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Topic: Darwin (ESA)

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In the News (Sat 15 Dec 18)

  ESA - Space Science - Darwin overview
Darwin will be a flotilla of four or five free-flying spacecraft that will search for Earth-like planets around other stars and analyse their atmospheres for the chemical signature of life.
Darwin's goals were to detect Earth-like planets circling nearby stars and to set constraints on the possibility of the existence of life as we know it on these planets.
ESA continued to investigate whether there was any way to achieve the same scientific results using just four free-flying telescopes instead of eight.
www.esa.int /esaSC/120382_index_0_m.html   (1129 words)

  Darwin (ESA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Darwin is a proposed European Space Agency (ESA) mission designed to directly detect Earth-like planets orbiting nearby stars, and search for evidence of life on these planets.
The presence of oxygen in the atmosphere would be evidence for life, as oxygen is too reactive to exist without being continually replenished as a byproduct of biological photosynthesis.
Antoine Labeyrie has proposed a much larger space-based astronomical interferometer similar to Darwin, but with the individual telescopes positioned in a spherical arrangement and with an emphasis on interferometric imaging.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Darwin_(ESA)   (530 words)

 Darwin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The word "Darwin", when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language, many of which are associated with the pre-eminent naturalist Charles Darwin who became famous as a result of his theory of the evolution of species via natural selection.
Darwin, Northern Territory*, a regional Australian city, and capital of the Northern Territory.
Darwin fish*, a well-known parody of the ichthys symbol (a.k.a.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Darwin   (460 words)

 Darwin (Australia) - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Darwin (Australia)
Darwin is situated at the centre of Australia's north coast, in the northwest of Arnhem Land on a peninsula bordering the Timor Sea.
Darwin is the most northerly city of Australia, and the terminus of a number of routes including the railway to Birdum (509 km/316 miles to the southeast), the Stuart Highway to Alice Springs (1535 km/954 mi southeast) and east and west coast shipping routes of Australia.
Cyclone Tracy struck Darwin on 25 December 1974, and the population was evacuated.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Darwin+(Australia)   (376 words)

 Charles Darwin. Biografía.
Darwin estimó que, «al fin, había conseguido una teoría con la que trabajar»; sin embargo, preocupado por evitar los prejuicios, decidió abstenerse por un tiempo de «escribir siquiera el más sucinto esbozo de la misma».
Darwin emprendió entonces la redacción de una obra que, aun estando concebida a una escala tres o cuatro veces superior de la que luego había de ser la del texto efectivamente publicado, representaba, en su opinión, un mero resumen del material recogido al respecto.
Darwin puso a Lyell en antecedentes del asunto y le comunicó sus vacilaciones acerca de cómo proceder respecto de la publicación de sus propias teorías, llegando a manifestar su intención de destruir sus propios escritos antes que aparecer como un usurpador de los derechos de Wallace a la prioridad.
www.biografiasyvidas.com /monografia/darwin   (1738 words)

 [No title]
Darwin will measure the infrared spectrum of Sgr A^* with a gain of 4 orders of magnitude of sensitivity over present upper limits, easily detecting the source if it conforms to the predictions of current ADAF models.
Darwin should be able to image the dusty accretion disks in Seyfert galaxies, compact starbursts around active nuclei and, depending on the available spectral resolution, study the stratification of different ionic species through observations of fine structure lines.
Darwin's nulling mode will be valuable for blocking the bright, compact light of quasars and investigating the kinematics of the surrounding gas.
www.aoc.nrao.edu /~gcnews/gcflash/gcflash_Vol.11_No.6   (896 words)

 ESA - Space Science - Hubble overview
Funding began to flow in 1977 and it was decided to name the telescope after Edwin Powell Hubble who had discovered the expansion of the Universe in the 1920s.
ESA has a nominal 15% stake in the mission and has, among other things, provided the Faint Object Camera, the first two solar panels that powered the spacecraft and a team of space scientists and engineers at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, United States.
Astronomers employed by ESA and the European Southern Observatory at the Space Telescope-European Coordinating Facility work with various aspects of HST in Munich, Germany, including the calibration of HST’s instruments and public outreach.
www.esa.int /export/esaSC/SEM106WO4HD_index_0_m.html   (1049 words)

 Mars Express - Beagle 2 Lander
ESA mission planners hope that Beagle 2 will be able to survive and conduct investigations on Mars for about six months.
Darwin's book had a tremendous impact on our understanding of living creatures and profoundly influenced the science of biology.
Darwin was one of the first scientists to explain how evolution works.
www.windows.ucar.edu /space_missions/mars/mars_express/beagle_2.backup_MetaRefresh   (1191 words)

Darwin will make a unique contribution to this search since it will be able not only to look for planets as small as the Earth but also to study their atmospheres.
Darwin's six telescopes would either be joined together by long arms in a rigid structure, or would each be mounted on individual spacecraft.
Darwin is one of two alternative projects competing for selection as a future ESA 'Cornerstone' mission.
www.xs4all.nl /~carlkop/darwin.html   (962 words)

