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Topic: Darfur crisis

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  Darfur conflict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Darfur conflict is an ongoing conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan, mainly between the Janjaweed, a militia group recruited from local Baggara tribes, and the non-Baggara peoples (mostly tribes of small farmers) of the region.
Darfur was awash in small arms from the various neighboring conflicts and stories spread of herders raiding farming villages for all of their animals or villagers who had armed themselves in self defense.
However, by this time a full-scale conflict was already raging in Darfur as rebels attacked police stations, army outposts and military convoys and the government was engaged in a massive air and land assault on the rebel stronghold in the Marrah Mountains.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Darfur_conflict   (4151 words)

 Darfur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Darfur's economy is primarily based on subsistence agriculture, producing cereals, fruit and tobacco as well as livestock in the drier north.
Northern Darfur's capital is Al Fashir; Southern Darfur's is Nyala; and Wester Darfur's is Geneina.
Darfur: Counting the Deaths This report presents estimates on the number of persons who have died in Darfur between September 2003 and January 2005.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Darfur   (2420 words)

 Darfur Timeline
The UN Responds to the Crisis in Darfur: A Timeline
IDPs in Darfur report that aid from the UN and non-government organizations is being stolen routinely by militias.
Vraalsen describes Darfur situation as “one of the worst in the world.” In a media interview, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan Mukesh Kapila says the situation in Darfur is comparable to what happened in the Rwandan genocide of 1994.
www.un.org /News/dh/dev/scripts/darfur_formatted.htm   (3602 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Africa | Q&A: Sudan's Darfur conflict
The largest rebel group in Sudan's Darfur region has agreed a peace deal with the government but two smaller groups are demanding more concessions before laying down their arms.
Darfur, which means land of the Fur, has faced many years of tension over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs, and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zagawa communities.
Darfur is still very dangerous and there is no question of people returning to their villages just yet.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/africa/3496731.stm   (857 words)

Darfur, historically the mainstay of the Mahdist movement, was Turabi’s major claim to political success in the last decade.
The Darfur conflict has many layers; the most recent but the most explosive is that it is the continuation of the southern conflict in the west.
Darfur was home to the Mahdist movement whose troops defeated the British and slayed General Gordon a century ago.
www.alternatives.ca /article1461.html   (2643 words)

 Darfur Information.com
The conflict that erupted in the three states of Darfur, in western Sudan, in early 2003, between two armed groups and the Government of the Sudan, has been a humanitarian catastrophe.
As the Reuters Sudan Correspondent has noted: "In Darfur, Janjaweed is a word that means everything and nothing." [9] There is also no agreed definition of the term "Janjaweed" or how much control anyone has over this phenomenon.
The conflict in Darfur presents a very complex situation with very complex problems, the understanding of which has already been made more difficult by the propaganda which invariably accompanies war, and which has historically been a feature of coverage of Sudan.
www.darfurinformation.com   (1205 words)

 AFRICA: The Darfur Crisis - Council on Foreign Relations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
It blocked international access to Darfur from November 2003 to February 2004, exacerbating starvation and disease and worsening the crisis, according to a Human Rights Watch report.
The European Union has given $43 million worth of aid to Sudan for the Darfur crisis in the last year; this is in addition to the $24 million per year the union already allocates to Sudan.
USAID estimates that as many as 320,000 people in Darfur are likely to die by the end of the year from hunger, disease, and exposure.
www.cfr.org /background/africa_darfur.php   (2087 words)

 The Darfur Crisis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Annan is touring Sudan and Chad on a visit focused on Darfur, where at least 10,000 people have been killed and more than one million forced from their homes since war broke out in February last year between fl African rebels and the Arab government and a proxy militia group.
The French Minister further urged the government and the armed groups in Darfur to abide by the cease-fire, affirming the support of his country and the international community to the efforts of the African Union in order to solve the issue.
Meanwhile, the French Minister was briefed by the Deputy Governor of North Darfur State on the conflict's background and the causes of the crisis in Darfur, affirming that the rebels started the war.
www.emjournal.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk /aaug001.html   (2385 words)

 MERIP Op-Eds, "Darfur: Worst Humanitarian Crisis"
Rather, the Darfur tragedy is symptomatic of a larger syndrome afflicting several regions of Sudan.
In Darfur, where the entire population is Muslim, the violence is commonly described as "Arab militia attacks on fl Africans." However, the underlying cause of the conflict in Darfur -- as with the other fronts of Sudan's civil war -- is political, not ethnic.
In an effort to cripple the opposition in Darfur, the government unleashed the Janjaweed militias, allowing them to lay siege to the villages of the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups from which the rebels draw most of their base.
www.merip.org /newspaper_opeds/oped082504.html   (1194 words)

 IRC | Darfur Crisis - 2.5 Million People Uprooted
The IRC's Peter Biro has just returned from Darfur, where he found a humanitarian crisis growing worse as refugees continue to flood into the region’s many camps for displaced people.
How an IRC doctor is helping to improve the health of refugee mothers and children from Darfur.
Darfur refugee teachers are preparing young children for the future
www.theirc.org /index.cfm/wwwID/2070   (388 words)

