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Topic: Cultural Revolution

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 Chinese Cultural Revolution - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Chinese Cultural Revolution
The ‘revolution’ was characterized by the violent activities of the semi-military Red Guards, most of them students.
Although the revolution was brought to an end in 1969, the resulting bureaucratic and economic chaos had many long-term effects.
After Mao's death, the Cultural Revolution was criticized officially and the verdicts on hundreds of thousands of people who were wrongly arrested and persecuted were reversed.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Chinese+Cultural+Revolution   (252 words)

 Cultural Revolution Close up @ CompleteIdiots.com (Complete Idiots)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Cultural Revolution was particularly devastating for minority cultures in China.
During the Cultural Revolution, young people from the cities were forcibly moved to the countryside, where they were forced to abandon all forms of standard education for the propaganda teachings of the Chinese Communist Party.
In this view, the Cultural Revolution is an example of too much popular participation in government, rather than too little; and is an example of the dangers of anarchy rather than statism.
completeidiots.com /encyclopedia/Cultural_Revolution   (5551 words)

 Cultural Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though Mao himself officially declared the Cultural Revolution to have ended in 1969, the term is today widely used to also include the period between 1969 and the arrest of the Gang of Four in 1976.
Sympathies for the Cultural Revolution were also famously denounced by John Lennon of the Beatles, in the song "Revolution", showing that the issue was of some controversy in the late 1960's West.
By contrast, the official view of the Communist Party of China is that the Cultural Revolution is what can happen when one person establishes a cult of personality and manipulates the public in such a way as to destroy the party and state institutions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cultural_Revolution   (7138 words)

 Cultural Revolution - MSN Encarta
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), political campaign in China, launched in 1966 by Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong to eliminate his political rivals and revolutionize Chinese society.
Nie Yuanzi, the Communist Party secretary of the philosophy department at China’s prestigious Beijing University, fired another opening shot of the Cultural Revolution when she displayed a poster warning that the university was controlled by the bourgeoisie, or elite.
Urban culture was replaced by new revolutionary ballet, opera, and literature, much of it produced under the patronage of Jiang Qing.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761580637/Cultural_Revolution.html   (1024 words)

 Cultural Revolution: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The peoples republic of china (prc) is a state that comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as china....
The consequence of this view is the consensus among the Chinese leadership that the lesson of the Cultural Revolution is that China must be governed by a strong party institution in which decisions are made collectively and according to rule of law rule of law quick summary:
These contradictory views of the Cultural Revolution were put into sharp relief during the Tiananmen Protests of 1989[For more facts and a topic of this subject, click this link] when both the demonstrators and the government justified their actions as being necessary to avoid another Cultural Revolution.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/cu/cultural_revolution.htm   (11356 words)

 Culture Change - Cultural Revolution, American Style: Unpetroleum?
The coming cultural revolution will feature awakening with new awareness, and part of that will be the redefining of relationships in one's more intense, immediate world.
A cultural revolution could even mean having a good time and being your higher, sensuous self, as in the 1960s revolution.
The cultural revolution will not be a top down experience as happened in China in the 1960s and '70s.
www.culturechange.org /cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=2   (2884 words)

 The Chinese Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution which started in Beijing, China in Aug. 8, 1966 had been coming to surface since the failure of the Great Leap forward in 1959.
During the Cultural Revolution the Red Guards ravaged the cities and the countryside.
From the start of the Cultural Revolution in mid 1966 until 1969, many people had died violent deaths and many more suffered from the damage wreaked from all involved.
mclane.fresno.k12.ca.us /wilson98/MWHI/1998/khamthone.html   (937 words)

 The Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution had a massive impact on China from 1965 to 1968.
The Cultural Revolution is the name given to Mao’s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China.
This probably explains the Cultural Revolution – it was an attempt by Mao to re-impose his authority on the party and therefore the country.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /cultural_revolution.htm   (539 words)

 Chapter 11, Section a10- Cultural Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Preface of The Cultural Revolution (1964 to 1966)
At first, the main target of the Cultural Revolution was the realm of culture and education and the organization of the party and the government.
The confusion caused by the Cultural Revolution grew worse and worse.
www.ibiblio.org /chinesehistory/contents/c11sa10.html   (9749 words)

