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Topic: Dative case


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  Dative case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The dative case is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to whom something is given.
The dative generally marks the indirect object of a verb, although in some instances, the dative is used for the direct object of a verb pertaining directly to an act of giving something.
In this case, the noun or pronoun's case is determined by the preposition, NOT by its function in the sentence.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dative_case   (790 words)

  
 Dative construction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The dative construction is a grammatical way of constructing a sentence, with the subject in the dative case and the direct object in the nominative case.
The latter case is not to be confused with the passive voice, where only the direct object of a sentence becomes the subject of the passive-voiced sentence, and the verb's structure also changes to convey the meaning of the passive voice.
In the second example, the cases are reversed; the subject becomes the indirect object (ihm, the dative case of the pronoun er) and the direct object becomes the subject (zwei Zähne).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dative_construction   (786 words)

  
 DATIVE
Dative with Compounds: Verbs, especially the verb "to be", when compounded with a pre-verb (a preposition used adverbially and attached directly to the root verb) take a dative whose meaning goes very closely with the new sense imparted to the compound verb by the pre-verb.
Dative of Possession: The dative is used with the verb "to be" to indicate the person for whose benefit something exists.
Dative of the Agent: The Dative is used with the Gerundive to indicate the person upon whom the obligation or necessity lies.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/dative.htm   (740 words)

  
 [No title]
"Careo" is construed with the ablative case in Latin.
DATIVE WITH COMPOUND VERBS The point of this section is simple: sometimes root verbs alter their configuration of objects when prefixes are added.
If it is, then look for a dative case, since this may be one of those occasions where the meaning of the verb has been altered by the prefix and now calls for a dative case.
www.wordgumbo.com /ie/rom/lat/wl/lat35.txt   (1026 words)

  
 Uses of the Dative Case
The dative denotes an object not as caused by the action or as directly affected by it; that is what the accusative case is for.
The dative is used with esse and similar verbs to denote possesion.
The dative is also used, as we have seen, with the gerundive to denote the person on whom the necessity rests.
www.southwestern.edu /~carlg/Latin_Web/dative.html   (150 words)

  
 CASES AND POSTPOSITIONS
Notice that one case morpheme attached at the end suffices to mark the entire Noun phrase; that is, we do not have to attach an ergative marker to each of the words of the Noun phrase in (1a), nor do we have to add more than one dative marker in (1b).
Dative case is given to the second object, or the indirect object in a verb that has three arguments.
case morphemes are no exception to this generalization, and they have been argued by some linguists to head case phrases as well.
ocii.com /~holonar/languages/basque/gram3.htm   (3524 words)

  
 Syntactical Classification of Dative Case
Dative After Certain Prepositions - as discussed in the section dealing with prepositions, the noun governed by each preposition will be in a certain case form or forms.
The substantive in the dative case indicates to or for whom something is done.
Dative of Direct Object - after certain verbs - A number of verbs require that their direct object be in the dative case (as opposed to the accusative case which is normally expected).
www.ntgreek.org /learn_nt_greek/classify-dative.htm   (916 words)

  
 Dative | LATIN 2 | Winter 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Yet because of the lack of rules, the dative case in a sense is the one case where we can come closest to understanding Latin as the native speakers did, since we must develop a similar feel for the case as they possessed.
The dative is so loosely connected with the whole sentence that you could remove the word or phrase in the dative without significantly altering the meaning of the sentence.
This dative is often to be translated as an apposition, a complement or with phrases (e.g., a source of x).
www.uweb.ucsb.edu /~bwolkow/winter03/latin2/dative.html   (656 words)

  
 Greek Cases
The substantive in the nominative case is frequently the subject of a finite verb.
The dative substantive is used to indicate the means or instrument by which the verbal action is accomplished.
The dative substantive, when following or preceeding a comparative adjective or adverb, may be used to indicate the extent to which the comparison is true or the degree of difference that exists in the comparison.
www.bcbsr.com /greek/gcase.html   (4175 words)

  
 E-Intro to Old English - 4. Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Case is the inflection of nouns, pronouns and adjectives to signal their functions in sentences and clauses.
In all of the Germanic languages the dative case is an amalgam of several older cases that have fallen together: dative, locative, ablative, and instrumental.
When translating the dative, it is often necessary to supply a preposition, because in Modern English prepositions very commonly express what used to be expressed by the dative alone.
www.wmich.edu /medieval/research/rawl/IOE/case.html   (1699 words)

  
 Jorge Hankamer WebFest
In uncontroversial cases of raising such as (4), where the raisee determines agreement on the matrix predicate, the raisee is always the complement subject.
It is claimed to have dative case as the subject of a complement predicate that idiosyncratically marks its subject with dative case, as in (2).
The possibility of instrumental case on adjectival predicates in the complements of raising constructions is thus a diagnostic of whether a non-expletive NP is raised.
ling.ucsc.edu /Jorge/perlmutter.html   (1846 words)

  
 RWT: Dative case
Notice that the feminine dative endings are the same as in the prepositional case.
The dative case is the case of the indirect object.
The person who receives the impression will be in the dative case, while the person liked will be the subject of the sentence and therefore in the nominative case.
www.auburn.edu /~mitrege/RWT/tutorials/dative.html   (457 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Dative and genitive Case are assigned to objects depending on the theta-roles of the objects.
They have dative Case on the basis of their Experiencer theta-role, but need not be in a particular position to check this Case.
As structural Case is introduced in the 13th century, these Case features become Uninterpretable and must be checked in a higher functional category, such as C or I. The loss of the specially marked accusative forms, such as mec `me-ACC' and þec `you.S-ACC', is indicative of the loss of morphological Case.
www.public.asu.edu /~gelderen/ADAM-00.htm   (4998 words)

