-league fans could watch the likes of Brooks Robinson and Jim Bunning duke it out with Cuban stars Minnie Minoso and Camilo Pascual.
www.reason.com /0206/cr.mw.foul.shtml   (2537 words)

 Editorial: Let's Lift the Cuban Trade Embargo - January 1998 Issue of St. Anthony Messenger Magazine Online
A distinction must be made between Cuba's Communist leaders and the Cuban people, who have had little voice in the decisions of an undemocratic and autocratic regime.
Meanwhile, by continuing the embargo, the United States keeps delivering to Castro the best propaganda device he could ever wish—a convenient tool to blame any failure of the Cuban Communist experiment on the United States and its trade embargo.
It's time for both sides to let go of their stubbornness and shortsightedness and begin discussing what accommodations can be made for the good of the poor and of real people on both sides.
www.americancatholic.org /Messenger/Jan1998/editorial.asp   (867 words)

 Cuba and Cuban Americans on the Internet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
This group is a professional non-political and non-partisan association whose objective is the study of the Cuban economy and society.
Cuban medical network that links rural areas to regional and provincial servers which, in turn, connected with a central database in Havana.
Cuban (those arriving from the port of Mariel) or Haitian immigrants aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after and settled in designated areas in South Florida were interviewed in 1983 and 1984, with a follow-up interview being conducted in 1986 and 1987.
www.library.miami.edu /netguides/cubanet.html   (3939 words)

 Impact of the U.S Embargo on Health and Nutrition in Cuba
This trend is directly linked to the fact that in 1992 the U.S. trade embargo-one of the most stringent embargoes of its kind, prohibiting the sale of food and sharply restricting the sale of medicines and medical equipment-was further tightened by the 1992 Cuban Democracy Act.
Due to the direct or indirect effects of the embargo, the most routine medical supplies are in short supply or entirely absent from some Cuban clinics.
Such an embargo appears to violate the most basic international charters and conventions governing human rights, including the United Nations charter, the charter of the Organization of American States, and the articles of the Geneva Convention governing the treatment of civilians during wartime.
www.igc.apc.org /cubasoli/aawh.html   (1136 words)

 News-Cuban Embargo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The effect of the Embargo on the Cuban healthcare system definitely needs to be addressed.
The Cuban Trade Embargo was high on their list of items to discuss and Russia promised a new committment.
Clinton to sign law easing Cuban embargo despite flaws (Predicted in the book) WASHINGTON, Oct 19 - US President Bill Clinton will sign a law allowing the restricted sale of food and medicine to Cuba despite what he considers flaws in the legislation, the White House said Thursday.
www.warriorsfortruth.com /news-cuba-castro.html   (864 words)

 Cuban Embargo: Time for United States to Rethink the Policy and the Lives at Stake   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
If Elian Gonzalez returns to Cuba, the greatest threat to his health and security may not be from the Cuban government, but from the United States’ embargo on his homeland.
Since the start of the Cuban Embargo in 1960, the United Nations has declared embargoes against Rhodesia, South Africa, Iraq, Libya, Haiti, and FR Yugoslavia (Serbia-Montenegro).
By now, it should be clear that the embargo has had the opposite effect, strengthening the hand of hard liners in the Cuban government and keeping Fidel Castro in power.
www.ksg.harvard.edu /citizen/katz0306.html   (601 words)

 The Cuban Economic Embargo: Time for a New Approach?
The embargo was justified at the time, and I think reasonably so by Fidel Castro's aggressive alliance with the Soviet Union.
And, the embargo shuts off a critical valve that would help fan the spark of private enterprise that is present in Cuba.
I have never met a Cuban in Cuba who speaks, and I have talked to hundreds in private settings, and I have never heard one say that they want to be isolated from America, or if they think of any good that comes out of being isolated from America.
www.freetrade.org /pubs/speeches/cf-021500.html   (10569 words)

 Close Up Foundation Civics Education | U.S. Policy Toward Cuba   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
However, supporters of the embargo argue that isolating Cuba from the global economy is the most effective way to weaken Castro's political support, and bring about his resignation or his overthrow.
Confronting Cuba In the aftermath of the Cuban shootdown of two unarmed planes flown by members of the group "Brothers to the Rescue," Elizabeth Farnsworth talks with Frank Calzon of Freedom House and Jose Pertierra of Cambio Cubano about the future of U.S.–Cuban relations.
Cuba Warned Betty Ann Bowser's report on "Brothers to the Rescue," the Cuban refugee group whose planes were shot down by the Cuban Air Force in February 1996.
www.closeup.org /cuba.htm   (4103 words)

 Cuba Solidarity Web: Dr. Don Sloan on Cuban Embargo & Health
The opportunity is that the hullabaloo over his presence in the US surfaced for many the realities of what it is like for a little boy in socialist Cuba, even in the throes of the US blockade that has put Cuba in a state of war for almost 40 years.
Last year, every Cuban neonate was born in an hospital unit under the care of a certified obstetrician; every adult woman had a PAP smear, and every child in need had the availability of a full pediatric clinical facility.
It was near amusing for the Cuban exile community in Miami these past few months to recount the charm, stamina and energy of little Elián for his survival in the Florida Straits and the enormity of his tribulations during the circus that surrounded his political situation.
www.cubasolidarity.net /donsloan.html   (826 words)

 Cigars .com - Cigar Books, Cigar Magazines, Cigar Aficionado   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
First is a complete history: Columbus's 1492 landing on Cuba's shores - and the discovery of the Indians' odd habit of inhaling smoke from bundles of rolled plant leaves; the evolution of the cigar industry from small-time farming through Castro's collectivization; the fascinating saga of a tumultuous past - and an exciting future.
And of particular interest to the American cigar-lover are practical chapters on the embargo and its meaning for the consumer, smuggling and counterfeiting and how to avoid being harmed by both, and a personal and eye-opening travelogue.
Cubans are the un-paralleled pinnacle of the cigar smoker's world, having smoked them on a trip to Canada I can certainly attest.
www.cigars.com /cigar_books2.html   (3439 words)

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