A ESA (European Space Agency) space-based interferometer that will operate in the infrared part of the spectrum (see Infrared Space Interferometer).
Its principal aims will be to search for Earth-like planets around nearby stars and then look for signatures of life, such as the presence of ozone in the atmosphere.
Darwin will use a flotilla of six telescopes, each of which will be at least 1.5 metres in diameter.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/D/Darwin.html   (190 words)

 UFOS at close sight: UFO observations in January 2006
ESA's Darwin is intended to search for Earth-like planet, the most likely places for life to develop.
Darwin will be a flotilla of four free-flying spacecraft that will search for such Earth-like planets around other stars and analyse their atmospheres for the chemical signature of life.
ESA joined the mission in October 2000 by agreeing to provide the optics for the telescope and to test the payload.
ufologie.net /htm/2006jan.htm   (1698 words)

 [No title]
Nonetheless, future space missions, such as the ESA cornerstone Darwin, will have the sensitivity to search for smaller Earth-like planets and even to determine from their spectral signatures whether they could be home to alien beings.
Darwin will most probably look for the spectral signature of ozone, which is unlikely to exist in any quantity for any length of time in the atmosphere of a planet that is not home to life.
Darwin is unlikely to be launched before 2014 and, in the meantime, astrobiologists will have to rely on calculations to estimate the number of Earth-like planets.
www.lyon.edu /projects/marsbugs/2001/20010604.txt   (9095 words)

 Astrobiology: The Living Universe - Interview: Dr. Alan Penny
Darwin, and its NASA equivalent, the TPF are very similar.
Darwin and TPF will be looking at the 200 nearest stars.
Darwin is currently a part of programme of ESA missions - at the moment, the ESA has yet to determine order of those missions.
www.ibiblio.org /astrobiology/index.php?page=interview04   (1236 words)

 ESA - Space Science - Planck overview
As a consequence, the Planck detectors will have to be highly sensitive and will have to work at temperatures very close to the absolute zero, otherwise their own emission of heat will spoil the measurements.
COBRAS/SAMBA was studied by ESA in 1994, and later together with industry in 1995–96.
ESA and the Danish National Space Centre (Copenhagen, Denmark, funded by the Danish Natural Science Research Council) are responsible for the provision of Planck’s telescope mirrors, manufactured by EADS Astrium (Friedrichshafen, Germany).
www.esa.int /esaSC/120398_index_0_m.html   (1491 words)

 Astrobiology > Future Space Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Darwin (ESA) and Terrestrial Planet Finder - TPF (NASA), two projects of space telescopes aim to detect extra-solar terrestrial planets and some of their atmospheric components.
Darwin, however, in a reliable way, can detect, through its mid-infrared signatures, ecosystems which have developed oxygenic photosynthesis.
The two photochemical sources of oxygen are shown to interfere with each other; when the carbon dioxide pressure is high enough to produce appreciable amounts of oxygen and ozone, it also masks the ozone feature; the by-products of water photolysis destroy ozone.
www.iiap.res.in /outreach/astrobiol19.html   (588 words)

 ESA to test the smartest technique for detecting extrasolar planets from the ground | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference
ESA and ESO will build a new instrument called GENIE (Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment) to perform nulling interferometry using ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), a collection of four 8-metre telescopes in Chile.
Scheduled for launch in the middle of the next decade Darwin is a collection of six space telescopes and two other spacecraft, which will together search for Earth-like planets around nearby stars.
The Darwin mission, envisaged for the next decade, will use a flotilla of space telescopes working together to scan the nearby Universe, looking for signs of life on Earth-like planets.
www.spaceref.com /news/viewpr.html?pid=7845   (1216 words)

Because of these examples, in 1978 the ESA was amended to allow listing of "distinct population segments" of vertebrates, but the rules for determining what constitutes a distinct population were not defined.
The ESA protects habitats by requiring that federal agencies, through their own actions or actions funded or permitted by them, must not jeopardize the continued existence of an endangered species or its habitat.
The ESA has become unpopular with commercial interests because of some well-publicized cases in which preservation of a single endangered or threatened species resulted in restrictions being placed on commercial activities.
darwin.bio.uci.edu /~sustain/bio65/lec13/b65lec13.htm   (6484 words)

 Are there Earth-like planets near other stars?
Both ESA in Europe and NASA in the United States have accepted this challenge and are preparing two extremely demanding international space missions: "DARWIN" (ESA), and "Terrestrial Planet Finder" (NASA).
- Astrobiology in the context of Darwin / TPF
Darwin will search out planets similar to the earth and detect chemical traces of life in the atmosphere of each planet.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2003-02/m-ate022503.php   (630 words)

