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Topic: Cumae alphabet


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 Cumae - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Cumae (Cuma, in Italian) is an ancient Greek settlement lying to the northwest of Naples in the Italian region of Campania.
Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy (Magna Graecia), there having been earlier starts on the islands of Ischia and Sicily by colonists from the Euboean cities of Chalcis (Χαλκίς) and possibly Eretria (Ερέτρια) or Cuma (Kύμη).
Cumae was also a place where a widely influential early Christian work The Shepherd of Hermas was said to have been inspired by way of visions.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Cumae   (460 words)

  
 Latin alphabet - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
In the course of its history, the Latin alphabet was adapted for use for new languages, some of which had phonemes which were not used in languages previously written with this alphabet, and therefore extensions were created as needed.
With the spread of Western Christianity the Latin alphabet spread to the peoples of northern Europe who spoke Germanic languages, displacing their earlier Runic alphabets, as well as to the speakers of Baltic languages, such as Lithuanian and Latvian, and several (non-Indo-European) Finno-Ugric languages, most notably Hungarian, Finnish and Estonian language.
The Finnish alphabet and collating rules are the same as in Swedish, except for the addition of the letters Š and Ž, which are considered variants of S and Z. In French and English, characters with diaeresis (ä, ë, ï, ö, ü, ÿ) are usually treated just like their un-accented versions.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/l/a/t/Latin_alphabet.html   (3134 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Cumae alphabet
The Cumae alphabet was a special Greek alphabet, considered to be a variation of the alphabet used in Chalkis.
It was used in Cuma, an ancient Euboean Greek city, recently excavated in 1992, and in Cumae, a Greek colony in Italy.
In the Cumae alphabet, the Greek letter Σ was written as C, Δ as D, Ξ as Χ, Ρ as R and Υ as U. It is very possible that the Latin alphabet derived from this one.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Cumae_alphabet   (156 words)

  
 etruscan_alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The alphabets derive from Euboean Greek Cumaean alphabet, used at Ischia and Cumae in the Bay of Naples in the eighth century BC.
This classical alphabet remained in use until the 2nd century BC when it began to be contaminated by the rise of the Latin alphabet.
The "Alphabet of Lugano" was used to record Lepontic inscriptions, among the oldest testimonies of any Celtic language, in use from the 7th to the 5th centuries BC.
www.kazinogames.com /wiki/?title=Etruscan_alphabet   (769 words)

  
 Cumae   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Cumae: established by Chalcis, Eretria, and Cyme in 750 (753 B.C. ?)for agriculture and trade with Latins, Ausonians, and Etruscans who were noted for their copper and iron.
Cumae sat on a high hill, with its acropolis dominating a peninsula (on the northern arm of the Bay of Naples).
Cumae’s wealth increased rapidly and the city colonized and controlled Rhegium, secured control of the Straits of Messina and excluded from them, or subject to heavy tolls, the ships of cities not leagued with it in trade.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /WestCivI/cumae.htm   (1441 words)

  
 Ezzolied - LoveToKnow 1911
F This is the sixth letter of the English alphabet as it was of the Latin.
In the ordinary Greek alphabet the symbol has disappeared, although it survived far into historical times in many Greek dialects as F, the digamma, the use of which in early times was inductively proved by Bentley, when comparatively little was known of the local alphabets and dialects of Greece.
It must be admitted that the resemblance between the sixth symbol of the Phoenician alphabet and the corresponding symbol of the European alphabet is not striking.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Ezzolied   (634 words)

  
 Cumae - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The settlement is believed to have been founded in the 8th century BCE by Greeks from the city of Cuma and Chalkis in Euboea upon the earlier dwellings of indigenous, Iron-Age peoples who they supplanted.
The combined fleets of Cumae and Syracuse defeated the Etruscans at the Battle of Cumae in 474 BCE.
Tarquin II, the last King of Rome, lived his life in exile at Cumae after the establishment of the Roman Republic.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Cumae   (493 words)

