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Topic: Czech lands


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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  
  Orthodox Church of Czech Lands and Slovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
On all major issues the Orthodox Church of Czech Lands and Slovakia is in agreement with other Eastern Orthodox churches.
During the second world war the church was disbanded by the Nazi authorities, and its founder, bishop Gorazd of Prague, was executed for alleged involvement with the Czech resistance movement.
With the partition of Czechoslovakia into two separate republics in 1993 the church was renamed the Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/christ/east/occsl.html   (205 words)

  
 Czech lands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Czech lands (in Czech: české země) is an auxiliary term used mainly for Bohemia + Moravia + Czech Silesia, today identical with the Czech Republic.
The term "Czech lands" is used especially for the period till 1969 (when the entity and term Czech Socialist Republic arose), but also afterwards.
Czech lands was used especially in the past (before 1992), when the (almost) alternative term Czechia was used rarely (in Czech it was codified in 1777, but was rarely used both in the Czech and in the English language), so that it was impossible to describe the main and secondary Czech territory by one word.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Czech_lands   (386 words)

  
 Bohemia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bohemia (Czech: Čechy; German: Böhmen, Russian: Bogemiya) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic.
A national Czech movement against (mainly German) foreign immigrants was promoted by the religious movement of Hussites under the leadership of Jan Hus, a precursor of Martin Luther, who was eventually burned at the stake.
The Czech constitution from 1992 refers to the "citizens of the Czech Republic in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia" and proclaims continuity with the statehood of the Bohemian Crown.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bohemia   (1191 words)

  
 Czech Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Czech lands emerged in the late 9th century when it was unified by the Premyslids.
The Czech parliament (Parlament) is bicameral, with a Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) and a Senate (Senát).
The Czech landscape is quite varied; Bohemia to the west consists of a basin, drained by the Elbe (Labe) and Vltava (Moldau) rivers, surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudeten with its part Krkonose, where one also finds the highest point in the country, the Snezka at 1,602 m.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/czech_republic   (958 words)

  
 Czech lands: 880s-1198 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Czech tribes in present-day central Bohemia started to build a unified state under the influence of the neighboring Great Moravia in the 880s under Prince Borivoj from the Premyslid house, who was baptised by the Great Moravian bishop Methodius in 874.
The Bohemian Principality definitively emerged in 995 when the Premyslid chiefs--members of the tribe called Czechs (one of the tribes in Bohemia, from which the Czechs derive their name)--unified neighboring Czech tribes and established a form of centralized rule.
Significantly, the bishopric of Prague, founded in 973 during the reign of Boleslav II (967-99), was subordinated to the German archbishopric of Mainz.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Czech_lands:_880s-1198   (399 words)

  
 Czech lands: 1198-1526   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Czech refugees from the religious wars in Czechia settled there, and from 1438 to 1453 a Czech noble, Jan Jiskra of Brandys, controlled most of southern Slovakia from the centers of Zvolen and Kosice.
Czech Catholic nobles, joined in the League of Zelena Hora, continued to challenge the authority of George of Podebrady until his death in 1471.
Czech Catholics accepted the Compact of Basel in 1485 and were reconciled with the Utraquists.
www.free-download-soft.com /info/wellbeing-fen-htm.html   (1688 words)

  
 A Brief History of the Czech Lands
When, however, a 14th-century chronicler writes that “German speech is commoner than Czech almost in all towns and at the court”, this may be taken as referring in particular to the speech habits of the upper nobility and prosperous burghers.
His son Wenceslas IV faced growing difficulties, both with the nobility, and with the Church, whose authority was weakened by the Papal Schism, and undermined by mounting criticism of ecclesiastical wealth and often blatant corruption.
In the May 1946 election the number of political parties was limited to 7: 4 in the Czech lands, 3 in Slovakia, and the strong pre-war Agrarian party was banned.
users.ox.ac.uk /~tayl0010/history.htm   (4944 words)

  
 Central Europe Review - Czech Feminism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One good reason is the way in which the history of the Czech women's effort to achieve equality in higher education reflects the characteristics of the women's rights movement in the Czech lands.
The hardest blow was the closing of all Czech universities by the Germans for the duration of the war and the sending of Czech students to labor camps.
Yet, most Czech women today probably never think about the fact that their current favorable status in higher education is largely the outcome of a steady, progressive women's rights movement in the Czech lands.
www.ce-review.org /99/14/koenig14art.html   (1881 words)

  
 Czech history - Czech lands in primeval times
Moravia and Silesia (the "Czech lands") existed from the Middle Age in the framework of one state or confederation of states.
The history of the Czech lands and Slovakia as such does not form an organic whole, and it would be strained and unfortunate to make an attempt at their entire mapping in the framework of one account.
The Czech lands did not come into more systematic relations with Classical times, which were reflected in their later civilization development.
www.czeckitout.com /tjeck_history1.htm   (805 words)

