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Topic: Deadly force


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  Deadly force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Deadly force or Felonious Action Ceasing Maneuver is that level of force which is inherently likely to cause death or great bodily injury.
"Use of deadly force" is often granted to police forces when the person or persons in question are believed to be an immediate danger to people around them.
Self-defence resulting in usage of deadly force by a civilian or civilians against an individual or individuals is often subject to examination by a court if it is unclear whether it was necessary at the point of the offence, and whether any further action on the part of the law needs to be taken.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Deadly_force   (299 words)

  
 Use of Force   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
It is not intended to be a blueprint or a license for the use of deadly or non-deadly force by private citizens.
ANSWER: "Deadly force" as defined by Title 13, chapter 4 "means force which is used with the purpose of causing death or serious physical injury or in the manner of its use or intended use as capable of creating a substantial risk of causing death or serious physical injury.
If you provoked the situation by using unlawful force, you are not entitled to use additional force and claim "self-defense" unless you have withdrawn from the situation or clearly told the person that you wanted to stop and, even so, the other person continues the use of force against you.
www.cityofmesa.org /police/literature/useforce.asp   (1818 words)

  
 [No title]
When deadly force reasonably appears to be necessary to prevent the actual theft or sabotage of resources, such as operable weapons or ammunition, that are inherently dangerous to others; i.e., assets that, in the hands of an unauthorized individual, present a substantial potential danger of death or serious bodily harm to others.
When deadly force reasonably appears necessary to prevent the commission of a serious crime that involves imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm (for example, setting fire to an inhabited dwelling or sniping), including the defense of other persons, where deadly force is directed against the person threatening to commit the crime.
When deadly force reasonably appears to be necessary to prevent the destruction of public utilities or similar critical infrastructure vital to public health or safety, the damage to which, would create an imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm.
www.dtic.mil /whs/directives/corres/text/d521056p.txt   (2791 words)

  
 REFERENCE TITLE: deadly force; use; home protection
The person against whom physical force or deadly physical force was used has the right to be in or is a lawful resident of the dwelling, residence or vehicle, including an owner, lessee, invitee or titleholder, and an order of protection or injunction against harassment has not been filed against that person.
The person against whom the physical force or deadly physical force was used is the parent or grandparent, or has legal custody or guardianship, of a child or grandchild sought to be removed under subsection A, paragraph 1.
The person who uses physical force or deadly physical force is engaged in an unlawful activity or is using the dwelling, residence or occupied vehicle to further an unlawful activity.
www.azleg.state.az.us /legtext/47leg/2r/bills/scr1001p.htm   (448 words)

  
 Use of Force
The level of force and type of force equipment used is dictated by the assessed risk presented and the severity of the conditions of the situation confronted by staff in accordance with “Use of Force Continuum”, (Attachment A, attached) and only as a last resort.
The use of any physical force, with a device other than a firearm, against a human being, which was designed either for defensive purposes or to temporarily incapacitate, immobilize, or disorient a person, and was not designed to inflict a deadly wound nor is likely to inflict a deadly wound if properly employed.
The use of deadly force also includes the threatened use of such force by aiming, pointing, or such action that communicate to the person that deadly force may be used.
www.doc.state.ok.us /Offtech/op050108.htm   (4203 words)

  
 Attorney General October 17, 1995 Memorandum on Resolution 14 (Attachment)
Law enforcement officers and correctional officers of the Department of Justice may use deadly force only when necessary, that is, when the officer has a reasonable belief that the subject of such force poses an imminent danger of death or serious physical injury to the officer or to another person.
Deadly force may be used to maintain or restore control of a prison or correctional institution when the officer reasonably believes that the intended subject of the deadly force is participating in a disturbance in a manner that threatens the safety of other inmates, prison staff, or other persons.
Deadly force may be directed against dogs or other vicious animals when necessary in self-defense or defense of others.
www.usdoj.gov /ag/readingroom/resolution14b.htm   (489 words)

  
 Attorney General October 17, 1995 Memorandum on Resolution 14 (Attachment)
Deadly force should never be used upon mere suspicion that a crime, no matter how serious, was committed, or simply upon the officer's determination that probable cause would support the arrest of the person being pursued or arrested for the commission of a crime.
If force lesser than deadly force could reasonably be expected to accomplish the same end, such as the arrest of a dangerous fleeing subject, without unreasonably increasing the danger to the officer or to others, then it must be used.
Deadly force is not permissible in such circumstances, although the reasonableness of the officer's understanding at the time deadly force was used shall be the benchmark for assessing applications of this policy.
www.usdoj.gov /ag/readingroom/resolution14c.htm   (1128 words)

  
 Deadly Force | NSLog();
776.012 Use of force in defense of person.--A person is justified in the use of force, except deadly force, against another when and to the extent that the person reasonably believes that such conduct is necessary to defend himself or herself or another against such other's imminent use of unlawful force.
However, the person is justified in the use of deadly force only if he or she reasonably believes that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm to himself or herself or another or to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible felony.
However, the person is justified in the use of deadly force only if he or she reasonably believes that such force is necessary to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible felony.
nslog.com /archives/2004/07/12/deadly_force.php   (1840 words)