  
 The Ultimate Latin alphabet Dog Breeds Information Guide and Reference
As late as 1492, the Latin alphabet was limited primarily to the nations of western and central Europe.
In the course of its history, the Latin alphabet was adapted for use for new languages, some of which had phonemes which were not used in languages previously written with this alphabet, and therefore new letters and diacritics were created as needed, for example:
In the Swedish alphabet, "W" is seen as a variant of "V" and not a separate letter.
www.dogluvers.com /dog_breeds/Roman_alphabet   (2482 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Cumae (Ancient History, Rome) - Encyclopedia
Cumae founded a number of colonies and grew to be a great power.
As neighboring cities rose to power, Cumae declined, although it did not disappear until the 13th cent.
A.D. There are extensive Greek and Roman ruins, and the cavern where the famed Cumaean Sibyl (the priestess of Apollo mentioned by Vergil) uttered her prophecies may still be seen.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/Cumae.html   (217 words)

  
 Cumae
The settlement is believed to have been founded in the 8th century BC (around 740 BC) by Greeks from the city of Cuma and Chalkis in Euboea upon the earlier dwellings of indigenous, Iron-Age peoples who they supplanted.
Entrance of the Sibyl grotto of Cumae [Source] Steering to Cumae, where the Sibyl dwells, Aeneas seeks her cave, whose entrance is barred by bronzen gates, on which is represented the story of Daedalus,--the first bird man,--who, escaping from the Labyrinth at Crete, gratefully laid his wings on this altar.
We are further informed that the Sibyl generally wrote her oracles on separate oak leaves, which were set in due order in her cave, but which the wind, as soon as the doors opened, scattered or jumbled together, so that most of her predictions proved unintelligible to those who visited her shrine.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Cities/Cumae.html   (644 words)

  
 Latin alphabet - Gnorx.com, the free encyclopedia
Claudius to introduce three additional letters was short-lived, but after the conquest of Greece in the first century BC the letters Y and Z were, respectively, adopted and readopted from the Greek alphabet and placed at the end.
The Latin alphabet spread from Italy, along with the Latin language, to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the
Romanian is a Romance language, the Romanians were predominantly Orthodox Christians, and until the nineteenth century the Church used the Cyrillic alphabet.
www.gnorx.com /Latin_alphabet   (3070 words)

  
 Cumae alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The inscription of Nestor's Cup, found in Ischia; Cumae alphabet, 8th century BC Western (also Chalcidican) variant of the early Greek alphabet was in use in ca.
It was used in Euboea (in Cuma, excavated in 1992) and anywhere west of Athens, especially in the Greek colonies of southern Italy (the Cumae alphabet of Cumae).
The Eastern variant was in use in Anatolia and was adopted in Athens, and with Hellenism spread to the entire Greek speaking world, rendering the Western variant obsolete in the 4th century BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cumae_alphabet   (264 words)

  
 Cyme - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Cyme, a botanical term for a class of flower clusters (see inflorescence) characterized by the terminal flower in the cluster blooming first.
Cyme, the ancient and modern Euboean Greek city, perhaps the source for the Greek Cumae colony in Italy and the source of the Cumae alphabet.
Cyme or Cuma (κύμα) in greek language means wave.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Cyme   (130 words)

  
 Latin-Alphabet
The Latin (or, as it is also called, Roman) alphabet appeared in the 7th century BC as an adaptation of the Etruscan alphabet to the Latin language.
The Etruscans themselves borrowed their alphabet from the Greek colonists in Italy; the origin of the Greek alphabet is traced through Phoenician scripts to the North Semitic alphabet, which was already in use in Syria and Palestine during the 12th c.
At the time of Cicero and Caesar the symbols Y and Z were introduced from the contemporary Greek alphabet and were placed at the end of the alphabet.
www.orbilat.com /Languages/Latin/Grammar/Latin-Alphabet.html   (1491 words)

  
 Latin alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
These variants may drop letters (Hawaiian) or add letters (Czech) to or from the classical Roman script, and of course many letter shapes have changed over the centuries — such as the lower-case letters which the Romans would not have recognized.
The default Latin alphabet is the Roman, supplemented with J, W, Z, K, and lower-case variants:
The Hungarian vowels has accents, umlauts, and double accents, while consonants are written with single or with double characters (digraphs).
88.208.194.172 /wiki/index.php/Latin_alphabet   (3564 words)

