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Topic: Cushitic languages


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  Hamitic Races And Languages - LoveToKnow 1911
The purest representative seems to be the language of the Algerian mountaineers (Kabyles), especially that of the Zuawa (Zouaves) tribe, described by A. Hanoteau, Essai de grammaire kabyle (1858); Ben Sedira, Cours de langue kab.
Neither medieval reports on the language spoken by the Guanches of the Canary Islands (fullest in A. Berthelot, Antiguites canariennes, 1879; akin to Shilha; by no means primitive Libyan untouched by Arabic), nor the modern dialect of Siwa (still little known; tentative grammar by Basset, 1890), have justified hopes of finding a pure Libyan dialect.
All these Cushitic languages, extending from Egypt to the equator, are separated by Reinisch as Lower Cushitic from the High Cushitic group, i.e.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Hamitic_Races_And_Languages   (0 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Cushitic languages
of or denoting a hypothetical language family formerly proposed to comprise Berber, ancient Egyptian, the Cushitic languages, and the Chadic languages.
February 1922; Lecturer, Reader in Cushitic Languages School of Oriental and African Studies 1952-80, Professor of Cushitic Languages and Literature 1980-82; married...
Lecturer in 1952 (and Professor of Cushitic Languages and Literatures in 1980).
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Cushitic+languages   (0 words)

  
 Cushitic languages - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Cushitic languages are a subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic languages phylum, named after the Biblical figure Cush by analogy with Semitic.
The most prominent language is Oromo with about 35 million speakers, followed by Somali (in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Kenya) with about 20 million speakers, Sidamo (in Ethiopia) with about 2 million speakers, and Afar (in Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Djibouti) with about 1.5 million.
Cushitic was traditionally seen as also including the Omotic languages, then called West Cushitic, but this view has been largely abandoned.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Cushitic_languages   (199 words)

  
 Cushitic Branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family
Cushitic people, who live around the Horn region of Africa, a peninsula in East Africa, and today comprise the Somali, Afar, Oromo and several other tribes, are thought to be the offspring of the Biblical Cush, mentioned in the Genesis.
Oromo is a trade languages used for official government purposes, by the public media, in commerce, in the educational system up to the eighth grade, and in a variety of literature.
Cushitic languages are written in several scripts, among them Roman-based alphabets, Ethiopic script, and Osmanya.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/july/cushtic.html   (0 words)

  
 HAMITO-SEMITIC LANGUAGES. The Columbia Encyclopedia: Sixth Edition. 2000   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Hamitic subfamily is generally considered to include ancient Egyptian (see Egyptian language) and its descendant, Coptic; the Berber languages; and the Cushitic languages.
The Semitic languages are named after Shem or Sem, the oldest son of Noah, from whom most of the languages’ speakers were said to be descended.
Southeast Semitic is represented by the South Arabic language of ancient South Arabia, which is preserved in inscriptions, and by the Semitic languages of Ethiopia, such as classical Ethiopic or Geez, Amharic, Tigre, and Tigrinya.
www.bartleby.com /aol/65/ha/HamitoSe.html   (2042 words)

  
 Semitic languages information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Semitic languages were among the earliest to attain a written form, with Akkadian writing beginning in the middle of the third millennium BC.
A number of Gurage languages are to be found in the mountainous center of Ethiopia, while Harari is restricted to the city of Harar; Tigre, spoken in the Eritrean highlands, has over a million speakers.
All Semitic languages exhibit a unique pattern of stems consisting of "triliteral" or consonantal roots (normally consisting of three consonants), from which nouns, adjectives, and verbs are formed by inserting vowels with, potentially, prefixes, suffixes, or infixes (consonants inserted within the original root).
www.search.com /reference/Semitic_languages   (2247 words)

  
 ABOUT ETHIOPIA DEMOGRAPHIC
The language of the Semitic immigrants survive in Geez, the liturgical language of the churches, though it is no longer spoken.
Languages such as Tigrigna in the northern part, Amharic in the north-west and central part, Harari in Harar, Guragigna with different dialects in the southern part of the country are Semitic origin.
The different languages of the Nilotic group are almost as numerous as the tribes that compose it.
www.ethiomarket.com /EEPA/econ_trade/about_ethiopia_demographic.htm   (439 words)

  
 Imperial Ethiopia - Ethiopian Languages
In Ethiopia, this language is Amharic, a Semitic tongue.
The Afro-Asiatic (Hamo Semitic) language group, which includes the Semitic and Cushitic languages of Ethiopia, developed during the eighth millennium BC (BCE).
In multi-ethnic nations such as Ethiopia, the use of an "official" language is sometimes criticised on the basis of its representing only a certain part of the population, with the minority populations reacting against the dominance of a foreign tongue.
www.imperialethiopia.org /languages.htm   (344 words)

