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Topic: Czar


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In the News (Tue 19 Mar 19)

  
  Peter I, czar of Russia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
As a result of the rebellion Ivan, as Ivan V, was made (1682) joint czar with Peter, under the regency of Sophia Alekseyevna.
Peter subordinated the church to the state by replacing the patriarchate with a holy synod, headed by a lay procurator appointed by the czar.
The ban on beards and Muscovite dress was extended to the entire male population, women were released from their servile position, and attempts were made to improve the manners of the court and administration.
www.bartleby.com /65/pe/Peter1-Rus.html   (1436 words)

  
 Johanna Rothman: Retrain Your Code Czar
While no one liked these project consequences, not even the czar, he was concerned that the potential code problems would be worse than the current project problems if he relinquished some of his controls.
The czar was capable of being a major contributor to the project and the organization, but the way he contributed undermined his co-workers' self-confidence and productivity.
The czar on my project required a lot of time and energy to convert to a contributing team member, but not every czar requires this investment from a project manager.
www.jrothman.com /Papers/retraincodeczar.html   (1635 words)

  
 CZAR home page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
CZAR is the trigger simulation program whose primary use is in production of the Monte Carlo data sets in Funnel.
When a new CZAR is required, libraries are built from the latest source code, on all relevant platforms.
CZAR executables are named CZAR_N.M. N is the main version, and M are the bug fixes.
www-zeus.desy.de /~funnel/MONTE_CARLO/CZAR.html   (413 words)

  
 03.Did the communists kill the Czar?
Czar Nicholas II of Russia belonged to the Romanov family.
At the time of Russian Revolution, 11 people living in Czar's palace were removed and imprisoned in the gloomy town of Ekaterinburg (This town is now known as Sverdlovsk, named after Jacob Sverdlov, the chief architect of the Czar's assassination).
In July 1991, the KGB exhumed nine skeletons from the Czar's presumed graves in Ekaterinburg.
www.fortunecity.com /tattooine/williamson/235/sicd003.html   (1682 words)

  
 Czar Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
; often spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917 (although this usage is only technically correct until 1721).
The spelling czar originated with the Austrian diplomat Baron Sigismund von Herberstein, whose Rerum Moscoviticarum Commentarii (1549) (literally Notes on Muscovite Affairs) was the main source of knowledge of Russia in early modern western Europe.
Modern usage seems to have standardized on the use of tsar to describe former rulers of Russia, while czar is used to informally describe an expert in charge of implementing policy (especially in the US): economics czar, drug czar, et cetera.
encyclopedia.localcolorart.com /encyclopedia/Czar   (1245 words)

  
 Wired News: DNA Report Revives Czar Mystery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Resurrecting a debate over one of the 20th century's most enduring mysteries, a team of scientists is casting doubt on DNA tests that confirmed the deaths of Czar Nicholas II, the last ruler of imperial Russia, and most of his family.
Czar Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra and their children -- Alexis, Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia, all of whom were in their teens or early 20s -- were packed off to exile in the Ural Mountains.
In all, the researchers concluded that the bodies in the grave were those of the czar, his wife, three of their four daughters, and four other people -- presumably the doctor and the three servants.
www.wired.com /news/print/0,1294,62529,00.html   (1041 words)

  
 Czarist Origins of Communism
It appeared that Russia might finally be on the road toward modern limited government, but by 1907 the czar had reneged on many of his concessions.
And while landlords might at least take care of their serfs to avoid losing a valuable investment, the Czars were rich enough to freely spend the lives they owned.
The Czar's earliest conquests passed almost unnoticed: the Ukrainians and so-called "White Russians" (not to be confused with the pro-czarist forces during the Russian Civil War), although under Russian domination for centuries, were distinct ethnicities who struggled fiercely to retain their culture and way of life.
www.gmu.edu /departments/economics/bcaplan/museum/czar.htm   (3185 words)

  
 CNN.com - Sainthood approved for Russia's last czar - August 14, 2000
MOSCOW -- The Russian Orthodox Church is to canonise Russia's last czar, Nicholas II, his wife and five children, it was announced on Monday.
The vote by the Archbishops' Council to bestow sainthood on the family was unanimous with the official ceremony to be held on Sunday at Jesus The Savior Cathedral in central Moscow.
The bishops' meeting was cloaked in secrecy as they debated the czar's spiritual status in a gilded chamber of the cathedral.
archives.cnn.com /2000/WORLD/europe/08/14/russia.czar2   (522 words)

  
 czar.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
There are a few factors that led to the abdication of Czar Nicholas.
The decision to join the war was the final straw for Czar Nicholas.
Czar Nicholas decided to take control of the army himself which caused even worse defeats.
home.earthlink.net /~gqsmith/revolution/czar.htm   (434 words)

  
 czar. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
A person having great power; an autocrat: “the square-jawed, ruddy complacency of Jack Farrell, the czar of the Fifteenth Street police station” (Ernest Hemingway).
Informal An appointed official having special powers to regulate or supervise an activity: a racetrack czar; an energy czar.
The word czar can also be spelled tsar.
www.bartleby.com /61/87/C0848700.html   (153 words)

