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Topic: Czechoslovakia

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  German occupation of Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
That Czechoslovakia was able under such circumstances to maintain a viable economy and a democratic political system was indeed a remarkable achievement of the interwar period.
During World War II, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and was divided into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia of the Third Reich and the newly declared Slovak Republic.
Czechoslovakia was liberated mostly by Soviet troops (the Red Army), supported by Czech and Slovak resistance, from the east to the west, only southwestern Bohemia was liberated by other Allied troops from the west.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Occupation_of_Czechoslovakia   (3486 words)

 1938: Czechoslovakia - Archive Article - MSN Encarta
Czechoslovakia would have celebrated, on October 8, 1938, the twentieth anniversary of her foundation by Thomas G. Masaryk, in a spirit of a humanitarian liberalism which in her foreign policy turned toward the Western democracies.
Czechoslovakia was accused by them of disturbing the peace of Europe, of mistreating most cruelly her minorities, and of being an outpost of Bolshevism in the heart of Europe.
Czechoslovakia was forced to accept all of the Godesberg demands with all the consequences which they implied and which the Government of Czechoslovakia had foreseen.
ca.encarta.msn.com /sidebar_461500233/1938_Czechoslovakia.html   (4585 words)

 Czechoslovakia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Česko-Slovensko/before 1990 Československo) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until early 1993 (with government-in-exile during the World War II period).
Finally Czechoslovakia ceased to exist in March 1939, when Hitler occupied the remainder of the Czech lands and (the remaining) Slovakia was forced to declare independence.
The Czechoslovakia national football team was a consistent performer in the international scene, with 8 appearances in the FIFA World Cup Finals, finishing in second-place in 1934 and 1962.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Czechoslovakia   (1861 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Czechoslovakia (Československo in Czech and in Slovak) was a country in Central Europe, in existence from 1918 until 1992.
The creation of Czechoslovakia was the culmination of the long struggle of the Czechs against their Austrian rulers and partly also of the Slovaks against magyarisation and their Hungarian rulers.
In early November 1938, under the Vienna Arbitration, Czechoslovakia (and later Slovakia) was forced by Germany and Italy to cede southern Slovakia (1/3 of Slovak territory) to Hungary, and Poland obtained small territorial cessions shortly thereafter.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/c/cz/czechoslovakia.html   (643 words)

 Czechoslovakia - MSN Encarta
On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and the Czech Republic and Slovakia emerged as independent nations.
A president, premier, and cabinet of ministers formed Czechoslovakia’s executive branch of government; a bicameral Federal Assembly performed all legislative functions; and a supreme court and a series of lower courts together functioned as the judicial authority.
Prague served as the federal capital of Czechoslovakia and is now the capital of the Czech Republic.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761553727   (586 words)

 Why War? Keywords: Czechoslovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Czechoslovakia (Československo in Czech and in Slovak) was a country in Central Europe, in existence from 1918 until 1992 (except for the World War II period).
Finally Czechoslovakia ceased to exist in March 1939, when Hitler occupied whole Czechia and (the remaining) Slovakia was forced to declare independence.
After World War II, the pre-war Czechoslovakia was reestablished, the Germans were expelled from the country and Ruthenia was given to the Soviet Union.
www.why-war.com /encyclopedia/places/Czechoslovakia   (1437 words)

 Peace at Any Cost - Czechoslovakia During World War II
Czechoslovakia was not a natural state but a manufactured state, consisting of many minorities.
The new boundaries of amputated Czechoslovakia would then be guaranteed by a Four Power Pact- Germany, Italy, France, and Britain; provided that the Czechs gave up protection of their military treaties with France and the Soviet Union.
There was sense in fighting for Czechoslovakia in 1938 when the German army could scarcely put together half a dozen trained divisions on the Western Front, when the French with nearly sixty or seventy divisions could have most certainly have rolled forward across the Rhine or into the Rhur.
members.tripod.com /~mr_sedivy/eur_4.html   (3586 words)