  
 New Jersey Division of Criminal Justice
Deadly force is force which a law enforcement officer uses with the purpose of causing, or which the officer knows to create a substantial risk of causing, death or serious bodily harm.
It should include but not necessarily be limited to the use of force in general, the use of physical and mechanical force, the use of deadly force, and the limitations that govern the use of force and deadly force.
For all situations involving the use of physical, mechanical or deadly force, county and municipal law enforcement agencies shall report at least annually to the county prosecutor in a manner established by the prosecutor.
www.state.nj.us /lps/dcj/agguide/useforce.htm   (2173 words)

  
 Deadly Force   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Most discussions on law enforcement’s use of deadly force focuses on those circumstances where an officer is faced with an imminent threat of serious bodily harm or death to him or herself or some third party who is present at the scene of some law enforcement event.
Secondly, if this use of force was not reasonable, then was the law clearly established that the use of deadly force under these circumstances sufficient to put an officer on notice that such a use would violate the Constitution.
Many deadly force policies from police agencies around the country more significantly restrict the use of deadly force as a means to prevent escape.
www.patc.com /weeklyarticles/escaping_felon.shtml   (469 words)

  
 Use of Force   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Law enforcement officers are authorized to use deadly force only when it is reasonable and necessary to protect the officer or others from an imminent danger of death or serious physical injury to the officer or another person.
When the use of force is reasonable and necessary, officers should, to the extent possible, use an escalating scale of options and not employ more forceful means unless it is determined that a lower level of force would not be, or has not been, adequate.
The levels of force that generally should be included in the agency's continuum of force include: verbal commands, use of hands, chemical agents, baton or other impact weapon, canine, less-than-lethal projectiles, and deadly force.
www.ojp.usdoj.gov /lawenforcement/policeintegrity/chapter1.htm   (877 words)

  
 Deadly force regulations - PittsburghLIVE.com
Deadly Force: Force which, under the circumstances in which it is used, is readily capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.
The use of force continuum is the logical progression of force necessary for an officer to gain control based upon the totality of circumstances, including the amount of resistance encountered.
Protection: Officers may use deadly force to protect themselves or another from what they reasonably believe to be an imminent threat of death or serious bodily injury.
www.pittsburghlive.com /x/valleyindependent/news/s_112228.html   (1666 words)

  
 Naval Institute Proceedings Magazine: Deadly Force Is Authorized, by Colonel W. Hays Parks, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve ...
General self-defense principles apply to all forces at the major unit or higher level, but applying ROEs written for blue-water naval operations to ground forces at all levels for all missions, or to a U.S. Navy ship in port, is forcing a square peg into a round hole.
The level of force continuum when used for ROEs incorrectly infers an obligation to exhaust all other means before resorting to deadly force, even when deadly force is warranted.
"Minimum deadly force" is an oxymoron, as is "proportionate deadly force." Requirements to "shoot to wound" or to "fire no more rounds than necessary" indicate a serious lack of knowledge of the law, close-quarter marksmanship under stress against a hostile moving target, wound ballistics, and the impracticality of round counting in a gunfight.
www.usni.org /Proceedings/Articles01/PROparks1.html   (4395 words)

  
 Deadly Force: A Question of Necessity
In a lawsuit against the police officer and the county, the plaintiff did not dispute that at the moment the officer fired the fatal shot, the suspect was attacking the officer with the poker.
It was suggested, for example, that one of the officers on the scene had a canister of CS gas on his belt and that there was a K-9 unit in the vicinity that could have been called to the scene to subdue the subject.
Following that principle, most courts have rejected arguments that the use of deadly force was not necessary because officers had less intrusive options available or it was made necessary by the actions of the officers themselves.
www.lectlaw.com /files/cjs04.htm   (1794 words)

  
 What's Your Use-of-Deadly-Force Standard?
And, the responding officers when faced with deadly force may only have seconds to choose a deadly-force option that could impact the rest of their lives.
The time of the incident is not the time when your officers should be forced to decide whether they can or cannot use deadly force.
Deadly force is an act of last resort and will be used only when other reasonable alternatives are impracticable or fail.(10)" [Emphasis added.] Further, the "preservation of life standard" requires that, "[o]fficers will plan ahead and consider alternatives which will reduce the possibility of needing to use deadly force(11)." [Emphasis added.]
www.laaw.com /uodfs.htm   (2420 words)

  
 Guilford County Sheriff's Office | Greensboro, North Carolina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The use of any type of potentially deadly force should always be a last resort for all responsible citizens and residents.
The general statute cited above states that lawful occupants are justified in using the degree of force that is reasonably believed to be necessary, including deadly force, against an intruder to prevent a forcible entry or terminate an unlawful entry if one of two factors is also present.
Those factors are either: (1) the occupant reasonably fears that the intruder may kill or inflict serious bodily harm to the occupant or others in the home or residence; or (2) the occupant reasonably believes that the intruder intends to commit a felony in the home or residence.
www.guilfordcountysheriff.com /onlineservices/deadlyforce.asp   (297 words)