  
 Czar Nicholas I
He was opposed to corruption and made much effort to stop it when ever it came to his attention, but the roots of corruption and violence in society were fed by the nature of autocracy itself.
The Czar was fed phoney, positive stories about conditions in the country by the very bureaucracy which oppressed it.
The Czar's army could not drive the foreign armies from the country due to a lack of supplies and men at the front lines.
www.fortunecity.com /victorian/hornton/890/NicholasI.html   (1280 words)

  
 Is the Drug Czar Head of the DEA? Emily Yoffe
The drug czar, formally known as the director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, gets to oversee the folks who write a lot of reports about how the war on drugs is going and scrutinize how other federal agencies are spending their drug-fighting money.
ONDCP was created in 1988, and the first drug czar was William Bennett (who wrote with Walters and John J. DiIulio, head of Bush's Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, a now-discredited book on juvenile criminals).
Each year the drug czar is required to release a lengthy annual report on our nation's drug control strategy that can be summed up as "We can lick this if we get more money." The ONDCP does not have cool jackets or a museum.
www.slate.com /id/1007657   (545 words)

  
 The new age of Czarism (and of Czar Czarism) | Samizdata.net
And inevitably there is this personage, who is genuinely scary of course, to be laughed and sneered at only as part of the deadly serious business of running him out of office and abolishing his job, and strangling the fatuous ambitions it is based on.
Please remember that it is the current czar's responsibility to find a replacement when they wish to give up a czarship, though the Czar Czar can offer suggestions of people who might be available to fill the position.
I was the department's Czar Czar for several years before Steve took over, and I assure you we do have a sense of humor about the whole thing.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/005237.html   (2003 words)

  
 Czar, Alberta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Czar, Alberta has produced many champion rodeo cowboys over the years and has also staged a variety of cultural events such as live theatre in its modern hall on the south end of Main Street (top right photo).
The Village of Czar, according to the latest statistics, has 199 people living there.
Students attend grades 1-6 at the local school.The community is governed by a local elected village council and is located on Highway 41, just south of Highway 13.
www.provostnews.ca /other_com/czar_com.html   (91 words)

  
 CDF CZAR OF SIR IVAN - For sale by Wine Country Alpacas
This bay fl beauty is loaded with coverage and crimp she passes on to her crias, she is an excellent mother with plenty of milk, she is a peruvian chocolateer daughter.
Czar's introductory price is for a limited time.
Czar has proven himself to be a very willing participant in the breeding pen and has a very good handle on his responsiblities.
www.alpacanation.com /herdsires/03_viewherdsire.asp?name=12402   (280 words)

  
 Trenches on the Web - Bio: Czar Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II was born on May 6, 1868, in Tsarskoe Selo.
His parents prepared him for the task of being a 20th Century Czar, knowing it would be quite different from previous years.
These were the happiest years when he had no worries of his future reign as Czar of Russia.
www.worldwar1.com /biorczar.htm   (721 words)

  
 HERMENAUT: Atlas Against the Czar
Later in Atlas against the Czar, Maciste is immobilized again by means of a drug that causes a deathlike sleep (the heroine manages to obtain an antidote from a wise man living in a cave).
In seeking to secure the ideological commitment of Maciste, the czar and the rebels are seeking, pathetically, to persuade the audience that their goals and struggles matter.
The director of Atlas against the Czar, Amerigo Anton (pseudonym for Tanio Boccia), is far from being a stylist on the level of Riccardo Freda or Vittorio Cottafavi (two masters of the peplum); as an unpretentious director of undemanding action cinema, he falls somewhere short of Alberto de Martino and Sergio Grieco.
www.hermenaut.com /a83.shtml   (1162 words)

  
 Open and Lapsed Czar Positions
The Videotaping Czar is responsible for videotaping the job talks occurring during the department colloquium from 4:15 to 5:15 on Tuesday and Thursday of the Spring semester.
The current projects of the Library Czar are to institute a system for tracking books, to organize the layout of the library, to produce a catalog and to improve the holdings of the library.
The Relocation Czar helps incoming first-year students find transportation from the airport or bus station to their new residence or to a local hotel if they have not been able to find an apartment yet.
www.cs.cornell.edu /home/hollandm/czarpages/page3.html   (356 words)