 AfricaSpeaks.com - Sudan's Darfur Crisis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
American warnings that Darfur is heading for an apocalyptic humanitarian catastrophe have been widely exaggerated by administration officials, it is alleged by international aid workers in Sudan.
Darfur, a region the size of France, was an independent sultanate until 1916.
Part of the failure to comprehend the crisis in the Sudan has been the tendency to present the political situation in its full complexity, which is beyond the grasp of all but experts.
www.africaspeaks.com /articles/2004/sudan.html   (3197 words)

 Crimes of War > War in Africa
Members of the various Darfur ethnic groups, mostly from the “African” tribes, made up a very large proportion (between 40 and 60%) of the northern troops fighting against the southern rebellions between 1955 and 1972 and then again between 1983 and the present.
The second effect of the Darfur conflict on regional politics is the influence of the violence on the intra-Sudanese peace talks now being held in Naivasha (Kenya).
The SPLA has accepted not to mention the Darfur crisis in the course of the negotiations while the Khartoum government is trying to delay the signature of any agreement with the South long enough to crush the western insurrection.
www.crimesofwar.org /africa-mag/afr_02_darfur.html   (2289 words)

 USAID: Sudan: Darfur Humanitarian Emergency
UNHCR officials reported that the Aro Sharow attack was the first large-scale assault on a Darfur IDP camp.
U.N. Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland condemned the attack and blamed all parties to the Darfur conflict for the increasing number of attacks targeting humanitarian workers in recent weeks.
On September 26 and 27, several hundred women and children IDPs Darfur Humanitarian Emergency — September 30, 2005 demonstrated, in one case blocking the entrance to the AMIS Civilian Police compound, and in another case congregating peacefully outside an NGO compound.
www.usaid.gov /locations/sub-saharan_africa/sudan/darfur.html   (1132 words)

 Darfur Crisis Petition
Darfur situated in western Sudan, and for its 6 million people (a fifth of the Sudan population) living in region, geographically isolated and neglected by central government in Khartoum, had been adversely affected by conflicts since the early 1980s.
Darfur was an independent sultanate until 1916, when it was the last region to be incorporated into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
According to the UN, since the start of the conflict in Darfur, at least 7-thousand people have been killed and the internally displaced are estimated to be around a million.
www.petitiononline.com /samhamam/petition.html   (565 words)

 "Crisis in Darfur" | Z   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
One so deeply implicated in the politics and the interests and the prejudices of powers and peoples light-years removed from the real lives of the others in question, that even the act of photographing them contributes nothing to art, nothing to history, and nothing to humanitarianism---but a great deal to the neocolonial project.
Gberie's "The Darfur Crisis: A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention" is not getting off to a very good start.
And I'll wager anyone who's game that the forthcoming report by the Secretary-General's so-called High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges, and Change singles out the "Crisis in Darfur" and the "international community's" response to it in 2004 as the model, for better or worse, to be implemented going forward.
blog.zmag.org /index.php/weblog/entry/neocolonial_studies3   (2669 words)

 Refugees International: Articles: The Crisis in Darfur
RI is advocating for a swift and forceful response to the Darfur crisis, including better coordination of and more provision of humanitarian aid and establishment of an effective peacekeeping force to protect civilians.
The UN warns that the situation in Darfur is emerging as the worst humanitarian crisis in Sudan since 1998.
Despite widespread awareness of the extent of the human rights violations in Darfur, the government of Sudan and its allies on the UN Security Council have successfully blocked the imposition of punitive international sanctions on officials responsible for masterminding the violent campaign in Darfur.
www.refugeesinternational.org /content/article/detail/3078   (503 words)

 Crisis in Darfur :: Feature Stories :: Emergencies :: What We Do :: U.S. Fund for UNICEF - UNICEF USA
DARFUR, Sudan — UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Mia Farrow visited the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan in mid-June to highlight the importance of protecting children affected by ongoing violence in the region.
While in Darfur, Farrow kept a video diary that records her personal impressions of what she called the worst humanitarian crisis facing the world today.
"We've come to Darfur with the hope that people will see what is happening here and the need that is here, and the beautiful children that are here," said the award-winning actress at the start of the week-long field visit.
www.unicefusa.org /site/pp.asp?c=duLRI8O0H&b=50755   (725 words)

 Commentary: Christians must take Darfur crisis personally - UMC.org
The crisis of Darfur began in February 2003, when several African tribes that were feeling the effects of economic marginalization united against the Khartoum government.
The situation in Darfur has had an impact on my life because I have lived overseas and learned that whether we are American, European or African, our similarities far outweigh our differences; we all have the basic desires for love, security and happiness.
Having a son almost 2 and daughters 3 and 5, I allow myself to imagine what life must be like for a mother in Darfur, and it would be inconceivable for me to do nothing to help those in such desperate need.
www.umc.org /site/c.gjJTJbMUIuE/b.1097505/k.CA0B/Commentary_Christians_must_take_Darfur_crisis_personally.htm   (780 words)