  
 Az Laws on Deadly Force   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A.- 'Deadly Force' means force that is likely to cause death or serious injury; for example, use of a firearm, knife or baseball bat.
If you provoked the situation by using unlawful force, you are not entitled to use additional force and claim 'self-defense' unless you have withdrawn from the situation or clearly told the other person that you wanted to stop and, even so, the other person continues the use of force against you.
Once the crime is completed, you may not use force against the suspect except in an arrest situation if all of the requirements discussed in the 'law enforcement' exceptions have been met.
www.beast-enterprises.com /force.html   (1410 words)

  
 Penal Code - CHAPTER 9
(3) "Deadly force" means force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in the manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or serious bodily injury.
Even though an actor is justified under this chapter in threatening or using force or deadly force against another, if in doing so he also recklessly injures or kills an innocent third person, the justification afforded by this chapter is unavailable in a prosecution for the reckless injury or killing of the innocent third person.
(2) before using force, the actor manifests his purpose to arrest or search and identifies himself as a peace officer or as one acting at a peace officer's direction, unless he reasonably believes his purpose and identity are already known by or cannot reasonably be made known to the person to be arrested.
home.austin.rr.com /acronym/ccw/pe000900.01.html   (2097 words)

  
 ~spwenger's DEFENSIVE USE OF FIREARMS: Deadly Force?
In order for deadly force to be justified there must be an immediate, otherwise unavoidable threat of death or grave bodily harm to yourself or other innocents.
Deadly force is that force which could reasonably be expected to cause death or grave bodily harm.
While the law generally allows you to use deadly force in defense of other innocent, human life, some jurisdictions may actually define whom you have a right to protect.
www.spw-duf.info /force.html   (1121 words)

  
 National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE)
Recognizing that deadly force is administered excessively in urban minority communities, NOBLE brought this issue to the attention of allied associations.
The organization's position has always been that deadly force should be used only in the defense of a human life.
In part, the guidelines require agencies to record and to investigate instances in which deadly force is used.
www.noblenatl.org /displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=23   (262 words)

  
 UTPD Policy A-12, Use of Force
Officers may use deadly force only when the officer reasonably believes that the action is in defense of human life, including the officer’s own life, or in defense of any person in imminent danger of serious physical injury.
Where deadly force is not authorized, officers should assess the incident in order to determine which less-lethal technique or weapon will best de-escalate the incident and bring it under control in a safe manner.
Whenever an officer uses a weapon, has drawn a firearm in a display of deadly force, or takes an action that results or is alleged to have resulted in injury or death of another person, they shall immediately notify a supervisor who will report directly to the scene.
www.utexas.edu /police/manual/a12.html   (1123 words)

  
 police officer confidence, use of force, article, deadly force, non-lethal force, risk management, Steve Ashley
The use of force to maintain order, to protect citizens and to enforce the law must be balanced against the cost to society in reduced freedom of movement and in increased intrusion into the lives of society’s members.
Data should be collected on all uses of force, and examination of the trends apparent in excessive use of force cases should be contrasted with trends indicated in those cases where no complaint of excessive force is received.
This study sought a correlation between levels of formal use of force training and officer confidence, and the frequency of injuries sustained by officers in use of force incidents.
www.sashley.com /articles/effectofpoliceofficerconfidence.htm   (8763 words)

  
 P.O.V. - Every Mother's Son . The NYPD Patrol Guide | PBS
Deadly force is never justified in the defense of property.
Above all, the safety of the public and uniformed members of the service must be the overriding concern whenever the use of firearms is considered.
(g) Police officers shall not discharge their firearms at or from a moving vehicle unless deadly physical force is being used against the police officer or another person present, by means other than a moving vehicle.
www.pbs.org /pov/pov2004/everymothersson/special_NYPD_deadly.html   (449 words)

  
 Deadly force bill adds 3 crimes to lethal-defense list
Another Lexington Democrat, Rep. Jesse Crenshaw, said he objected to the use of deadly force to defend property.
Stein, who voted against the bill, succeeded in amending it to remove a section that allowed deadly force to prevent attempted burglary, robbery and sodomy.
Damron also dropped a section allowing deadly force against people who attempt ``deviate sexual intercourse,'' replacing it with the specific offense of sodomy.
www.kc3.com /news/deadly_force_HB49.htm   (568 words)

  
 Laws, Acts, and Legislation
(1) The person using the deadly force reasonably believes that the use of the deadly force is necessary to prevent imminent death or serious physical harm to the person's self or a third person or to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible felony.
(a) The person against whom the defensive force was used was in the process of unlawfully and forcefully entering, or had unlawfully and forcibly entered, a dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle, or that person had removed or was attempting to remove another against the other person's will from a dwelling, residence, or occupied vehicle.
(b) The person sought to be removed by the person against whom the defensive force was used as described in division (A)(2)(a) of this section is a child or grandchild, or is otherwise in the lawful custody or under the lawful guardianship of, the person against whom the defensive force is used.
www.legislature.state.oh.us /bills.cfm?ID=126_HB_541   (1185 words)

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