  
 The history of the Czech lands to 1968
However, Wenceslas has been venerated by the Czechs for many years, his memory was important in the middle ages, and his cult reappeared in a more secularised way during the Czech national revival of the nineteenth century and in more recent times as a symbol of freedom of expression under the communists.
A.J.P. Taylor wrote that in 1620, "Czech Hussite culture was replaced by the cosmopolitan Baroque culture of the Counter-Reformation", and this was not meant as a complement.
Prominent in the revival of the Czech language and culture were the linguists Josef Dobrovský and Josef Jungmann, the poet Jan Kollár, and the historian František Palacký.
www.bath.ac.uk /%7Elismd/czech/czech-1967.html   (7551 words)

  
 RP's History Online - How it all began
In fact, the Latin name for the Czech lands, "Boiohaemum" (Bohemia), is derived from the name of the Boii Celtic tribe; and the Czech name for the Moldau River (which flows through the capital city of Prague) is Vltava - which is said to come from the Celtic "Vlt" meaning wild, and "Va" meaning water.
The Czech Celts were in part chased out of the region and in part assimilated by the next peoples to inhabit the area: the Germanic Marcomanni and Quadi tribes from the west and the Romans from the south.
As ruler of the lands, she was also the highest 'court of appeal' for disputes among the people.
archiv.radio.cz /history/history02.html   (1386 words)

  
 Czech Republic --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It comprises the historic lands of Bohemia and Moravia (collectively often called the Czech Lands) and the southwestern corner of Silesia.
The modern Czech nation was inaugurated on Jan. 1, 1993, when the union with Slovakia, dating from 1918, was dissolved; the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia controlled the federal government from...
Of the two new countries, the Czech Republic was the larger, with a land area of 30,441 square miles (78,842 square kilometers), compared to Slovakia's 18,919...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9109749   (930 words)

  
 osel: The Culture of Beer in the Czech Lands
For Czechs, it would be unimagineable for the Czech national meal (roasted pork, cabbage and the famous Czech dumplings) to be accompanied by any beverage other than beer.
Czech beer comes in degrees from 6-19%, but 10% and 12% are the most common.
While the Czech Budvar (Budweiser) beer calls itself 'the beer of kings' (due to a royal inclination towards this brew in the early 16th century), it is impossible to say which Czech beer is the best.
www.livejournal.com /users/osel/12365.html   (1760 words)

  
 History and Czech
It is closer to Slovak lands, the far eastern portion of what was known as Czechoslovakia, and is made up of the eastern third of the country.
I wonder if it is possible to hypothesize that many of the Czech people fled their homes, 55not only for freedom from oppression, but also to preserve their language for their children.
I do not speak Czech but it is a desire of mine to show my Grandmother the love I have for her language and my respect for the people who strove to preserve it, namely my great grandparents.
linguistics.byu.edu /classes/ling450ch/reports/czech.html   (2079 words)

  
 Central Europe Review - Not Just Prague   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
With few exceptions, scholars typically overlook smaller communities in the Czech Republic.(3) Neglecting the rural aspect, many studies emphasise the Czech lands' place in the "advanced and industrialised" group of nations after the break-up of the Hapsburg Empire.
This standard view is repeated again in the 1995 OECD report on the Czech lands' agricultural history.(7) Usually, it is assumed that the Czech lands have been industrialised and thus urbanised since the 19th century, like much of Western Europe.(8) There are, however, reasons to question this assumption.
The Czech lands did not exhibit a rise of a politically motivated bourgeoisie that forcefully challenged the traditional bureaucracy.
www.ce-review.org /99/13/stroehlein13.html   (3045 words)

  
 History of the Czech lands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Slavs (Czech tribes in Bohemia and Moravians in Moravia) arrived in the 6th century.
1 January 1993 meant "velvet divorce" of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Now a member of NATO (since 1999) and of the European Union (since 2004), the Czech Republic has moved toward integration in world markets, a development that poses both opportunities and risks.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_Czech_Republic   (285 words)

  
 ABAKA guide to Czech Hotels (Hotel accomodation in Prague, Karlovy Vary, Cesky Krumlov, Budejovice, Tabor, and Telc ...
zech Republic, made up by the lands of Bohemia and Moravia, is the home for some 10 million people living on the edge of Germanic and Slavic worlds.
Czech Republic, with its rich architectural and cultural heritage, has a lot more to offer.
Czech Republic is also surrounded by mountains along its borders with Germany, Poland and Austria with.
www.abaka.com /Czech   (624 words)

  
 Czech Republic
A Hapsburg, Ferdinand I, ascended the throne in 1526.
A union of the Czech lands and Slovakia was proclaimed in Prague on Nov. 14, 1918, and the Czech nation became one of the two component parts of the newly formed Czechoslovakian state.
Czech players follow two-pronged strategy: Czech banks are focusing on institutions and consumers in preparation for the opportunities that EU accession promises to present.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107456.html   (870 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of the Czech Lands, 1914-1918
The indifference shown by the Czechs to the war effort was illustrated in JAROSLAV HASEK's novel The adventures of the brave soldier Schwejk.
In the PITTSBURGH CONVENTION (May 1918), representatives of the Czech and Slovak communities in the United States favour the establishment of a united CZECHOSLOVAKIA with guaranteed autonomy for Slovakia.
In October 1918 the Austrian rule collapsed; the Czechs and Slovaks supported the establishment of the Czechoslovaks; moves by the German speaking SUDETEN minority (a majority in the fringe regions of Bohemia, Moravia and 'Austrian' Silesia) to join the rump Austrian republic were blocked by the Entente.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/germany/cz191418.html   (336 words)