 Sudan crisis - Amnesty International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Chad/Sudan: Sowing the seeds of Darfur – Ethnic targeting in Chad by Janjawid militias from Sudan (29/06/06)
These ruthless, mobile fighters that in recent years have terrorized Darfur, in western Sudan, are now wrecking and depopulating villages across whole regions of eastern Chad.
The Janjawid have stolen the cattle that are their main source of wealth, driven them from their homes and villages, and killed or dispersed their inhabitants.
web.amnesty.org /pages/sdn-index-eng   (337 words)

 Q & A: Crisis in Darfur (Human Rights Watch, 19-6-2006)
The situation along the border of West Darfur, Sudan and Chad was complicated by cross-border attacks by Janjaweed militias into Chad and the presence of Chadian rebel groups based in West Darfur.
The Arab League summit of March 28-29, 2006 was held in Khartoum and failed to condemn the Sudanese government’s atrocities and ongoing policy of impunity in Darfur.
Many of the members of the Sudanese armed forces are from Darfur, so the government may have been reluctant to use those troops in a conflict in their own region.
www.hrw.org /english/docs/2004/05/05/darfur8536.htm   (2651 words)

 International Crisis Group - Darfur: The Failure to Protect
Increased pressure must also be placed on the Darfur rebels to abide by their commitments and to cease all attacks in violation of the ceasefire.
Appoint a senior African diplomat familiar with Sudan and the region to serve as chief mediator in Abuja and forge a higher-level partnership with key external countries and institutions to advance the negotiations as was done in the IGAD process that produced the comprehensive peace agreement between the government and the SPLM.
Support the holding of general conferences in Darfur at which the SLA and JEM can seek to resolve leadership divisions and restore military command and control in order to counteract the fragmentation taking place in the field and thus be better able to negotiate responsibly for a political settlement.
www.crisisgroup.org /home/index.cfm?l=1&id=3314   (1577 words)

 UNICEF - Sudan - Darfur - overview
New arrivals in the Ottash IDP camp, due to the conflict in Darfur.
DARFUR, June 2006 — An estimated 3.6 million people have been affected by the ongoing crisis in Darfur.
Without significant and timely investment, any progress that has been made in controlling this devastating effects of the humanitarian crisis in Darfur will certainly be reversed.
www.unicef.org /infobycountry/sudan_darfuroverview.html   (584 words)

 Crisis in Darfur
Since February 2003, the Darfur region in western Sudan has been the site of the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, as government-backed Janjaweed militias have killed tens of thousands of civilians and displaced more than a million people.
The world’s attention briefly turned to Darfur this summer, as the reports of mass rapes, destruction of villages and targeted murders of civilians brought criticism from world leaders and visits from the likes of Colin Powell and Kofi Annan.
The concentrated nature of attacks in Darfur -- and the very systematic and rapid ethnic-cleansing campaign that the government and its allies, the Janjaweed, undertook during the latter half of 2003 and the first quarter of 2004 -- really was an effective displacer of most of the population, and obviously killed a lot of people.
www.motherjones.com /news/qa/2005/01/prendergast.html   (2251 words)

 Human Rights Watch: Africa : Crisis in Darfur
The courts established by the Sudanese government to deal with the widespread crimes in Darfur have failed to provide justice to victims of war crimes committed since early 2003, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today.
The U.N. Security Council must ensure the urgent deployment in Darfur of a strong U.N. mission authorized to use force to protect civilians, said Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the International Crisis Group, in a joint letter to Security Council member states today.
The Sudanese government and rebel groups in Darfur are hindering humanitarian agencies from reaching hundreds of thousands of civilians dependent on international aid in many areas of Darfur.
www.hrw.org /doc?t=africa&c=darfur   (1197 words)

 ReliefWeb » Document Preview » Darfur Crisis, Sudan: UN humanitarian situation report, 23 Mar 2004
South Darfur: Numerous displacements and casualties are expected following an attack by the SLA on 22 March on Buram.
South Darfur: Key humanitarian agencies have requested a meeting with the Wali and the HAC Commissioner, to raise concerns on the protection of civilians and access to victims.
West Darfur: WFP verification teams in Bindisi, Um Kher, Garsila and Deleig report that the presence of Janjaweed in these areas was of major concern to the IDPs.
www.reliefweb.int /w/rwb.nsf/UNID/1465520DA7F3986985256E60005C9EFF?OpenDocument   (1410 words)

 CBC News: Correspondent - Living with Refugees
Over 300,000 have died in the violence and the hunger and disease that has followed.2 million refugees have fled their homes since the crisis in Darfur began in early 2003.
200,000 of Darfur's refugees have fled to neighbouring Chad.
Sudan accused of bombing civilians in Darfur - CBC News, Jan. 26, 2005.
www.cbc.ca /correspondent/feature_050130.html   (1066 words)

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