  
 Wishing upon a Czar | Samizdata.net
Employment in farm occupations went from 71.8% of the population in 1820 to 37.5% in 1900 to 2.7% in 1980.
Generally the "Czar" idea is useless because it is asking one person to solve the problems of many all with the wave of their magic wand.
And the best way to do that is make him a 'de-regulation czar' who helps nurture and promote new frontier industries by tearing up the regulations and promising that the state will stay the phuk out of their business.
www.samizdata.net /blog/archives/004575.html   (2272 words)

  
 Wood Floor Medallions, Hardwood Floor Inlays, Wood borders and Parquet. Czar Floors Home Page |Brazilian exotic wood ...
Czar Floors works with architects, designers and decorators on the most prestigious projects around the world.
Czar Floors today has the largest collection of decorative floor products on the market.
Czar Floor products are made to the highest quality standards, using solid 5/8" wood materials - highest wear layer in the industry.
www.czarfloors.com   (332 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - As intelligence czar choice, diplomat faces toughest test   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The intelligence czar is the brainchild of the bipartisan commission that investigated 9/11.
An intelligence czar can see the big picture, set priorities and ensure that far-flung agencies work together.
But Congress limited the czar's authority and ignored the panel's request to streamline its oversight.
www.usatoday.com /news/opinion/editorials/2005-02-17-edit_x.htm   (616 words)

  
 Townhall.com :: Columns :: Long live the czar by Tony Blankley   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Like its namesake, the czar of all the Russias, our new czar is likely to begin what will become a very mixed record.
At the other end of the czar spectrum was poor little Nicholas the Second, the last czar of all the Russias.
As is always the case in such matters, a colonel on the czar's staff will trump a three star general with responsibilities to actually accomplish something in the real world.
www.townhall.com /columnists/tonyblankley/tb20041208.shtml   (936 words)

  
 Wired News: U.S. May Get a Privacy Czar
The privacy czar, who would be appointed by the president and positioned in the Office of Management and Budget, would hold primary responsibility for privacy policies throughout the federal government.
The czar would ensure that technologies procured by the federal government would not erode privacy protections, as designated under the Privacy Act of 1974.
The czar would also evaluate legislative and regulatory proposals involving the federal government's collection and use of Americans' personal information.
www.wired.com /news/privacy/0,1848,63542,00.html?tw=rss.PRV   (1034 words)

  
 Humor Gazette: John Breneman's satire and fake news on politics, pop culture, Bush, money, sex, Jacko, cheap laughs
Pundits say appointing a czar demonstrates the president "means business" about completing Iraq's transformation from a repressive dictatorship to an unstable Islamocratic sovereign entity that doesn't mind having George Bush as its boss.
Political historians note the czar has enjoyed a prominent role in American politics since Thomas Jefferson was named Independence czar in the run-up to the war with Great Britain.
Leading candidates for the czar slots are those who have raised $100,000 or more for the re-election effort.
www.humorgazette.com /bush_czar.htm   (1500 words)

  
 The case for a technology czar
Much like the recently created director of homeland security position, the technology czar would serve as an interdepartmental knowledge transfer point within the government, adviser to the executive branch on technology issues and spokesperson for the government on technology topics.
In the current government/business environment, the technology czar could address such cross-disciplinary issues as the economic benefits, technological innovations, tax implications, financial and physical security, and individual privacy questions surrounding the burgeoning e-commerce sector.
Or the czar could look at how wireless and location-based technologies could be used not only to provide interesting new business and consumer services but also to enhance the capabilities of government agencies to respond to emergencies more rapidly.
www.networkworld.com /columnists/2002/0415mielke.html   (598 words)

  
 Volturno Datapage 63 - Page re S.S. CZAR
When the sea calmed down the work of rescue proceeded rapidly, and the Czar’s lifeboat made a fifth journey with the second officer, and the remaining persons on board the Volturno were taken off with the exception of the master and six officers.
It is clear from this very sober report that the crew of the Czar who went in the lifeboat five times are indeed brave men.
The "Czar" was a 6,503 gross ton ship, built by Barclay, Curle and Co, Glasgow in 1912 for the Russian American Line.
ca.geocities.com /volturno@rogers.com/volturno63.html   (3659 words)

  
 Bush Backs Creation of Intelligence Czar (washingtonpost.com)
President Bush today accepted an independent commission's recommendation to establish an intelligence czar and a new counterterrorism center, but he differed with the panel in deciding that neither of them should work out of the White House.
But some members of Congress from both parties have balked at placing the intelligence czar and the counterterrorism center in the president's office, saying they should be autonomous to avoid becoming embroiled in politics.
Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge was among the officials who stood with Bush today as he announced his support for an intelligence czar and a new counterterrorism center after a Cabinet meeting at the White House.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/articles/A33866-2004Aug2.html   (1030 words)

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