  
 Pauca Anecdota Neapolitana
Also, "alphabet oracles," in which each Greek letter is associated with a prediction, are known from Near Eastern temples of Apollo (see, for example, my translation of a Greek Alphabet Oracle from Limyra in Lycia); many of these temples had dice or knucklebones for consulting such oracles on a table inside the sanctuary.
Since the Greeks who founded Cumae are said to have brought the alphabet to Italy with them, they may have brought alphabet oracles too.
As the new oracle at Cumae was associated with Apollo and the Sun, so the old one at Avernus was associated with the Moon and Night.
www.cs.utk.edu /~mclennan/OM/BA/JO-AN.html   (3226 words)

  
 b. The Peoples of Italy. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
The rise of the Etruscans coincided with intensified trade with Greeks in search of metals in the 8th century.
Greek imports, increased use of metals, greater division of labor, the adoption of writing (from the Chalcidian alphabet of Cumae), and urbanization were all part of the rapid social and economic transformation in southern and coastal Etruria.
The first Greek colony was established at Cumae in 750, and Greeks continued founding colonies in Campania, Apulia, and eastern Sicily (Magna Graecia) for the following two centuries.
www.bartleby.com /67/222.html   (880 words)

  
 Cumae - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Its name comes from the Greek word kymé, meaning wave - perhaps in reference to the big waves that the peninsula of ?yme in Euboea has.
There is also a small, modern Greek Euboean city called Kyme (K?µ?) as well as the excavated ancient Greek city of Cuma, the source point for the Cumae alphabet.
Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy (Magna Graecia), there having been earlier starts on the islands of Ischia and Sicily by colonists from the Euboean cities of Chalcis (?a????) and possibly Eretria (???t??a) or Cuma (K?µ?).
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /wiki.asp?k=Cumae   (435 words)

  
 (31 Mar 94) Soc.Culture.Greek FAQ - Linguistics
The western-Chalkidean alphabet was used as basis for the Latin alphabet (indirectly through the Etruscan one?).
There is a dispute as to whether the alphabet the Etruscans adopted was a west or east Greek alphabet.
It was not, however, the Athenian alphabet; it contained, for example, the letter Koppa, which became the ancestor of our Q. Etruscan did not distinguish between voiced and unvoiced gutturals (K and G), and so used both of those letters for the same sound.
www.softlab.ntua.gr /miscellaneous/faq/greece/linguistics_faq.html   (5356 words)

  
 Old Italic Alphabet info here at en.my-widgets.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
For example, I hired a caterer Old Italic alphabet to provide food for a Old Italic alphabet I was throwing.
Even If he Old Italic alphabet't know a thing about planning those Old Italic alphabet or did not have the staff to do so he can Old Italic alphabet team up with Old Italic alphabet planners that do.
Latin alphabet Duenos inscription, 6th century BC Main article: Latin alphabet
en.my-widgets.com /Old_Italic_alphabet   (1120 words)

  
 latin_alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Runic/Futharksample=Latin alphabet.pngimage_size=200pxunicode=See Unicode Latiniso15924=Latn}}The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today.
may even be borrowed from another alphabet entirely, as thorn Þ and wynn were from Futhark.
Latynse alfabetLateinisches Alphabetكتابة لاتينيةܐܠܦܒܝܬ ܠܬܝܢܝܐAlfabetu llatinuLô-má-jīЛацїнскї альфабэтLatinicaЛатинска азбукаAlfabet llatíLatinkaLateinisches AlphabetΛατινικό αλφάβητοAlfabeto latinoLatina alfabetoLatindar alfabetoالفبای لاتینAlphabet latinAlfabet latinAibítir LaidineachAlfabeto latino로마자रोमन लिपिLatinicaLatinal alfabetoAbjad LatinLatneskt stafrófAlfabeto latinoאלפבית לטיניAbecedariumLatīņu alfabÄ“tsLatin írásLatijns alfabetლათინური დამწერლობაラテン旇字Det latinske alfabetetDet latinske alfabetetAlphabet latinAlfabet łacińskiAlfabeto latinoAlfabetul latinЛатинский алфавитAlfabeti latinRoman alphabetLatinicaЛатиницаLatinicaLatinalaiset aakkosetLatinska alfabetetAlpabetong LatinLatín älifbaอักษรละตินLatin abecesiЛатинська абетка拉丁字母
www.9nvesting.com /wiki/?title=Latin_alphabet   (3710 words)

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