 Planetary Astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Darwin is a proposal for a European infrared interferometer in space.
Darwin was proposed to the European Space Agency (ESA) for a Cornerstone Mission in its Horizon 2000 Plus plan.
The Eddington mission was proposed in early 2000 to ESA in response to the ``Call for mission proposals for two flexi-missions''.
www.vilspa.esa.es /astroweb/yp_planetary.html   (3756 words)

 Nulling Interferometry Aids Extrasolar Planet Search
The European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) are pooling their expertise to build a new instrument to test this innovative technique from the ground before ESA applies it in space.
As recently discovered by ESA's Ulysses spaceprobe, the signature of a planetary system is probably a ring of dust surrounding the central star.
In particular, GENIE is a collaboration between ESA and the European Southern Observatory (ESO).
unisci.com /stories/20021/0328022.htm   (816 words)

 ESA Science & Technology: ESA PR 74-2002 From Darwin to Internet at the speed of light
ESA has a strategy to enable more sophisticated searches for extra-solar planets in the future.
Darwin Darwin is a flotilla of eight spacecraft that will find Earth-like planets and analyse their atmospheres for the chemical signature of life.
ESA to test the smartest technique for detecting extrasolar planets from the ground
sci.esa.int /content/news/index.cfm?aid=28&cid=1902&oid=30996   (763 words)

 EXN.ca | Space
The pride of the European Space Agency (ESA) is now near the end of its six-month, 400 million km journey.
There, it will undertake a mission that would have seen Charles Darwin raise an eyebrow or two in excitement - probing a distant land for clues about the origins of life.
Since separating from the ESA's Mars Express orbiter - on which it piggybacked to the Red Planet - Beagle 2 has been busy getting ready to deploy a series of heat shields, parachutes, and "air bags" to see itself safely to the surface of Mars.
www.exn.ca /Stories/2003/12/24/51.asp   (890 words)

 Science Glossary - D
It has been proposed that part of this matter might be in the form of non-baryonic matter.
The Darwin mission is an ESA scientific mission currently under study.
The scientific goal of Darwin is to detect Earth-like planets circling nearby stars and to set constraints on the possibility of life in the Universe as we know it.
sci2.esa.int /glossary/glossary_d.html   (468 words)

 From Darwin to Internet at the speed of light
ESA has a strategy to enable more sophisticated searches for extra-solar planets in the future.
As Malcolm Fridlund, Project Scientist for Darwin and GENIE says, "To change to integrated optics, which is much smaller and has no moving parts, would be highly desirable."
In the future, Darwin, ESA's ambitious mission to find Earth-like planets, may also use integrated optics but using longer wavelengths of light than GENIE.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2002-11/esa-fdt112602.php   (720 words)

 The European Space Agency (ESA) a menu of new space missions, for 2008-2013.
ESA engineers will have their hands full in building the challenging roster of spacecraft.
This unprecedented census, said ESA scientists, should have the same sort of impact on astronomy as brand-new overviews have had on other branches of science, such as weather satellites in meteorology or genome projects in genetics.
"It is good that through ESA and its science community, Europe should show to its taxpayers and to the rest of the world its talents, its successes and its contribution to knowledge," he said.
www.space.com /news/spaceagencies/esa_future_001013.html   (884 words)

 Space Astronomy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
EUSO is a mission of the European Space Agency ESA, and it is currently under "Phase A" study with a goal for a three year mission starting in 2009.
The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is an ESA (European Space Agency) mission with the participation of ISAS (Japan) and NASA (USA).
ESA s X-ray Multi Mirror mission XMM-Newtion is the second Cornerstone in ESA's Long Term Scientific Programme.
www.vilspa.esa.es /astroweb/yp_space.html   (8384 words)

 ESA Portal - From Darwin to Internet at the speed of light
In looking for new ways to detect planets ESA is thinking that, instead of bulky mirrors and lenses in space, one can build miniaturised optical systems that fit onto a microchip.
For this reason, ESA is funding two studies.
Darwin is a flotilla of eight spacecraft that will find Earth-like planets and analyse their atmospheres for the chemical signature of life.
www.esa.int /export/esaCP/ESACNG7708D_index_0.html   (774 words)

We shall review how the results from these ESA missions can be exploited in synergy to contribute to progress in astrobiology, and the perspectives for the next phases of solar system exploration, and life expansion beyond Earth.
The Earth is a highly anomalous object in the solar system, because of (1) the uninterrupted presence of a prominent biosphere for 3.8 Ga; (2) the abundance of liquid water; (3) the fact that the atmospheric composition is far removed from thermodynamic equilibrium; and (4) the continued operation of the rock cycle.
Characterizing Earth-like planets orbiting nearby stars and Darwin, ESA's InfraRed Space Interferometer mission '' Important aims of ESA's InfraRed Space Interferometer mission ``Darwin'' is to detect Earth-like planets orbiting nearby stars, analyze their characteristics, and determine the composition of their atmospheres and -- their capability to sustain life as we know it.
www.desc.med.vu.nl /NL-Symposium/Abstracts_may2001_us.htm   (7336 words)

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