 Cultural Revolution
Cultural innovators are hyperactive listeners; they learn more because they ask more questions.
Cultural innovators actively distribute their knowledge by not only being fast learners but also being fast teachers.
Cultural innovators achieve this optimal experience by setting challenging goals and continuously improving their skills to meet them.
www.fastcompany.com /articles/archive/lwaldera.html   (777 words)

 People's Republic of China: III
Considerable intraparty opposition to the Cultural Revolution was evident.
Millions of Red Guards were encouraged by the Cultural Revolution group to become a "shock force" and to "bombard" with criticism both the regular party headquarters in Beijing and those at the regional and provincial levels.
The activist phase of the Cultural Revolution--considered to be the first in a series of cultural revolutions--was brought to an end in April 1969.
www-chaos.umd.edu /history/prc3.html   (2489 words)

 AllRefer.com - Cultural Revolution (Chinese And Taiwanese History) - Encyclopedia
Cultural Revolution, 1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong, attempting to prevent development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of communism.
The Cultural Revolution also caused economic disruption; industrial production dropped by 12% from 1966 to 1968.
After Lin's mysterious death (1971), Mao expressed regrets for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/Cultural.html   (317 words)

 The Cultural Revolution in China
The Cultural Revolution was the greatest educational incident chronicled in the last hundred years and it took place from 1966 to 1976.
Another example of cannibalism that took place during the cultural revolution was in lunchrooms that were controlled by the government, dead bodies were exhibited from meat hooks and then served for lunch.
The end of the Cultural Revolution was looked upon favorably by many citizens, because almost every civilian hated the impact of the Cultural Revolution.
www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us /History/China/02/carroll/carroll.htm   (1016 words)

 Workers World [Sam Marcy]: Jiang Qing and the Cultural Revolution (June 20, 1991)
In China, by the time of the Cultural Revolution, the gap between rich and poor and the growth of privileges and emoluments for those in positions of authority was becoming so enormous that it fed a bourgeois restoration movement, certainly in the field of consumption.
The leaders of the Cultural Revolution were fighting against this ever-widening gap between the mass of the population and those on top.
To use a historical analogy, the Cultural Revolution was the Jacobin phase of the Chinese Revolution.
www.workers.org /marcy/1991/sm910620.html   (3296 words)

 Rethinking Cultural Revolution Culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It is a common assumption that the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-76) was a period of unprecedented cultural stagnation.
And yet, the idea that the Cultural Revolution was simply an atypical phase of political extremism, distinct from the years before and after this "unfortunate period," is misleading, most certainly as concerns artistic production.
The workshop intends to enrich our knowledge of cultural life during the Cultural Revolution which is still hampered by the difficulty of obtaining sources.
sun.sino.uni-heidelberg.de /conf/propaganda/intro.html   (342 words)

 Glossary of Events: Cu
The “Cultural Revolution” was aimed at smashing the Chinese Communist Party, and re-building an administration owing allegiance to Mao alone.
In the first phase of the Cultural Revolution, the urban youth were mobilised against the intelligentsia and better-off or educated sections of the working class.
In the second phase of the Cultural Revolution, the atomised and terrorised population was mobilised against the Party.
www.marxists.org /glossary/events/c/u.htm   (837 words)

The Cultural Revolution was a campaign launched by Mao to rid the Party of his rivals, but which ended up destroying much of China's social fabric.
Colleges were shut so students could concentrate on "revolution", and as the fervour of the movement spread, they began to attack almost anything and anybody that stood for authority.
Schools and temples were destroyed, their teachers and parents vilified and, in thousands of cases, beaten to death or driven to suicide.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/shared/spl/hi/in_depth/china_politics/key_people_events/html/5.stm   (206 words)

 Cultural Revolution
The ‘revolution’ was characterized by the violent activities of the semi-military Red Guards, most of them students.
Although the revolution was brought to an end in 1969, the resulting bureaucratic and economic chaos had many long-term effects.
The ultra-leftist Gang of Four, led by Mao's wife Jiang Qing and defence minister Lin Biao, played prominent roles in the Cultural Revolution.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0023493.html   (368 words)