  
 DATIVE CASE. The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. 1993
is the grammatical case that marked Old English (and Latin) nouns and pronouns functioning as indirect objects or the objects of certain prepositions.
Today the preposition to accomplishes periphrastically the dative function as indirect object, as in I gave the keys to him, or syntax does the job alone by putting indirect object before direct object: I gave him the keys.
In today’s English, only the pronouns inflect for the dative, but that case is now an all-purpose dative-accusative, often called the objective case.
www.bartleby.com /68/22/1622.html   (141 words)

  
 Dative Case
Some set expressions also require the dative, such as sentences where there are no subjects ("можно здесь курить?" -- "Is it permitted to smoke here?") and expressions of age ("Ивану 20 лет" -- "Ivan is 20 years old").
Below is a chart of the dative case endings, with nouns listed first, and adjectives second in each gender.
The adjective, of course, remains the standard feminine dative case adjective.
www.du.edu /langlit/russian/dat.htm   (437 words)

  
 the -s case
Indeed according to one division of cases which combines coherency (that is spatial connexion) and orientation (direction of movement), the allative and dative belong to the same class: negative coherency with positive orientation (it means routing to something/one or activity for something/one).
It is used as the locative (or at least locatively, for the case may denote possessiveness, as suggested in note 2, still falling into the same category with the locative) and it is a short variant thereof.
It is apparent that the -s case is here used as a variant of -sse, although there is one little difference: the relative pronoun yassen "wherein" is in the plural form in FM agreeing in number with tellumar "vaults" from the previous verse, whereas yas is in singular.
www.elvish.org /elm/scase.html   (5918 words)

  
 Engl401 | Lessons | The Four Main Cases: Masculine and Neuter Strong Nouns
(sé fæder is in nominative case, and þone fæder is in accusative case).
For masculine strong nouns, the demonstrative pronoun alone signals the case: it is sé in the singular.
Unlike masculine nouns for which the demonstrative changes in the accusative (the object case, in the sentences we saw in Lesson 2) to þone, the neuter demonstrative does not change from nominative to accusative: it remains þæt, so word order alone may indicate which noun is the subject and which the object.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/eduweb/engl401/lessons/casestmn.htm   (770 words)

  
 The Russian Noun Case System
The Accusative Case serves primarily to indicate the direct object of the verb, the noun to which something is done.
The Genitive Case is the 'of' case in that it translates English prepositional phrases beginning with 'of'.
The pattern in Declension IV is for the accent to fall on the stem in the nominative-accusative and on the ending in the remaining four cases.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/case.html   (1696 words)

  
 Chapter 11 — Dative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The dative case is generally translated with the English prepositions ‘TO’ or ‘FOR’.
Very broadly, the dative is used in 1 of 3 ways: indirect object, interest/advantage or after certain verbs.
The person(s) for whose advantage (in whose interest) an action is done is in the dative case.
www.nd.edu /~alfac/mazurek/Chapter11.html   (196 words)

  
 ENGLISH CASE
As in Latin, so in English "case" refers to a change in the form of a word which indicates how that word is used in a sentence, that is, how it relates syntactically to other words in the sentence.
However, the Dative case is really indistinguishable from the accusative case: "I gave him the book" ("him" is Dative) or "I saw him." ("him" is Accusative).
In Latin, the indirect object is always put into the dative case, but the Latin Dative Case has greater flexibility and more functions than the indirect object function in English.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/english_cases.htm   (730 words)

  
 The Russian Prepositions (Dative Case)
The dative case is associated with motion towards (goal, destination) and that meaning is reflected in the only two dative prepositions in Russian: к(о)+Dat and по+Dat.
The remainder of the forms often thought to be dative prepositions are in fact participles (благодаря+Dat), adverbs (согласно+Dat), вопреки+Dat, and idiomatized prepositional phrases such as (навстречу+Dat) and the marginally used (наперекор+Dat).
However, keep in mind that the dative case in this function is used only if the noun agreeing with the preposition refers to one object.
www.alphadictionary.com /rusgrammar/prepdat.html   (667 words)

  
 Similis, e: 'Similar To' + Dative Case
It seeks to impart a degree of confidence in the use of similis in the context of the diagnosis, or diagnostic part of a description of a new taxon.
In the case of new species, it is the number and gender of the genus of which the new species is a member:
In these sentences, clauses and phrases, the taxon name is in the ablative case, not the dative as it would be with similis and similar adjectives and participles.
www.mobot.org /plantscience/ResBot/BotLat/similis.htm   (1244 words)

  
 Dative Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The dative case is added to nouns to mean "to", "for", or "for the sake of".
Again, remember that suffix rules for Thamil cases, as well as our basic set of suffix rules, should be used in conjunction with the dative case suffix, if they are applicable.
Only a handful of words, which are all pronouns, add the dative case slightly differently.
www.unc.edu /~echeran/paadanool/lesson21.html   (92 words)

  
 Dative with a Compound
A noun or noun equivalent in the dative case often follows a verb of motion that has a prefix attached to it.
This is an adverbial modifier use of the dative case.
In many ways, the dative with a compound is very similar to a dative of reference.
www.personal.kent.edu /~bkharvey/latin/cases/casedatc.htm   (172 words)

  
 8-, 5-case system
But since there is a question about it, we should see if the _function_ of the locative and insturmental cases may be discerned under the dative form, and if there is an ablative function of the genitive.
Robertson's plea for eight cases - if one counts the vocative - was based on arguments from comparative Philology (including other languages besides Latin) and on reconstructions from then current history of the Greek language (Rbrtsn.
In order to subsume these grammatical functions under the "dative" heading, the traditional meaning of "dative" had to be considerably amplified.
www.ibiblio.org /bgreek/archives/greek-3/msg00472.html   (635 words)

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