  
 World InfoZone - Czech Republic Information - Page 1
The climate of the Czech Republic is temperate with warm summers and cold winters.
The population of the Czech Republic was estimated at 10,241,138 in 2005.
Main meals in the Czech Republic usually consist of meat (beef and pork) and sometimes fish served with potatoes or rice or dumplings.
www.worldinfozone.com /country.php?country=CzechRepublic&page=2   (509 words)

  
 Czech Republic
The official coat of arms of the Czech Republic is based on the arms of the lands of the Czech crown in the middle ages.
Before the separation of Slovakia and the Czech Republic, a resolution was passed by the Czechoslovak government that neither of the two "new" states could continue to use the red white and blue flag of Czechoslovakia.
As I recall, part of the terms of the "Velvet Divorce" between the Czech and Slovak portions of the old CSFR was that neither successor state would use the national symbols of the federation.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/cz.html   (1649 words)

  
 Astronomy in the Czech lands I - from Tycho Brahe to Albert Einstein - 10-02-2004 - Radio Prague
Astronomy in the Czech lands I - from Tycho Brahe to Albert Einstein
Professor Jan Palous is the director of the Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences.
In today's edition of Czech Science Professor Palous takes us back in time - to the beginning of the 17th century when astronomy was blooming at the court of the Habsburg Emperor Rudolph II.
www.radio.cz /en/article/50435   (563 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Czech lands Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Czech lands or Czechia is an auxiliary term used for Bohemia + Moravia + Czech part of Silesia + other territories that were parts of the Kingdom of Bohemia at the particular time in history, toda...
The use of the term Czechia is officially endorsed by the Czech Republic (see Czech Republic).
The Czech equivalent for Czechia - Česko, after a slow start, is used more and more often by Czech speakers, newspapers, etc. Although in informal conversation, the Czech equivalent for Bohemia - Čechy is probably more common.
www.ipedia.com /czech_lands.html   (258 words)

  
 Czech Republic - Atlapedia Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It is bound by Poland to the north, Austria to the south, Germany to the west and Slovakia to the east.
In Jan. 1993 Vaclav Havel was elected President of the Czech Republic while Klaus formed a four-party coalition that held an absolute parliamentary majority and supported his rapid movement towards a market economy through privatization and integration into Europe.
However, this rapid marketization movement was delayed through a lack of willingness on the part of the government in implementing major structural reforms and the continuation of state subsidies for ailing industries throughout 1993.
www.atlapedia.com /online/countries/czech.htm   (1294 words)

  
 A Chronicle of Scouting in Eastern Europe: Czech Republic
Members of the association are remembered and honoured for their loyal services to their homeland during the war and during the brief period of freedom which had immediately followed peace.
On 1 February 1990, the Federation of Czech and Slovak Scouting was officially registered, paving the way for its re-admittance to the World Organization during the World Scout Conference in Paris, July 1990.
In Scouting terms, the immediate effect was that Czech Junák (as it was then called) and Slovensky Skauting were required to apply for membership of the World Organization as the national member organizations of the newly founded Czech Republic and Republic of Slovakia respectively.
pinetreeweb.com /rtn-czch.htm   (1004 words)

  
 THE ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE CZECH LANDS
The earliest history of the Orthodox Church on the territory of the Czech Republic is connected with the mission of St. Cyril and Methodius, who came to this region from Constantinopole to introduce the liturgical and canonical order of Eastern Orthodox Church.
The first among its bishops is the Archbishop of Preague and the Metropolitan of the Czech lands and of Slovakia.
The legal entity in the Czech Republic is the Orthodox Church in the Czech Lands and the legal entity in the Slovak Republic is the Orthodox Church in Slovakia.
www.ekumenickarada.cz /erceng/pravosl.html   (746 words)

  
 The Patrin Web Journal - A Roma Killing Field in the Czech Lands
Considering the relationship between Czechs and Germans during the war and after, as well as the lasting xenophobia and evident latent and explicit racism of Czech society toward Roma, the book represents a strong appeal for Czechs to discuss our history and come to terms with it.
While I do not doubt the victims' suffering and the tragic dimensions of the behavior of the Czechs under the German protectorate, I believe that the treatment of the Lety prisoners was a gross abuse of the situation under the protectorate, a situation that allowed personal acts of violence, cruelty, and theft.
Pape's evaluation of Czech attitudes toward Roma is openly critical, stating that Czech racism against the Roma was a fundamental part of the politics of the Czech state:
www.geocities.com /Paris/5121/killing-fields.htm   (909 words)

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