 Czechoslovakia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The creation of Czechoslovakia was the culmination of the long struggle of the Czechs against their Austrian rulers.
Because Czechoslovakia inherited the greater part of the industries of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, it was economically the most favored of the Hapsburg successor states.
In foreign policy Czechoslovakia relied on its friendship with France and on its Little Entente with Yugoslavia and Romania.
www.bartleby.com /65/cz/Czechosl.html   (1367 words)

 Czechoslovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Czechoslovakia (1918-1993) Czechoslovakia was founded after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire.
From 1968 to 1989, Czechoslovakia seemed to be a country of a politically apathetic population ruled by aging communist hard liners and bureaucrats.
Czechoslovakia emerged from the rubble of the Habsburg Empire in 1918.
www.geohistory.com /GeoHistory/GHMaps/GeoWorld/czhek.html   (2519 words)

 Czechoslovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Czechoslovakia was established in 1918 as a national state of the Czechs and Slovaks.
The independence of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed on October 28, 1918, by the Czechoslovak National Council in Prague.
Czechoslovakia's major allies, Britain and France, were anxious to avoid a war with Germany.
history.acusd.edu /gen/ww1/czech.html   (2104 words)

 Czechoslovakia - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Hitler's rise in Germany, the German annexation of Austria, the resulting revival of revisionism in Hungary and of agitation for autonomy in Slovakia, and the appeasement policy of the Western powers left Czechoslovakia without allies, exposed to hostile Germany and Hungary on three sides and to unsympathetic Poland on the fourth.
In the elections of 1946 the Communists emerged as the strongest party (obtaining one third of the votes) and became the dominant party in the coalition headed by the Communist Klement Gottwald.
The federal state and the breakup of Czechoslovakia: an institutional analysis.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/Czechosl.asp   (1466 words)

Czechoslovakia was created in 1918 from territory that had previously been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Adolf Hitler wanted to march into Czechoslovakia but his generals warned him that with its strong army and good mountain defences Czechoslovakia would be a difficult country to overcome.
When Eduard Benes, Czechoslovakia's head of state, protested at this decision, Neville Chamberlain told him that Britain would be unwilling to go to war over the issue of the Sudetenland.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWczech.htm   (5060 words)

 Vaclav Havel hero file
Czechoslovakia is occupied by Warsaw Pact armed forces.
Havel is elected interim president of Czechoslovakia on 29 December, promising to lead the nation to free and democratic elections.
Havel opposes the dissolution of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia and resigns from office on 20 July.
www.moreorless.au.com /heroes/havel.html   (3622 words)

 Czechoslovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
1918 - The independent Republic of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed on October 28 by the Czechoslovak National Council in Prague..
Czechoslovakia was one of the world's ten most industrialized states.
In Czechoslovakia that April, at the Second Writers' Congress, several authors criticized acts of political repression and attempted to gain control of the writers' congress.
history.acusd.edu /gen/20th/czech.html   (1123 words)

 Ygael Gluckstein (Tony Cliff): Stalin's Satellites (Part 1, Chap.2)
Czechoslovakia was the only country in which foreign capital in banking and industry was of relatively small importance.
Since even before Munich, 40 per cent of the industry of Czechoslovakia was owned by German citizens, it is clear that the proportion of German capital at the end of the war was not less tan 6o per cent of industry and almost 100 per cent of financial institutions (banks, insurance, etc.).
The larger part of German property in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Yugoslavia passed into the hands of the national states, while in the countries which were formerly allies of Germany as well as in the Soviet Zone of Germany and Austria it was mostly taken over by the Russian government.
www.marxists.org /archive/cliff/works/1952/stalsats/pt1-ch02.htm   (6135 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Czechoslovakia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Czechoslovakia CZECHOSLOVAKIA [Czechoslovakia], Czech Československo, former federal republic, 49,370 sq mi (127,869 sq km), in central Europe.
Havel, Václav HAVEL, VÁCLAV [Havel, Václav], 1936-, Czech dramatist and essayist, president of Czechoslovakia (1989-92) and the Czech Republic (1993-2003).
Its specific purposes were the containment of Hungarian revisionism (of the terms of the World War I peace treaty) and the prevention of a restoration of the Hapsburgs.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/03379.html   (574 words)

 Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia
These documents stated that Czechoslovakia should base its defense strategy on its own geopolitical interests and that the threat from the West had been overstated.
Although the regime of Alexander Dubcek, the party first secretary (title changed to general secretary in 1971), was careful to reassure the Soviet Union that Czechoslovakia would remain committed to the Warsaw Pact, Moscow felt challenged by these developments, which undoubtedly played a major role in the decision to invade in August 1968.
One of the priority missions of the Warsaw Pact forces during the early stages of the invasion was to neutralize the Czechoslovak armed forces.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/war/czechoslovakia2.htm   (732 words)

 AllRefer.com - Czechoslovakia - Communist Czechoslovakia - Third Republic and the Communist Takeover | Czech Republic ...
The re-emergence of Czechoslovakia as a sovereign state was not only the result of Allied policies but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak idea, particularly as embodied in the First Republic.
But Czechoslovakia now found itself within the Soviet sphere of influence--a fact that had to be taken into account in any postwar reconstruction.
Thus the political and economic organization of postwar Czechoslovakia was largely the result of negotiations between Benes and KSC exiles in Moscow.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/czechoslovakia/czechoslovakia47.html   (1051 words)

 Czechoslovakia 1968   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Russian bureaucracy were terrified that if censorship were to be abolished in Czechoslovakia, they would be left with little justification for resisting the clamour of Soviet intellectuals for the dead hand of bureaucracy to be lifted from literature and the arts.
In the end it proved to be the bureaucracy itself, no longer able to guarantee its power and privileges on the basis of a nationalised planned economy strangled by the absence of democratic workers control, who turned towards capitalism as Trotsky had predicted in the 1930s.
In Czechoslovakia their actions were eventually responsible for the criminal break up of the country.
www.marxist.com /1968/czech.html   (2158 words)

 Marching Toward War: Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia "is within the jaws of restless new Germany, which only a few months ago seized the lands and people of neighboring Austria.
"While Germany has been struggling against poverty, the people of Czechoslovakia have prospered." [Shows dancehalls] "But land-locked Czechoslovakia's trade is at the mercy of her jealous neighbors." The country has coal and iron ore to make arms, and large munitions plants that are now turning out weapons for Czechoslovakia's own defense.
Thus in the 20th year of its life, the democracy of Czechoslovakia, born of the war to end wars, bows before the tragic reaffirmation of an old law—that might alone makes right.
xroads.virginia.edu /~MA04/wood/mot/html/czech.htm   (1883 words)

Czechoslovakia owned 2 of these units and operated them between 1918 and 1921.
Three units were captured by Romania in 1939 during the final breakup of Czechoslovakia.
Buying tanks was again raised by the French as a question about 6 months later but by this time the Czech army was out of funds and it's budget was in the process of being cut further.
mailer.fsu.edu /~akirk/tanks/Czech/Czechoslovakia.html   (2399 words)

 BBC ON THIS DAY | 21 | 1968: Russia brings winter to 'Prague Spring'
The Czechoslovak authorities have ordered their vastly outnumbered army not to fight and are appealing to the public for restraint.
Czechoslovakia's abortive path to freedom began when Mr Dubcek, a Slovak, became Communist Party leader in January.
A programme of wide-ranging democratic reforms had been gathering pace in the face of Soviet disapproval and the rebirth of social and political freedom became known as the "Prague Spring".
news.bbc.co.uk /onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/21/newsid_2781000/2781867.stm   (571 words)

 BBC - Education Scotland - Higher Bitesize Revision - History - The road to war - Munich: Revision 1
Hitler wanted to use the Sudeten Germans to create trouble in Czechoslovakia and, as he had in the Rhineland and Austria, use this as a pretence for invading and "restoring order".
Not content with merely one piece of Czechoslovakia, Hitler planned to smash the country.
September, the Sudeten Germans rioted and martial law was declared in Czechoslovakia.
www.bbc.co.uk /scotland/education/bitesize/higher/history/roadwar/munich1_rev.shtml   (384 words)

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