  
 Afroasiatic languages. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
According to one theory, the languages of the Afroasiatic family are thought to have first been spoken along the shores of the Red Sea.
Another theory holds that the language family came into being in Africa, for only in Africa are all its members found, aside from some Semitic languages encountered in SW Asia.
The Omotic languages were formerly classified with the Cushitic and are spoken by perhaps 3 million people who live in SW Ethiopia in the Omo River region.
www.bartleby.com /65/af/Afroasia.html   (2033 words)

  
 Ethiopian Languages - Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic and Nilo-Saharan
The Cushitic languages are mostly spoken in central, southern and eastern Ethiopia (mainly in Afar, Oromia and Somali regions).
The Omotic languages are predominantly spoken between the Lakes of southern Rift Valley and the Omo River.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are largely spoken in the western part of the country along the border with Sudan (mainly in Gambella and Benshangul regions).
www.ethiopiantreasures.toucansurf.com /pages/language.htm   (0 words)

  
 HEC refs
The influence of Sidamo on the Ethiopic languages of Gurage.
A note on the relative chronology of the Cushitic verb and genetic classification of the Cushitic languages.
The Morphology of Nominal Plural in the Cushitic Languages (Beiträge zur Afrikanistik 28).
www.msu.edu /~hudson/HECrefs.htm   (0 words)

  
 Eritrea Flag,Eritrea Map, Eritrea Culture : SphereInfo.com
Cushitic languages are spoken by the Beja in western Eritrea, the Afar in the southern tip of the country, and the Saho in the eastern parts of the highlands.
The biggest native languages in Eritrea are the Semitic ones, the closely related Tigrigna and Tigré.
The Kunama and the Baria are the Nilotic languages of Eritrea, spoken in the lowlands between the Gash and Setit rivers.
www.sphereinfo.com /eritrea   (454 words)

  
 Ethiopia: Ethiopia's Peoples ~a HREF="/et_00_00.html#et_02_04"
Speakers of East Cushitic languages are found in the highlands and lowlands of the center and south, and other Cushitic speakers in the center and north; Omotic speakers live in the south; and Nilo-Saharan speakers in the southwest and west along the border with Sudan.
Gemu-Gofa is a language spoken by perhaps forty autonomous groups, estimated at 295,000 in 1970 in the Gemu highlands.
Language policy changed under the Mengistu regime, which attempted to reverse the trend by dropping Amharic as a requirement in schools for non-Amharic speakers.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/etsave/et_02_04.html   (5506 words)

  
 Semitic Languages (and the Phoenician language)
Ancient languages spoken by non-Arab population of these many Middle Easter countries continue to survive in the dialects/languages of everyday life and the roots of the older languages of the Phoenician, Aramaic, Syriac, Assyrian, Coptic...etc. are still evident.
Ancient languages spoken by non-Arab population of these countries continue to survive in the dialects/languages of everyday life and the roots of the older languages of the Phoenician, Aramaic, Syriac, Assyrian, Coptic...etc. are still evident.
It diverged from the South Arabian languages around the beginning of the Christian era, reaching its greatest extension in the 4th century AD, when it was spoken especially in the kingdom of Aksum on either side of the present-day border of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
phoenicia.org /semlang.html   (2757 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
The Cushitic languages are a subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic languages, named after the Biblical figure Cush by analogy with Semitic.
Robert Hetzron has suggested that the South Cushitic languages are a subgroup of Lowland East Cushitic.
Cushitic was traditionally seen as also including the Omotic languages, then called West Cushitic, but this view has been largely abandoned; the Omotic languages are now considered an independent branch of Afro-Asiatic.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Cushitic_languages   (0 words)

  
 African Local Languages
As the use of the Internet and its resources spread, it is becomingly increasingly clear that Africans need information in their own languages to promote greater access to the information society.
AISI emphasizes the importance of preserving and promoting African cultures which include the usage of local languages and content creation, in addition to the assistance towards the development of the National Information and Communication Infrastructure (NICI) plans.
Ethiopic is the script used to write Amharic, the official working language of Ethiopia, as well as many other Semitic and Cushitic languages in Ethiopia and Eritrea.
www.uneca.org /aisi/all.htm   (0 words)

  
 mcclang
In many cases, a language is a badge of identify for a specific ethnicity.
Ethnic groups that are genetically related in the biological sense often speak language varieties that are "genetically related" in a linguistic sense.
However, scholars working from oral histories and language data have argued that modern Maa is spoken as the first language not only by ethnic Maa peoples, but also by members of distinct ethnic groups (principally, some hunter-gatherer or dorobo, groups), which, over time, have assimilated to the Maa culture and language.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~dlpayne/maasai/mcclang.htm   (616 words)

  
 The Languages of Tanzania: web links
ix to 'The languages of Tanzania: a bibliography' by Maho and Sands, Göteborg, 2002.">
This is the web-appendix to The languages of Tanzania: a bibliography (publ.
The languages of Tanzania, according to SIL's Ethnologue.
www.african.gu.se /tanzania/weblinks.html   (3685 words)