 The Truth About the Cultural Revolution --RW/OR ONLINE
The Cultural Revolution attacked the notion that education is a ladder to "getting ahead" and that skills and knowledge are a ticket for gaining advantage and privilege over others.
The charge that the Cultural Revolution was a "wasted decade" in education is a gross distortion.and another example of class prejudice.
Gao, who participated in the Cultural Revolution, describes the impact of the new culture in villages like his: "The rural villagers, for the first time, organized theater troupes and put on performances that incorporated the contents and structure of the eight model Peking operas with local language and music.
rwor.org /a/1251/communism_socialism_mao_china_facts.htm   (3171 words)

 Charlie Hore: China - Whose Revolution? (The Cultural Revolution)
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was seen as an integral part of the wave of protests and rebellions that swept the world in the late 1960s.
In reality, the Cultural Revolution was a bloody and vicious power-struggle inside the ruling class, in which millions of Chinese were persecuted and jailed and hundreds of thousands died.
The Cultural Revolution was formally wound up at the Ninth Congress of the CCP in April 1969.
www.marxists.de /china/hore/03-cultrev.htm   (3428 words)

 Untitled Document
The first few years of the Cultural Revolution were a time of uncontained violence, of blood and physical abuse.
In the ensuing stage of the Cultural Revolution, tens of millions of high school students were sent from the cities to live and work in the distant countryside, their education cut short.
It is the story of one girl and the Cultural Revolution is seen from her point of view.
www.bsffilmgroup.com /CulturalRevolution-link.html   (708 words)

 The Cultural Revolution in China, 1966-1976
Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in August of 1966 at a Plenum of the Central Committee when he called for Red Guards to challenge Communist Party officials for their bourgeoisness and lack of revolutionary zeal.
Defense Minister Lin Biao ordered the military to support the Cultural Revolution but disorder was emerging as different factions of the Red Guard and other radical movements fought each other for control of areas.
August 1966: Mao officially launches the Cultural Revolution with a speech at Central Committee of the Communist Party.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/cultrev.htm   (2054 words)

 BBC News | Special Reports | China's Communist Revolution
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was a ten-year political campaign - a social experiment aimed at rekindling revolutionary fervour and purifying the party.
The result was massive civil unrest, and the army was sent in to control student disorder.
At the 1977 11th Party Congress, the Cultural Revolution was declared officially to have ended with the arrest of the Gang of Four.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/static/special_report/1999/09/99/china_50/cult.htm   (123 words)

 Cultural Revolution, Great Proletarian. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. 2002
A movement in China, beginning in the mid-1960s and led by Mao Zedong, to restore the vitality of communism in China.
Mao, who gave the Cultural Revolution its name, sought to dismantle the complex governmental structure that had developed after the Chinese Revolution of the 1940s.
During the Cultural Revolution, many government officials and intellectuals were sent out to work in the fields alongside the peasants.
www.bartleby.com /59/10/culturalrevo.html   (192 words)

 Cultural Revolution on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
CULTURAL REVOLUTION [Cultural Revolution] 1966-76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong, attempting to prevent development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
The Gang of Four was imprisoned in Oct., 1976, bringing the movement to a close.
The educational reforms in the cultural revolution in China: a postmodern critique.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/Cultural.asp   (387 words)

 Theses On The Chinese Revolution and Cultural Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Theses on the Chinese Revolution were written during the spring and summer of 1967, when China was in the threes of the so-called 'Cultural Revolution'.
Even before the French people had made their own middle-class revolution, the Americans had sent to the courts and governments of a predominantly feudal* (*The British Kingdom (since the revolutions of 1641 and 1688) and the Dutch Republic were the sole exceptions.)Europe their own diplomatic representatives.
In the course of the Cultural Revolution the Party was transformed for the purpose of better resistance.
flag.blackened.net /revolt/disband/solidarity/china_revolution.html   (7000 words)

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