  
 Chadic languages
The Chadic languages are a member of the Afroasiatic phylum, together with Semitic, Ancient Egyptian, Berber and Cushitic.
Chadic languages are spoken mostly in the Chad Republic, Northern Cameroon and Northern Nigeria.
Languages of the Chadic family make up for about 25% of the total number of languages spoken in Nigeria.
www.uiowa.edu /intlinet/unijos/nigonnet/nlp/chadic.htm   (197 words)

  
 Ethiopian languages - RealEthiopia.com, enabling the Ethiopia traveler
The Semitic languages of Ethiopia are Amharic, Tigriňňa (spoken in Tigray), Tigre (also spoken in Tigray and a very close relative of Ge'ez), Guragiňňa language groups (some mutually intelligible) spoken in the south, and Harari (spoken in Harar).
Ge'ez, the ancient language of the Axumite Empire is no longer spoken, but it is still used in religious services in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and in teaching qene (Ge'ez poetry) in the traditional church schools.
The Cushitic languages of Ethiopia are: Oromiňňa (spoken by the largest number of people in Ethiopia); Somali (spoken in the Eastern parts of Ethiopia, notably the arid regions of Harar); Agaw (spoken mainly in Gojjam and Gondar); and Afar (spoken in the north-eastern parts of Ethiopia).
realethiopia.com /index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=66&Itemid=313   (484 words)

  
 Language
Saho is a language, belonging to the family of Afro-Asiatic languages, previously known as Hamito-Semitic language.
According to one theory, the languages of the Afro-asiatic family are thought to have first been spoken along the shores of the Red Sea.
The Afro-asiatic languages including Saho, in addition to a common source for their most ancient vocabulary, as well as other syntactic similarities, what binds the branches of the Afro-asiatic family together is their consonantal root system.
www.allsaho.com /language.html   (769 words)

  
 Web resources for Cushitic languages
Linguistic analyses: the non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa.
The westward wanderings of Cushitic pastoralists: explorations in the prehistory of Central Africa (PDF).
Sociolinguistic survey report of the languages of the Gawwada, Tsamaya and Diraasha areas, with excursions to Birayle (Ongota) and Arbore (Irbore) - Part II (PDF).
goto.glocalnet.net /maho/webresources/cushitic.html   (0 words)

  
 African Languages: Cushitic Languages
The Cushitic languages are one of the main braches of the Afro-Asiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic) language family.
The Cushitic languages are normally divided into four geographical sub-branches.
The dominant languages, both in terms of number of speakers and geographical extension, are
www.koeppe.de /html/e_kusch.htm   (0 words)

  
 Languages by Countries — Infoplease.com
English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Bingobabble: Jeremy Seabrook translates the exotic language of poverty spoken in a country rarely visited by its subjects.(LANGUAGE)...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0855611.html   (1374 words)

  
 African Languages by Countries :: Official and national Languages of Africa
Native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population.
Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread).
Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama.
www.nationsonline.org /oneworld/african_languages.htm   (612 words)

  
 Exerts From "Amharic Verb Morphology: A Generative Approach"
Not only are the languages spoken by most Ethiopians genetically related, but (as Ferguson 1970 and 1976 has shown) the phenomenon of diffusion of traits over a large area has resulted in even more sharing of common features than one would expect among languages of three coordinate branches of a super-family.
The conquering Semitic-speakers spoke a language which was perhaps only four to seven centuries removed from a common origin with Giiz, the classical language of the Aksum Empire and of Medieval Ethiopian religion and literature.
This language is now by the accidents of history, a post-creole and the national language of Ethiopia.
www.abyssiniagateway.net /info/bender.html   (1976 words)

  
 HAMITO-SEMITIC LANGUAGES,
HEBREW LANGUAGE, (qq.v.), as well as Amharic (the official language of Ethiopia) and ancient tongues such as the
The Cushitic languages are spoken in Ethiopia and Somalia, along the Red Sea; they include Galla (spoken in Kenya and southern Ethiopia), written in the Ethiopic script, and Somali, written in the Latin alphabet.
The Chadic languages are spoken in central and West Africa.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?articleId=211344   (699 words)

  
 Linguistics
Language is said to be lateralized and processed in the left hemisphere of the brain.
A non-standard dialect is associated with covert prestige and is an ethnic or regional dialect of a language.
The Dravidian languages of Tamil and Telugu are spoken in southeastern India and Sri Lanka.
www.ielanguages.com /linguist.html   (8167 words)

  
 A Summary of the Cushite Peoples of Eastern Africa
The Cushite peoples are thus those who speak languages of the Cushite cluster in the Afro-Asiatic family.
The Beni-Amer group, speaking Tigre (a Semitic language related to Amharic and Tigrinya), or bilingual in To Bedawie, and often trilingual in Arabic, are associated with the Tigre, as an upper caste, but Tigre tribes are not considered Beja.
The Beja cultural base is Cushitic, the root racial stock being related to the ancient Egyptians, as is the Beja language.
endor.hsutx.edu /~obiwan/articles/cushite.html   (4925 words)

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